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Cryptozoology

De Loys’ Ape: Does This Cryptid Exist?

The reported discovery of the De Loys’ Ape by Swiss Zoologist Francois De Loys in 1920 is just one of many unknown primate claims made over the years. South American forest natives often claim encounters with large monkeys.

These elusive creatures have been known by many names for many centuries . Natives commonly referred to a “mono grande”, or king monkey, also known as “mono rey.” Pedro Cieza, a Spanish explorer claimed to have seen large apes referred to as “marimondas” in 1533; Dr. Edward Bancroft witnessed 5 ft apes referred to as “didi” in 1769; and Alexander von Humbolt recorded stories of “salvaje” or hairy ape men between 1799 and 1804.

These anecdotal sightings along with one lone picture have kept the controversy surrounding De Loys’ Ape alive for nearly 100 years.

Sighting of the De Loys’ Ape

Swiss geologist Francois De Loys and his crew were among the numerous Europeans taken to Venezuela by oil companies to prospect the vast oil reserves.

During the expedition, his group was ambushed by two threatening creatures that resembled apes. De Loys’ men shot one of the creatures while the other one escaped. Marveling at the unique appearance of the primate, they decided to take a photo of it.

The ape corpse was sat on a crate with its head propped using a stick placed under its chin. After the photo was taken, the creature was skinned in order to prepare the skeleton for transportation.

Unfortunately, the hardships of de Loys’ expedition resulted in the loss of all his equipment and specimen, including the creature’s remains. Only the photograph was saved, though it was enough to cause a sensation.

Description of De Loys’ Ape

The apelike South American primate was given the scientific name “Ameranthropoides Loysi” by George Montandon in 1929, while Arthur Keith proposed that it be called “Ateles Loysi”.

Scientists claim that it is an unknown species of primate that walks bipedally in the jungles of South America. Its physical appearance resembles that of a monkey but lacks a tail like the apes.

Based on the single photograph of the creature that was saved during the expedition, it was determined that the primate was around 5 feet tall. This was established from the fact that the creature was set on a Standard Oil Company packing crate that was known to have a standard size.

In addition, the creature was described as having a thick coat comprising long grayish-brown fur and an oval face with a developed forehead. There was also an indication of a triangular pale pigment patch on the forehead, and round ridges around the eye sockets.

It had a flat nose with flared nostrils and a strong jaw with thirty two teeth, which contradicts the typical thirty six in platyrrhine monkeys in South America. An examination of the creature revealed that it did not have a tail, which is an attribute of great apes as opposed to monkeys.

Other distinct features include its broad shoulders, flat chest, sturdy arms, monkey like hands with long fingers, vestigial thumbs and long toes.

Possible Explanations

There were strong arguments against de Loys’ discovery, with individuals such as Sir Arthur Keith suggesting that the entire saga had been fabricated. While George Montandon, an anthropologist friend to de Loys thought that his friend had discovered an unknown South American species, Keith claimed that the primate was just a large Black spider monkey whose tail had been cut off.

Montandon promoted the existence of the De Loys’ Ape since he found it quite convenient in filling the missing pieces in his evolution theory called “Polygenism”. This evolution theory claimed that different human races had evolved autonomously from various species of ape.

The existence of an American anthropoid allowed Montandon to justify his theory by claiming that it could have evolved into the Native American race.

Keith, on the other hand, suspected De Loys of manipulating the creature for the camera. However, this explanation is doubtful since spider monkeys are significantly shorter with a height of about 3 feet, six inches when standing upright on the hind legs. The absence of a tail, less body hair, and a massive body also disagree with the features of these monkeys.

However, it is highly possible that the creature was a white-bellied spider monkey, scientifically known as “ Ateles belzebuth “. This assumption is based on Montandon’s estimation of the size of the crate on which the creature was seated: measures 16 inches instead of the usual 18-20 inches.

With just a photo to support the newly found species, De Loys’ Ape was never included in any analysis of primate evolution. There were other efforts to find the creature along Guyana’s Maruzuni River, where De Loys was attacked by the ferocious creatures.

However, Italian explorers in 1931 never found it though they claimed that there were eyewitnesses supporting its existence. American scientist, Phillip Herschkowitz, also retraced the route taken by De Loys and his crew and came to the conclusion that the mono grande was a hoax and a mythical exaggeration of the spider monkeys.

In 1951, a Frenchman called Roger Courteville revealed another photo of a mysterious ape from Rio Tarra in South America, but he was accused by skeptics of modifying the original photo to uphold the hoax.

Keith’s deductions that the discovery was a misidentification were also supported by a variety of other anthropologists and cryptozoologists such as Ivan Sanderson in the 1960s, after re-examination of the photo.

The primary question regarding this mysterious creature is whether De Loys’ Ape is indeed, a new species. Based on the lack of supporting evidence besides the single photo, the other two possibilities are that it was a deliberate hoax, or that it was an honest misidentification supported by trumped-up reporting.

The idea of a hoax could be true especially when argued from Montandon’s point of view, since he wanted to support his evolution theory to the scientific world. The integrity of De Loys can also be put to question, based on a letter written by Dr. Enrique Tejera in reaction to a story published about the ape.

In his letter, Dr. Tejera claimed to have been on the expeditions with de Loys, and that De Loys was a practical joker, and he had been given a white-bellied spider monkey, whose tail had been cut off. The idea to photograph it came to him after it died in 1919.

The truth of the matter is not known, but to this day, scientific interest in mono grande persists, though with a lot of skepticism.

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Cryptozoology

Calanoro – a monster from Madagascar

Among the many stories telling that Madagascar may be the home of several strange species of monkeys, one of the most popular is the story of calanoro.

This creature is said to be a humanoid cryptid that lives deep in the forests of Madagascar. It is alleged that calanoro can be found throughout the island, and yet encounters with it are very rare.

Local residents agree that Kalanoro exists, but they call it differently: Kotoki or Wazimba. People from the tribes of Antakarana and Tsimikheti say that in their area, the calanoro lives in caves. They say that it has been on the island for more than two thousand years and the first meetings with it took place when people just arrived in Madagascar.

Despite the large number of different names, calanoro is usually described as a creature about 60 centimeters tall, similar to monkeys and with long nails on hooked fingers. It is covered with long hair. It is sometimes said that it has feathers or scales on its back. Eyes are usually described as burning with fury.
This creature is often said to love water, and it can be seen splashing in rivers and lakes. In some cases, they believe that the calanoro has only three fingers pointing back, and they say that his eyes glow in the dark.

Like many similar creatures that are said to live in Africa, Kalanoro is a small creature with a rather complex language. Their voice is called soft, similar to a female. Kalanoro prefer to live in caves, but from time to time they can visit the villages in search of food. In 1886, a man named J. Herbert Smith wrote about calanoro.

The story appeared in one of the local magazines. It was said that, delving into the jungle, the researchers heard from the locals about the calanoro, the “wild forest man” covered with wool and beard in the case of males.

One of the witnesses said that once he stayed overnight in the forest, started a fire and could not sleep. Gradually, the fire died out, and when the coals were already smoldering, the man noticed a dark figure warming at them, which fully corresponded to the description of the calanoro.

Realizing that it was noticed, the creature grabbed a stick and threw hot coals in the face of the man. In another similar case, it was said that the bonfire attracted the calanoro, but first a male appeared who became interested in the rice left in the pot, and then, when the calanoro became convinced that there was no threat to him, he called his girlfriend, they sat next to the fire and began to eat from a bowler passing it to each other.

What really is calanoro remains unclear. No purposeful expeditions were made to search for it, since it is considered only a legend and there is no clear evidence of his existence.

Perhaps this is even better for the calanoros themselves.

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Cryptozoology

Bigfoot filmed in Canadian National Park

This amazing video, shot in the Canadian National Park Near Banff National Park, was uploaded on January 1, 2020, but only a couple of days ago began to gain views.

According to the description, the video was shot by David Beaver, a local resident, who hunted moose in these forests. A more accurate location is the North Saskatchewan River Valley.

Beaver was walking through the forest, among snow-covered trees, when he suddenly saw, hanging in front of him,  not very high above the ground among the branches of a clean-nosed skeleton of some animal.

Next to this tree, there was something huge, dark and hairy. This creature was not like a bear or any local animal. In the video, which, unlike many similar videos from the Bigfoot/Yeti, is clear and not blurred, you can see that the partially snow covered animal looks like gorilla and  it is standing upright, apparently on two legs, because its head is at the very top, like a person.

The creature stands perfectly still, only occasionally moving it’s head. Maybe it is resting or dozing. Considering that a large gnawed skeleton of an animal hangs on a tree very close to this creature, perhaps this creature is resting after a hearty lunch. Beaver believes that he managed to shoot a huge big foot, and not only one, it looks like there is another big foot hanging on his back, only much smaller, apparently a cub. He clings to the back of his parent like a gorilla or chimpanzee cub does.

Beaver very quickly realized that being so close to a huge living creature was very dangerous, regardless of whoever it was, so he quickly left this area. Many commentators on the net believe that this video is a good fake, however, as with many similar videos, it is very difficult to prove it’s authenticity without a thorough analysis of the original recording by professionals.

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Cryptozoology

Sea Monsters and The Loch Ness Monster Explained.

For centuries, seafarers greatest fear may well have been battling a sea monster which could destroy their vessel and possibly devour the crew. There are three mythical sea creatures many early mariners held in terror, all being giants: the sea serpent, the octopus, and the squid. Perhaps some giant sea serpents of legend could have been an anaconda or water boa. They are found in tropical South America, and Africa. Besides being in trees, bushes, or tall grasses, the anaconda, like all snakes, can swim. Anacondas can grow to be 17 feet long.

There are unconfirmed reports of giant anacondas even larger; from 8 to 12 meters (26.2 feet t 39.4 feet). Pythons that grow 23 feet or more that are found in Africa, Asia, and Australia. Many of these great snakes traverse the freshwater Amazon or Congo Rivers, but both rivers will eventually empty into the Atlantic Ocean. So it would be possible for giant snakes to enter the sea during storms and floods , and stay alive in salt water for short periods of time. Imagine the shock of sailors hundreds of years ago exploring the coasts of Africa and other far way places only to see a giant snake, dozens of feet long fighting for survival in salty waters!

Stranger than boas, anacondas and other snakes in the sea would be the presence of the mysterious giant oarfish. This bony creature most often inhabits a region from temperate waters to tropics, but has been found in the sea as far north as the arctic. It does appears to be serpent like. With a teeth-less mouth, and a long scaleless snake like body the giant oarfish is a spectacle to behold. It has been sighted numerous times. The animal can reach an epic length of 36 feet, with an unconfirmed sighting of a creature 56 feet long.

Giant Oarfish found on California Beach

Giant oarfish are rarely seen, because they typically live at ocean depths of 600 to 3,300 feet. The massive, eel-like creature is thought to have inspired tales of giant sea serpents. It is not well studied or well understood. There are rare events of sightings. Most of the oarfish witnessed come to shore presumably to die. Of the recent documented encounters, the creatures are non-threatening to mankind and in failing health.

Another monster of the sea would be the giant octopus. This slippery mollusk lives in the coastal North Pacific Ocean, along California, Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, Alaska, Russia, Japan, and the Korean Peninsula. A full sized adult specimen can grows up to 30 feet across. The giant octopus has a stranger than fiction existence, with three hearts and nine brains, blue blood and eight arms. While the giant octopus is often cited as a sea monster, perhaps the the even larger giant squid is more so.

The giant squid and colossal squids are deep ocean dwelling aquatic animals. However rare instances are told of giant squids emerging from beneath the surface of the water. These creatures can grow up to 13 meters (43 feet) for females and 10 meters (33 feet) for males. Claims of 20 meters (66 feet) or even higher have been made, but not scientifically verified. Giant squids are found in North America, Central America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia. The marine monsters of lore that bear long arms with tentacles; being giant octopuses and giant squids, have been known for centuries as the “kraken” or as “krakens”. Giant squids have been the inspiration for Jules Vern’s “20,00 Leagues Under the Sea“.

Now we come to the Loch Ness Monster, which is probably the best known aquatic monster. This creature allegedly inhabits Loch Ness; and Lake Ness in the highlands of Scotland, United Kingdom. The first account of the mythical beast goes back to the biography of the Christian Saint Columba on August 22, 565 AD.  The Saint’s biography was published a century after the his death in 697 AD by Saint Adanan in a manuscript entitled “The Life of St, Columba”. The biographical documentation describes the saints encounter but oddly does not tell what the Loch Ness monster looks like. St. Columba is the Catholic patron saint of Derry, Ireland and of Scotland, and Ulster County, New York. The feast day of St Columba is celebrated on the day of his death on June 9th.

In modern times the loch ness monster was commonly thought to be a living plesiosaur or a elamosaurus from the dinosaur age; this theory has been scientifically discredited on number of reasons. They include the Loch Ness being too small, not enough food, the lake being too cold, and no such dinosaur fossils being found.

The original Lochness monster 1933 photo

A photograph of the so called Loch Ness Monster taken in 1933 by a British surgeon, Robert Kenneth Wilson, depicting what looks like the silhouette of a long necked dinosaur floating on the surface of the water has been debunked as a hoax or fraud. A man named Christian Spurling, while on his death bed, in 1994, claimed to have made a model of the monster from a toy submarine he purchased at a Woolworth store and then attaching a plastic head to it by using wood putty. The model dinosaur was clandestinely placed on the water, then seen and then photographed by the unsuspecting and respectable  Doctor Robert Wilson. Whether the event happened or not, most who view the dark image of Robert Wilson’s photo claim it looks like the silhouette of a duck, goose, or grebe afloat on the water of the lake.

On September 5, 2019, an international group of scientists studied Scotland’s loch Ness and found no evidence of a monster. Environmental DNA or genetic material shed by all life in loch ness, from about 250 water samples were collected, the year before, then carefully analyzed. No DNA was recovered of reptiles, dinosaurs, nor giant fish, such as catfish or sturgeon, nor of sharks, crocodiles, otters, seals, adders, nor lizards. But, a large amount of eel DNA was discovered. A theory long proposed is the Loch Ness Monster is a giant eel. Yet, the research analysis did not reveal the size of the eels of whom the DNA was overwhelmingly found. Under the conditions of the Loch’s climate eels normally grow 4 feet to 6 feet in length. Professor Neill Gemmell of the University of Otago, New Zealand, led the research study. At Loch Ness, DNA was detected from many normal, living creatures that include pigs, deer, sticklebacks ( fish that have strong and clearly isolated spines in their dorsal fins. Sticklebacks have no scales, but some of the species have bony armor plates.) that includes birds, toads, frogs, and amphibians.

In regards to giant eels, the “Daily Mail” reported in an article on May 16, 2015 about a Conger eel that was found, on May 14th in the water by fishermen off the coast at or near Plymouth Fisheries, Devon, Great Britain. The crew members aboard an inshore trawler named Hope, inadvertently captured an eel that measured an astonishing 7 feet long and weighing roughly 130 pounds. The huge eel got caught in the trawler’s nets and was dead by the the time it was brought out of the water.

Giant Conger eel found in Loch ness – 2015. Click on link for true story.

The Loch Ness Monster legend draws a million people a year to that region of Scotland, UK and generates 25 million Euros ($27,845,875.00) a year to the local economy. The creature can easily be a myth, but obviously there are many people that want the creature to be seen as a reality.

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