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Ecologists Share a Glimpse of Our Grim Future from Global Warming

The UN has recently published a troubling report on global warming suggesting that the temperature rise at the North Pole will be greater than anticipated in the coming years and that soon climate change could become irreversible, threatening humanity with massive disasters. Sputnik has discussed the report with two prominent ecologists.

A recent UN report on global warming has shown that our planet could soon reach a “tipping point”, when rising temperatures will melt the permafrost layers in the Arctic and release enormous amounts of methane, a greenhouse gas “between 25 and 100 times as powerful as carbon dioxide”, into the atmosphere, drastically increasing the rate of global warming.

The consequences of such irreversible heating of our planet could range from massive floods and rising sea levels to social upheavals due to famine, one of the academics interviewed by Sputnik suggested.

Grave Danger…

Rupert Read, chair of the Green House think-tank and a philosophy academic at the University of East Anglia, says that the report is long overdue, as ecologists like him have been warning about the potential dangers of melting permafrost in the Arctic for some time. He noted, however, that the real danger is far more serious than what was described in the UN paper.

“We should be extremely, extremely concerned about it. This is the gravest news yet on the climate to have come through the UN”, he said.

Read complained that although the report was “well-supported” in the scientific community, it has received poor coverage in the media and was rather a sideshow for political news.

“It should be top of the news everywhere in the world. This is about whether we have a future or not. It is as stark and as simple as that”, Read said.

The academic further said that humanity is facing an “extraordinary and unprecedented” task to change the situation drastically in a very short period of time, as otherwise the cataclysms will become inevitable. He added that if mankind were to fail at this, life on the planet will become unrecognisable “within a generation”.

“[The] Arctic is the worst place in the world for there to be severe warming […] This could destabilise a lot more than just sea levels; this could destabilise our entire climate and could lead to quite rapid temperature rises. So, everything else is a sideshow compared to this”, he said.

Read added that humanity will have to devote far more resources than before and work as “a world community” to change the situation. But even if it were to do so, people still need to prepare for failure, as in the academic’s opinion, it could already be too late and we need to brace ourselves for “various kinds of breakdowns in our societies”.

“We need to deeply adapt, which means we need to be ready for the potentiality of various kinds of partial societal collapses”, the academic said.

He also points out that societal breakdowns and rising sea levels won’t be our only problems. Rising temperatures are likely to “horrifically destabilise” agriculture around the world, provoking mass famine and, as a consequence, mass migration.

“If we have a series of very severely disrupted growing seasons and that is increasingly likely as you get this kind of extreme Arctic heating kicking in, then we are talking about the potentiality for mass famines which are going to make the kind of things that are happening in Yemen look relatively small scale”, Read said.

…or Just Speculation?

On the other hand, John Christy, a distinguished professor of Atmospheric Science at the University of Alabama in Huntsville, is highly sceptical of the UN report. He noted that the UN is a government-supported organisation and hence its reports would be biased towards the political goals of the organisation, while facts and observations that do not fit its agenda would be left out.

Christy notes that his and many other scientists’ analysis has shown that existing climate model simulations of temperatures in the Arctic are unreliable, especially when it comes to predicting the temperatures of the lower layers.

“The bulk Arctic atmospheric temperature indicates a warming rate of +0.25 C/decade over the past 40 years as well as the past 20 years, so the warming rate is not accelerating. By 2050, this indicates a rise of another 0.5 to 1.0 is possible in this critical layer”, he said.

The professor further pointed out that the planet’s rate of warming was higher during the 20th century and added that temperature fluctuations in the Artic are some of the greatest in the world and are mostly the result of natural processes.

He further stated that for now, there is no way of telling “why” temperatures change, although we have good records that show “what” has been happening in the Arctic. Christy clarified that there is no way of telling just how much human activity affects these changes.

“This region has large swings of temperatures on decadal time series which show, for example, it was roughly this warm in the late 1930s and certainly much warmer than today for a period 4,000 to 8,000 years ago”, he said.

Still, the professor acknowledged that humanity could be having an effect on the temperature due to greenhouse gas emissions, noting that the main contributors in this area are China and India, while Europe and the US are reducing their emissions year-on-year. Christy doesn’t predict any major changes in the global climate in the next 30 years that would result in calamities.

via Sputniknews

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Planet Earth

“Huge anomalies” at the edge of the earth’s core

At the edge of the Earth’s core lie two gigantic blobs of ultrahot rock — and that’s about the extent to which geologists agree about them.

NASA PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY. DISTRIBUTED ACTIVE ARCHIVE CENTER

The mysterious blobs are on opposite sides of the planet, one hidden beneath Africa, the other in the middle of the Pacific Ocean – the Quanta Magazine compared the ‘massive anomalies’ to Princess Leia’s iconic hairstyle (Star Wars).

Scientists discovered the blobs decades ago by mapping the interior of the planet, but have not learned much since.

Some ideas

There are two main schools of thought regarding the blobs, according to Quanta. The first camp holds that they’re merely massive clusters of hot plumes.

The other argues that the blobs — so big that they would drown the planet’s surface in a lava ocean over 60 miles deep — are their own distinct entity and not just a particularly warm region of the core.

Recent evidence supports the second camp: Quanta reports that scientists found traces of unique, ancient rocks and isotopes in magma that’s flowed upward from the blobs — materials nearly as old as the Earth itself and not found elsewhere on the planet.

Persistent Mystery

Still, great mystery still surrounds the deeply-buried hotspots. One theory is that they could be fragments of a Mars-sized object that crashed into the Earth.

University of Maryland seismologist Vedran Lekić told Quanta

It would be like having an object in the sky, and asking, ‘Is that the moon?’ And people are like, no. ‘Is that the sun?’ No. ‘What is it?’ We don’t know.

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Planet Earth

Global warming is now visible! The sea has swallowed two islands in Indonesia

Two uninhabited islands in the Indonesian South Sumatra province has completely disappeared underwater as a result of rising sea levels caused by global warming. This was reported today by the Straits Times, quoting data from the local environmental forum, TASS reported.

“Betet and Gundul Islands are now 1-3 meters below sea level,” said NGO leader Khairul Sobri.

“Unless emergency action is taken in relation to global warming, four more islands within the province are at risk of extinction,” the expert warned.

He noted that one of these islands, Salah Namao, is still habitable, though since the 1990s, locals have gradually begun to abandon it, main reason being the sea levels rise. According to him, the already extinct Betet Island had previously a national nature reserve, recognized by UNESCO.

Indonesia is located in the world’s largest archipelago with nearly 18 thousand islands.

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Planet Earth

Conservationist Plants Super Grove Of Ancient Redwood Trees Cloned From Ancient Stumps

Archangel Ancient Tree Archive

By Mayukh Saha / Truth Theory

An old-growth Redwood is a sight to behold. The Sequoia sempervirens stands at around 320 feet, whilst covering a trunk width of 27 feet. To add to that, they live for about 2,000 years. Let’s just say, they are the biggest trees on the planet. Also, it would not be amiss to say that some of these giants may have been alive when Caesar was wreaking havoc all across Europe.

Prior to the 19th century, the old-growth redwoods had an area coverage of around 2 million acres which spread along the coast of California. It started at Big Sur and stretched the entire road into the south of Oregon. It is sad to note that while humans co-existed with these trees up to a certain point in time, the Californian Gold Rush led to the deforestation of the Redwoods. Now, only 5% exist, covering a strip of 450 miles. Considering Global Warming is a gradually increasing issue, the future of the Redwoods looks bleak. While animals can move from tundras to temperate regions of the globe, trees can’t.

This is where David Milarch comes in.

Archangel Ancient Tree Archive

Back in 1991, David Milarch’s near-death experience with renal failure gave him a new perspective to look at life. This arborist from Michigan then decided to take care of the genetics of the old-growth redwoods, simply because he wanted to assist them in migration. Milarch mentioned that his sorrow was tremendous when he heard that 95% of the trees had already been uprooted. The fallacy in the entire situation was that humans had no clue how these trees affected our balance with nature and this planet. Milarch believes that it is his job to walk around the trees and convince them, (or maybe himself) that he can let them grow anew. He would be their anchor to take them to a new location, where their genes would safely grow. He declares that he would bring every single human being to this place and prevent it from being a remnant of the past.

His process- cloning. With the process of cloning and planting the trees again, Milarch is going to give these trees a new lease of life. Cloning will not only help increase their population but also help in the overall success ratio of their longevity in different places, which are conducive to their growth. And there are two benefits to saving the old-growth Redwood trees. One, the overall benefit of afforestation that is a chain between saving trees and saving lives. And second, as the Moving the Giants project mention, Redwood trees are very important in sequestering the carbon that will help plan a positive map for humanity to follow. Milarch’s efforts are one with the global efforts to help stabilize the nature and ensure that humanity lives.

If you are interested in knowing more about David Milarch and his work on the old-growth Redwood trees, here is a short film that will give you all the necessary insight into the project.

You can learn more about this project here: Archangel Ancient Tree Archive.

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