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Did Extra-terrestrials Civilise man?

Did Extra-terrestrials civilise man?

By Leonard Farra

It’s said that the most sensational thing that could happen, in the history of man, would be contact with an extra-terrestrial civilisation. However, the greatest secret of all time is that it may have happened several thousand years ago. For those who are interested in learning more about this subject, my advice to you is  keep an open mind,  read the evidence and draw your own conclusions. Erich Von Daniken popularized the Ancient Astronaut theory in the 1970’s and, over the years, other alternative researchers have made their contributions to the subject.

 

 

When I began my research, more than 30 years ago, I covered the early religions, legends, traditions, and archaeology of the Ancient Middle East and what I learnt about the ‘sky-gods’ enabled me to decode the secret inner religion, allegorical stories, and the symbolism of Early Egypt . (1) I was so intrigued with what I found that I continued my research in the other parts of Asia, Africa, and in the pre-Christian New World and , to my amazement, wherever I looked, I discovered similar sky-god traditions to those of   the Ancient Middle East. (2) My study of the Stone Age also produced some fascinating results (3) including a revolutionary explanation for Stonehenge.

For millions of years, various forms of man lived on this planet as hunter gatherers but, around 5,000 years ago, something very unusual happened. Pyramid building civilisations began to appear on the coasts of Peru and Brazil, and in other countries, and tribes were on the move settling into new lands and forests were being cleared.(4) One possible explanation, for what was happening,  comes from the Ancient Sumerians but let’s first see what they said had occurred previously because, if it’s true, it was a major milestone in the history of man. The Sumerians said that, when they were living in another land, they were visited by a group of civilising beings who they called the Annunaki. (5)

Although the other early people didn’t know them by this name, there is evidence to suggest that their commanders were revered as gods, the creators, or sometimes ancestral leaders. As we shall see, however, there is evidence to suggest that they were extra-terrestrials and not gods.

One important thing, that Ancient Astronaut theorists overlook, is that if extra-terrestrials had visited to our planet, there would have been early references to their craft. In fact, early religious symbolism and rituals, and numerous allegorical stories, suggest that the aliens arrived in a fleet of discs which emerged from a huge mother-ship.(6) It seems likely that when the Ancients saw them descending from the sky, they were so shocked that they thought that the heavens, or maybe mountains, were coming down to Earth.

sungod_Enki

Five thousand years ago, people turned their attention from Earth to the heavens and they began to worship a male sky-god. Who was he? Well, he might have been the civilising deity who the Sumerians called Ea, or Enki, who appears to have been known around the world under a variety of names. This being was said to have taught people agriculture, and many useful crafts, and in cultures, where there are descriptions of him, we learn that he had the appearance of a tall, white, bearded, man and that he wore a long white robe and sandals. Some people were so amazed when they saw him that they thought that he came from the Sun. (7)

Osiris_EgyptianGod

In Egypt, he was known as the civilising god Osiris. The Egyptians made him the God of the Dead and he played a major role in their religion for thousands of years.  I knew that a circular form of symbolism, associated with him, was similar to one of Ea’s symbols and when I researched the Americas, one of the fascinating things I discovered was that this form of symbolism was also  associated with the Incan god Viracocha in Peru and that there are references to it in a North American Native legend.’

sun-god_1

With regard to the rise of civilisation, 5,000 years ago, and the re-settlement of several tribes in new lands, Sumerian, and other sources, say that after the visit of the star beings, some Earth people became wicked  and when they learned what was happening, the gods destroyed them with a flood.

This story appears to refer to the substantial climate change, that occurred around that time, which was accompanied by extensive flooding in various parts of the world. (8) Many seas and rivers also reached their present levels. These climatic events seem to have been the subject of the hundreds of deluge legends the gist of which was that ‘The Flood’ was caused by a god, or gods, who destroyed an evil people. Many of these tales say that only two people survived and that from them was descended the human race. However, the flood did not cover the whole world and, in any event, this story was clearly allegorical as there appear to have been many survivors. Nobody, for example, knows the origin of  the Sumerians but when they arrived in their new land, in Southern Iraq, ‘5,000 years ago,  they settled among the country’s less developed population and their writings claimed that they arrived from a land called Dilmun. Nobody knows where this was but the indications are that the Sumerians were survivors of ‘The Flood’. (9)

     After they cleansed Earth of its evil people, the star-gods were alleged to have departed and they were never seen again. In the post -deluge era, the Sumerians associated their craft, with destruction (10) and many early people linked them with serpents. A North American Delaware legend, for example, tells of an early conflict with snake people which resulted in a great flood that destroyed mankind. (11) For thousands of years, throughout the entire world, snakes were associated with gods, and goddesses, and this custom was even popular in countries, or islands, where they didn’t exist.

snake_god_qutzacoatl

Snake God – Quetzacoatl Pyramid at Teotihuacan, Mexico

ZeusMelichiosSnake

Zeus Meilichios as big snake and prayers. Marble relief. (Berlin Altes Museum)

Some Romans kept snakes in their homes and this was also popular in parts of Northern Europe until a few hundred years ago. Effigies of god-like beings, with serpents, are carved on rocks in Utah (12) and in Scandinavia (13) and serpents featured, prominently, in religious art in pre-Columbian, Central American, temples. There is a famous serpent mound in Ohio, U.S.A. and there is another in the British Isles where religious rituals appear to have been enacted. (14) Many early people also celebrated with serpent dances. Some folk ,such as the North American Hopi, still do.

    In many early traditions, ‘The Flood’ was linked with the star-gods and with the Pleiades. These stars were also associated with agriculture and agricultural seasons, and festivals of renewal, commenced with their rising. Some people placed their origin in them (15) or associated them with the Creation.

Pleiades_590

In Babylon, commencing from the reign of Hammurapi, the last month of the calendar was known as Arakh-Sibuti, the month of the Seven Stars or Pleiades (16) and the New Year, which followed, was a re-enactment of the Creation.

Sumerian_Pleiades

In Mexico, the appearance of the Pleiades, at the end of the Aztec 52 year cycle, was a time for celebration as it began a new era. The Pleiades also featured in numerous religious traditions ,and legends, throughout the Americas. (17)

Pleiades_NA

Mountains, and high places, were associated with the gods and so were the huge artificial mountains, (pyramids), which several early people built. These huge structures were made from stone, brick and earth. Some had steps, or pathways, leading to their summits, where religious rituals were enacted. Egyptian pyramids only had internal features but in the South-West United States, the ruling class sometimes had their homes on top of huge flat earth mounds which indicated  that, like the gods, they were above the common people. One thing that many conventional scholars do not appreciate is that  similar sky-god symbolism was built into pyramids  in Babylon, Assyria, Central and South America, and also in Egypt such as the 4,500 year old Great Pyramid (18).

In its day, this amazing structure was one of the most important religious monuments in the country where it was linked with certain natural, annual, happenings such as the flooding of the Nile and the appearance of certain stars that were of special significance in their religious traditions.  This happened around the time of the New Year and together with the Great Pyramid, these inter related events were associated with Egypt’s sky-god linked Creation legend.  (19)

 

Photo courtesy SacredSites.com and ©Martin Gray

Easter Island is regarded, by many, as an ‘unsolved’ mystery’. This remote Pacific island was discovered by Jacob Roggeveen on Easter Sunday in 1722 and that’s how it got its name. The island has been studied by several scholars, such as Katherine Routledge, in 1913, the Norwegian Archaeological Expedition  in 1955/56, the French ethnologist Francis Maziere who visited it in 1963, William Liller, who was involved in astro-archaeological research in 1989, and archaeologist  Jo Anne Van Tilburg   who studied the  island’s moai (stone statues) . Easter Island’s most famous visitor was the late explorer,/researcher Thor Heyerdahl, of Kon Tiki fame whose theories about the history of the island are not accepted by the Establishment but they deserve to be treated seriously because they throw important light on the origin of some of its people. (20)

Some alternative scholars are of the opinion that Easter Island’s moai were the work of extra-terrestrials or were made under their guidance. However, it’s generally accepted that the islanders made the statues themselves and then manoeuvred them into position sometimes miles from where they were cut from the rock. What, then, was the religion of the islanders? Well, the significance that they placed on the Pleiades, their legend of origin, their calendar, and the position of the sites, where they placed some of the most import moai, suggest that they followed a version of the same sky-god religion as the Incas, Aztecs, Maya, North American Native peoples, and many other folk in the pre-Christian Old World. As for the island’s ‘bird-man’ cult, that’s another fascinating story.(21)

    The Inner religion of the Druids is said to be another ‘unsolved’ mystery. The Druids, who lived thousands of miles from Easter Island, were a priestly caste in the British Isles, and Western France whose secret traditions were memorised by their bards in the form of thousands of mystical verses. The earliest influence on them dates back thousands of years but their inner beliefs may be reflected in a mystical poem, ‘The Spoils of Annwn’ which is attributed to Taliesin, Britain’s chief 6th century bard . The fifth stanza in this poem says : ‘they know not the brindled ox with the thick head-band, having seven score knobs in his collar’. (22) This animal, which was ‘reputedly unknown to the public’, was Taurus and the ‘seven score knobs’ are thought to be the Pleiades in its shoulder. The main Celtic festivals were Bel’taine, on 1st May, and Samhain on 1st November. Both were regulated by the appearance of these stars ( a new beginning). The Pleiades linked Bel’taine is the origin of May Day celebrations which are now, sometimes, a time for demonstrations and rioting.

    The symbolic layout of  a secret underground complex, in Giza,  in Egypt, not far from the pyramids, was very similar to that of an Irish Druid sanctuary where secret initiation rites were enacted. (23) It might be thought that this is just a coincidence but there is something  more to this story.  The plan of these sanctuaries resembles the claimed ‘place of origin’ of the Maya, and other peoples, in Central America.  This tradition has mystified scholars because they do not appreciate that it’s allegorical and that it was linked with the Early World star-god religion.

Druid_temple

It’s not known if the Druids enacted their sacred rites in stone circles but, in present times, it’s a custom of Welsh Bards.  There are stone circles right across the Northern Hemisphere from the British Isles in the West to Japan in the Far East. Some are on South Sea Islands and in parts of the Americas and there are also some on Easter Island. There were two sacred areas in the south of England. One was centred around Stonehenge, the most famous Stone Age structure of the Ancient world,  and the other was the huge Avebury Stone Circle complex.

Near the single surviving upright of the tallest trilithon, its fallen stones lie on the ground. Photo Copyright 2010 Frank Robbins

Some archaeologists believe that Stonehenge was dedicated to the ancestors but, occasionally, the taboo word ‘gods’ is mentioned.  What they do not realise, though, is that there is sky-god symbolism at Stonehenge and at Avebury  (24 ) and it suggests that the sky people, who were worshipped, at that time, in other parts of the world, were also worshipped at these two famous English sites. What archaeologists also tend to overlook, because they  only focus on England, is that the first phase of the Stonehenge Circle, and the date accepted as the beginning of Egyptian civilisation, is around 3,100 b.c.e. The Hindu calendar cycle begins in the year 3,102 b.c.e and that of the Maya twelve years earlier and both represent the beginning of the present era which followed  the  previous age that was reputedly destroyed by the ‘sky-gods’. We have also seen that around this time there was climate change, and substantial flooding, in parts of the world, and that advanced civilisations arose in several countries. The era around 5,000 years ago, it would seem, was the rebirth of civilisation and not its dawn  as is generally believed.   

Many Early Middle Eastern legends were sky-god linked and so were some of the famous Greek stories. The same comment applies to the Book of Enoch, written about 2300 years ago, and the Book of  Revelation, in the New Testament, which dates to about 400 years later. In the 5th and 6th centuries, versions of these legends spread across Europe, and parts of the Middle East, and some were popular during the Middle Ages. Set in a modern context, a few are still with us in the themes of famous adventure , and musical, films.

The Early World’s sky-god religion was an influence on numerous aspects of human life over the past 5,000 years. Very few Egyptologists, for example, realise that the Egyptian Book of the Dead was based on events which, reputedly, happened in the pre-Deluge era. The sky-god religion was an influence on mystical cults, such as Mithraism, on the astronomical alignments of temples, on star-lore and astrology, and it resulted in numerous legends, traditions and customs, such as serpent dances and May Day celebrations. It’s reflected in star-lore, numerology, place names, old sayings,  early teachings at Chartres Cathedral in France, which were based upon sky-god linked Greek traditions. Therefore, in my opinion, astronomers involved in the S.E.T.I project, who are searching for evidence of Extra-terrestrial life, will obtain quicker results if they take notice of what the Ancients said about the subject and they should  also listen to the North American Native initiates who are awaiting the return of the sky-people.

 References:

  1. Leonard Farra.The Pleiades Legacy. (The Old World) Chapter two
  2.      “                  The Pleiades Legacy.(The New World)
  3.      “                  The Pleiades Legacy (The Stone Age) (The Return of the Gods)
  4. Don.E.Dumond. The Eskimos & The Aleuts. (p177)    Dean Snow. The American Indians. (p36)      Ivar Lissner. The Living Past. (p95)      Thor Heyerdal. Early Man and the Ocean.(p326)      Sabotino Moscati. The World of the Phoenicians. (P22)
  5. Christian O’Brien. The Genius of the Few. (p36-)
  6. Zenaide A.Ragozin. The Story of the Nations.Chaldea.( p155)      F.W.Holiday. The Dragon and the Disc. (p117)      The Gospel of the Essenes.      The Book of Revelation. Chap.4.      The Book of Enoch.      The Kalevala. –The duck linked creation story.          Donald A Mackenzie. Teutonic Myth and Legend.(p101)      Martha Beckwith. Hawaiian Mythology. (p38)      The Quiche-Mayan Popul Vuh
  7. Wendell H.Oswalt. This Land was Theirs. (p472)
  8. Paul Dunbavin. Atlantis of the West.      Ohio State team research on the Ice Cores from Mount Kilimanjaro in  Tanzania.      Jim Allen.Sailing to Paradise. (124)      Commonwealth Institute Report on the Tropics.      Thor Heyerdahl. Early Man and the Ocean. (p326)      Aubrey Burl. Prehistoric Avebury. (p112)      Rodney Castleden. Britain 3000 B.C  (p6)      Joseph Ellul.Malta’s Predeluvian Culture. (p9 & 14)      Rene Noorbergen. Secret of the Lost Races. (p122)      Wendel.H.Oswalt.This Land was Theirs. (p466)      Robert Charroux. Legacy of the Gods. (p49)
  9. Samuel Noah Kramer. The Sumerians. (p42)     Jeremy Black and Anthony Green.Gods,Demons and Symbols of Ancient  Mesopotamia. (p77)   Geoffrey Bibby. Looking for Dilmun. ( p94-)
  10. Zenaide A.Ragozin.The Story of the Nations.Chaldea. (p155)
  11. Brad Steiger. Worlds Before Our Own. (p163)
  12. National Geographic January 1980 (p98)
  13. Gelling & Davidson. The Chariot of the Sun. (P42)
  14. Leonard Farra.The Pleiades Legacy ( The Stone Age) (The Return of the Gods) (p106)
  15. Lawrence Blair with Lorne Blair. Ring of Fire .(67)
  16. The Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics.  (Vol. 2 p509)
  17. Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The New World)
  18. Leonard Farra. (The Pleiades Legacy.(The Old World) (Chapt.3)
  19. Ibid.
  20. Thor Heyerdahl. Aku Aku. Easter Island.
  21. Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The New World).(Chapt.5)
  22. Eleanor.C.Merry.The flaming Door.(p111)
  23. Alwyn and Brinley Rees. Celtic Heritage.(P304)
  24. Leonard Farra. The Pleiades Legacy (The Stone Age) (The Return of the  Gods)

 

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Aliens & UFO's

Aliens blamed for spate of cow mutilations in Argentina after ‘strange lights’ seen in sky

© Express, UK

Sean Martin
Express, UK

Local farmers in Santa Fe, north-eastern Argentina, have seen seven cows killed and mutilated with some believing extraterrestrials are killing the bovine animals.

Witnesses claim the cows look as if they were attacked with lasers, while strange markings were also found on their tongues and genitals.

Farmers in the region are blaming aliens or the mythical chupacabra – a myth from South America which supposedly feeds on animals’ blood.

Norberto Bieri, owner of one of the seven cows, told local media: “They did not have tongues or flesh around the jaw, but they did not take any animals away or remove their bones.

“It seems as though the clean incisions were done with a laser as there is no trace of a knife being used. The cows did not have signs of blood and nothing had appeared to eat them.

“Some people say chupacabra or aliens did it. Others believe it was rodents.

“The truth is, the cows are dead and there are no answers as to why.”

Mr Bieri added that there had been other recent cases of mutilated animals.

Samples were sent to the lab to be analysed and results indicated the cattle had not been shot or poisoned, adding more mystery to the case.

However, experts offered their, more logical, opinion.

A rat-like animal called hocicudo is endemic to South America and some believe they are responsible.

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Aliens & UFO's

The day that the Aliens attacked Tuscany, in Italy

During the autumn of 1954 throughout western Europe several surprising events occurred of encounters with strange flying objects (UFOs) and encounters with extraterrestrial beings, according to the sources of the testimonies and victims that relate their experiences, most were peasants and villagers. Let’s talk about a case that happened in a small town in Tuscany, Italy.

Aliens attacked Tuscany

Rosa Lotti Dainelli was a forty-year-old peasant, mother of four children, owner of a farm called “La Collina” in the locality Cennina7 (a small town near Biicine, in the province of Arezzo, Italy).

Monday, November 1, 1954. That morning Rosa was going to go as usual to the church in her town where she used to go, that day she had got up very early at half past six in the morning as the feast of all was celebrated Saints and had several important things to do. Rosa that day decided to release a new dress that she had kept for the occasion and some new shoes.

He left his house with a large bouquet of flowers that he had taken the day before with the intention of going to church after going to the cemetery to visit his deceased relatives as usual on that day. He took a small path that would take her first to the place where he was going. Halfway through he realized that there was a lot of humidity at night because of the abundant morning dew, he stopped to take off his shoes so they would not get wet holding them with his left hand since in the other hand he was carrying the bouquet of flowers and he continued the path barefoot on the path.

Rosa went somewhat distracted looking at the flowers she was carrying and went through a small forest, when she suddenly stopped and was surprised to see a strange device parked on the ground by the side of the road.

Rosa for a few seconds remained motionless and not knowing how to act but minutes later decided to continue moving slowly down the path of the forest. The farmer, without being able to look away from the apparatus, was curiously observing this strange object as she continued to walk, an object which has the shape of two cones, was of a brilliant brown metallic color with golden reflections.

Afraid of this, she decided to approach very slowly to observe more details of that machine. Approached about 5 meters away from the device, Rosa from there could already appreciate the dimensions of that object, which had a height of more than 2.5 meters by almost 2 meters in diameter and a little further down there was a small door which was totally open.Aliens attacked Tuscany

Curiosity overcame him at that moment, making him approach the opening, where he could see two small armchairs facing what looked like a very illuminated board. A kind of broad band surrounded the junction of the cones and above this band were observed several small windows similar to blinking lights similar to “portholes”. Suddenly Rosa heard a noise among the branches and in the distance, a few meters away, she saw two little beings appear among the bushes, which caused the woman to be petrified by such an apparition.

They were beings that seemed very smiling, gesticulating, without giving any sign of being a threat to her. In fact it seemed as if they were trying to make themselves understood and wanted to start a conversation with her, they had small and very dark eyes (according to Rosa), they were short (they would not be more than one meter tall), they looked very Similar to humans, their faces were almost perfect, although their trail was rather aged by the wrinkled skin.

The beings wore a bluish-gray one-piece suit with a cape on their backs and over their heads they wore a kind of helmet. They approached her slowly with a funny and friendly face speaking loud and sharp in a strange language. Rosa at that moment remained motionless, so the beings took the opportunity to jump on him and snatch the bouquet and his shoes. At that moment, Rosa proved that despite the size, these beings had great strength.

She tried to recover her belongings, but the one who was closest to her insisted on taking everything she had in her hands. Then Rosa already panicked for fear of being harmed and ran to the trees, hiding as she could in the forest.

When he left, he saw how these creatures stayed in custody and with great curiosity inspected the bouquet of flowers, took some objects that had been left on the ground and then approached the ship, deposited everything inside and then returned to the place and began to search the surroundings are supposed to be looking for Rosa who already died of fear, continued crawling among the grass and thus managed to get away more than 50 m. Once refugee, from that place he observed how those beings, climbed the small ship minutes later and closed the door of the ship. Soon after, with a great sonic vibration and releasing a lot of smoke and flames, that device began to rise and in an instant disappeared into the sky ..

Aliens attacked Tuscany

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Aliens & UFO's

Life on Enceladus? complex organic molecules on Saturn’s satellite?

From stories about the inhabitants of the Moon to the costly research programs set up by space agencies, identifying the presence of life on another heavenly body seems to be an endless concern for mankind. As the margins of the known Universe are still moving away from the Earth, the possibility of discovering living beings on another planet is increasing even though we have no certainty, but only hope and probability.

For the moment, we are grateful for these probabilities, awaiting the day that it will undoubtedly confirm that we and our planet do not represent the only life-assembling complex of this huge universe.

But to host life, a heavenly body must give it certain conditions. (Here, it seems that we still need to expand our ideas a little, because we tend to believe that any living thing on another planet must be made up just like the living things on Earth, not necessarily like them, but be the same at the molecular level.

If one of the great scientific discoveries of recent years – bacteria capable of using arsenic instead of phosphorus – is confirmed – that means that our perspective on what is living must change. And then, it is possible that some planets with attributes that today seem inappropriate to become more interesting in the future in the light of our changed concepts.)

But, by the way, all people, at all times, think about the ideas of their time, so let us also thank ourselves to the contemporary ideas regarding what life means and the conditions that a planet must fulfill for that the miracle of life should appear there and perpetuate.

Extraterrestrial life could develop into Enceladus’s hidden oceans

The first observations of Saturn’s satellite were made in 2005 when hydrothermal jets were detected for the first time. Now, there may be the answer that raises the chances of alien life.

“From where Enceladus has the energy to support the phenomenon has always been a mystery to us,”said astrobiologist Gael Choblet of Nantes University in France.

“I have now considered with greater detail how the structure and composition of the solid core can play a key role in generating the necessary energy,”he added.

Enceladus
This diagram illustrates the possible interior of Saturn’s moon Enceladus based on a gravity investigation by NASA’s Cassini spacecraft and NASA’s Deep Space Network, reported in April 2014.

It is estimated that the ice thickness is 25 kilometers, but only one kilometer around the southern polar region, where these hydrothermal phenomena occur.

The small pieces of minerals detected in jets suggest that salts and silica dust are formed by the interaction of water that can reach up to 90 degrees Celsius with the rocks of the Enceladus satellite. For this interaction to take place, there must be space in the core for water to coexist, so the core must be porous.

“Whatever the mineralogical composition of the core, it must contain water,” Choblet explained, “maybe 20-30% water.”

In the new simulations, the team found that the tides generated by the orbit around Saturn can heat the water inside Enceladus due to the frictional force produced as the liquid circulates through rock fragments.

When the water rises in temperature (reaching up to 90 degrees in the orange sections in the image below), it rises through the porous core through the ocean to the surface in the form of jets.

Enceladus
Saturn’s moon Enceladus has ‘all of the basic requirements for life as we know it’, claims NASA

Previous studies state that this heat would have been from radioactive material, but if that was the case, the process would have provided the heat needed to emerge the jets for several million years, so somehow the radioactive material would have appeared recently on Enceladus.

The new theory offers a more plausible explanation, with a phenomenon that takes place over a longer period.

What’s most interesting is that the warm water, the long time and the chemical composition found on Enceladus are key elements in the emergence of life.

Thus, this study can be the basis for the search for extraterrestrial life.

Scientists have found evidence of complex organic molecules on Saturn’s satellite

Using mass spectrometry data collected by NASA’s Cassini probe, scientists have found that large organic carbon molecules are ejected through the cracks on the frozen surface of Enceladus, one of the many natural satellites of the giant gas giant, Saturn.

Researchers at the Southwest Research Institute, who discovered the presence of these molecules, believe that the chemical reactions between the solid core of the satellite and the warm water in the ocean under ice are responsible for these complex compounds, Phys.

“ONCE AGAIN, WE ARE AMAZED BY ENCELADUS. PREVIOUSLY, WE IDENTIFIED ONLY THE SIMPLEST ORGANIC MOLECULES CONTAINING A FEW CARBON ATOMS, BUT EVEN THOSE WERE VERY INTERESTING, “SAID CHRISTOPHER GLEIN, A SCHOLAR AND CO-AUTHOR OF THE WORK RECENTLY PUBLISHED IN NATURE.

“NOW WE HAVE FOUND ORGANIC MOLECULES WITH MASSES OF OVER 200 ATOMIC MASS UNITS. THESE ARE TEN TIMES HEAVIER THAN METHANE. WITH COMPLEX MOLECULES EMANATING FROM THE LIQUID WATER OF THE OCEAN, THIS SATELLITE IS THE ONLY BODY BESIDES THE EARTH THAT SIMULTANEOUSLY MEETS ALL THE NECESSITIES OF LIFE AS WE KNOW IT. ”

“EVEN AFTER ITS END, CASSINI CONTINUES TO TEACH US ABOUT ENCELADUS’S POTENTIAL IN ASTROBIOLOGY,” GLEIN ADDED.

Enceladus
View of Enceladus’s orbit from the side, showing Enceladus in relation to Saturn’s E ring

During the flight, near Enceladus, on October 28, 2015, with the help of the INMS (Neutral Mass Spectrometer) instrument, molecular hydrogen could be detected when the ship passed through a jet.

Previous studies have already shown that the satellite has an ocean under the ice layer and above the solid core. The molecular hydrogen jet is probably formed by the geochemical reactions between water and rocks in hydrothermal environments.

“HYDROGEN PROVIDES A SOURCE OF CHEMICAL ENERGY THAT SUPPORTS MICROBES LIVING IN THE EARTH’S OCEANS NEAR HYDROTHERMAL SPRINGS,” SAID HUNTER WAITE, THE SCIENTIST WHO HEADS THE TEAM AT INMS AND CO-AUTHOR OF THE NEW STUDY. “ONCE YOU HAVE IDENTIFIED A POTENTIAL SOURCE OF FOOD FOR MICROBES, THE NEXT QUESTION IS ABOUT THE NATURE OF COMPLEX ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN THE OCEAN. THIS WORK IS THE FIRST STEP IN THAT UNDERSTANDING OF THE COMPLEXITY OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY BEYOND OUR EXPECTATIONS. ”

“ALSO, THE FINDINGS IN THIS STUDY HAVE IMPORTANT SIGNIFICANCE FOR EXPLORATIONS OF THE NEXT GENERATION,” GLEIN ADDED. “A FUTURE SHIP CAN FLY THROUGH THE JET TO ANALYZE THESE COMPLEX ORGANIC MOLECULES USING A HIGH-RESOLUTION MASS SPECTROMETER TO HELP US DETERMINE EXACTLY HOW TO FORM THEM.”

Year after year, benefiting from advances in exploration technology, astronomers discover more planets that seem to be “good for life.” Let us understand: we do not necessarily speak of “good for us”, that is, good to live on, but some that offer similar conditions – identical – to those on Earth, conditions that could allow them to live there beings, adapted to those conditions.

And on Earth there are many places where people do not live, but they live enough life forms, some with a very original metabolism. And some creatures on the Earth can withstand almost unimaginable harsh conditions.

If experts will persuade those who decide the money destination to provide funds for the preparation of such a mission, Enceladus could become the next star on alien life searches.

He deserves it, say “his admirers”, because he has a lot to offer – he has qualities that can feed hope much more than the planet Mars, the one that “consumes” currently the funds for the research of the profile.

Well, what can I say? Let’s be healthy to take the time when the world explodes the news that the space mission to Enceladus has found signs of biological activity there, undeniable evidence that there is what we have been looking for decades – life-forms living on another heavenly body from our solar system.

References:
  1. https://news.nationalgeographic.com
  2. https://www.wired.com
  3. http://www.descopera.ro

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