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Apocalypse & Armageddon

“European Yellowstone”: Scientists warn of a possible eruption of a supervolcano in the Mediterranean that has been dormant for almost 500 years

"European Yellowstone": Scientists warn of a possible eruption of a supervolcano in the Mediterranean that has been dormant for almost 500 years 1

On June 9, 2023, a new study by Italian seismologists was published in the journal Nature, which predicted the imminent eruption of the Flegrei supervolcano, which could become the biggest problem in the world.

The long dormant supervolcano in Italy is getting closer to a potential eruption for the first time since 1538, scientists have warned in their new study, and the consequences could be catastrophic.

Campi Flegrei, meaning “burning fields”, is a sprawling, mostly hidden network of 24 craters and structures that stretches from the vast caldera opposite Vesuvius on the western edge of Naples to the nearby Pozzuoli Gulf.

The Campi Flegrei volcano, located near Naples in southern Italy, has a crust that is getting weaker and more prone to rupture, “making an eruption more likely,” the researchers said. 

More than 1.5 million people live above the huge underground complex of the volcano, and half a million people have their homes inside its 11 km long caldera, which was formed after a huge eruption 39,000 years ago.

In the periods in 1950-1952, 1969-1972, 1982-1984 there was a series of serious surface uplifts, sometimes up to four meters, bursts of earthquakes, an increase in the number of fumaroles, and other inconveniences that led to a panic evacuation of the population.

The next rise began in 2004 and continued until 2016, which is quite a long time. Such statistics should reassure Italians, since the slowdown in the rise is obvious and this is, as it were, good. However, geologists have a slightly different opinion on this issue. 

If Campi Flegrei were to repeat its largest previous eruption, it would eject molten rock and volcanic gases high into the stratosphere, trigger a 33.5 meter high tsunami and send out a plume of sulfur and toxic ash that could plunge Earth into a global winter for many years, destroying crops and causing a mass extinction. The researchers published their findings in the journal Communications Earth & Environment.

“Our new study confirms that Campi Flegrei is nearing a break,” study lead author Christopher Kilburn, a professor of earth sciences at University College London, said in a statement. However, he warned that “this does not mean that the eruption is guaranteed. A rupture can open a crack in the crust, but for an eruption to occur, the magma needs to be pushed out to the right place.”

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The caldera maintains a global increase in the number of earthquakes, which can be observed in real time here

There is also an increase in the release of volcanic gases, which can be tracked both by the number of new fumaroles and by the increase in the number of dead fish. 

In addition, there is a deformation of the bottom of the Gulf of Pozzuoli, which does not just rise, but jumps back and forth, as if breathing. And this means that the deformations are caused not by the mantle movement, but by the accumulation of gas. 

Lastly, the analysis of fresh volcanic stones collected from the bottom shows that this is a rock from the very depths. And this means that the magma reservoir has good working contact with the plume and the temperature there is too high to rest peacefully. 

Thus, the Phlegraean fields show all the signs of an imminent eruption, although this is not what scares geologists the most. 

Geologists can only look back fifty or more years. But sometimes this view is quite enough, because there are still similar calderas, for example in New Guinea, which, before a rupture, show various alarming signs. One of these signs is a strange decrease in the number of earthquakes against the background of a slowing down of the uplift of the surface.

This is exactly what was observed on Flegrei in 2016, this is what the authors of the study predicted for 2016, and this is what is happening now. That is, since 2020, there has been a sharp decrease in seismicity, which is a sign of a possible imminent underwater explosion. 

Only recently, the La Palma volcano was seething, which is based on a super-plume, at the top of which the Mediterranean Sea is flooded, like in a bowl, more precisely, even like in a wine glass. The Mediterranean coast inhabitants watched in shock the water go from the coast beyond the horizon and did not know how to interpret the phenomenon and how to react. 

Finally, there are the prophecies of Edgar Cayce, the prophecies of the Athos elders and the prophecies of Fatima. Even Baba Vanga, the Bularian mystic predicted that Rome will go under water before the End of the World. There are enough such signs we are seeing already now – the greening of Saudi Arabia, wars and rumors of wars, pandemic treatments, and so on. 

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Therefore, with the warning of the Italian geologists, not everything is so unambiguous.

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