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Mysteries

Archaeologists have found artifacts under the melted ice of Antarctica

As the last unexplored wilderness in the world, Antarctica is shrouded in secrets that scientists and researchers are trying to solve. To date, it is known about the 14 most fascinating mysteries of the Great White Continent.

Underground lakes

It is hard to imagine anything under the thick layers of ice in Antarctica, but scientists have discovered several underground lakes.

Scientists believe that the lakes formed after the separation of Antarctica from Gondvanald, an ancient supercontinent. Lakes do not freeze due to ice pressure.

Deep lake

Deep Lake is an inland lake in East Antarctica that has fascinated scientists for years. The lake is 55 meters below sea level, and with increasing depth, the salinity of the water increases. Salt water is comparable to the Dead Sea and ten times more saline than the ocean. This means that the water does not freeze, despite the temperature reaching -20C at the deepest point.

Bloody waterfall

In the McMurdo Dry Valley, a bright crimson five-story waterfall spills from the Taylor Glacier into Lake Bonnie. It looks like a rush of blood from a wound in the ice, but scientists have recently discovered the cause of this mysterious phenomenon.

The water that feeds Bloody Falls was once a salt lake, which is now cut off from the atmosphere due to the formation of glaciers on top of the lake.

Unusual creatures

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Antarctica is a barren, icy desert with very little rain, strong winds and the coldest temperatures on earth (the coldest recorded temperature was -89.4 ° C); yet it is also home to many unique wildlife. There are microbes, crustaceans, giant squids, transparent icefish, long-legged spiders the size of dinner plates, giant worms with shiny golden bristles and a large jaw with sharp teeth.

Ancient fossils and rainforests

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Antarctica is an ancient land that has undergone some incredible transformations over millions of years. Before Antarctica became an icy desert after the ice age, it was actually a warm region with rainforests and possibly even civilizations. The theory arose from the discovery of a petrified tree, signs of tropical trees and leaf prints that show the existence of tropical forests in Antarctica. Scientists have also discovered a ton of fossils of marine animals, birds and Cretaceous dinosaurs.

Gamburtsev mountain range

Antarctica holds many secrets under its vast ice sheets – even a massive mountain range. Gamburtsev mountains are hidden under a layer of ice from two to four thousand kilometers thick. They stretch for 1200 kilometers and rise to 3000 meters, which is one third of the height of Everest.

Singing ice

The Ross Ice Shelf is the largest ice shelf in Antarctica. Its thickness is several hundred meters and covers an area of ​​more than 500,000 square kilometers – the size of France.

Scientists have recently discovered that Ross’s ice shelf sings an eerie melody caused by winds blowing through the snow dunes. Winds create surface vibrations and almost non-stop seismic tones.

Giant hole

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In 2017, a hole the size of Ireland was discovered in Antarctica. Known as wormwood, this hole is not new – with the exception of a span of 78,000 square kilometers, it is the largest hole seen since the 1970s.

Mount Erebus

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Mount Erebus is a natural wonder, with liquid magma and ancient lava lakes that boil for about 1.3 million years. It is the southernmost active volcano in the world and the second largest volcano of Antarctica, whose height reaches 3800 meters.

South ocean

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The Southern Ocean was named the fifth ocean in the world in 2000. It is the fourth largest ocean in the world that surrounds the entire continent of Antarctica.

Dry McMurdo Valley

Pictures of Dry McMurdo Dry Valleys

The thought of the desert usually conjures up images of hot sandy plains, but Antarctica is the largest desert in the world. It is incredibly dry and windy, with only 50 mm of precipitation per year, while 99% of the continent is covered with ice. Dry valleys have a climate similar to Mars, and scientists believe that this region may contain the secrets of life on other planets.

Antarctic mushrooms

Many microorganisms and extremophiles were found in Antarctica, including endemic species of fungi.

Ancient meteorites

Antarctica is a golden field for meteorites. Although meteorites can fall all over the earth, they are easier to find in Antarctica because cold and dry conditions retain rocky fragments.

In 2013, a group of Japanese and Belgian scientists discovered the largest meteorite found in East Antarctica in the past 25 years. Extraterrestrial stone weighed 18 kilograms. The team searched for meteorites for 40 days, finding 425 meteorites with a total weight of 75 kilograms. The discoveries included a piece of the asteroid West and a meteorite from Mars.

Aliens, Nazis and the lost city

Antarctica is a breeding ground for secrets, and over the years it has had its share of conspiracy theories. From elongated skulls and strange pyramids to alien spaceships, bizarre structures and giant stairs, many people believe that extraterrestrial life once lived in Antarctica (or still exists). The secret of Antarctica is kept deep beneath its surface, where no one has entered before. They say that the lost city of Atlantis is hidden under kilometers of ice.

It is possible that the civilization of Atlantis existed in Antarctica, but it remains to be proved that the continent is the site of the legendary lost city. It is also believed that the Nazis used underground Antarctica as a secret refuge, and some believe that Hitler fled here after the war. Hitler had a passion for occultism, and he was looking for something in Antarctica – the Germans built a station in Antarctica – but it was abandoned 70 years ago after the crew was poisoned by polar bear meat. The Great White Continent is the most obscure and inexplicable corner on Earth, and despite the dedicated efforts of scientists around the world, people may never know all its secrets.

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Mysteries

Flying humanoids flooded the USA sky

Something very strange was filmed in March 2020 by three US residents from different places. The object resembled a dark humanoid figure and did not look like an athlete with a jetpack. The phenomenon of flying humanoids is one of the most unusual associated with ufology. It is a rare case when people see in the sky something that looks like a humanoid figure with arms and legs. Sometimes this figure moves on some strange mechanism, sometimes it levitates vertically and motionlessly.

Skeptics believe that eyewitnesses in all these cases just watched the flying balloons in the form of cartoon characters or some kind of makeshift aircraft. However, some cases cannot be described with these options. This is when the figures did not just soar in the air, but changed their shape, moved their arms and legs or moved through the air in a way that cannot be attributed to the movement of the wind.

And even today, when there is an abundance of drones everywhere, cases of observation of flying humanoids cannot be blamed on them, because drones have a certain shape and so far no company produces drones in the form of a human figure. In March 2020, two videos with flying humanoids from Arizona were sent to the American ufological site MUFON at once. The first movie was shot March 22 over the city of Phoenix, Arizona.

According to its author, his wife was the first to notice something unusual in the sky and mistook the object for a large bumblebee. But when the author of the video looked at the object with binoculars, he saw something incomprehensible, similar to the figure of a man with wings. When he began to capture the object on video, it changed its shape several times in a few minutes. At one point, it became like an “angel”, then it took the form of a stocky “big guy”.

The second video, also sent to the MUFON, was also filmed on March 22 and also in the Phoenix area. Apparently the same flying object is occupied on it as in the first video, just from a different point and by another eyewitness. And finally, the third video, which was shot in early March in Plymouth, Massachusetts, was not sent to the MUFON, but was immediately posted on social networks. The guys were on the football field when they saw in the sky something black and similar in shape to a skinny man.

What kind of objects are depicted in these three videos, so far no one has managed to determine. There were versions that these were “rocketmen” – extreme sportsmen equipped with rocket packs.

These “humanoids” though, are not particularly similar to “rocketmen”, and “rocketmen” as a rule are not involved in simply hanging in the air in a certain point.

In addition, very rarely they climb to such a great height, and only certain models of knapsacks, which are not yet available to ordinary customers, are capable of this.

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Mysteries

What is hidden under the glaciers of Antarctica?

Under the ice of the fifth largest continent of the Earth, for example, more than 400 lakes have been discovered, but scientists have reached only four of them. It is noteworthy that Russian scientists were the first to get to the lakes near Antarctica – in 2012, samples of water from Lake Vostok were obtained.

They found three bacteria that are specific to this reservoir. Now microbiologists and genetics do not lose hope of discovering other life forms in the under-ice Antarctic lake that were previously unknown to science. Like, for example, WPS-2 and AD3 bacteria – they live in soil with other organisms and do not need either solar or geothermal energy. With a very scarce supply of nutrients, they literally switched to an “air diet”, which was a baffling discovery for scientists.

But the ice finds in Antarctica are not limited only to lakes. Not so long ago, scientists discovered under the Thwaites glacier a giant cavity with an area of ​​about 40 square kilometers and a height of about 300 meters, which was formed when about 14 billion tons of ice melted.

For professionals, this is an alarming signal for several reasons. Firstly, most of this ice has melted over the past three years. Secondly, such cavities significantly reduce the strength of icebergs. And this is fraught with the acceleration of their destruction and rising sea levels.

However, not all cavities under the ice are formed due to melting ice. Researchers have also found craters, which, on the contrary, are filled with water, creating new ice lakes. Their distinguishing feature is only that they are not isolated from the oceans, and therefore can hardly be the habitat of previously unknown forms of life and, from the point of view of discoveries, are not so interesting for researchers.

In addition to lakes and cavities, there are active volcanoes in Antarctica (a total of 91 volcanoes were found on the continent) – for example, Mount Erebus on Ross Island, which, due to its volcanic activity, has created a fairly developed network of underwater caves. In these “recesses” melted in ice by volcanic steam, scientists discovered several DNA sequences that did not correspond to any known organisms.

This means that in these caves species of plants or animals still unknown to science, may exist. Moreover, researchers are very optimistic and do not exclude the possibility of finding even unique ecosystems, and not just individual organisms.

Another mystery that the continent threw to scientists is the bizzare ice tremors that shake Antarctica every night. However, the secret was not kept for long. Having studied the unusual phenomenon, the researchers came to the conclusion that the ice surface is capable of creating small earthquakes, or rather, even ice quakes. The shocks recorded by seismographs allowed scientists to determine how the melting of the ice and the surface movements caused by it manifest themselves in this way.

It must be said that the above discoveries are only a small part of what scientists have learned about Antarctica in recent years. And one can only guess how many more secrets this mysterious continent keeps under its ice.

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Mysteries

The mysterious phenomenon that accompanies fertilization has been recorded

The origin of life is accompanied by vortices that begin to “rage” in the egg. The phenomenon, which was observed by American scientists from Northwestern University, fascinates, awakens religious thoughts, and even looks mystical. They observed flashes of light that accompanied the fusion of the egg and sperm. Just the same “spark of life.”

“In a whirlwind of events” – this seemingly exclusively allegorical expression found a direct biological meaning. Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), led by Nikta Fakhri, have recorded the mysterious wave processes that accompany the fertilization of an egg – that is, conception. Specifically, vortices were discovered and even photographed, which cascades propagation along its surface. The phenomenon was reported by the ScienceAlert portal, citing a scientific publication in the Nature journal.

Fakhri and his colleagues investigated a mysterious phenomenon, when observing under a microscope the fertilization of eggs of starfish, whose proteins were tinted with luminous substances. They made it possible to visualize the vortices that passed through the cell membranes within a few minutes after fertilization.

Waves that travel through the egg

Scientists understood the essence of the process, but did not fully understand its meaning. It was only assumed that vortices are turbulence waves, scientifically expressed, somehow direct cell division in a certain way. They send billions of proteins to specific addresses – places in which certain organs are formed.

“Without these wave-creating proteins, there would be no cell division,” the scientist says.

Researchers believe that they discovered a certain fundamental natural phenomenon that is characteristic of living and non-living matter, micro and macrocosm. For some reason everything swirls in vortices – from galaxies to cyclones and hurricanes in the atmosphere of the Earth and other planets. From the electric fields in the heart and brain to, as it turned out, the proteins in the egg.

Another natural wonder: a fertilized egg begins to glow

The phenomenon, which was observed by American scientists from Northwestern University, fascinates, arouses religious thoughts, and even looks mystical. They observed flashes of light that accompanied the fusion of the egg and sperm. Just the same “spark of life.”

Many scientists can’t believe that the process of the birth of a new life has a divine beginning and sparks are something sent from above. And the most surprising: the more intense the glow, the better the result of fertilization, that is, the transformation of an egg into a full and healthy embryo.

According to them, the intrauterine light has, and by no means a mystical explanation ..

At least the experimenters figured out its nature. And they claim that the spark is created by zinc atoms that the fertilized egg produce. They are waves following one after another with short breaks.

The egg into which the sperm is introduced begins to glow.
The egg into which the sperm is introduced begins to glow

Scientists saw the glow of an egg in a microscope.
The glow of an egg under a microscope

Light in the egg also flashes in waves.
Light in the egg also flashes in waves.

The human body emits rays in the visible range

Amazing experiments were conducted at the University of Kyoto (Kyoto University) and the Institute of Technology, Tohoku (Tohoku Institute of Technology). Researchers put topless people in a completely dark room – for about 20 minutes. At this time, the volunteers were filmed by a high-sensitivity camera, capable of capturing even individual photons. Filming was repeated every three hours from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m.

The processing of the obtained images showed: the human body glows in the visible range. That is, emits photons. This radiance is very ghostly and weak – a thousand times less intense than the human eye can catch. But it is real.

Moreover, the researchers found that the strength of the human glow varies with the time of the day.

Most clearly people emit light at 4 pm, – Hitoshi Okamura said, one of the experimenters from Kyoto University. – Then the intensity drops, but still remains higher than the morning.

The face, eyes and the region in the area of ​​the thyroid gland shine most strongly. Each square centimeter emits about three thousand photons.

Photos of the glow are very similar to the pictures that are obtained when a person is filmed in the invisible infrared – thermal – range. But the researchers emphasize:

There is nothing in common in each case. Different colors – from blue to red – different intensities of the glow of the visible range. Blue ones correspond to a smaller one, red ones correspond to a larger one. They show the number of photons emitted from a square centimeter of the body and not how these places are heated.

People glow in the dark like ghosts.
People glow in the dark like ghosts

There is no exact understanding of the processes that cause the body to glow. According to one hypothesis, it is provoked by chemical – oxidative – reactions in which the so-called free radicals are involved. But it is possible that the nature of “living” radiation is much more complex and not so primitive. It may somehow connected with the brain, since the rays mainly come from the head.

Some people, even though the intensity of the glow is very weak, are still able to perceive it. For example, psychics. It is also possible that some people become sources of very powerful photon radiation. 

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