How do you feel when you see a beautiful crystal? Perhaps the perfection of the diamond, or the vivid colors of the different gems are your thing? The fact is that people have been fascinated by crystals ever since they had first discovered them.
The names of the gems come from ancient cultures which were pretty much obsessed with them, adding them to their jewelry, kitchenware and weapons.
Do you know that even the Bible describes the new Jerusalem after the apocalypse built all in gems and crystals?
An archaeology dig in Spain shows that crystals were an object of fascination and ritual even back in the 3rd millennium BC. At the site of Valencina de la Concepción, archaeologists uncovered a number of shrouds decorated with amber beads and they also found a “remarkable set” of ‘crystal weapons’.
The Monterilio tholos, excavated between 2007 and 2010, is “a great megalithic construction…which extends over 43.75 m in total.” It has been constructed out of large slabs of slate and served as a burial site.
The period in which this site was built was well known for the excavation of metals from the ground, and where there is excavation – there can also be crystals. In the case with the Monterilio tholos, the people there found a way to shape the quartz crystals into weapons.
However, the spot where these crystals were uncovered is not associated with rock crystal deposits, so it means that these crystals were imported from somewhere else.
The rock crystal source used in creating these weapons has not been pinpointed, but two potential sources have been suggested, “both located several kilometers away from Valencina.”
As the academic paper which focuses on these crystal weapons states, the manufacture of the crystal dagger “must have been based on accumulation of transmitted empirical knowledge and skill taken from the production of flint dagger blades as well from know-how of rock-crystal smaller foliaceous bifacial objects, such as Ontiveros and Monterilio arrowheads.”
The exact number of ‘crystal weapons’ found in the site has been estimated to “10 crystal arrowheads, 4 blades and the rock crystal core of the Monterilio tholos.”
Interestingly enough, although the bones of 20 individuals were found in the main chamber, none of the crystal weapons can be ascribed to them. The individuals had been buried with flint daggers, ivory, beads, and other items, but the crystal weapons were kept in separate chambers.
These crystal weapons could have had ritualistic significance and were most probably kept for the elite. Their use was perhaps closely connected to the spiritual significance they possessed. Indeed, many civilizations have found crystals as having a highly spiritual and symbolical significance.
The paper states that “they probably represent funerary paraphernalia only accessible to the elite of this time-period. The association of the dagger blade to a handle made of ivory, also a non-local raw material that must have been of great value, strongly suggests the high-ranking status of the people making use of such objects.”
Scientists Have Reconstructed The Face Of A 9,000-Year-Old Teenager
Scientists have managed to reconstruct the face of a 9,000 year old teenager from Greece using technology. Dawn’s skeletal remains were buried in a cave in the region of Thessaly until 1993 when they were uncovered. No one knew what the young woman looked like for 9,000 years, but now scientists have an idea of what her appearance was like, Reuters reports.
The 9,000 year old teenager, found in 1993 in the Theopetra Cave in the Thessaly region in Greece, lived towards the end of the Mesolithic period. At that time, the Thessaly region was in transition from a hunter gatherer society into one where people grew and made their own food. Scientists chose to call her Avgi, which means “Dawn” in English. The idea for the name came from the fact that she lived at a time of transition which was considered the “dawn of civilization.”
There’s not much information about the way Dawn lived or how she died, although they know that she was a teenager based on the analysis of her bones and teeth, which indicate that she was aged between 15 and 18 years old. According to the scientists, there is a possibility that the 9,000 year old teenager was anemic and could have had scurvy. There’s evidence of hip and joint problems which could had caused her to move with difficulty which led to her death.
Orthodontist Manolis Papagrigorakis, along with his colleagues worked together to reconstruct the young woman’s face, thanks to a CT scan of her skull. After that they created the exact same replica of her skull with the help of a 3D printer.
While some parts of Dawn’s reconstructed face were based off of the measurements of her skill, other facial features such as eye and skin color were gathered from the common traits of people who lived in that region.
“Having reconstructed a lot of Stone Age women and men, I think some facial features seem to have disappeared or ‘smoothed out’ with time,” Oscar Nilsson, part of the research team, archaeologist and sculptor told National Geographic, adding that women and men today look less masculine.
The 9,000 year old teenager from Greece has noticeable cheekbones and a heavy brow and dimpled chin. Researchers attributed her protruding jaw to chewing on animal skins, which people at that time commonly did in order to make soft leather out of animal skins. The reconstruction of Dawn’s face revealed that she seemed to be frowning. Papagrigorakis had an explanation as to why Dawn looked angry.
“It’s not possible for her not to be angry during such an era,” Papagrigorakis jokingly told Reuters when he was asked why she looks angry.
They discovered a great pyramid of 28,000 years in Indonesia
The pyramid has been hidden for thousands of years at the top of Mount Padang in West Java (Indonesia).
A team of Indonesian scientists and geologists presented on Dec. 12 at the annual meeting of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) for the discovery of a pyramidal structure, tucked under the floor at the top of Mount Padang in Java west.
The structure is located below an archaeological site, which was discovered in the early 19th century, and houses rows of ancient stone pillars. “What used to be seen as a built surface, goes beyond and is a huge structure,” explained geologist Andang Bachtiar, who oversaw drilling and soil analysis for the project.
Utilizing a variety of techniques such as soil radar penetration studies, X-ray tomography, 2D and 3D drilling and excavation, researchers gradually discovered several layers of a structure that extends over an area of about 15 hectares (150,000 square meters). It was built for millennia, with layers representing different periods.
In the upper part there are pillars of basalt rocks that framed terraced terraces, with other arrangements of rocky columns “forming walls, paths and spaces”. According to the researchers, this layer dates back to 3,000 to 3,500 years ago.
Below the surface, at a depth of about 3 meters, there is a second layer of similar rock columns, aged between 7,500 and 8,300 years. And a third layer, which extends 15 feet below the surface, is more than 9,000 years old and can be up to 28,000 years old, the study shows.
If this data is confirmed, it would be the oldest pyramidal structure known to date. During the analysis, several underground chambers were also detected.
Although the buried structure may superficially resemble a pyramid, it differs from those built by the Mayans, said Living Science Danny Hilman Natawidjaja, principal investigator of the project and senior scientist at the Indonesian Institute of Sciences.
While the Mayan pyramids tend to be symmetrical, this structure is elongated, with what appears to be a semicircle at the front. “It’s a unique temple,” Natawidjaja said. “Today, local people still use the place exposed on top of the structure as a sacred destination for prayer and meditation, and this may be the path that has been used for thousands of years,” he said.
What do you think? Leave your comment below.
Sumerian Anunnaki Archaeological Discoveries, Artifacts, and Recovered Records DOCUMENTARY
In recent times there have been some astonishing archaeological discoveries in Iraq, the Sumerian cuneiform tablets being some of the most important in history. They show a very different version of history. They explain how Angels were known under the name of Anunnaki or Anannage (great sons of Anu), and they were the founders of their culture. An (Sumerian) or Anu (Akkadian) was the chief God of Sun and Sky, and his name means “The Shining One”. Anunnaki were, according to this, “Suns of the Shining One” or “Suns of Light”.
The discovery of the existence of the Anunnaki Gods first began in the modern era with the unearthing of the famous city of Nineveh, a once great metropolis in the ancient country of Assyria. Nineveh was once ruled by King Ashurbanipal (668 to 630 BC), who was perhaps the first great collector of archaeological artifacts. Ashurbanipal constructed a Library, trying to piece together the lost history of the human race and the coming of the gods before the destruction wrought by the Great Flood. Today you can find the records of this extraordinary story in the Ashurbanipal Library, composed over some 32,000 clay tablets, all held at the British Museum, each tablet written in the cuneiform language.
Source: ZEG TV HIDDEN FROM THE PUBLIC
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