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Gobekli Tepe | The Mysterious Temple More Than 10.000 years Old

Gobekli Tepe | The Mysterious Temple More Than 10.000 years Old 86
A place in southeastern Turkey, on the Syrian border, has been amazed in recent years by archaeological discoveries that change the way we look at people who lived 10,000 years ago. In the Gobekli Tepe site, stone poles of tens of weight were found in large circles and sculpted. And everything dates back 11,500 years ago, the sanctuary being, apparently, built by hunters who did not know the wheel, neither the writing, nor the pottery, nor did they practice agriculture. Far from being a myth, Gobekli Tepe has been accepted by specialists, but its significance raises controversy, and many challenge the radical changes proposed by new discoveries.

Gobekli Tepe in Turkey is the oldest architectural complex on the planet. Surprisingly, it began to be carefully researched barely 20 years ago.

It can hardly be categorized in any way, for a simple reason: no one has any idea who built it, how – and especially – why. In this article we present some fascinating things about Gobekli Tepe.

As much as we would have liked to come up with answers in this article, the Gobekli Tepe topic actually forced us to ask more questions about the history we learned at school.

In S-E Turkey, a few tens of km from the Syrian border and near a town called Sanliurfa, a hill has attracted archaeologists since the ’70s, mostly by a large amount of limestone found there.

In 1994, when a German archaeologist, Klaus Schmidt was amazed at a large number of pieces of crema found and he realized that in ancient times there were many people working on building something big.

Gobekli Tepe
Gobekli Tepe in Turkey | Photo: Screenshot Google Maps

He decided to start digging and the first stone poles with bas-reliefs that showcased different animals: foxes, scorpions, savages, and birds.

From here, a stunning story has begun, and we now know from geomagnetic research that there are 20 circles made up of stone poles that reach more than 5 meters high and 15 tonnes in weight.

The striking aspect is that it all dates from 10,000 to 11,500 years ago, thousands of years before Stonehenge, the Egyptian Pyramids, and the invention of writing.

Schmidt, who discovered the site and supervised the work for nearly 20 years, died in the summer of 2014, but his theories questioned how we see the beginnings of complex civilizations that could have been spurred by religion, and not the economy.

The Official Version of Archeology.

According to the archaeologists, the population of Gobekli Tepe was organized into groups of hundreds of hunters that mainly caught Antilopinae. These people built a monument believed to be 6,500 years older than Stonehenge and about 7,000 years older than the Egyptian pyramids.

Created by unknown builders, Gobekli Tepe is proof of the existence of a sophisticated society on Earth, 12,000 years ago. But how many thousands of years have these people been on the planet when they created Gobekli Tepe? There is still no answer to this question.

Gobekli Tepe
Gobekli Tepe Artist Impression

Gobekli Tepe is at a distance of nearly 10 kilometers from Urfa, an ancient city in Turkey. It is one of the most important archaeological sites on the planet, in the vicinity of the mythological “Gardens of Eden” and near the parallel of 33 degrees.

Until today, the experts have not discovered who has built this wonderful massive complex, which seems from another world. Gobekli Tepe is considered the first temple on earth. A large part of the complex is still underground.

Gobekli Tepe, a 12,000-year-old riddle

Who built it has made colossal efforts to ensure that the monument will survive for thousands of years. The builders used a simple as an idea method, so exhausting to put into practice. They stamped everything with the ground …

Gobekli Tepe was first researched – and then totally ignored – by anthropologists at the University of Chicago and the University of Istanbul in the 1960s. Researchers thought the mound was just an abandoned medieval cemetery.

Archaeologists have spoken, including the theory that Gobekli Tepe was a place of burial. However, there was no tomb found in the area.

Gobekli Tepe is sometimes called “Stonehenge of the Desert”. The complex consists of a series of oval and circular stone structures built on the top of a hill.

Archaeologists believe that the whole complex was built 12,000 years ago. However, they have no explanation for the existence of an advanced culture in Upper Mesopotamia at the end of the last ice age.

It is supposed that, at that time, the planet was inhabited by hunter-gatherer communities trying to survive in very severe climatic conditions.

Since the rediscovery of the Gobekli Tepe complex (after nearly 50 years of abandonment), the first site excavations were made by Professor Klaus Schmidt of the German Institute of Archeology in 1995.

Until now, excavation and geomagnetic analysis results have shown that there are at least 20 temples – circular structures – in the area.

All stone pillars at Gobekli Tepe are built in the shape of the letter “T”. Monoliths have heights between 3 and 6 meters and weigh 60 tons each.

Even with today’s technology, it would be very difficult to move and assemble these monoliths.

Researchers have calculated that about 500 people would have needed to handle these enormous posts.

But in a world of chaos where every “semi-savage” individual struggled to survive, how – and by whom – were these people organized?

It remains a total mystery as to how the ancient people could carry out such a monumental project with all that this effort implied: carving the stone, finishing the strands, transporting and assembling them, and later closing the complex with the earth.

Gobekli Tepe
Gobekli Tepe

It seems absurd and frustrating, but we do not know anything else about complexity. We only know: someone from the night of history built it, and then buried it.

Archaeologists claim that, in order to complete the Gobekli Tepe project, there were stoned craftsmen, people with knowledge of the transport of heavyweights, planners, and priests, who carried out and supervised rituals.

What kind of rituals? Here’s another unanswered question. This whole system of organization exists 12,000 years ago – proves the Gobekli Tepe complex.

The builders of this magnificent place must have been part of an advanced society with complex hierarchical relationships, but about which we do not know anything today. The theory has been advanced that the “T” -like pillars are stylized human beings, especially since they each depict human extremities (hands, feet).

Besides, there were several strange signs carved on the pillars. These are foxes, snakes, boars, cranes and wild ducks. They appear to be real or mythological animals and stars and planets.

Gobekli Tepe
Details on “T” shaped monolithic pillars. There is a scorpion (bottom left), birds and a boar (bottom right). Photo: roxblog-trends.blogspot.ro

What’s stranger is that some of the artifacts found in the area are very much like ancient objects in South America (Peru, Bolivia), Asia (Indonesia), and Easter Island.

Gobekli Tepe was built very … strange. The first pillars were seated on a straight square platform. A mound of earth was built over them, over which other structures were laid, for two thousand years.

The final layer, which covered everything like a capsule, supports the last stone structures.

Gobekli Tepe
The Upero man (the humanoid statue found near Gobekli Tepe) holds his hands in a posture – apparently phallic – bizarre (palms almost knotted in front, over the pelvis). The same style we encounter on the T-pillars of the Gobekli Tepe complex and on the statues of Moai in Easter Island. Photo: thehiddenrecords.com

These were made more rudimentary than those buried in the earth. As if the first people were more technologically advanced than those who built the last stage of the Gobekli Tepe project.

The irregular, puzzle-shaped walls of blocks weighing more than 20 tons each have a unique style that was thought to be specific to lost civilizations in South America.

The irregular, puzzle-shaped walls of blocks weighing more than 20 tons each have a unique style that was thought to be specific to lost civilizations in South America.

This until similar structures began to be observed in Italy, Easter Island, Egypt, but also in Greece, Albania, Saudi Arabia and Japan.

Gobekli Tepe
Upper left: Cuzco, Peru. Top right: Italy. Bottom left: Alaika Hoyuk, Turkey. Bottom right: stone blocks covering the pyramids of Egypt. Photo: grahamhancock.com

Even if they were built thousands of years and thousands of miles away, the special architectural pattern that all these walls follow is the same, unmistakable.

It is also the most difficult in the world. And that’s because each stone place has to be carved with great precision so that all the pieces fit perfectly, in an absolutely unique layout.

Laboratory tests have shown that such walls resist even the most powerful earthquakes. Moreover, it has been found that if they are subject to seismic shocks, the walls “gather,” all the pieces behave as a unitary, organic ensemble.

The need to believe in the gods was before anything else

Schmidt’s theory overthrow the rooted theory that first people became sedentary, specialized in agriculture, organized in complex settlements and only then built sanctuaries.

Gobekli Tepe would be a proof that the need to believe in gods and divine them was before agriculture and people with rudimentary means built fantastic efforts on the complex.

An agricultural revolution has changed everything. 10,000 years ago there was a transition from “wild” to “domesticated” cereals, grown in an organized and cared way. In wild cereals, the production was small because the beans shriveled from the spice immediately after baking and the harvest were impossible.

Organically harvested cereals are possible and farmers could take advantage of their work.

After the end of the last ice age, over 11,000 years ago, it is believed that people “domesticated” the animals and plants and settled in villages that had more than 500 inhabitants. After these developments, religion emerged from the need for social cohesion.

Gobekli Tepe proposes a completely different theory: immediately after the climatic conditions improved, people felt the need to create the first forms of spirituality and built sanctuaries.

According to the theory, from the need to nourish the people who came to the sanctuary began to domesticate the animals and create an organized agriculture.

The theory of the first temple built by hunters-martyrs was challenged, the most vocal being a Canadian anthropologist on the E.B. Banning, who says that 11 years ago, Gobekli Tepe was a covered home site where people held magic and religious rituals.

Banning says that the people of those times did not need a special temple because they could combine the sacred and the profane in the place where they took their daily lives. He also says that it is very possible for the inhabitants of Gobekli Tepe to have practiced agriculture at an early stage, so they had a safe source of food.

It is impossible to reconcile the two theories and so few traces of ten millennia ago that certainties cannot be found.

But it is certain that the monumental rings are 6,000 years older than Stonehenge and 7,000 than the pyramids. And although the “father” of the site, Klaus Schmidt, died this summer, digging is continued by Lee Clare, who says the site is more fascinating because it puts more questions than answers. “Some had 30, 40 or 50 tons, probably carrying them on the logs.

Clare says that those who made these constructions were specialists of their time and had to be fed, so domestic animals and the cultivation of cereals must have been a consequence of what is happening in the sanctuary.

References:
  1. https://www.smithsonianmag.com
  2. https://www.ranker.com
  3. https://incredibilia.ro

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Ancient

Archaeologists have discovered “unknown” constellations in an Egyptian temple

Archaeologists have discovered "unknown" constellations in an Egyptian temple 95
Previously unknown ancient Egyptian constellations found © Live Science

A team of scientists from Germany and Egypt, which carried out work in the ancient temple of Esna, found references to previously unknown ancient Egyptian constellations, but so far they cannot link them to existing ones.

In Egypt, archaeologists have discovered images of unknown constellations during the restoration of an ancient temple. This is reported by LiveScience.

Restoration work is being carried out in the 2,000-year-old temple by experts from Germany and Egypt. During the removal of soot and dust from the walls, drawings began to appear, with which the ancient Egyptians decorated the temple.

“The carvings and hieroglyphs look so vivid as if they were drawn yesterday. But we are not repainting anything, we are just removing the soot,” Christian Leitz says, professor of Egyptology at the University of Tübingen.

During the restoration, researchers cleaned up ancient carved scenes depicting constellations, including the Big Dipper and Orion. Scientists have also found previously unknown constellations, including a constellation called “Apedu n Ra” or “Geese of Ra”, which are the ancient Egyptian sun gods.

Archaeologists have discovered "unknown" constellations in an Egyptian temple 96

Mentioning these constellations, without depicting them, does not yet allow us to say which star clusters are in question.

The first modern description of a Greco-Roman temple in the city of Esna dates back to 1589, when it was visited by a Venetian merchant. The city of Esna, about 60 km south of the ancient capital of Luxor, used to have more temples. Two buildings were destroyed during the industrialization of Egypt, and the largest, the Temple of Esna, was used for storing cotton in the first half of the 19th century.

Archaeologists have discovered "unknown" constellations in an Egyptian temple 97

The sanctuary, which they decided to use as a warehouse, was prized for its location in the city center. Decades of desolation have left the temple dirty, covered in soot and bird droppings.

Archaeologists have discovered "unknown" constellations in an Egyptian temple 98

To date, only its vestibule remains from the temple. The large sandstone structure is supported by 24 columns, as well as 18 freestanding columns, decorated with paintings and carvings. It stretches 37 meters long, 20 meters wide and 15 meters high. But the remains of the temple are only a small fraction of its former size when it was built under the Roman emperor Claudius (reigned 41-54 AD). Scholars do not know what happened to the rest of the temple when a Venetian merchant visited it in the 16th century, little remained of the structure.

Archaeologists have discovered "unknown" constellations in an Egyptian temple 99

According to Leitz, the construction and decoration of the temple, including the astronomical drawings on the ceiling, could take about 200 years.

He notes that when the ancient Egyptians decorated the temple, they first drew with ink, creating sketches for carvers, and then colored the relief designs.

On the astronomical ceiling of the temple, many drawings have remained in ink, so they were found only during the restoration.

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Ancient

A portrait of an alien? In Bulgaria, archaeologists have found a clay mask of an unusual shape

A portrait of an alien? In Bulgaria, archaeologists have found a clay mask of an unusual shape 100
Ancient mask resembles an alien (Photo: Bulgarian National Radio)

A prehistoric clay mask or figurine without a mouth dating back to the 5th millennium BC was found in the prehistoric settlement of Salt Pit in northeastern Bulgaria.

A whimsical mask or figurine without a mouth combines human and animal features and resembles an ” alien” from a science fiction movie, archaeologists are sure.

“ Many people compare him to … an alien in a space suit,” the Bulgarian National Radio said in a statement about the discovery.

A late Eneolithic mask was found on the Provadia-Solnitsata mound in northeastern Bulgaria, its shape is close to triangular. The front side protrudes forward and contains an image of a supposedly human face, while the back side is dented and rough in shape.

According to archaeologists, each of the two corners of the upper side of the prehistoric mask or figurine has a short protrusion, “probably stylized ears.” The figurine’s ears have small holes that were used to carry or hang the artifact.

“The artifact was most likely a status symbol hanging on a person’s chest. Interestingly, there is even a hint of mouth on the artifact. But the emphasis is on the eyes – their shape, size, and the vertical polished stripes underneath say much more,” the researchers said.

The head of the archaeological team, Professor Vasil Nikolov, told Bulgarian National Radio that there is no way to know for sure what exactly the 6,000-year-old clay mask or figurine might have been used for by prehistoric people.

Judging by the two holes in the stylized ears of the mouthless mask, it could be hanging on the wall or even being a potter’s vessel lid that could be raised or lowered with a string. According to him, the image on the mask of an ” alien” is a mixture of anthropomorphic and zoomorphic features and “is strongly associated with the masculine principle.”

Two furnaces from the Early Eneolithic ( Copper Age) were excavated at the mound of the Bazovets settlement in North-Eastern Bulgaria.

One of two prehistoric kilns dating back about 7,000 years, was first partially excavated in the 2019 archaeological season. However, during the last excavations of the Bazovets mound, it was completely exposed, and a second kiln from the same structure was discovered.

During the last excavations of the mound of the Bazovetsky settlement, 57 archaeological artifacts were discovered. These include items made of flint, animal bones, horns, and ceramics, including fragments of anthropomorphic and zoomorphic figurines.

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Staffa – “Island of columns”, which according to the legends of the Vikings was built by giants

Staffa - "Island of columns", which according to the legends of the Vikings was built by giants 101

Some places on our planet are so amazing that legends have been made about them for millennia. According to one of the legends, earlier on Earth there was a race of giants, which I love to talk about in my articles. It may be rather strange, but there is plenty of evidence that giants are not just a beautiful fairy tale, but could actually live on Earth.

Interestingly, according to some scientists, gigantism in the past was characteristic not only of living things, but also of plants, insects and people. The reason for this could be a different composition of the planet’s atmosphere, in which a small size meant a small chance of survival.

Staffa - "Island of columns", which according to the legends of the Vikings was built by giants 102

Some of the ancient buildings are so majestic that people definitely could not build them, and there are traces of such ancient buildings in many countries. Huge stone blocks weighing several tons, which people could hardly lift, because they did not possess the technologies of our time. But there are wonders of the world, which are difficult to understand, and one of them is the “Island of Columns”. Either nature skillfully did its job, or the giants of antiquity could build this miracle, but about everything in order.

Fingal’s Cave is located on the Scottish island of Staffa. The height of the ancient temple is about 20 meters, and the width is only about 14. People who have fallen into the cave note that it is like an ancient temple built using amazing technology. This place is often called the melody cave, because you can hear amazing sounds of nature in it, as if the natural philharmonic society invited you to its free concert.

The mystery lies in the basalt columns, which look so amazing that you start to doubt the natural formation of these columns, maybe that’s why legends about giants appeared, that people do not believe that the columns could have appeared naturally? But let’s return to the legend, in which we are told about the amazing giant Fingal, who lay down to rest before his next fight. Up to this point, he has erected a unique king between Ireland and Scotland, in which there were thousands of such columns.

Staffa - "Island of columns", which according to the legends of the Vikings was built by giants 103

The giant’s rival came to a duel to the cave, and the war was met by Fingal’s wife, who pointed to her husband wrapped in blankets and said that this was their baby. The words of the giant’s wife frightened the other giant so much that he imagined his rival, whose height could exceed his height several times. Then he decided to escape from the place of the battle, destroying the dam behind him so that Fingal would not catch up with him.

Fingal’s Cave gained fame after the famous scientist Joseph Banks visited the small island in the 17th century. After his rave reviews, this place was visited by many famous people, and Felix Mendelssohn even dedicated his overture to the unusual musical grotto.

Staffa - "Island of columns", which according to the legends of the Vikings was built by giants 104

There is no direct connection between this piece of land and Scotland. First, tourists take a ferry to the Isle of Mull, and from there they follow boats to Staffa Island.

Here is such a beautiful fairy tale in which the wife of a giant cunningly did not let her husband fight.

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