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Metaphysics & Psychology

Outstanding Facts and Curiosities about Human Dream

Outstanding Facts and Curiosities about Human Dream 86

The dream is one of the most captivating human experiences. The dream carries on the paths of the subconscious, revealing symbolically the interesting aspects of our unconscious personality.

Neuroscientists still have a very vast territory that they can study, looking for answers to one of the most complicated questions in our existence: What is a dream?

Lucid Dreaming

A lucid dream is a special form of consciousness of which we are aware that we dream and continue our dream without waking up.

Although physiologically there are no significant changes to normal sleep, due to important changes in the consciousness field, we consider the lucid dream a different form of consciousness, different from dreaming sleep.

The first scientific studies on the possibility to remain lucid during the dream, to know that you dream while dreaming, were extensively presented by the Dutch doctor Frederick van Eeden in 1913, telling 14 years of personal experience in the lucid dream and analyzing 352 such dreams.

He also introduced the term “lucid dream” to mean “mental clarity” during a dream.

Van Eeden considers the dream a “state in which physical sensations, be they visceral, internal or peripheral cannot come to mind directly, but only in the form of symbols.”

Van Eeden reports that he became first aware during his dream, continuing his dream as a result of the next dream event: floating above a landscape of desolate trees, and the perspective of tree branches changes very naturally as it passed above them.

Then he reflected, thinking that his imagination could never have imagined such a beautiful perspective.

And suddenly, he realized he was dreaming that his body still sleeps in his bed, but his Ego has another body with which he can move in his dream … He subsequently experimented with various actions during his dream that did not interfere with the physical body, which was still sleeping and resting; Eeden’s wife remarking that absolutely nothing happened to him while crying or running in the dream, his body continuing to sleep very quietly.

Regarding the time at which lucid dreams come, he found that over 90% of these appear between 5 am and 8 am.

During the dream, lucidity usually occurs when the “dreamer” notices an event that is unlikely to occur during the dream, such as flight or death.

Sometimes lucidity occurs for no apparent reason, or in rare cases following direct return to REM sleep (in a dream) after a brief awakening.

Visceral “signs” that can tell the visitor that they are in a dream have been identified by Stephen LaBerge (from the Lucidity Institute, USA) following the analysis of 227 dreams.

There are similarities between the lucid dream and the extra-corporeal experiences but they are different phenomena.

Here you have 17 curiosities about human dreams:
  1. When sleeping, we dream on average 20-25% of the time. For many, it means more than two hours of sleep per night.
  2. Forget 90% of our dreams. In the first 5 minutes of awakening, you forget half of your dream, and in the next few minutes, you usually forget about 90% of the dream content you’ve had.
  3. We only dream of what is known to us. It happens that our dreams are populated by unknown people. In fact, their faces we met them. They are the faces of real people that I forgot, but which I met during our lives. We see hundreds and hundreds of figures throughout our lives, so our minds use resources that we do not even know.
  4. Not all dreams are in colours. About 12% of people dream black and white.
  5. Dreams are a profoundly symbolic language and are the product of the subconscious mind. A symbol can invoke an idea, a feeling, and often has a profound meaning, much deeper than it can express a single word. At the same time, the symbolism of your dreams may leave you in a state of confusion, wondering “what does that dream mean to me”?
  6. Researchers have found that Americans are the ones who have the most aggressive dreams, compared to other nationalities.
  7. Surprisingly or not, the most common dreams people have sexual connotations. Very common are dreams in which we dream that we are at school, that we are in the fall or that we are being watched.
  8. Women and men have dreams that contain sexual connotations in the same proportion, according to a study by the University of Montreal. The author of the study noticed that the dreams in which we do sex are the most common, followed by words or phrases with sexual connotations, kisses, and other fantasies.
  9. Odours affect the dreams we have. In a study, the researchers showed that people who smelled shrunken roses had bad dreams, while people who smelled of fresh sausages had beautiful dreams. The researchers concluded that smells have an important effect on the emotions we live in a dream, more than other stimuli because the sense of smell is directly connected to certain parts of the brain that are associated with the dream function.
  10. We need to dream in order to strengthen our memory, to solve some internal conflicts and to regulate our general condition.
  11. Some drugs affect the central nervous system, causing nightmares. Among these, very harmful are antidepressants, narcotics, and barbiturates.
  12. Women have more nightmares than men, have shown more studies. It is still unclear why women remember their dreams more easily than men.
  13. If you dreamed that you die in a dream, it does not mean you will die in real life. Those type of dreams is very common.
  14. We can not control our dreams, but we can increase our ability to remember dreams more easily. We can even create a log of dreams we have had, dreams we will note as soon as we wake up. With the help of a good psychologist, they can be interpreted, but we too can discover interesting details about our subconscious.
  15. People in different cultures dream differently, although, for the most part, they are similar. The culture from which we come out traces some particularities that we live in our dreams.
  16. Pregnant women dream more and also tend to remember more their dreams. Researchers say this is due to the hormonal changes that break into their bodies at that time. Also, pregnant women sleep more, therefore they dream more.
  17. It is false to think that some people do not dream. Everybody dreams. People dream for at least two hours each night.
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Metaphysics & Psychology

The Ganzfeld Effect: How To Experience Strong Hallucinations Without Drugs

The Ganzfeld Effect: How To Experience Strong Hallucinations Without Drugs 97
An experiment investigating the ganzfeld effect / Life

Sometimes hallucinations can appear in a healthy person, if he is in a homogeneous auditory and visual environment. For example, the researchers of the Arctic, who for a long time have to look at the endless expanses of ice, or the miners, after an accident, found themselves locked in a mine. 

This phenomenon is called the “ganzfeld effect”, it is the German “full field”. Some people deliberately evoke such visions in themselves. Is it dangerous for the psyche?

What is the Ganzfeld Effect?

About its existence, people knew the ganzfeld effect for a long time. Thus, the northern people who had to deal with such phenomena believed that these visions were sent to people by spirits. The followers of Pythagoras spent a lot of time in dark caves to gain wisdom by connecting with their subconscious.

When we are in a homogeneous, infinite space, where there is nothing to catch the eye, hallucinations may appear. The brain does not receive information, neither visual nor auditory. It cannot exist in reality, where there is no information, so it takes white noise as a basis and supplements it with some kind of visual picture.

The ganzfeld effect is not an aberration. It is based on the work of the brain, which needs to receive a flow of information from the senses. With the help of them, it recognizes models familiar to it, gives out ready-made templates. It does not need to be given any commands or instructions, the brain independently carries out this work. If there is not enough visual information, it complements the visual picture of sensations o its own accord, i.e. a person sees what is not really there.

This was confirmed experimentally in the 1930s by Wolfgang Metzger. His subjects, for a long time looking at a homogeneous field, began to see hallucinations. There are instructions by following which, you can evoke these visions in yourself.

To try this method for yourself, you need to find a clean ping-pong ball, cut it in half. It is advisable to turn on the red light in the room or turn off the lighting. To create “white noise”, you need to tune the radio so that only hiss is heard. You can lie down, fix the halves of the balloon in front of your eyes and wait. If you do not fall asleep, then hallucinations may appear after 10-30 minutes.

The Ganzfeld Effect: How To Experience Strong Hallucinations Without Drugs

Experts advise against doing this. Psychiatrists write that this procedure is stressful for the psyche. If a person has caused such visions in himself many times, he may develop neurotic states. But if you had to face this phenomenon, you should not worry about it, there should be no negative consequences for the psyche.

The ganzfeld effect and telepathy

It is believed that the ganzfeld effect is associated with clairvoyance. Due to the fact that auditory and visual analyzers are completely turned off, a person seems to fall out of objective reality and can plunge into a dialogue with the subconscious. It is this that creates different images in the head.

Many believed that in this way it was possible to establish contact with the universal information field and receive information from there. In the 1970s, experiments took place on the transmission of information telepathically.

One of the subjects sat in a room with dim red lighting, with halves of ping-pong balls in front of him, headphones with white noise in his ears. In another room, a second subject was sitting, trying to transmit a message using psychic abilities.

In 1983, 354 pairs of subjects took part in the experiment, 34% of the participants chose the right card from the proposed ones. In a similar 1985 study, that number rose to 37%. Given that the probability of random guessing is 25%, we can say that it was not possible to prove the presence of telepathic abilities at that time.

The Ganzfeld Effect: How To Experience Strong Hallucinations Without Drugs

The ganzfeld effect does exist, scientists have tried to study and explain it. Knowing about it, one can understand the origin of many legends and superstitions associated with caves, mines, etc. People really heard mysterious sounds and saw some figures, but all these images could be created by our brain, the work of which has not yet been fully studied.

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Metaphysics & Psychology

Research confirms that “near death experience” is not an illusion

Research confirms that "near death experience" is not an illusion 98

Dr. Alexander Batthyany, a professor of psychology at the University of Vienna, has studied thousands of cases of near-death experiences. Human thinking ability has nothing to do with the brain.

Near death experience case study

Dr. Batthyany and others collected thousands of complete cases describing near-death experiences , and recorded in detail the content of the near-death’s private prosecution and doctor’s consultation.

Doctors ask dozens of questions about what the patient sees (visual), what he hears (hearing), what he thinks (consciousness and thinking), life background (such as religious beliefs, life experience), etc., such as “Have this experience before Do you?”, “Do you see the light?”, “Who do you talk about your death experience?”, “Do you believe in your death experience?”, etc., to judge and evaluate the credibility of the patient’s narration of the near death experience Degree and the patient’s mental state after death (whether normal, etc.).

Dr. Batthyany said that the results of the study are reliable and fully confirm that the near-death experience is a real mental activity rather than an illusion. He also said that research methods have certain limitations, which will lead to underestimation of the proportion of near-death experiences.

Extremely credible near-death experiences

Dr. Batthyany explained that due to the limitations of the method, cases are likely to be missed, so the actual rate of near death experience should be higher.

Dr. Batthyany explained how he and his colleagues analyzed thousands of cases by compiling and integrating medical records into a resource library (such as the NDERF website), and then using search terms related to vision (vision) or cognition (such as “See” (saw) or “thought”> search for related medical records and score them according to visual or cognitive content, and then further narrow the scope of the study, such as selecting near-death experience cases with detailed medical records. This screening method based only on search terms is likely to miss cases where there is no such vocabulary in the expression.

Dr. Batthyany said that the near-death experience cases are highly credible. They considered that thousands of cases with near-death experiences are likely to have false reports, but in the process of sorting and analyzing, they noticed that only 1% of near-death cases were deleted due to validity.

Therefore, Dr. Batthyany believes that even if there are still false cases, the number is not enough to affect the overall conclusion.

Evidence of the phenomenon

In addition to these near-death experience studies, Dr. Batthyany also pointed out that the phenomenon of back light also shows that the phenomenon of thinking consciousness is extremely complex, even in the case of severe deterioration of brain function, there can be active thinking.

Dr. Batthyany studies the back-to-light phenomenon in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Among patients with Alzheimer’s disease (ie, Alzheimer’s disease), some people have been completely incoherent for many years, but suddenly showed a marked improvement or normal thinking shortly before their death. This is what is commonly referred to as “return to light”.

According to the current neurological concept, as the brain function of Alzheimer’s patients gets worse and worse, their thinking performance should be that their memory and various thoughts and feelings are becoming more and more lost, and there is even no human thinking at all.

However, the actual situation is just the opposite. The whole state of mind of Alzheimer’s patients may suddenly become intact like a spark burst.

“Psychological Vision” of the Blind

In fact, there is also a phenomenon of “mindsight” or “mind intuition” which also illustrates the independence of thinking. “Psychovision” refers to the sight of a blind person who reports during a near-death experience.

Kenneth Ring of the University of Connecticut found that among 21 blind cases who reported near-death experiences, 15 blind people described seeing the scene and had vision.

Dr. Batthyany pointed out that some scientists believe that near-death experiences are hallucinations produced by human neurophysiological processes. However, “in this study, the results of near-death experience, rebirth, and psycho-visual phenomena suggest that patients experience near-death experiences when their condition deteriorates, die, or have no neurological activity, and it is common.”

Therefore, Dr. Batthyany concluded that even when the brain function changes or even the electrical activity of the brain stops (the EEG is flat), there is still a clear sense of self, complex visual images, and clear mental activities. And other thinking phenomena.

Even though back-lighting and psychological vision are very rare phenomena, the countless examples of near-death experiences are enough to illustrate the problem.

Dr. Batthyany wrote:

“Our research results show that the visual scene, mental state and self-awareness that people continue to appear in the near-death experience are a rule rather than an exception.”

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Metaphysics & Psychology

What people see after clinical death: Stories from survivors that they would rather forget

What people see after clinical death: Stories from survivors that they would rather forget 99

Humanity still does not know much about death. Of course, it’s easy to write it off as “nothingness,” but what if in reality everything is a little more complicated? In the selection below – ten creepy stories “from the other world” from people who survived clinical death.

Recently, the user Aidanmartin3 asked near-death survivors on Reddit to describe what it was like. The post quickly went viral, with hundreds of people sharing their stories in the comments.

I was about fifteen years old. Climbed onto the kitchen counter to grab something from the top cabinet, but slipped and fell headlong onto the marble floor. The next thing I remember is walking barefoot on water. Then I look to the right, I see a very bright light and a hand, as if calling me. I go to her and suddenly realize how peaceful and relaxed I am. Like the best deep sleep ever. Then I said to myself: “Dude, this is so cool, I would never wake up.” And then all of a sudden everything disappears, and I wake up because of my mother, who is crying over me.By that time, I was already numb, cold, pulseless and even managed to urinate in my pants. As an atheist who does not believe in all this, I often think about that case.

Cule4444

My father died for a short while and then said that at that time he was walking along a long corridor to the door. But when he was about to open it, his father felt himself being “sucked” into his own body

Whiskeynostalgic
What people see after clinical death: Stories from survivors that they would rather forget 100

GIF © Giphy

He died of an overdose for several minutes.In reality, there was nothing. It’s just darkness and an incomprehensible period of time. It was almost like waking up after hanging out all night and feeling like a horse kicked in the chest.

Th30xygen

It seemed to me that I was kind of floating in a long tunnel and I felt very tired. I remember how I fell asleep then and had a dream that I was in the kitchen of my childhood home, and dad was preparing breakfast. I heard turmoil and chaos at one end, and at the other, there was a warm light that seemed soothing. But then all of a sudden I ended up in the chaos of the emergency room.

Free_Hat_McCullough

The story of my ex-girlfriend’s mom. Her heart stopped for 28 minutes. The doctors had already told the family that she had left, and even brought in a priest to bless the room. But in the end she returned. She said that she recalls running around the field with a little girl, who, according to the woman, was her niece, in the dress in which she was buried.

CastingPouch
What people see after clinical death: Stories from survivors that they would rather forget 101

GIF © Giphy

I heard a loud, high-pitched noise telling me that I am still too young to die. Then he got even higher, and I saw a bright light and woke up. The ambulance driver was shining a flashlight in my eyes

Workerhard62

Anaphylactic reaction to the deadly sting of the Irukandji jellyfish. I saw this white glow and how I soared up, then my family and the doctors and nurses who were saving me. Came back and felt a lot of pain

Georgestarr

It felt as if my body was being filmed on a CCTV camera from a third person. Then the camera gradually moved away and rose. I became very cold and began to hear loud clanking sounds. Woke up in an ambulance to the sound of a gurney bouncing on a rough road. It was so surreal. Since then I have not been afraid of death, to be honest. It was almost six years ago, but I still think about that case several times a month.

Hemptations
What people see after clinical death: Stories from survivors that they would rather forget 102

GIF © Giphy

I was hit by a car. I could see everything, blood had not yet got into my eyes. I heard all the commotion. I felt myself being pushed in the back, and then doing artificial respiration … After that I felt only the first beats of the heart and how the blood flowed through my body. The pain began to build up with renewed vigor, and then everything went black

Outsider531

I was pronounced dead three times. But “after death” I have never seen anything. At least i don’t remember

Amihuman159

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