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Are We In A ‘Galactic Zoo’ Protected By Aliens? Scientists Meet To Investigate The ‘Great Silence’

Are we alone? Probably not. After all, astronomers have already found 4,001 confirmed exoplanets in our Milky Way galaxy, and expect there to be over 50 billion exoplanets out there. For scientists gathering in Paris today, the question is different: why haven’t we made contact with alien civilizations?

What is the Fermi Paradox and the “Great Silence?”

Italian physicist Enrico Fermi asked ‘where is everybody?’ back in 1950 in what’s now called the Fermi Paradox. It addresses a contradiction in astronomy, and can be summarized thus: if extraterrestrial life and even intelligent alien civilizations are not just likely, but highly probable, then why have none of them been in contact with us? Are there biological or sociological explanations for this “Great Silence?”

“We are very interested in the scientific approach used in the analysis of the Fermi Paradox and the search for intelligent life in the universe,” said Cyril Birnbaum and Brigitte David at the Cité des Sciences et de l’Industrie (Cité), the science museum in Paris that’s hosting today’s meeting. “The question ‘Are we alone?’ affects us all, because it is directly related to humanity and our place in the cosmos.”

Illustration of the view from the innermost of the two exoplanets orbiting Gliese 667 C (largest star, a red dwarf) in the Gliese 667 system, which lies around 24 light years from Earth in the constellation Scorpius.

What are scientists doing in Paris?

Today, leading researchers from the fields of astrophysics, biology, sociology, psychology, and history are meeting at the Cité. “Every two years, METI International (METI stands for messaging extraterrestrial intelligence) organizes a one-day workshop in Paris as part of a series of workshops entitled What is Life? An Extraterrestrial Perspective,” said Florence Raulin Cerceau, co-chair of the workshop and a member of METI’s Board of Directors. The scientists are discussing some pretty insane-sounding questions:

  • Are extraterrestrials staying silent out of concern for how contact would impact humanity?
  • Do we live in a “galactic zoo?”
  • Should we send intentional radio messages to nearby stars to signal humanity’s interest in joining the “galactic club?”
  • Will extraterrestrial intelligence be similar to human intelligence?
  • Did life get to earth from elsewhere in the galaxy (interstellar migration)?

“This puzzle of why we haven’t detected extraterrestrial life has been discussed often, but in this workshop’s unique focus, many of the talks tackled a controversial explanation first suggested in the 1970s called the ‘zoo hypothesis,’” said Raulin Cerceau. Ah yes, the idea that we’re being watched by aliens and … perhaps even being protected by them.

If a zebra started pounding out a series of prime numbers in a zoo, would we re-evaluate their intelligence? That’s how some scientists are characterizing the search for extraterrestrial intelligence.

What is the “zoo hypothesis”?

This is a mind-warping idea that there are alien civilizations out there (no, not on Oumuamua) that know all about us, but purposefully hide from us. It certainly explains the “Great Silence.” “Perhaps extraterrestrials are watching humans on Earth, much like we watch animals in a zoo,” explains Douglas Vakoch, president of METI. “How can we get the galactic zookeepers to reveal themselves?” At a workshop, Vakoch proposed that humans should be more active in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. “If we went to a zoo and suddenly a zebra turned toward us, looked us in the eye, and started pounding out a series of prime numbers with its hoof, that would establish a radically different relationship between us and the zebra, and we would feel compelled to respond,” he said.

It’s hard to disagree with that. “We can do the same with extraterrestrials by transmitting powerful, intentional, information-rich radio signals to nearby stars,” he said.

No, there are no aliens watching us from Oumuamua, the first interstellar asteroid that passed through the solar system in late 2018.

What is the “galactic quarantine” theory?

Think the “zoo hypothesis” theory is insane? That’s nothing compared to another theory about alien benevolence. “It seems likely that extraterrestrials are imposing a ‘galactic quarantine’ because they realize it would be culturally disruptive for us to learn about them,” said Jean-Pierre Rospars, the honorary research director at the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique and co-chair of the workshop. “Cognitive evolution on Earth shows random features while also following predictable paths … we can expect the repeated, independent emergence of intelligent species in the universe, and we should expect to see more or less similar forms of intelligence everywhere, under favorable conditions,” he added. “There’s no reason to think that humans have reached the highest cognitive level possible. Higher levels might evolve on Earth in the future and already be reached elsewhere.”

The Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT) at the Green Bank Observatory, West Virginia, is the world’s largest fully steerable radio telescope.

What does the Drake Equation try to do?

A formula to estimate the number of technological civilizations in the Milky Way galaxy, the Drake Equation is an attempt to put the Fermi Paradox into numbers. The Drake Equation was posited in 1961 by Dr. Frank Drake, a radio astronomer at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, West Virginia.

What is the Drake Equation?

OK, don’t expect any answers here. The formula below, which comes from the SETI Institute might seem impressive, but it’s mostly guesswork. Practically speaking, its purpose is not to find a definitive answer, but to keep the discussion going about the search for extraterrestrial intelligence.

N = R* x fp x ne x fl x fi x fc x L

N = The number of civilizations in the Milky Way Galaxy whose electromagnetic emissions are detectable.

R = The rate of formation of stars suitable for the development of intelligent life.

fp = The fraction of those stars with planetary systems.

ne = The number of planets, per solar system, with an environment suitable for life.

fl = The fraction of suitable planets on which life actually appears.

fi = The fraction of life bearing planets on which intelligent life emerges.

fc = The fraction of civilizations that develop a technology that releases detectable signs of their existence into space.

L = The length of time such civilizations release detectable signals into space.

METI puts a special emphasis on those last three terms, which explore not just the frequency of intelligence-bearing worlds, but how long they last (before they get wiped out).

A total eclipse of the Moon is an impressive spectacle. But it also provides another viewing opportunity: a dark, moonlight-free starry sky. At Cerro Paranal in the Chilean Atacama Desert, one of the most remote places in the world, the distance from sources of light pollution makes the night sky all the more remarkable during a total lunar eclipse. This panorama photo, taken by ESO Photo Ambassador Yuri Beletsky, shows the view of the starry sky from the site of ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) at Cerro Paranal during the total lunar eclipse of 21 December 2010. The reddish disc of the Moon is seen on the right of the image, while the Milky Way arches across the heavens in all its beauty. Another faint glow of light is also visible, surrounding the brilliant planet Venus in the bottom left corner of the picture. This phenomenon, known as zodiacal light, is produced by sunlight reflecting off dust in the plane of the planets. It is so faint that it’s normally obscured by moonlight or light pollution. During a total lunar eclipse, the Earth’s shadow blocks direct sunlight from the Moon. The Moon is still visible, red in colour because only light rays at the red end of the spectrum are able to reach the Moon after being redirected through the Earth’s atmosphere (the blue and green light rays are scattered much more strongly). Interestingly the Moon, which appears above one of VLT’s Unit Telescopes (UT2), was being observed by UT1 that night. UT1 and UT2 are also known as Antu (meaning The Sun in Mapudungun, one of Chile’s native languages) and Kueyen (The Moon), respectively. Links ESO Photo Ambassadors webpage #L

Radio astronomy Vs interstellar colonization

While for now, radio astronomy is the only practical way of humans sending messages out into the cosmos, says one scientist, only full-blown colonization of other stars is the only way to prove the existence of intelligent life. “It appears that although radio communications provide a natural means for searching for extra-terrestrial intelligence for civilizations younger than a few millennia, older civilizations should rather develop extensive programs of interstellar colonization,” said Nicolas Prantzos, director of research of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), in advance of Monday’s meeting. “This is the only way to achieve undisputable evidence, either for or against the existence of extraterrestrial intelligence, within their lifetime.”

In 1960, Dr. Frank Drake at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, West Virginia used the 25-meter dish for his Project Ozma, in which he searched two nearby stars called Epsilon Eridani (an artist’s impression pictured here) and Tau Ceti for signs of alien life.

Why aliens could be very different from humans

Why should they be even remotely similar? “The environment on an exoplanet will impose its own rules,” said Roland Lehoucq, an astrophysicist who works at the Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique (CEA). “There is no trend in biological evolution: the huge range of various morphologies observed on Earth renders any exobiological speculation improbable, at least for macroscopic ‘complex’ life.” Skeptical that humans would have much in common with extraterrestrial life forms, Lehocq discussed “our persistent anthropocentrism in our understanding and description of alien life” and how difficult it is for humans to imagine extraterrestrial intelligence radically different from ourselves.

In short? We’re too self-obsessed to even imagine extraterrestrial life, let alone find and communicate with it, and if there’s not going to be proof within our lifetimes, we’re not much interested in looking. Is there intelligent life out there? Probably, but we’ll probably never find it.

Wishing you clear skies and wide eyes.

Source www.forbes.com

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Aliens & UFO's

Belgian incident. UFO invasion in 1989-1990

The events of November 29, 1989 were confirmed by at least thirty different groups of witnesses and three separate groups of police officers. All witnesses described a large object flying at low altitude. The vessel was flat, triangular in shape, with lights below. This giant ship made no sound, slowly moving over the Belgian landscape.

A free exchange of information was organized as the Belgian population tracked this ship as it moved from the city of Liege to the border of the Netherlands and Germany.

This is the first astounding sight to turn into a wave of UFO sightings over the next few months. In two cases, a pair of F-16 fighters pursued a mysterious object, but to no avail. On March 30, 1990, the military headquarters received a desperate call from the captain of the Belgian national police. He reported a giant triangle flying past him, and simultaneously two ground-based radar stations showed on their screens an object of unknown origin.

One of these bases was under NATO control near the city of Glons, located southeast of Brussels. After contacting other radar installations, they learned that at least four other stations also report the object on their screens. The object moved slowly along their screens, and could not send a transponder signal to identify itself.

Two F-16s received orders to intercept and identify this phenomenon, and one of the aircraft radars recorded the object. It appeared like a small diamond on the pilot’s screen. The pilot reported that just a few seconds after capturing the target, the object began to gain speed, quickly moving away from the radar zone. An hour-long chase followed, during which the F-16 two more times intercepted the signal of a strange ship and saw that it had disappeared from sight. The triangular ship seemed to play cat and mouse and finally got lost in the night lights of Brussels.

Fighter pilots reported that UFOs made maneuvers at speeds exceeding the capabilities of their equipment – the radar showed a sharp decrease in an unknown aircraft from 3 kilometers to 150 meters in 5 seconds! Unusual aircraft continued to appear for several months, and a triangular UFO was spotted more than 1,000 times, both day and night. The object fell low enough to be easily seen with the naked eye, and this event became one of the most high-profile stories in the Belgian media.

Another unusual phenomenon associated with the Belgian UFO was the inability to take a clear photo of it. Many observers kept their cameras ready and shot what they thought should be a clear image, but when the film showed up, the image was blurred,

This anomaly was examined by physics professor Auguste Meessen, who worked at Catholic University in Louvain. Meessen’s study gave the theory that infrared light should be the reason that almost all images were unclear.

To test his theory, he exposed the film to infrared radiation, and then photographed objects in ordinary light. The results were the same as in the photographs of a triangular UFO. One good image was finally shot in April 1990. This image showed the bottom of the ship’s hull with spotlights at three angles.

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Aliens & UFO's

US President declassifies UFO materials

We are talking about the “Roswell incident” when in 1947 a balloon crashed in the USA, which was used to record sound waves from Soviet nuclear tests. The military hid the origin of the wreckage, which gave rise to many conspiracy theories.

US President Donald Trump promised to think about removing the secrecy stamp from materials about unidentified flying objects and the “Roswell incident.”

In an interview dedicated to Father’s Day, to his son Donald Trump Jr., which was broadcast on Thursday, the American leader said that many asked him a question about UFOs. 

“Millions of people want to go there and see. I won’t tell you that I know about it, but it’s very interesting.”

The son of a Republican asked him if he was prepared to declassify materials about UFOs and the “Roswell incident.” “I have to think about it,” Trump answered.

On July 4, 1947, the so-called Roswell incident. A balloon crashed on a ranch near Roswell, New Mexico, which was used to record sound waves from Soviet nuclear tests as part of the US Air Force’s secret Mogul project. The military hid the origin of the wreckage, which gave rise to many conspiracy theories widely circulated by local and then national media – in particular, about the extraterrestrial origin of the crashed “unidentified apparatus.”

At the end of April, the Pentagon published videos of the US Navy, which, as noted in a press release, captured “air events” that were described as “unidentified.” We are talking about shots taken by the crews of American military aircraft in November 2004 and January 2015. 

As noted in the message, the videos got into the network back in 2007 and 2017, but then the Ministry of Defense did not give their permission to publish them, although the authenticity of the records of the US Navy was subsequently recognized.

At the end of 2017, it became known that the Pentagon had a classified program for collecting and analyzing data on “anomalous aerospace threats.” In 2007-2012, $ 22 million was allocated for it. At first, the program was administered by the intelligence department of the US Department of Defense.

Not the only US politician announcing a UFO in Roswell

It is worth noting that Donald Trump is not the first American politician to promise to declassify UFO information during the pre-election period. During the 2016 campaign, a similar statement was made by Trump’s main rival, former US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

During an interview on Jimmy Kimmel’s program, she was asked a similar question about UFOs. In response to him, the former first lady clarified that “now it is called differently.” 

“These are unidentified air phenomena, illegal armed groups, such is the new nomenclature,” Clinton said. 

Then the politician said that if she wins the election, all information about such phenomena will be declassified, if this does not affect the sphere of national security.

A similar promise in 2019 was made by another candidate from the Democratic Party – Socialist Senator Bernie Sanders. In an interview with TV presenter Joe Rogan, he noted that if he heads the state, he will definitely declassify UFO documents, as his wife constantly asks about this. 

Recall also that during the 1976 campaign, the future 39th president, Jimmy Carter, did not hesitate to say that in 1969 he witnessed the appearance of UFOs in the state of Georgia and even turned to the NICAP ufological organization with testimonies.

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An armada of thousands of UFOs is gathering near the Earth?

After the significant launch of American astronauts to the ISS with the help of Elon Musk’s rocket, during the live broadcast of which, the cameras recorded the appearance of many UFOs, a similar incident happened during the broadcast of the recent launch of satellites on the SpaceX rocket live broadcast from the camera installed on the outer hull of the ISS. The camera was later disabled.

If you go to the channel of the live broadcast, there is a looped repetition of the previously filmed fragments of the video.

There is one more, little-known channel of live broadcasting from the ISS, which is not streaming video, where astronauts talk with the control center. The camera there is aimed at the control monitor for cameras installed on the ISS and usually it is just a blue screen or a window of the camera control program. Few people look at this camera…

The camera control program has two windows that broadcast video from the ISS in live mode and yesterday in one window, some amazing scenes were infold.

We don’t know for what reason, maybe the person in charge of the broadcast walked away or it was broadcast intentionally. However, it did not last very long and it was seen as someone closes and disables the windows of the broadcast, and then there was a blue screen and it just turned off completely.

Then the camera turned on the monitor, but already showed just a screen on the PC where you could see the control menu and nothing else.

What was on the video broadcast from the ISS camera?

A huge number of UFOs, lining up in tight rows and forming something like a “space network” in Earth’s orbit. 

It is clearly seen that the “network” is constantly replenished with new UFOs that cruise along the already lined UFOs, take their places or fly higher or lower.

These objects move at different speeds and along different trajectories. Most stand in even rows. 

These are not StarLink companions. First, Elon Musk did not launch so many satellites. Secondly, its satellites fly in a low orbit. Here you can see how the camera is moved to the right and left, observing precisely this UFO cluster.

Earth is not visible, which means that the camera is directed towards outer space. The question which arises is where are these UFOs. How far are they from our planet. Whether they are in high orbit in the upper layers of the Earth’s atmosphere, where the ISS flies, or are they grouped outside the Earth, at a small distance from it.

Thousands, hundreds of thousands, millions?

In one moment in the video, the approach of the camera to the UFO cluster begins to decrease and an entire incredible large-scale UFO fleet becomes almost visible, which continues to form something incomprehensible to us. New UFOs arrive and take their place in the system. Interestingly, in the center of this, there is something that they form but hidden – an object of enormous size.

Please note that the camera does not show what is in the center of the system. There the image is blurry, as if what is located there is specially hidden. Lurking seems to be aliens themselves. What are they doing? Judging by the form of what they are building, their task is nearing completion and they have to align the left edge of the formation. But what is in the center? a planet? a giant ship? 

And again, we have several options for the development of further events:

Pessimistic Scenario

1) Preparations are underway for the invasion and establishment of control over the Earth

2) Preparations are underway for making contact with earthly civilization

3) There is evacuation from planet Earth of everything important and valuable, samples of plants, animals and other species have been collected to create a kind of “repository of species”, an “Ark”, in anticipation of some kind of global cataclysm.

Optimistic Scenario

1) We will finally come into contact with a highly developed alien civilization, which will give us the wonders of medicine and technology and we will live happily ever after.

2) Yes, our planet is threatened by a cataclysm that will either destroy it or all life on it, but good aliens rushed through the expanses of the universe. to take us from our doomed planet and transport us to our new home, which will be a wonderful world for people.

It seems that the audience takes places in the auditorium after the third call. We are waiting for the show, we are just extras in it.

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