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Mysteries

Egyptian Maze Keeps Secrets of Ancient Civilizations

Everyone knows about the existence of mysterious pyramids in Egypt, but not everyone knows that a huge labyrinth is hidden under them. The secrets stored there are able to reveal the secrets of not only Egyptian civilization, but of all mankind.

This ancient Egyptian labyrinth was located near Birket-Karun Lake, west of the Nile River, 80 kilometers south of the modern city of Cairo. It was built back in 2300 BC and was a building surrounded by a high wall, where there were fifteen hundred ground and as many underground rooms.

The total area of ​​the maze was 70 thousand square meters. Visitors were not allowed to inspect the underground labyrinth premises; there were tombs for pharaohs and crocodiles – sacred animals in Egypt. Above the entrance to the Egyptian labyrinth, the following words were inscribed:

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“Madness or death is what the weak or the vicious find here, only the strong and good find life and immortality here”

Many frivolous entered this door and did not leave it. This is the abyss that brings back only the brave in spirit. The complex system of corridors, courtyards and rooms in the maze was so confusing that without a guide, an outsider could never find a way or a way out of it. The labyrinth was plunged into absolute darkness, and when some doors were opened, they made a terrible sound, similar to peals of thunder or the roar of a thousand lions.

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Before the great holidays, mystery rituals were held in the labyrinth and sacrifices were made, including human sacrifices. So the ancient Egyptians showed their respect to the god Sebek – a huge crocodile. In ancient manuscripts, information has been preserved that crocodiles, which reached 30 meters in length, actually lived in the maze.

The Egyptian labyrinth is an unusually large structure – the dimensions of its base are 305 x 244 meters. The Greeks admired this maze more than any other Egyptian building, with the exception of the pyramids. In antiquity it was called the “labyrinth”, and it served as a model for the labyrinth in Crete.

With the exception of a few columns, it is now completely destroyed. Everything that we know about it is based on ancient evidence, as well as on the results of excavations carried out by Sir Flinders Petri, who attempted to reconstruct this building. The earliest mention belongs to the Greek historian Herodotus of Halicarnassus (about 484-430 BC), he mentions in his History that Egypt is divided into twelve administrative districts ruled by twelve rulers, and then gives his own impressions of this building :

“And so they decided to leave a common monument, and having decided this, they erected a labyrinth a little higher than Lake Meridov, near the so-called Crocodile City. I saw this maze inside: it is beyond any description. After all, if all the walls and great constructions erected by the Hellenes were assembled, then in general it would turn out that they spent less labor and money than this labyrinth alone.

Meanwhile, the temples in Ephesus and on Samos are very remarkable. Of course, the pyramids are huge structures and each of them is worth in size many of the creations of Hellenic building art combined, although they are also great. However, the labyrinth is larger than these pyramids. It has twenty courtyards with gates one on the other, with six facing north and six facing south, adjacent to each other.

Outside, around them there is a single wall. Inside this wall there are chambers of two genera: some underground, others above the earth, number 3000, namely 1500 of each. I myself had to go through the elevated chambers and examine them, and I speak of them as an eyewitness. I know about the underground chambers only from stories: the Egyptian caretakers never wanted to show them to me, saying that there are tombs of the kings who built this labyrinth, as well as the tombs of sacred crocodiles.

Therefore, I speak of the lower chambers only by hearsay. The upper chambers that I had to see surpass all the creations of human hands. The passage through the chambers and the winding passages through the courtyards, being very confusing, cause a feeling of endless amazement: from the courtyards you go to the chambers, from the chambers to galleries with colonnades, then again to the chambers and from there back to the courtyards.

There are stone roofs everywhere, as well as walls, and these walls are covered with many relief images. Each courtyard is surrounded by columns of carefully fitted pieces of white stone. And on the corner at the end of the labyrinth a pyramid was erected with a height of 40 orgies (240 feet), with huge figures carved on it. An underground passage leads to the pyramid. ”

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Manetho, the high priest of Egypt from Heliopolis, who wrote in Greek, notes in his work, preserved in fragments, dating from the III century BC. e. and dedicated to the history and religion of the ancient Egyptians, that the creator of the labyrinth was the fourth pharaoh of the XII dynasty, Amenemhat III, whom he calls Laharez, Lampares or Labaris, and about which he writes:

“He ruled for eight years. In the Arsinoi nome, he built himself a tomb – a maze with many rooms.”

Between 60 and 57 years BC. e. Greek historian Diodorus of Sicily temporarily lived in Egypt. In his Historical Library, he claims that the Egyptian labyrinth is in good condition.

“After the death of this ruler, the Egyptians became independent again and elevated to the throne a compatriot ruler, Mendes, whom some call Marrus. He did not conduct any military operations, but built for himself a tomb, known as the Labyrinth.

This Labyrinth is notable not only for its size, but for the cunning and mastery of the internal device, which cannot be reproduced. For when a person enters this Labyrinth, he cannot find the way back, and he needs the help of an experienced guide, to whom the device of the building is known thoroughly.

Some also say that Daedalus, who visited Egypt and admired this wonderful creation, built a similar labyrinth for the Cretan king Minos, in which was kept, as the myth says, a monster named Minotaur. However, the Cretan labyrinth no longer exists, it is possible that some of the rulers razed it to the ground, while the Egyptian labyrinth stood in complete inviolability to our time. “

Diodorus did not see this building, he only gathered together the data available to him. When describing the Egyptian labyrinth, he used two sources and was unable to recognize that both of them tell about the same building. Soon after compiling his first description, he begins to consider these building as a common monument to the twelve nomarchs of Egypt:

“For two years there was no ruler in Egypt, and riots and murders began among the people, then the twelve most important leaders united in a holy union. They gathered for a council in Memphis and concluded an agreement on mutual fidelity and friendship and proclaimed themselves rulers.

They ruled in accordance with their oaths and promises, maintained mutual consent for fifteen years, after which they decided to build a common tomb for themselves. Their plan was that, as in life, they cherished a cordial arrangement for each other, they were given equal honors, and after the death their bodies should rest in one place, and the monument erected on their orders should symbolize the glory and power of those buried there.

This was to surpass the creations of their predecessors. And so, choosing a place for their monument near Lake Meridov in Libya, they built a tomb of magnificent stone in the shape of a square, however, in size, each side of it was equal to one court. Descendants could never surpass the mastery of carved ornaments and any other work.

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A hall surrounded by columns was built behind the fence, forty on each side, the roof of the courtyard was made of solid stone, hollowed out from the inside and decorated with elaborate and multi-colored paintings. The courtyard was also adorned with magnificent picturesque images of the places where each of the rulers was from, as well as the temples and shrines there.

On the whole, it is known about these rulers that the scale of their plans for the construction of their tomb was so great – both in terms of its size and cost – that if they were not overthrown before the construction was completed, their creation would remain unsurpassed. And after these rulers reigned in Egypt for fifteen years, it so happened that the rule passed to one person … “

Unlike Diodorus, the Greek geographer and historian Strabo of Amasa (about 64 BC – 24 AD) gives a description based on personal impressions. In 25 BC e. he, as part of the retinue of the Prefect of Egypt, Guy Cornelius Gallus, traveled to Egypt, about which he described in detail in his “Geography”:

“In addition, in this nome there is a labyrinth – a structure that can be compared with the pyramids – and next to it is the tomb of the king, the builder of the labyrinth. Near the first entrance to the canal, after going forward 30 or 40 courts, we will reach a flat area in the form of a trapezoid, where the village is located, as well as a large palace, consisting of many palace rooms, numbering as many as in the old days there were nomes, because there are so many halls which are surrounded by adjacent colonnades, all these colonnades are located in one row and along one wall, which is similar to a long wall with halls in front of it, and the paths leading to them are directly opposite to the wall.

Before the entrances to the halls there are many long covered vaults with winding paths between them, so that without a guide no outsider can find either an entrance or an exit. It is surprising that the roof of each dormitory consists of one stone and that the covered vaults in width are likewise covered with slabs of solid stone of extremely large size, without any admixture of wood anywhere or any other substance.

Having risen to a roof of small height, since the labyrinth is one-level, you can see a stone plain consisting of stones of the same large size; from here, going down to the halls again, one can notice that they are arranged in a row and rest on 27 columns, their walls are also made of stones of no lesser size.

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At the end of this building, which occupies more space than the court, a tomb is placed – a quadrangular pyramid, each side of which is about a plegra in width with equal height.

The name of the buried there is Imandes. It is said that such a number of halls was built by virtue of the custom to gather here from all the nomes according to the significance of each, together with their priests and priestesses for sacrifices, gifts to the gods and for legal proceedings on important matters. Each room was assigned a hall dedicated to it. ”

A little further, in the 38th chapter, Strabo gives a description of his trip to the sacred crocodiles of Arsinoe (Crocodilopolis). This place is located next to the labyrinth, so we can assume that he also saw the labyrinth. Pliny the Elder (23 / 24-79 AD) in his “Natural History” provides the most detailed description of the labyrinth.

“Let’s say about the labyrinths, perhaps the most outlandish creation of human wastefulness, but not fictitious, as they might think. There still exists in Egypt in Heracleopolis nome the one that was first created, it is reported, 3600 years ago, by King Petesuh or Titoes, although Herodotus says that the whole structure was created by 12 kings, the last of which was Psammetich.

Its purpose is interpreted differently: according to Demotel, it was the royal palace of Moterida, according to Likey – the tomb of Merida, according to the interpretation of many, it was built as a sanctuary of the Sun, which is most likely.

In any case, there is no doubt that Daedalus borrowed from here a sample of the labyrinth that he created in Crete, but reproduced only its one-hundredth part, which contains the rotation of the paths and the intricate passages back and forth, not like the ones we see at the pavilions or in field games of men, containing many thousands of walking steps, and with many built-in doors for fraudulent moves and return to the same wanderings.

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It was the second labyrinth after the Egyptian one, the third was on Lemnos, the fourth in Italy, all covered with ashlar vaults. In the Egyptian, the entrance and columns are made of stone from Paros, the rest is made of blocks of syenite – pink and red granite, which can hardly be destroyed even in centuries, even with the assistance of the Heracles.

It is impossible to describe in detail the location of this building and each part separately, since it is divided into regions, as well as prefectures, which are called nomes, and 21 names are allocated as many as the vast premises. In addition, it has temples of all the gods of Egypt, and in addition, Nemesis in 40 edicules of closed chapels of the memorial churches concluded many pyramids of forty girths, each occupying six arrays of 0.024 hectares at the base.

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Tired of walking, they fell into that famous intricate trap of roads. Not only that, here the second floors are high on the slopes, and the descending ninety-step porticos. Inside – columns of porphyrite stone, images of gods, statues of kings, monstrous figures. Some rooms are designed so that when the doors are opened, a terrible thunder is heard inside.

Beyond the wall of the labyrinth there are other huge structures – they are called the colonnade pteron. From there, underground passages are dug, leading to other underground rooms. Something was restored there by only one Ceremonial, an eunuch of King Nekteb [Nektaneba I], 500 years before Alexander the Great.

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It is also reported that during the construction of ashlar stone vaults, the supports were made of back trunks [Egyptian acacia] boiled in oil. ”

Description of the Roman geographer Pomponius Mela, who in 43 AD e. set forth in his essay “On the Situation of the Earth”, consisting of three books, the accepted in Rome views on the known world:

“The labyrinth built by Psammetikh covers one thousand three hundred halls and twelve palaces with one continuous wall. Its walls and roof are marble. The maze has only one entrance.

Inside it there are countless twisting passages. All of them are directed in different directions and communicate with each other. In the corridors of the labyrinth there are porticos that are pairwise similar to each other. Corridors go around each other. This creates a lot of confusion, but you can figure it out.

The authors of antiquity do not propose any single, consistent definition of this outstanding structure. However, since in Egypt of the time of the pharaohs, only shrines and structures dedicated to the cult of the dead (tombs and funerary churches) were built of stone, then all of their other buildings, including palaces, were built of wood and clay bricks, which means that the maze could not be a palace, administrative center or monument (provided that Herodotus, speaking of “a monument” does not mean “a tomb, which is quite possible).

On the other hand, since the pharaohs of the XII dynasty built pyramids as tombs, the temple remains the only possible destination for the “labyrinth”. According to a very plausible explanation given by Alan B. Lloyd, it probably served as the funeral temple for Amenemhet III, who was buried in a pyramid nearby, as well as a temple dedicated to some gods.

The answer to the question of how this “labyrinth” got its name remains unconvincing. Attempts have been made to derive this term from the Egyptian words “al lopa-rohun, laperohunt” or “ro-per-ro-henet”, meaning “entrance to the temple by the lake”.

But there is no phonetic correspondence between these words and the word “labyrinth”, and nothing similar was found in Egyptian texts either. It has also been suggested that the throne name of Amenemhat III, Lamares, whose Hellenized version sounds like “Labaris,” comes from the name of the temple of Labaris.

This probability cannot be ruled out, but this does not explain the essence of the phenomenon. Moreover, a valid argument against such an interpretation is the fact that Herodotus, the author of the earliest written source, does not mention Amenemhat III and his throne names. He does not mention how the structure was called “Amenemhet lives” by the Egyptians. He simply talks about the “maze”, not considering it necessary to explain what it is.

To describe a huge, awe-inspiring, skillfully executed stone structure, he uses the Greek term, as if this term expresses a certain general meaning, concept. It is this kind of description that is given in all other written sources, and only later authors mention the danger of getting lost.

Therefore, we can conclude that the term “labyrinth” in this case is used metaphorically, it serves as the name for a certain building, an outstanding structure made of stone. M. Budimir, resorting to historical and linguistic argumentation, came to a similar conclusion, interpreting the labyrinth as a term meaning “building of large size.”

The German Jesuit and scholar Athanasius Kircher (1602-1680), known to his contemporaries as Doctor centum artium, tried to reconstruct the Egyptian “labyrinth” based on ancient descriptions.

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In the center of the figure is a labyrinth, which Kircher may have modeled after Roman mosaics. Around are images symbolizing the twelve nomes – administrative units of Ancient Egypt described by Herodotus. This drawing, engraved on copper (50 X 41 cm), is placed in the book The Tower of Babel, or Archontology (Turris Babel, Sive Archontologia, Amsterdam, 1679).

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In 2008, a group of researchers from Belgium and Egypt began exploring objects hidden underground, hoping to find and solve the mystery of the mysterious underground complex of ancient civilization.

The Belgian-Egyptian expedition, armed with scientific instruments, and technology that allows you to look into the secret of the premises hidden under the sand, was able to confirm the presence of an underground temple near the pyramid of Amenemkhet III. Without a doubt, the expedition led by Petri led one of the most incredible discoveries in the history of Egypt out of the darkness of oblivion, shedding light on the greatest discovery. But if you think that the discovery took place, and you do not know about it, then you will be mistaken with the conclusion.

This significant discovery was hidden from society, and no one could understand why this happened. The results of the expedition, a publication in the scientific journal NRIAG, research findings, a public lecture at the University of Ghent – all this was “frozen” because the Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities of Egypt, banned all reports of the find, allegedly because of the imposed sanctions of the Egyptian service security protecting an ancient monument.

Louis de Cordier, and other expedition researchers patiently waited for an answer to the excavations in the maze area for several years, with the hope of recognizing the find and the desire to make it public, but unfortunately this did not happen.

But even if the researchers confirmed the existence of the underground complex, excavations should still be carried out in order to explore the incredible conclusion of scientists. After all, it is believed that the treasures of the underground labyrinth can give answers to the countless historical secrets of ancient Egyptian civilization, as well as give new knowledge about the history of mankind and other civilizations.

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The question here is only one, why did this undeniably incredible historical discovery fall under the oppression of “silence”?

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Mysteries

A dead star in our galaxy has sent a new radio signal

Magnetar SGR 1935 + 2154, which emitted the first known rapid radio burst from inside the Milky Way in April, flared again, giving astronomers another chance to unravel the cosmic mystery.

The little dead star that sent the signal earlier this year did it again.

On October 8, 2020, the CHIME / FRB collaboration discovered SGR 1935 + 2154 emitting three millisecond radio bursts in three seconds. Following the CHIME / FRB detection, the FAST radio telescope detected something else – pulsed radio emission corresponding to the rotation period of the magnetar.

It is very interesting to see SGR 1935 + 2154 again, and I am optimistic that if we study these bursts more closely, it will help us better understand the potential relationship between magnetars and fast radio bursts, “says astronomer Deborah Goode of the University of Britain Colombia in Canada and a member of CHIME / FRB.

Until April of this year, fast radio bursts (FRBs) were ever recorded only from outside the galaxy, usually from sources millions of light years away. The first was discovered in 2007, and since then astronomers have been trying to figure out what causes them.

As the name suggests, FRBs are bursts of extremely powerful radio waves found in the sky, some of which release more energy than hundreds of millions of suns. They only last a millisecond.

Since most sources of fast radio bursts seem to flare up once and no repetition is detected, they are highly unpredictable. In addition, the ones we detect usually come so far that our telescopes cannot distinguish individual stars. Both of these characteristics make it difficult to track the FRB to either the exact source galaxy or a known cause.

But SGR 1935 + 2154 is only 30,000 light-years away. On April 28, 2020, it spat out a massive millisecond pulse that has since been dubbed FRB 200428 under the fast radio transmission naming convention.

Once the signal strength was adjusted for distance, FRB 200428 was not as powerful as the extragalactic fast radio bursts, but everything else was in line with the profile.

“If the same signal came from a nearby galaxy, such as one of the closest typical FRB galaxies, it would look like an FRB to us,” said astronomer Srinivas Kulkarni of the California Institute of Technology. “We’ve never seen anything like it before.”

We don’t know much about the three new bursts yet. Since scientists are still working on the data, it is possible that some of the early findings could change, Goode said. But now we can say that they are both similar and not similar to FRB 200428.

They are a little less powerful again, but they are all still incredibly strong, and they all lasted only milliseconds.

“Although less bright than those detected earlier this year, they are still very bright flares that we would see if they were extragalactic,” Goode added.

“One of the more interesting aspects of this discovery is that our three bursts appear to have occurred during the same rotation period. The magnetar is known to rotate every ~ 3.24 seconds, but our first and second bursts were separated by 0.954 seconds, and the second and third were separated by 1.949 seconds. This is a bit unusual, and I think we will look at it later. “

This could reveal something new and useful about the behavior of magnetars, because – let’s face it – they’re pretty weird.

Magnetars, of which only 24 have been confirmed to date, are neutron stars; it is the collapsed core of a dead star, not massive enough to turn into a black hole. Neutron stars are small and dense, about 20 kilometers in diameter, with a maximum mass of about two Suns. But magnetars add something else to this: a stunningly powerful magnetic field.

These stunning fields are about a quadrillion times more powerful than Earth’s magnetic field and a thousand times more powerful than a normal neutron star. And we still do not fully understand how they came to this.

But we know that magnetars have periods of activity. As gravity tries to hold the star together – an internal force – the magnetic field pulling outward is so powerful that it distorts the star’s shape. This results in a constant voltage that sometimes causes giant starquakes and giant magnetic flares. SGR 1935 + 2154 is undergoing such activity, which suggests a link between magnetar attacks and at least some FRBs.

Obviously, astronomers have found that the source of the first intragalactic FRBs is of great interest. When CHIME / FRB reported their discovery, other astronomers decided to look at the star, including a team led by Zhu Weiwei of the National Astronomical Observatory of China, which had access to FAST, the largest single-aperture radio telescope in the world.

And they discovered something interesting, which was also reported on the astronomer’s Telegram – pulsed radio emission. These radio pulses were nowhere near as strong as the bursts, but they are extremely rare: if confirmed, SGR 1935 + 2154 will only be the sixth pulsed radio frequency magnetar. And the pulse period turned out to be equal to 3.24781 seconds – almost exactly the rotation period of the star.

This is curious, because until now astronomers have not been able to find a connection between magnetars and radio pulsars. Pulsars are another type of neutron star; they have a more normal magnetic field, but they pulsate with radio waves as they spin, and astronomers have long tried to figure out how the two types of stars are related.

Earlier this year, Australian astronomers identified a magnetar that behaved like a radio pulsar – a possible “missing link” between the two and evidence that at least some magnetars could evolve into pulsars. SGR 1935 + 2154 might be another piece of the puzzle.

“Based on these results and the increasing burst activity, we hypothesize that the magnetar may be in the process of transforming into an active radio pulsar,” Weiwei’s team wrote.

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Mysteries

Starlite: a mysterious material whose recipe was taken to the grave

Enthusiasts continue to struggle with the riddle of the unique material, the creator of which died without revealing the secret recipe.

At the dawn of the 1990s, reports began to appear in the world media about the creation of a new plastic material that could withstand heating to incredible temperatures – up to those that develop during a fire or on the shell of a spacecraft when passing through the atmosphere. Such statements were very embarrassing for scientists also because the author of the find was a man without a diploma or any formal education at all – the British hairdresser Maurice Ward.

Starlite – this name was invented by the granddaughter of Maurice Ward – was repeatedly tested by NASA as a possible heat insulator, the military and large corporations looked closely at it. The author did not refuse to provide samples for research, but he kept the recipe in complete secret, not sharing it with anyone – until 2011, when Maurice died, taking this secret with him. Perhaps thanks to this twist, the plot did not disappear into oblivion along with Petrik filters and other “miracle inventions”, and the history of the mysterious Starlite continues to this day.

According to Ward himself (by the way, his personal blog and YouTube channel survived on the Internet), he was prompted to search for fire-resistant material by a television report, from which he learned that many victims of fires die from poisoning by the caustic smoke of burning plastic. Previously, the hairdresser dabbled in the search for his own shampoo recipes, but around 1986 he completely devoted himself to a new venture. Three years later, the composition was found – and, of course, it turned out to be incredibly simple and included the most common store ingredients.

It was not easy for the “genius upstart” to break through, and over the next few years he pounded the thresholds of laboratories and companies without any benefit. Fate smiled only in 1993, when a message about Starlite was published in the authoritative International Defense Review. It referred to “amazing results” from some of the independent experts who tested Starlite. According to some reports, the material did not burn at temperatures up to 10,000 ° C and was not supplied even by a high-power laser.

Moreover, in the same 1993, the incredible thermal insulation properties of Starlite were demonstrated to the public. On the Air Force show Tomorrow’s World, a chicken egg coated with a thin layer of this material was sprayed with the heat of a gas burner for several minutes, after which it was shown that it remained raw inside. It would seem that the deed is done: it remains to find out which of the industrial giants will be interested in the invention and from whom Ward will be able to get legitimate millions, if not billions of dollars for the miracle recipe. The prospects for its use in engineering and construction were discussed. In 1994, the material was tested at Boeing as an alternative to space shuttle thermal insulation ceramics.

It is worth saying that Maurice Ward has always shown a certain paranoia about the security of his invention. As far as is known, he refused any projects in which he could not maintain a controlling 51 percent. The inventor personally monitored all samples that were submitted for testing, making sure that no one had the opportunity to reconstruct the Starlite composition. Ward also did not file a patent so as not to reveal the secret formula and repeatedly announced attempts to steal. The story that took place in the late 1990s is characteristic. It is known that at this time the inventor found partners from Canada and organized a startup Starlite Safety Solutions, which presented the results of material tests to investors. However, according to those same partners, Maurice Ward turned out to be completely incapable of negotiating – “the more he was offered, the more he asked for”

On the one hand, Ward is understandable. If the author’s statements are accurate, the find could be worth billions, which no corporation likes to share. On the other hand, Starlite could well change the modern world and save many lives, and perhaps doing so was not entirely ethical. Again, if all statements about the properties of this material are true. And this is its main mystery.

Indeed, despite all the doubts of many observers, there is enough authoritative evidence in favor of Starlite every now and then. Thus, Joe Kissell, who wrote about him in 2009, received a letter from Pamela Pohling-Brown, who authored the same article in the International Defense Review. She in every possible way confirmed the reliability of the results presented then and even named the expert who conducted the testing. 

“I’m afraid the topic is somehow classified,” summed up Pauline-Brown. By the way, Ward’s former partners from Canada hinted at the same. It turns out that there is still something to hide?

Maurice Ward has repeatedly stated that, fearing theft, he never even wrote down the recipe on paper, and keeps it in his head – fortunately, it is quite simple. According to him, the secret has been entrusted to only a few closest family members – however, they have not shown much activity since the death of the inventor in 2011. In 2013, two of Ward’s daughters announced the sale of a “certain version” of Starlite to the American company Thermashield, but the third said that she had kept the “best” formula. And since then nothing has been heard about Thermashield, and the company’s website has not been revoked.

But there are plenty of hypotheses and speculations about the composition of Starlite. They find the main clues all in the same publication by Pamela Pauline-Brown, where the following was said.

 “It consists of a set of organic polymers and copolymers with organic and inorganic additives, including borates, small amounts of ceramics and other barrier ingredients, for a total of 21. Perhaps uniquely, this thermally and explosion-proof material contains up to 90 percent organic matter.”

Armed with this data, yet another “genius self-taught” reproduced the recipe. Canadian Troy Hurtubise, known for developing the bear-repelling suit – and for testing inventions on himself – said he found the same or a similar recipe and demonstrated it under the name Firepaste. However, in 2014 he died in a car accident – as if the material really surrounds the halo of special operations.

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Mysteries

Forbidden places of the world: where people are not allowed – and what does it have to do with snakes and UFOs

It’s hard to believe, but in the 21st century there are blank spots on the maps. Or is it better to call them black?

The reasons for such prohibitions are different: in these places ancient secret books and sacred artifacts are kept, poisonous snakes live there, scientific laboratories and rock paintings are hidden there, which cannot be seen by anyone.

Snake Island – Captains Bypass

Just 35 kilometers off the coast of Brazil, there is a picturesque island called Queimada Grande. Tourists often ask to stop the ship in order to get off on this piece of land drowned in lush greenery, it beckons to itself.

Snake Island

But this never happens: the captains strictly observe the prohibitions. The fact is that this piece of paradise is teeming with poisonous snakes, and a few steps on land are enough to die from a fatal bite. The authorities banned visiting this island not only for the safety of people, but also for the safety of reptiles: many snakes are rare species.

Poveglia Island – Eerie Deaths and Restless Souls

Nobody wants to get to Poveglia Island, located in Italy: this is a very dark and mysterious place. 

In the 18th century, Italy was literally mowed down by a terrible plague epidemic. In order to somehow protect people, all infected were taken to a reservation set up on Poveglia Island. More than 150 thousand patients died there.

Poveglia Island

And then, already in the twentieth century, a psychiatric hospital was built here. It was rumored that doctors carried out inhuman experiments on unhealthy people, and many Italians are convinced that the souls of thousands of those who died forever remained here, on a terrible island. 

According to research results, the soil on Povelje is 50% human remains.

Lascaux cave – people are harmful to ancient rock paintings!

In 1940, archaeologists discovered a unique cave in France, the age of which was determined to be 17 thousand years. This is the oldest known caves on the planet, and inside it is decorated with numerous rock paintings.

Lasko cave

Have you already wanted to go to France and see this miracle with your own eyes? Will not work. The cave was closed for visits and mothballed after it was discovered: under the influence of carbon dioxide, precious specimens of ancient rock art began to deteriorate quickly, they were destroyed by a fungus.

And to console the lovers of antiquities, an artificial copy was arranged nearby – Lasko-2, where exactly the same drawings flaunt on the walls.

The Vatican Library is a secret archive for a very narrow circle

In the secret library archives of the Vatican, about 45 thousand books and other documents are collected. What is not here – and letters sent to the Pope from Michelangelo, and Galileo’s manuscripts, and documents left by the ancient Order of the Templars …

No one will tell you the whole truth about the funds of this treasure. It is believed that ancient documents are hidden here, which contain information about the origin of Christianity on Earth. It is quite possible, because the first manuscripts that appeared at the disposal of the Vatican date back to the 4th century. They were collected in the archives, and centuries later, in 1475, the Vatican Apostolic Library was founded.

Who can get here? Very few people: the Pope himself and his entourage, as well as (with his written permission) some scientists and researchers.

Mormon warehouse 

Not far from the American city of Salt Lake City, Granite Mountain is located, in which a tunnel has been cut, extending almost 200 meters deep into the mountain. There, behind massive doors that weigh 15 tons, under round-the-clock armed protection, the most incredible documents are stored in a secret bunker: information about the family tree of Jesus Christ, allegedly information about his relatives and descendants … These data are very approximate, to say exactly which artifacts can be found in the Mormon vault, no one can. They say that, in addition to the secret storage, secret laboratories are equipped in the depths of the mountain. 

Spy Museum – no move to anyone but the Chinese

The Spy Museum, located in northern China, is not a forbidden place: anyone can get into it. True, only if this person is Chinese. The exposition is not intended for foreigners. There is no need for them to see all those miniature cameras, microscopic pistols and unique caches! The Chinese carefully guard their secrets.

Gold Vault in London – one-fifth of the world’s gold reserves are collected here

The vault of the UK Central Bank does hold 20% of the world’s gold reserves. It is impossible to imagine this amount of gold: there are 5,134 tons of it! If you translate that into dollars, you get almost 250 billion.

Gold vault in London

Needless to say, the bank vault is carefully guarded. Only a few can get here – authorized bank employees.

Area 51 – aliens are investigated here

In the United States, 130 kilometers from the city of Las Vegas, a military base was once built. In addition to the usual functions, it also performs research. They say that it was in the local laboratories that aliens who crashed on their own plate in the 90s were studied. True, the US officials denied these rumors, but how could one expect confirmation?

Area 51

The American government generally preferred not to mention Area 51 until recently. According to the official version, aircraft are tested here. But for some reason, access is prohibited here, and the airspace above the base and the surrounding area is closed.

Bohemian Grove – either a world conspiracy, or just a closed men’s club

This is the name of a nature reserve in a California paradise. A person “from the street” cannot get here. Bohemian Grove is a meeting place for the most influential people in the world. It periodically attracts politicians, businessmen, even some artists – from the “initiates”.

Bohemian grove

There is so much talk about this community! They talk about “world government”, about strange and terrible rituals, even about sacrifices.

And some of these legends have a foundation. There is a documentary film that was filmed by two American journalists: they managed to get into a protected grove and filmed one of the rituals during which the symbol of the club, the giant Owl, is worshiped and sacrifices are made to it. The journalists suggested that the members of the closed club belong to the Freemasons or Satanists.

However, most of their calculations are just speculation. Perhaps, in the Bohemian Grove, influential men, tired of bearing the burden of responsibility, are gathering, seeking to rest away from annoying problems? 

Metro 2 is the secret underground for the government

Did you know that there is another “floor” under the Moscow metro? It is called “Metro 2”, and this line has remained a secret for a long time. Its existence first became known from the report of the US Department of Defense, which was published in 1991.

The information was later confirmed by Vladimir Shevchenko – “a person close to the emperor”: he was the head of the protocol service during the times of Gorbachev and Yeltsin.

This classified facility was built under Stalin’s personal supervision. Some government locations are connected via Metro 2 to Vnukovo Airport. It is clear that a branch begins under the Kremlin. According to some reports, Metro 2 has several levels and reaches a depth of 250 meters.

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