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Bizzare & Odd

Eugene Shoemaker: The Only Human Being "Buried" on the Moon

Eugene Shoemaker was unable to go to space due to an illness, but NASA honored him by making him the only man “buried” on the moon.

Eugene Shoemaker: The Only Human

It is possible that in July 1969, when the Apollo 11 reached the moon and Neil Armstrong has taken his first steps on the satellite, someone has imagined that in the following decades there would be human settlements up there.

Over half a century later, we are far from something like this happening. However, there is already a man whose remains rest forever among the lunar craters and dust.

We speak of Eugene Shoemaker, born in Los Angeles (United States) in 1928, a scientist who deserves to be known not only for the uniqueness of his last home, but for all that contributed to the knowledge of life.

In fact, some consider him the founder of astrogeology because he showed that many landforms, both Earth and other celestial bodies, were not ancient volcanoes but the result of a meteor impact.

It started at Barringer Crater, located in Arizona. After studying physics, he dedicated his doctoral dissertation to prove that it was formed 50,000 years ago.

Eugene Shoemaker: The Only Human
Berringer Crater, Arizona – US (Wikipedia Commons)

The presence of Coesite and Stishovite gave him the clue: a meteor had caused that huge hole, as some had suggested but no one had been able to prove.

From then on, he inaugurated and began directing the USGS Astrogeological Research Program (United States Geological Survey) in 1961.

As the moon was full of craters to study, Shoemaker entered the Apollo program and participated in astronaut training. The idea was that he could instruct them on the kind of rocks that would be found when they reached the satellite.

Apparently, he himself was on the list of possible candidates to become an astronaut, take a walk on the moon, and collect samples that interested him, according to his criteria as a geologist. However, an illness crossed his path and thwarted these plans.

He was diagnosed with Addison’s disease, a rare disorder that occurs when the adrenal glands at the top of each kidney do not produce enough hormones.

Shoemaker then trained his disciple Harrison Schmitt to make the trip and collect lunar geological samples. Schmitt became the twelfth and last man to set foot on the moon, and the first scientist to do so, since all other astronauts were pilots and engineers.

In analyzing the craters, he studied the asteroids that caused them.

Since 1969, he has devoted himself to this task at the California Institute of Technology and one of his greatest successes came decades later, when in 1993 he became the co-discoverer of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9, which a year later struck Jupiter.

It was the first time the impact of a comet on a planet was observed. An extraterrestrial collision between Solar System objects had never been directly seen.

The other co-discoverers were his wife, Carolyn Shoemaker, and astronomer David Levy.

Eugene and his wife Carolyn.

Eugene Shoemaker died in a car accident in Australia in 1997, but his story does not end here.

NASA wanted to acknowledge his great contributions to science and the space program, so it included its ashes in the Lunar Prospector space probe launched in space in 1998.

After collecting data orbiting the moon, it landed in a controlled manner against its surface on July 31, 1999. Presumably, the impact did not cause a large crater, but scattered its remains.

According to publicist Miguel Artime, Shoemaker’s ashes were in a small polycarbonate capsule with his name engraved.

In addition, he was accompanied by an image of comet Hale-Bopp and another of the Arizona crater with which he had started his career. He has shown that to understand the things below, sometimes one has to look up there.

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Bizzare & Odd

Halloween 2020 is expected to have a full moon that hasn’t been seen since World War II

Photo: NASA / Kim Shiflett

Astronomers claim that the full moon on October 31 will be visible throughout the world with the exception of parts of Australia.

In 2020, the world’s population is waiting for a very unusual phenomenon that will be seen in almost all corners of the planet as reported by Cnet.

According to experts, this year on Halloween (October 31), the full moon will rise and will be visible to the whole world. Such an event will happen for the first time since the Second World War.

Astronomy expert Geoffrey Hunt says the last full moon seen on the entire planet occurred in 1944. He notes that there was also a full moon on Halloween in 1955, but was not visible to residents of western North America and the western Pacific.

In the same year, residents of North and South America, India, all of Europe and most of Asia will see the full moon for the holiday. Also, the full moon will be visible in Western Australia, but not in the central and eastern parts of the country.

Scientists remind that in its full phase the moon will be visible to the naked eye, but for high-quality images, you still have to use additional equipment.

“Photos of the moon with a smartphone are likely to be substandard. A telephoto lens will help you capture the moon in all its glory. Adjust the camera brightness so details are visible and not drowned out by the brightness of the moon,” Hunt says.

He also emphasizes that the next full moon, which will be visible from all corners of the planet, will not happen soon – in 2039.

“Of course, in the coming years, the full moon will be in October, but not on Halloween,” the expert notes.

A full moon on Halloween is a rare coincidence. We will be able to enjoy it very soon.

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Bizzare & Odd

A tourist found a thousand-legged creepy beast washed up on the coast of Wales

A traveler walked along the coast of the Irish Sea in Wales and found a creature similar to the mythical Cthulhu – with a thousand tentacles and a keen interest in people.

The man was preparing to call the ufologists, but the Internet suggested: you need not be afraid, but rejoice, because the monster costs a fortune. The sea world still remains largely unknown for the inhabitants of the land, and in fact there is a lot of interesting things in it: from an iguana that looks like a real Godzilla to real mutants. True, according to The Sun, the underwater kingdom still has something to surprise people with.

A tourist named Martin Green was vacationing with his family in North Wales on the coast of the Irish Sea and one evening decided to walk with his son along the water. The man was walking slowly along the shore when he saw an unusual creature on the sand. At first, Green decided that he saw a large snag from a fallen tree, then, approaching it, he thought that it was a piece of a large fin that washed ashore, but here Martin was not right. When the travelers approached the find, they felt uneasy – a large and living creature with thousands of tentacles looked at them.

Looking closely, the man saw that the find consists of many white many-legged shells. Perhaps at first Martin was ready to call Scully and Mulder, but the internet helped him figure out what was going on. Green’s son uploaded a photo of the unknown creature to Google and realized that he and his father were very lucky. It turned out that the creepy sea creatures are the so-called Gooseneck Barnacles, crustaceans. They live by attaching themselves to hard surfaces, usually rocks.

Martin and his son were lucky not only because they personally saw unusual creatures, but also because the find could enrich a family. In Portugal and Spain, shells are considered a delicacy and are sold for £ 25 apiece. Considering that, according to the family’s estimates, there were about two thousand shells on the snag found on the snag, the potential cost of the find is about 50 thousand pounds. Green did not elaborate on how he was going to deal with the shells – send them back to the ocean or sell them to Spain.

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Bizzare & Odd

Experts have found a strange object in orbit after the launch of the Chinese “reusable spacecraft”

China’s recently launched potentially reusable spacecraft has returned home. As it became known, before that, a certain object was disconnected from it, the purpose of which is unknown.

One of the most intriguing “space” news of the past week was China’s launch of a potentially reusable spacecraft. The launch was carried out on Friday using the Changzheng-2F launch vehicle. The airspace closure notice issued the day before was the only clue to the timing and nature of the mission.

Now, as far as can be judged, it has been successfully completed. The boarding took place on Sunday as scheduled, according to a brief state press release.

No images or details of the “experimental reusable spacecraft” were provided. “The successful flight marked an important breakthrough for the country in reusable spacecraft research and is expected to provide convenient and affordable transportation for peaceful uses of space,” Xinhua writes.

Launch of the carrier rocket "Changzheng-2F" / © Andy Wong
Launch of the carrier rocket “Changzheng-2F” / © Andy Wong

Now the situation has become even more confusing. According to SpaceNews, the vehicle released an unknown object before descending from low Earth orbit. The US Space Observing Network has cataloged the new object, designated NORAD ID 46395 (2020-063G COSPAR ID), assigning it to the Long March 2F launch. The experimental spacecraft entered orbit 331 by 347 kilometers with an inclination of 50.2 degrees: the new object is in orbit 332 by 348 kilometers with a similar inclination.

Analysts speculate that the object was released two orbits before the experimental spacecraft left orbit. Neither China nor the United States provide any details about the nature of the object.

Earlier photographs of the Shenlong winged spacecraft suspended under the fuselage of the H-6 carrier aircraft, which is the Chinese version of the Soviet Tu-16 multipurpose aircraft, may shed light on the situation. So far, however, there is no confirmation of the connection between it and the recent launch of Changzheng-2F.

The prototype of the winged spacecraft "Shenlong" / © livejournal
The prototype of the winged spacecraft “Shenlong” / © livejournal

Let us also recall that now China is actively developing a new generation of manned spacecraft. The first flight test of the spacecraft was also the first successful launch of the Long March-5B rocket, a variant of the Long March 5 designed to launch heavy loads into orbit. It is assumed that the new ship will be used to supply a promising Chinese orbital station.

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