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Conspiracy Theories

Did The U.S. Secret Service Help Kill JFK?

A transcript of the Lew Rockwell Show episode 385 with Mark Lane. 

ROCKWELL: Well, good morning. This is the Lew Rockwell Show. And what an honor it is to have as our guest this morning, Mr. Mark Lane. Mark has been the champion of peace and of justice his entire legal career. I could spend the entire show talking about his achievements. I remember his beating CIA agent, E. Howard Hunt, and the CIA in a legal victory. I remember him defeating CIA agent or “ex-CIA agent,” Bill Buckley. And I was so influenced by his great book Rush to Judgment. This is the first work of Kennedy assassination revisionism, for which he was targeted by the CIA and the rest of the regime. Mark has told the truth his whole life about the Kennedy assassination and the CIA and many other topics.

And, of course, we’re going to link to your autobiography.

LANE: My autobiography is called Citizen Lane, which is a great title, but it isn’t my title originally. It was Pauley Perrette, such a wonderful actress on NCIS, who is directing and producing a documentary film about me. In fact, she called one day. And I had seen her. I always thought she was terrific. I had seen her but I had never talked to her. And I got a phone call one day from her and she said, “I’d like to talk to you.” I said, “OK, what’s this about?” And she said, “Documentary.” And I had made a couple of documentaries. And she said, “I’m working on one now; I’m about to start on one.” So I thought she was calling for advice about how to put together a documentary since I had done a couple. I did Rush to Judgment. So I said, “What’s it about?” She said, “Well, the name is Citizen Lane.” I said, “Oh, OK.”

I could deal with that. And then we became very dear friends. And she’s been here like three times. She has two little doggies and she’ll not put them on a plane. She lives in Los Angeles. I’m here at the other end of the world in Charlottesville and close to the east coast. She’s been here three times, always driving in her Volvo station wagon with her two dogs with her [Laughing]. So anyway, that’s out. And she’s the one who came up with the title Citizen Lane.

ROCKWELL: Oh, magnificent.

ROCKWELL: Well, Mark, tell us about your latest interest in the role of the Secret Service in the Kennedy assassination.

LANE: I’ll tell you how that started. I had been a defense lawyer for 60 years, 6-0. That’s more than a quarter of the history of the American judicial system, which my young wife really doesn’t ever want me to say again in public, but it’s true.

It’s been a long time. When Oswald was arrested and I saw him on television, I thought about what I would do if he were my client because there were a lot of holes in this case. In fact, it was clear that even Gerald Posner, who wrote the establishment bookCase Closed, totally supporting the Warren Commission in every respect, has written that, “If Oswald were tried and Mark Lane was his lawyer, Oswald would have been acquitted.” OK, if that’s what you believe, you can’t go around saying the guy’s guilty. First of all, there’s a presumption of innocence and he was never even charged, never indicted, actually, Oswald, because they killed him first. But had he been, there would have been a trial and I am convinced, as is Gerald Posner, who supports the Warren Commission, that he would have been acquitted, which is the reason they killed him. Because if he was alive and tried and was acquitted, America would say, “Who killed the president? Are they at large now?” And the first job of the Warren Commission, according to its general counsel, J. Lee Rankin, published in The New York Times, January 25, 1963, his first comment was, “The goal of our commission will be to reassure the American people.” Not to find the truth. The word “truth” never came up. Even if you talk to the lawyers working for the commission – they were young lawyers then who had just been lured in to work for the Warren Commission – the word “truth” never came up. It was always the question, “How do we reassure the American people?” Well, you can’t reassure it that there’s no problem, if those who killed the president are still walking around here, at least then. That was back in ’63, ’64. The only reassurance is to say Oswald did it and he’s dead and there’s nothing more to worry about. The only problem with that is the story was not true. And we’ve been able to demonstrate that in many ways.

But more recently, I’ve looked at it in a different way. Instead of as a defense lawyer defending Oswald for this charge, and he would have been acquitted if he had any kind of a competent lawyer and he was allowed to live, go to trial, I decided to look at it through the eyes of the assassin. Now, don’t be alarmed. I didn’t kill anybody.

But to look at the assassination through the eyes of the assassin. And I thought, if I were planning to kill the president, the first problem I would have would be – this is not a back-alley killing in some darkened area where nobody is going to see it. It’s in the middle of America on a bright, sunny day and he’s protected by the greatest group of protective agents in the world, the United States Secret Service. So the first question would be, how would I overcome the Secret Service? What would I do to penetrate them if I was planning to kill the president? So then let’s look at the Secret Service from that view point. Remember, every credential that they had was given to them by the Central Intelligence Agency, the group which, in fact, played a major part in the assassination of the president. You know, today, according to the last poll, more Americans believe that the CIA was involved in the assassination of President Kennedy than believe Oswald acted alone, despite all the news media, all the support of the Warren Commission and, of course, the commission itself, led by the chief justice at the time, Warren. Despite all of that, the American people overwhelmingly have seen through this. 80% believe there was a conspiracy. And, of course, the Warren Commission said there was none. That’s where we are.

So I decided to look at it from the view point of the assassin. As I said, the first thing I would look at is, what did the Secret Service agents do? Later on, Raleigh, the director of the Secret Service, was trying to give some excuses. They were drinking the late the night before. That’s true but that is not relevant. Nobody was drinking on the job. That was the night before and that did not play a part. It’s what they did do. It’s not what they did not do. That is, what the Secret Service agents did do.

The shot was fired and it struck the president in the back of the neck, exited from his throat. It was fired from the Book Depository building, which was behind him, and the wound in the throat was an exit wound. Every doctor at the Parkland Memorial Hospital where the president was taken and everyone who examined him said it was an exit wound. So he was shot from the back. It took almost six seconds until the final shot was fired. Six seconds does not seem like a long time if you’re looking at the history of the world, but six seconds is an eternity for the Secret Service after they hear a fire crack or anything, any kind of explosion. The first job is the job of the driver of the limousine, a Secret Service agent. His job is to step on that accelerator. He later testified. That car, if you touch that accelerator, it would leap off the street practically with such great power. He slowed down. He slowed down and did not – he went so slowly that Clint Hill, who was in the follow-up car – and he was not assigned to protect President Kennedy. For many years, he had been protecting Jacquelyn Kennedy, the president’s wife. And so he probably never got the memo about what’s going to happen. Everybody else seemed to be aware and didn’t do anything. But he heard the shot and ran. He caught the car. Remember, this was after the shot is fired, the first shot is fired. And the Secret Service agent, the driver, is trained to do nothing except step on the accelerator and take evasive action. Instead, he slowed down. The proof of it is, you see the Zapruder film and the Nix film and other film showing this. But in addition to that, further proof is that Clint Hill, wearing leather shoes, chased after the car and caught it and grabbed the car after the first shot was fired. The driver of the car, the Secret Service agent, did nothing. The other Secret Service agent in the car, sitting in the right passenger seat, had the responsibility of leaping over everything and covering the president with his body. He didn’t flinch. He didn’t move. It was almost as if he had gotten the memo that this was going to happen and he took no action. So they all violated their oaths of office, all the Secret Service agents, with the exception, as I say, of Clint Hill, who was not part of the White House detail for Kennedy. He was part of the detail for Jacquelyn Kennedy. That’s in the starting point.

And when you start to look at the Secret Service and you find out only recently that all their credentials were issued by the CIA. The police officer named Smith, probably the single most important witness to the assassination. He was a police officer. He was in the motorcade. When he heard the shot, he knew it came from the area near the wooden fence on the grassy knoll to the right front of the president’s limousine. He took his motor bike and drove up, fell down on the way up. He ran back, he had his gun drawn, and a man emerged from behind the fence. He thought he had caught the assassin. Actually, he had caught the assassin. But the man took out his credentials and said, “United States Secret Service.” And he did have those credentials. And they had been issued by the Central Intelligence Agency. And so he was allowed to leave because he had these credentials. Later on, when the Secret Service was compelled to tell where its agents were, they said nobody was walking, nobody was on the ground; they were all in the motorcade. So who was that guy who had CIA-created credentials? Well, we still don’t know. But we do know that it was looked into. And when Smith tried to tell this to the Warren Commission – he was questioned by Leslie Liebler – Liebler kept on changing the story. And he kept on saying, well, this was guy I came to, I had my gun drawn because I thought I had caught the assassin but he showed me his credentials. And Liebler finally said, “Is there anything you saw that day which seemed suspicious or out of the way?”

And he had Secret Service credentials prepared by the CIA? Was there anything else he saw? Well, there was nothing else to see. That was it. And, of course, that guy disappeared. And Smith disappeared. This is the single most important witness that day because he caught the assassin and had a gun pointed at him. His name does not appear in the Warren Commission report. I mean, there are two or three Smiths, one who – it was like talking to your dog. Nobody had anything to do with the Kennedy assassination, but their names are there. But the Smith who actually caught the assassin and drew his gun and had him under arrest until he produced his – what we now know – were CIA-prepared credentials for the Secret Service – that guy’s name is not in the Warren report. That’s left out of the Warren report.

ROCKWELL: Wow. Mark, tell us more.

LANE: Well, OK. So now, as I said, when I decided to look at this from a different perspective – I’ve been a defense lawyer all these years, and when Oswald was charged, I thought, what would the defense be and what are the facts? And I was convinced that he never could have been convicted. And we had been able to show that to the American people. That’s my first book, Rush to Judgment. It was the first book on the subject. It became the number-one best-selling book in America.

Then, incidentally, it’s available on, what, Amazon now?

LANE: OK, very soon, it’ll be available as an eBook and then people can get it. It’s the original book with all the – that was Sue, our paralegal here for the law firm. The Lane law firm consists of my wife, Trisha, who is an excellent lawyer, and me and Sue. And Sue has done a tremendous amount of work to prepare that with all of the 5,000 footnotes and citations. And it will very soon be an eBook. It will be available that way.

With all of the citations, right?

ROCKWELL: It’s a great book and it’s just as relevant today as it was then.

LANE: Yeah, because the government wasn’t telling us the truth then. It came out in August of ’64. The government wasn’t telling us the truth and they’re still not telling us the truth, so it’s still relevant.

When the French government looked at the assassination and Judge Dreyfus, it was clear that the honor of the French government would never be restored until they admitted that Dreyfus was innocent and they were wrong in charging him. Well, that’s how the honor of the nation is restored. The American people now know, 80% of them according to every poll, Gallup, Harris, all the most recent polls – they’re several years old now, of course – but most polls will show that the vast majority of the American people are convinced that they have not been told the truth. And they’re right about that.

You know, it didn’t happen last week. It’s been half a century now, and we still have not been told the truth by the government. Still there are documents in the National Archives which are highly classified, top secret, and no one can see them. I’ve been through the archives a million times and live in Washington and I walk there regularly. And they keep on declassifying bits and pieces. And the director of the archives actually was a very decent guy and he would call me and say, oh, are you going to be dropping by soon, meaning that something else had been declassified. So I went there to archives to look at it, see what there was, and on the little table where he would let us work, there were five, six or 10 pages, sometimes more, of stuff just then declassified, which you never could have found because you have to go through these massive numbers of these files in order to determine what had just been declassified. So we were able to get a lot of help from inside the government from people who obviously were not satisfied with what the government had done.

ROCKWELL: Mark, could we describe the Secret Service, because of all the things that you’re pointing out and have pointed out, as an institution that exists, at least in part, to keep the president in line?

LANE: Well – [Laughing] – that’s not in their charter. It doesn’t say that.

Their job, of course, is to protect the president. And on occasion, they do that fairly well. They didn’t do it on November 22, 1963.

The driver of the car was a Secret Service agent. He slowed down after the first shot was fired, did not pick up speed until the president was dead six seconds later. The follow-up car had the responsibility, the driver, to drive in front, between the president’s limousine, just in front of him, and the area from which the shots were coming. They did nothing. As I said, Clint Hill, who was assigned to Jacquelyn Kennedy, therefore, probably never got proper instructions about what to do that day, was the only one who jumped up and caught the car, which is an indication of how slowly the car was going anyway and tried to reach Jacquelyn Kennedy, who was, at that point, according to the Zapruder film, the Nix film, she was trying to get out of the back of the car and he pushed her back in, because that would have been a major mistake.

The assassination, which was arranged by the Central Intelligence Agency, could not have – and most Americans believe that now – could not have been successful without the assistance and coordination of the United States Secret Service. I mean, this was not, as I said, some back-alley killing when nobody is watching. The greatest protection available to anybody, the Secret Service, was there, and not one of them, except Clint Hill, met his responsibility. Not one Secret Service agent.

LANE: Right. And more than that, they know where everybody is going to be stationed. The CIA knows where every Secret Service agent will be because the CIA gives the credential knowing where the person is going to be. So the CIA is still running protection for the president of the United States. And I think the presidents, as they come and go, know that to be true. And I think if they had any brains and any sense of history, they’d know the CIA was involved in the assassination of President Kennedy. Kennedy was doing things they didn’t like, including possibly dissolving the Central Intelligence Agency, because Robert Kennedy, if you recall, was attorney general – John Kennedy’s brother. I knew them both fairly well. I knew Bobby better. I worked closely with Bobby in the 1960 campaign when John Kennedy was running for Senator. John F. Kennedy, from Massachusetts, who was running for president, and I was running for the New York State legislature, and helped to coordinate John Kennedy’s presidential campaign in the New York City area and, therefore, I worked closely with Bobby and had many meetings with Bobby. The fact is that the Democrat was split in half at that point. There was the Carmine DeSapio, old-fashioned, Tammany Hall, crime, mafia-connected Democratic Party, and there were the reformers, led by Eleanor Roosevelt, Governor Lehman, me, and a few other people. And that was the split. And it was obvious where the old Tammany Hall was trying to take the Democratic Party than where we wanted to take it, so that was the split. That’s why we had two Democratic Parties at that time. And one side decided the death of the president was not only a great tragedy for him and his family, but for the American people, and decided we had to look into it, and the rest of the Democratic Party didn’t care.

LANE: Yes. I had talked with Bobby several times. Of course, you know, John Kennedy was about to dissolve the Central Intelligence Agency and a number of other things, which they would not have liked. If you dissolve the CIA, for the first time, you’d get to look at their records, find out where all the money went, who got the money. I mean, they had a lot of money. We knew how much basically. We’re not sure, but we know there were some appropriations that were huge sums of money. We never knew where it went. We just knew it went to the CIA, but where it went from there, we don’t know. But with the president dead and CIA as suspects, anybody investigating who had any authority and any power, would look into where that money went. And that was something the CIA did not want to have happen. The CIA also had foreign policy plans. They wanted to continue the war in Vietnam. President Kennedy had made it plain that we were going to leave at the end of the next year. He said that in September; he was dead in November.

ROCKWELL: And in order to keep Bobby, who was obviously interested in telling the truth about his brother’s assassination, in order to keep that from happening, was it the CIA that killed him, too?

LANE: Well, you know, the first thing that Bobby said – he was on a plane when he heard this – was, “Was the CIA involved?” That was Bobby Kennedy’s first question, “Was the CIA involved?” I mean, he didn’t say, “Was the FBI involved?” He didn’t say, “Was the American Automobile Association involved, the AAA?” I mean, he asked about one agency only, indicating, obviously, that it would have been a suspect agency if he, as attorney general, was able to continue on with his work. So he was killed, too.

He knew in his last word, which is my Last Word on the Kennedy assassination also, which is out there now – I think it’s going to be an eBook.

LANE: It is an eBook. It’s going to be published very soon, Last Word, and Citizen Lane. Citizen Lane is my autobiography. And it was an amazing book for me to write because I’ve been practicing law for so long, 60 years – I can hardly believe it – so long that I had to do research on this guy whose autobiographer I was writing because it happened so – the details, you know, took place so long ago, I had to go back and research my life – [Laughing] – to make sure I got these dates and everything else right. But it is. And it’s a really good book. It’s the best thing that I’ve – I’m about to say it’s the best book I’ve ever read but it’s the best book I ever wrote.

LANE: Thank you so much. I really appreciate being with you and what you’re doing.

ROCKWELL: Well, thanks so much for listening to the Lew Rockwell Show today. Take a look at all the podcasts. There have been hundreds of them. There’s a link on the LRC front page. Thank you.



Conspiracy Theories

Exploring a strange satellite: Iron arguments of Soviet scientists about the purpose of the moon

At the end of last year, in Indianapolis, astronomers filmed the moon and were surprised to find that an object of unknown origin hovered near the Earth’s satellite. There is no explanation for this phenomenon, from the point of view of official science, like many others, in the long series of lunar phenomena that astronomers observe. 

Recently, Dr. Robert Jastrow, the first president of the NASA commission, even called the moon the Rosetta stone of the planet, meaning that it is on the moon or inside the moon that the answer to the mystery of the origin of life on earth is possible.

Iron arguments of Soviet scientists about the purpose of the moon

“As soon as people got the first telescopes, back in the 18th century, already at that time on the Moon, some kind of activity was constantly observed, and it is clear that it was inhuman, which flies by against the background of the moon. “

Vladimir Kukolnikov (researcher)
Space, Moon
Space, Moon

A lot of unexplained phenomena associated with the Moon have accumulated in recent years. Recently, against the background of the Moon, incomprehensible lights were again seen, this time they were green. Astronomers all over the world are lost in conjecture, they are trying to analyze incomprehensible flares and catch some system, but they have not found a rational explanation. 

One thing is clear, on the celestial body closest to the Earth, there is a certain technical device for generating intense light. Where it is located is difficult to say. These can be both stationary beacons and those installed on mobile machines or aircraft. The fact is that scientists constantly record moving lights. What all this means is not yet clear. Ufologists consider this to be direct evidence of the existence of extraterrestrial intelligence there. 

Periodic flares and flickering lights on the moon it is impossible not to notice anymore. The fact is there, but no one can explain it. The main version is that these lights are of technogenic origin. However, some researchers put forward hypotheses fighting to fall. They believe that it could be the natural, phosphorescent light of the lunar fauna, a kind of giant moon fireflies.

Flashes of light on the moon
Flashes of light on the moon

“Apart from that, there is information, of course unverified and unreliable about the selenites, that is, the inhabitants of the moon. It states that they, in the form of some kind of crustacean, crawled out of their shelters.”

Pavel Sitnikov (researcher)
Luminous Lunar Plankton))
Luminous Lunar Plankton

Professor Hakan Kajal, of the Julius Maximilian University in Würzburg, decided to try to sort out this problem. To collect information, he used a private observatory in Spain. Two telescopes with an automatic flash fixation system will be used. 

In addition, this system is connected to an artificial intelligence system that will analyze all the unusual phenomena on the moon. And maybe, as the researchers believe, they will be able to grasp elements of logic in them, or even read a certain message that the inhabitants of the Moon are likely sending to recipients unknown to us.

Iron arguments of Soviet scientists about the purpose of the moon

An anomalously accurately selected stationary circular orbit, its height, course, speed, all this could not have developed in the course of random circumstances. She’s too perfect, and mathematically accurate. Besides, the Moon is extremely unlike all other satellites. In addition, some scientists believe that the moon is much older than Earth. 

Meanwhile, take a look at the photo below, from the University of Arizona’s space research site. An official scientific source publishes a photo of an apparently artificial structure on the moon. Call it a crater, it just does make sense. 

This is an absolutely regular hexagon, similar in appearance to the building of the Lunar Base. Everything is clearly planned, the outer walls, the central elevation, and the ring system of unknown purpose. Researchers are confident that this is an exit or entrance into the moon.

Unidentified Lunar Object

“The fact is that the meeting with representatives of other worlds took place long ago. If there were no meetings with representatives of alien worlds, we would not have been in the form in which we are, do you understand ?! The moon would not have been in orbit, as it is today, all the time one side is turned to the Earth. This is done on purpose. On the other side, there are bases, and not only on the other side. “

Anton Anfalov (candidate of economic sciences, researcher)

Artificial objects are clearly visible in this photograph, taken by the Soviet automatic station Luna-13. The remains of some kind of machine, or mining mechanism. Moreover, there are two of them in one picture. 

On the left side of the frame, these are paired discs, similar to rollers from a lunar rover, and on the right, these are the same discs mounted on one axis. Both objects cast shadows, and appear as alien, man-made objects on the lifeless surface of the Earth’s satellite. 

Did they accidentally hit the shot, or were Soviet scientists looking for something purposefully? Recently, more and more scientists are inclined to the hypothesis that the Moon is an artificial satellite or even a ship in the form of a planetoid, which was specially placed at a specific point in space.

Iron arguments of Soviet scientists about the purpose of the moon

“It was put into Earth’s orbit on purpose, with one side on purpose, all cycles were synchronized, and it is used as a base for observations. It is not completely hollow, there are separate voids, cavities, very large cavities that are used.”

Anton Anfalov (candidate of economic sciences, researcher)
Iron arguments of Soviet scientists about the purpose of the moon

Few people know that this theory, back in the sixties, was put forward by Soviet scientists Mikhail Vasin and Alexander Shcherbakov from the USSR Academy of Sciences. 

This means only one thing, if these academics risked their reputation so much for the sake of scientific truth, then they had iron arguments.

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Conspiracy Theories

TR-3B’s are absolutely real but who ‘owns’ them?

In early October, on many UFO channels, two very unusual UFO videos were discussed. Their unusualness is that, in contrast to many similar clips, their reliability is beyond doubt and the “discs” can be seen very well there – you can even see some details. 

The first video was filmed from the International Space Station. For readers who, due to the remoteness from the city, have too expensive traffic, we present an enlarged program image of the “plate”

Well, this is the video itself:

A lot of incomprehensible video material comes from the ISS, but most often there are either just luminous objects in the frame, or some vague shadows, which skeptics later call pieces of foil, but here it is definitely not foil, and in general terms you can understand how these “saucer plates” look. 

The second very unusual video was filmed the day before over the state of New York:

Direct link to the original mufon.

This is not a computer graphics, nor a secret drone. This is a TR-3B, which, as we can see, exists and can be viewed in detail. In the center there is some kind of basic, apparently, an engine, three engines (nozzles?) in the corners and they obviously work on some other principle – their color is different.

What are the three small lights along one of the edges of the triangle is not clear. Either it is some kind of device for taxiing the apparatus, or signal lights. And this thing bears little resemblance to some kind of “extraterrestrial device”, which causes more and more concern among people. Why? 

If the Pentagon has had such aircrafts for a long time (triangles have been observed in the sky for at least 30 years), then why all this circus with F-35 and other airplanes? To keep people busy in their production and rip off money from buyers? Or are the squadrons with these strange vehicles not under the control of the Pentagon? But who do they obey then? 

Conspiracy theorists are now offering two main explanations for the situation – good and bad.

A good explanation suggests that Trump and his Space Forces are behind these secret ‘ashtrays’. That is, either these TR-3Bs report directly to him, or Trump was promoted to the White House by the people who are behind the development of these devices. And now, visually flying over some cities of the United States, some secret military from Area-51 made it clear to the Deep State who is in charge in America and in the world in general:

 The second possible explanation for the flashes of TR-3B is already very pessimistic and suggests that the military behind these technologies is precisely the same Deep State. In this case, the collapse of America is a foregone conclusion and no Trump can do anything there. 

In any outcome of the elections, first unrest will begin in America, then China, the UN and other “peacekeepers” will climb there to restore order, during which the Chinese MiG-21s will bring down F-35 packs, since an invisible UFO will fly in front of them and do all the work … And the whole world will be surprised by the “great Chinese power”. 

Then China will begin to establish its own order, spreading hegemony throughout the world. Someone will fall under it voluntarily, but someone will not agree with such a new order and a hefty war will begin that will cover the entire planet. The last battle will obviously be somewhere in the Syrian desert, where the Chinese, according to prophecies, will bring 200 million people. And at that moment, TR-3B will appear from the clouds and burn all the army – both from one side and the other.

Further landing ramps will fall, some cyborgs or genomutants will be dumped from the miracle-ships in formation and will report that so they say and so – from now on we will all live without wars, according to new rules, in a new global and friendly world. This will be followed by a general command to chip. 

We do not know which of the options is correct. We hope for the first, but the second is also not excluded. Everything will become more or less clear only after the US elections…   

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Conspiracy Theories

Chatham House – The Open Conspiracy Organization Emerged 100 Years Ago

HG Wells  in “The Open Conspiracy. Blue Prints for a World Revolution”(1928) wrote that in the twentieth century the world entered a dangerous phase of development, which could end in catastrophe and even destruction of mankind. The only way to prevent a catastrophe, Wells instructed, is the elimination of sovereign states and the creation of a One World Government, headed by a small group of people – representatives of the intellectual elite and big business.

The Open Conspiracy: Blue Prints for a World Revolution

The idea of ​​world domination has been nurtured for centuries by various secret societies (Templars, Freemasons, Illuminati). However, their plans and activities were hidden from the eyes of the authorities and the people. In the twentieth century, there was an argument to open these plans. And it was necessary to hurry, because scientific and technological progress was accelerating, remaining uncontrollable. The arms race continued and accelerated in exactly the same way.

At the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, these issues were discussed openly. It was decided to create the League of Nations, through which the British and Americans expected to begin building a new world order. True, there were disagreements between the ruling circles of the United States and Great Britain. London believed that the ideal basis for a united world was the British Empire, over which“the sun never sets.” In Washington, it was believed that America became the No. 1 power after the First World War and that it was she who should lead the movement towards a new world order.

Colonel House
Colonel House

However, both in the USA and Great Britain there were politicians who considered these imperial ambitions to be “prejudices of nationalism”, considering themselves a single elite of the highest Anglo-Saxon race. Such was Edward Mandel House  (1858-1938) – diplomat, adviser to President  Woodrow Wilson  (Colonel House). Lord Alfred Milner  (1854-1925), one of the key figures in the cabinet of David Lloyd George, was also a consistent supporter of Anglo-Saxon mondialism.

Lord Alfred Milner
Lord Alfred Milner

Colonel House was very upset when, while at a conference in Paris, he learned that Washington had rejected US participation in the League of Nations, the provisions of which were laid down in the Versailles Peace Treaty. He very much hoped that the League of Nations would become an instrument for the creation of a United State. After that, in the same place, in Paris, Colonel House met with British partners. They agreed that two organizations would be created in the United States and Great Britain, closely interacting and implementing the Anglo-Saxon project of building a new world order.

The first of these organizations was established a hundred years ago, in the summer of 1920. It was the  British Institute of International Affairs (BIIA) , renamed toThe Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA)  in 1926  and still exists under that name. The Institute is also known as Chatham House, which is the name of the building in which it is located (next to Westminster Palace in central London). In 1961, the  RIIA  changed location, but the Chatham House name remained.

The preparatory work for the establishment of the  RIIA  was carried out by  Lionel Curtis , Lord Milner’s secretary. The status of the institute is a non-governmental non-profit organization that exists at the expense of voluntary donations. The first donation of £ 2,000 was made by Thomas Lamont  of J.P. Morgan Bank. John D. Rockefeller  has contributed  £ 8,000 annually to the RIIA since 1932. Later, the  RIIA  began to regularly receive large regular donations from American charitable foundations (the Rockefeller, Carnegie, and others).

The first head of the institute was  Robert Cecil  (1864-1958) – British lawyer, parliamentary, public and statesman, active employee and ideologist of the League of Nations, winner of the 1937 Nobel Peace Prize (for services to the League of Nations). Lionel Curtis was promoted to RIIA Honorary Secretary. The leadership of the institute also included former Foreign Minister  Edward Gray , former Prime Minister  Arthur Balfour , Lord Lothian, renowned English economist  John Maynard KeynesAlfred Zimmerman  (Oxford professor, author of The League of Nations and the Rule of Law). Zimmermann had a capable student, Arnold Toynbee (1889-1975). On Zimmerman’s recommendation, Toynbee became the institute’s first paid employee. Toynbee was later appointed director of the institute. At Chatham House,  Toynbee played the leading role for three decades (1925-1955). He directed scientific research and was at the same time a high-ranking officer of the British  MI6  (intelligence) service. Much of the RIIA research was done on behalf of MI6 .

Arnold Toynbee
Arnold Toynbee

RIIA did not arise out of nowhere. It became a superstructure over the rather secret organization “Round Table”. According to historians, this society arose as a secret in 1891 in South Africa at the initiative of Cecil John Rhodes (1853-1902), a famous figure of British imperialism, who linked his life with the British colonial expansion in South Africa. Rhodes, a gold and diamond miner in South Africa, was associated with the Rothschilds. In 1910, the Rothschilds established the Round Table in London; the main public figure for the Round Table was Lord Alfred Milner. During the Lord’s lifetime, the Round Table was often called the Milner Group. Many historians believe that at the beginning of the 20th century the composition of the Round Table and the composition of the Committee of 300 (the world elite).

As Nicholas Hagger notes  in The Syndicate, the history of the creation of a secret world government and the methods of its influence on world politics and economy ”, the activities of the Round Table had two contours – external (open activity) and internal (secret activity). The task of the Round Table, writes the famous American historian  Carroll Quigley (1910-1977) in the book Tragedy and Hope, was “no less than the creation of a world system of financial control, concentrated in private hands and capable of influencing the political system of each country and the economy of the world as a whole. This system will be completely feudally governed by the central banks of the world, acting in accordance with secret agreements concluded at frequent personal meetings and conferences. Quigley was very fond of the Round Table, being the official historian of this society.

The Round Table set out the task of creating a world government governed by international bankers. Many researchers of the Round Table activities believe that the program of this organization as a whole coincides with the program of the Illuminati Order in the 18th century. The successors of the Illuminati, members of the Round Table, viewed England as an Atlantic force, not a European one, and counted on the creation of a federation of English-speaking countries. Milner has established Roundtable Groups in South Africa, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India and CIF. They were all run from England. They included the most famous politicians of the British government, and they were all devoted to the idea of ​​world government. The Roundtable has always wanted to transform the British Empire into a federal system that would eventually include both the United Kingdom and the United States.

The RIIA  was a continuation of the Round Table. After the death of Lord Milner in 1925, references to the Round Table became rare, and more often people began to speak of the Royal Institution. In 1931, Toynbee gave a speech in Copenhagen, in which he declared:  

“We are currently working with all who can make all the nation-states of our world forget about the mysterious power called sovereignty. And we constantly deny what we really do .

Nicholas Hagger believes that Toynbee was more American than British, as most of the funding came from overseas, from the Rockefellers:  

“For 40 years, Toynbee was actively involved in the RIIA’s efforts to create a world government. In his writings, Toynbee argues that nation states are withering away and will be supplanted by the “Rockefeller” world government. Although Toynbee’s work is fascinating, it is unfortunately completely unreliable .

Toynbee was a prominent member of the Fabian Society, ideologically close to the Labor Party. Toynbee and his associates Herbert Wells,  Bertrand RussellBernard Shaw, brothers Julian and Aldous Huxley did not rule out that the international socialist movement would become one of the possible ways to create the One State. In particular, Toynbee and his associates were very impressed by the Bolsheviks’ commitment to internationalism, although the Fabians and employees of the Royal Institute did not share communist views.

Among those who surrounded Toynbee, many understood that the building of the One State was a task for the distant future. It is necessary to move towards the cherished goal gradually. The creation of a united Europe, in which individual states would dissolve their sovereignty, was considered as a closer goal. Toynbee managed to live up to this time, when the Treaty of Rome was signed in 1957 by six European states (1957), and later the European Economic Community (EEC) began to be created.

A year after the establishment of the RIIA, a mirror institution was created on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean, called the  Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) . The origins of the organization were Colonel House and  Paul Warburg  (1868-1932) – one of the initiators of the creation of the US Federal Reserve System. CFR members   included Woodrow Wilson, Colonel House, and a number of other influential politicians, bankers and businessmen. Particularly noteworthy are members of the Council such as  John Foster Dulles  (served as Secretary of State under President  Eisenhower ) and his brother  Alain Dulles (future first head of the CIA). A close informal relationship was established between John Dulles and Arnold Toynbee. John Dulles, as Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Rockefeller Foundation, has helped ensure that the Royal Institution receives regular financial support from the Foundation.

All publications on the Royal Institution usually refer to the  Chatham House Rule . It assumes that participants in closed meetings have no right to disclose the authorship of those other opinions outside the small circle of RIIA members  . Opinions can be published, but as impersonal. The rule is intended to encourage maximum openness and frankness in internal meetings. The official mouthpiece of the institute is International Affairs  and World Review .

Since 2005, the Royal Institution has established a prize – the  Chatham House Prize . It is awarded annually to “the statesman or organization that Chatham House members believe have made the most important contribution to improving international relations in the past year .” 

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