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Bizzare & Odd

Death Goes to the Beach

Death enjoys some fun in the sun in these hilarious reminders to stay safe at the beach.

Lifeguard on duty
The Swim Reaper

This is what I feel like when I go to the beach. But you can still enjoy the summer even if you’re dead inside, right?

The Swim Reaper is a hilarious Instagram account featuring death enjoying some fun in the sun, from enjoying a pina colada with little umbrellas or playing some beach volleyball to floating in an inflatable flamingo.

Death enjoys a drink on the beach

Death gets a sun tan

Beach volleyball with the Grim Reaper

Death donut floaty

Death plays the ukulele on the beach

Death and his inflatable flamingo

Death shares his ice cream

Death on a jet ski

Death enjoys a pina colada on the beach

Death goes skinny dipping

Death is ready to hit the syrf

The Swim Reaper was started a few years ago by a group called Water Safety New Zealand to help prevent water-related deaths among men between 15 and 30 with the tagline “Swim dumb and you’re done.” In case you’re not sure what dumb swimming might be, the website features some reminders:

Yeah, calm spots on surf beaches are rips. And yes, they are a free ride to the bottom of the sea. But it’s BYO oxygen and you’re fresh out.

And:

Think togs aren’t your scene? You could always throw on some jeans. At least you’ll get in some good cardio as you struggle to stay afloat.

Follow the Swim Reaper’s summer hijinks @iamtheswimreaper

Live laugh love

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Bizzare & Odd

Curiosity recorded an increase in oxygen concentration on Mars

For the first time in the history of space exploration, scientists have measured the seasonal changes in gases that fill the atmosphere directly above the surface of the Gale Crater on Mars. As a result, they noticed something extremely interesting: the oxygen, the gas that many earthly creatures breathe, “behaves” very strangely. In particular, an increase in its concentration in the atmosphere of the planet was recorded.

Mars rover Curiosity never ceases to amaze

Where does oxygen come from on Mars?

For three Martian years (or nearly six Earth years), a gas analyzer built into Mars rover Curiosity, passed through all the surrounding gases in the vicinity of Gale Crater and analyzed its composition. The results confirmed previous data that the composition of the Martian atmosphere by volume is 95% carbon dioxide (CO2), 2.6% molecular nitrogen (N2), 1.9% is argon (Ar), and 0 , 16% and 0.06% for molecular oxygen (O2) and carbon monoxide (CO), respectively. The remaining tenths and hundredths of a percent are distributed between other gases, which are present in very small concentrations.

Research also showed how molecules of Martian air mix and circulate in the planet’s atmosphere throughout the year. But then the interesting thing began: the analyzer of the composition of the atmosphere showed that the oxygen concentration increases by 30% in the spring, remains at this level until the fall, and then returns to normal values. The same strange process happens with methane – its usual concentration in the Gale Crater is 0.00000004% of the total volume, and in the summer months it increases dramatically by 60%.

It has been suggested that these changes are due to the fact that CO2 freezes over the poles in winter, thereby lowering the pressure on the entire planet. After this, the redistribution of gases in the atmosphere to maintain equilibrium. That is, with a decrease in CO2 level, the percentage of gases changes, but their volume remains the same. And when CO2 thaws, the reverse process occurs.

Curiosity at Gale Crater

Indeed, scientists have found that nitrogen and argon follow this seasonal pattern, increasing and decreasing their percentage concentration relative to how much CO2 is currently around. Researchers expected oxygen to do the same. But instead, the amount of gas in the air increased during the spring and summer by as much as 30%, and then fell to initial levels. This picture was repeated every spring, as if something produced it, and then took it away.

The first time we saw this, it was just overwhelming, ”said Melissa Trainer, a planetologist at NASA’s Space Flight Center. We are struggling to explain this phenomenon. The fact that the behavior of oxygen is completely repeated every season makes us think that this is not only about atmospheric dynamics. There must be some kind of chemical or biological source.

As soon as scientists discovered the “oxygen mystery”, they started work, trying to explain it. Researchers first tested accuracy three times with a gas measuring device. The tool was in perfect order. The experts then considered the possibility that CO2 molecules could release oxygen when they decompose in the atmosphere, which would lead to a short-term increase in the level of this gas. But it would take a lot of water to produce additional oxygen, and CO2 decays too slowly to generate oxygen in such a short time.

Scientists came to the conclusion that oxygen can be obtained both in biological (using microbes, for example), and non-biological way (from the chemical elements that make up the Gale crater). Currently, experts are considering both options, although they have no convincing evidence of biological activity on Mars. Curiosity simply does not have devices that could accurately capture the presence of organic matter. Now scientists are inclined to believe that non-biological explanations are more likely, but for final conclusions it is still far. So it is quite possible that this story will still be continued. And, who knows what we will find thanks to potential life on Mars.

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Bizzare & Odd

Las Vegas Approves Paying for Parking Tickets with Food Donations but Feeding the Homeless is Outlawed

Isaac Davis, Staff Writer
Waking Times

Government certainly does love to portray itself as the hero and savior of the people, and most often they do this so well that most people cannot even imagine a world without mandatory taxation, countless punitive laws, or roaming authoritative enforcement agencies watching over them.

In another case of such an attempt at public relations, earlier this year the City of Las Vegas approved a measure allowing parking tickets to be paid with school supplies. Apparently the effort to give back to the communities from which they tax was so successful at boosting the city’s image that they are doing it again, this time by allowing people to donate food in payment of parking tickets.

This new measure will apply only during the holiday season, as Fox-5 Las Vegas reports:

“The Las Vegas City Council unanimously voted in favor of allowing parking tickets issued between Oct. 16 and Nov. 16, 2019, to be paid with donations of food for those in need during the holiday season.

Those who have a non-public safety parking infraction in the city of Las Vegas that was issued between the allotted time frame may resolve their tickets by donating non-perishable food items of equal or greater value to their fine.” [Source]

Supporting local food banks and homeless shelters is certainly critical during the holiday season, but it’s important to remember that as a citizen, feeding homeless people is effectively illegal in Las Vegas and can result in hefty fines and punishment as well as ongoing legal issues.

In December of 2018, the Las Vegas Review-Jounral reported that police were actually stepping up their efforts to ticket people who might dare to feed homeless people. There are no doubt plenty of victims of actual crime in Las Vegas looking for justice, yet police had delegated an increased amount of their resources toward the victimless crime of giving away food.

“So Joey Lankowski, 32, knew the risks when he parked his white RAV4 in the red zone on Wednesday. He said he’d been handing out food to the homeless there since the summer and hadn’t had a problem.

This time was different.

Within minutes, he received a citation carrying a $200 fine for creating a traffic hazard and blocking a fire lane.

Three marshals from the city and two Metropolitan Police Department officers stood by as Lankowski pleaded with officer John Purcell to look the other way.” [Source]

In general, the homeless population int he Western United States if growing rapidly, and Las Vegas is among the US cities with the highest rates of homelessness, and we’ve seen in many cities around the US, government is willing to ignore the root causes of the homeless epidemic while simultaneously making it more difficult for people within the same community to heal each other without involving the government.

Here, a local health official chimes in on why they think its best to punish people for participating in supporting community members in need:

Metro and city representatives justify the crackdown by claiming the well-intentioned souls are creating a traffic hazard by blocking the street and encouraging the homeless to foul the area with garbage and human waste.

“We appreciate when people want to help,” said Jace Radke, a city spokesman, “but we feel there’s a better way to do that than street feeding.”

A Southern Nevada Health District official told the Review-Journal that there are serious health concerns because the free food could make somebody sick, attract varmints or even increase the risk of waste “getting into our public waterways and introducing pathogens into the community.” [Source]

Furthermore, Las Vegas just passed an ordinance making it illegal to camp or sleep on the streets if there are spaces available at local shelters, which was passed during an uproar of citizens who view the measure as a Draconian solution to a complex problem.

All of this is especially ironic and sickening when you consider the fact that Las Vegas is currently building a nearly $2 billion dollar NFL stadium which will have to be funded by forcibly taxing every individual and business in the area, whether they watch the mindless Roman circus or not.

Read more articles from Isaac Davis.

About the Author

Isaac Davis is a staff writer for WakingTimes.com. He is an outspoken advocate of liberty and of a voluntary society. He is an avid reader of history and passionate about becoming self-sufficient to break free of the control matrix. Follow him on Facebook, here.

This article (Las Vegas Approves Paying for Parking Tickets with Food Donations but Feeding the Homeless is Outlawedwas originally created and published by Waking Times and is published here under a Creative Commons license with attribution to Isaac Davis and WakingTimes.com. It may be re-posted freely with proper attribution, author bio, and this copyright statement.

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Why does the most poisonous fish need poison?

The most poisonous fish in the world is the so-called puffer fish. It’s liver and other parts of it’s body contain a substance called tetrodotoxin, which can paralyze the respiratory muscles of any living creature and lead to its death. Despite the dangers, many Asian chefs include it in their menu dishes with the addition of its non-toxic organs. True, for cooking, captive-grown individuals with a low content of poison in the body are used. By comparing the fish that grew up in captivity, scientists were able to find out why they needed poison.

Puffer fish is one of the most poisonous fish in the world, but dishes are still prepared from it.

The reduced amount of poison in the body of captive-grown puffer fish is explained by the fact that they do not produce it on their own, but receive it from bacteria living inside them. The bacteria that produce tetrodotoxin in large numbers live only in the natural habitat of puffer fish, so individuals grown in aquariums cannot boast a large amount of poison. It is believed that a reduced amount of toxins worsens the taste of “incubator” fish and also negatively affects their health.

The most dangerous poison in the world

The latter fact was proved by scientists from the Japanese universities of Kitasato and Nagasaki, who published the results of their research in a scientific journal. Toxicon. Researchers took two aquariums with puffer fish, one of which was supplemented with tetrodotoxin content over the course of a month. By comparing the health status of individuals from two different aquariums, they were able to find out how the toxic substance affects fish organisms and why they need it.

In the course of observations, scientists found that fish fed with tetrodotoxin content were 24% longer than the individuals from the second aquarium. It follows that the toxic substance contributes to the growth and proper development of puffer fish. It also turned out that fish with a sufficient level of tetrodotoxin have four times less cortisol, a hormone that promotes the development of stress. Therefore, a toxic substance is a means of protection against stress.

Tetrodotoxin is one of the most dangerous poisons in the world.

How exactly tetrodotoxin controls the growth of puffer fish and affects the level of their stress is unknown to researchers. It may well be that they will be able to answer this question in the course of other scientific works. As for the poor taste of captive-raised fish, maybe the meat loses its taste just because of increased stress. In addition, scientists noticed that puffer aquarium fish stand out with particular aggression and attack each other, causing wounds. This, too, may well impair the taste of their meat.

Whether the poison itself affects the taste of meat is unknown. Be that as it may, cooks completely clean the fish of poisonous parts of the body, so that tetrodotoxin is not contained in dishes. For cooking puffer fish dishes, restaurant employees undergo special training for at least three years. During this time, cooks learn to properly cut off the organs of the fish, the most dangerous of which is the liver.


As a rule, death due to poisoning with this poison occurs due to paralysis of the respiratory muscles, but scientists believe that with the right dosage, it can serve as an excellent analgesic with a lasting effect. It seems that in the future, an anesthetic based on puffer venom will actually appear – researchers from the Boston Children’s Hospital have figured out how to control its dose so that it does no harm.

Previously, medical professionals have already tried to use fugu venom to eliminate severe pain in leprosy and inoperable tumor diseases. They really managed to establish safe doses of the toxin so that it effectively eliminates pain and does not harm the body of patients, but because of the potential danger and the availability of analogues in the form of novocaine, its use was suspended.

Despite this, work on the creation of an anesthetic based on tetrodotoxin does not stop. Fugu venom is interesting because its molecules effectively clog nerve fibers and block their impulses – scientists can very well create a technology that controls its amount and provides a safe anesthetic effect lasting several days.

Tetrodotoxin turned into anesthetic

A major breakthrough in this matter was made by staff from the Boston Children’s Hospital, led by Professor Daniel Cohan. To control the rate of release of the poison to a specific point in the body, they mixed it with a biodegradable polymer, and subsequently controlled release times provided a long-lasting anesthetic effect. The experiment was conducted on laboratory rats.

The lesson we learned is that with our previous delivery systems, the anesthetic was spreading too quickly, which could lead to poisoning. This time we injected such an amount of tetrodotoxin that it would be enough to kill the rat several times, but thanks to the controlled introduction, the animal didn’t even feel it, ”Daniel Cohane shared.

Even though scientists used a rather large amount of poison, it was still less than in previous attempts. It was possible to maintain the effectiveness of the substance while reducing its dose due to the addition of a chemical penetration enhancer – tetrodotoxin penetrated the tissues more easily and acted as concentrated as possible.

Symptoms of tetrodotoxin poisoning

If, in the event of an error, tetrodotoxin enters the human body too quickly, it will immediately lead to poisoning and, most likely, to death. Symptoms occur within 10-15 minutes, and include itching, excessive salivation, vomiting, loss of skin sensitivity and, ultimately, paralysis of the respiratory system.

The first case of tetrodotoxin poisoning was recorded in 1774 – the case was described in the book Journey to the South Pole and Around the World by the English sailor James Cook. The poisoning occurred in New Caledonia when he and his companions tried a dish of local fish and felt severe weakness and numbness. Fortunately, they received a small dose of toxin and got better after vomiting, but the pig, who was given the rest of the dish, died.

Puffer fish dish

However, puffer fish meat is sold in some Japanese stores, which is extremely dangerous for inexperienced cooks. In 2018, an alarm was announced in the city of Gamagori, as in one supermarket they managed to sell fish meat without an extracted liver.

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