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Antarctica shock: Scientists’ groundbreaking discovery 400ft below ice revealed

ANTARCTICA scientists were stunned by the results of a 400-foot drill into the ice sheet, perhaps revealing a glimpse into the Earth’s future.

Antarctica is the planet’s southernmost continent where the geographic South Pole is located and is home to some 1,000 scientists attempting to understand more about the history of Earth and the effects of climate change. However, one programme, known as the Antarctica Drilling Project (ANDRILL), took things one step further by drilling more than 400 feet into the ice sheet, exposing a shocking past. Their experiment was shown during NOVA’s “The Secrets of Antarctica” documentary, in which they hoped to uncover more about past periods of global warming and cooling.

The narrator revealed in 2015: “Unlike drilling through sea ice which is just 26 feet thick the ice shelf here is 400 feet at least.

“But that’s only the beginning, no one has ever drilled through an ice shelf and it presents a challenge because they float up and down with the tide so you’ve got to deal with vertical and sideways change.

“Eventually the drill pipe will get bent, to you need to drill through a thick layer of ice that is constantly moving without breaking.

“To confront this unique challenge, the ANDRILL team invents a new tool, a hot-water drill, this marvel of engineering is a moving ring of heat that blasts jets of steaming water to melt a wide hole so the drill can operate freely through 400 feet of shifting ice.

Antarctica scientists made a stunning discovery (Image: GETTY/NOVA)
The drill went more than 400 feet below the ice
The drill went more than 400 feet below the ice (Image: NOVA)

It contains microfossils of single-celled animals known as forams

Secrets of Antarctica

“Once again, time is so precious that the team must work around the clock, not only retrieving cores but also analysing them.”

The narrator went on to reveal the groundbreaking discovery made thanks to the revolutionary drill.

He added: “An 80 feet core dates back about three million years and is closely examined.

“It contains microfossils of single-celled animals known as forams.

“They are from the crucial warm period called the Pliocene and these tiny shells are precise indicators of ocean temperature.”

Scientists worked around the clock
Scientists worked around the clock (Image: NOVA)

Source www.express.co.uk

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Planet Earth

A tourist fell into a fire trap: published a creepy video from California

The video, which was filmed in the Sierra National Forest, located in California, shows how one of the holidaymakers was in the heart of a fire trap.

This vacationer turned out to be just one person out of 207 who were also captured in the fire and were saved in the very last moments. The rescue service came to their aid, which took people to a safe place. 

In the video, which was made by a man on the estate of Jeremy Remington, you can clearly see how cars burn, and the flame is getting closer to tourists and its speed is noticeably increasing.

People were in a real trap. Fire surrounded them on all sides, and the roads that could be driven were destroyed. According to the information provided by the Emergency Situations Department, work to rescue tourists began on Saturday evening and continued until Sunday morning. 

More than 20 people had to be transported to hospitals. Two of the victims were in critical condition and required immediate medical attention. At the same time, two people who were vacationing in the National Forest refused the proposed evacuation.

The scale of the wildfire that started on Friday is not too large. But at the same time, the fire managed to destroy more than 71 square miles of forest. By the middle of Saturday, due to the increase in the rate of spread of fire, a 7 times larger area was destroyed. 

On Sunday morning, it was possible to stop the fire by no more than 5%, so the work continued actively and further.

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Planet Earth

Great solar minimum and the onset of the Little Ice Age

Niels-Axel Mörner is the former head of the Department of Paleogeophysics and Geodynamics at Stockholm University. He retired in 2005 and has since dedicated his days to refuting the global warming bullshit as well as warning of an impending Great Solar Minimum.

From 1997 to 2003, Moerner led the INTAS project on geomagnetism and climate. The project concluded that in the middle of the 21st century we should return to a new solar minimum with climatic conditions of the Little Ice Age.

In 2015, Moerner’s study “Approaching New Great Solar Minimum and Climatic Conditions of the Little Ice Age” was published. 

The conclusions are that by 2030–2040 the Sun will experience a new large solar minimum. 

During the previous large solar minima – the Sperer Minimum (1440-1460), the Maunder Minimum (1687-1703), and the Dalton Minimum (1809-1821) – climatic conditions worsened and the Little Ice Age began.

During the last three large solar minimums – the Sperer, Maunder and Dalton minimums – the global climate has experienced Little Ice Age conditions. Arctic waters penetrated south as far as Central Portugal and Europe experienced harsh climatic conditions. The ice cover of the Arctic has expanded significantly.

We now have data indicating that by 2030-2040. A New Great Solar Minimum will come, which, by analogy with past minimums, will lead to a significant deterioration of the climate with the expansion of ice in the Arctic and global cooling.

All this excludes the theory of global warming, instead of warming, we will face a new Little Ice Age .

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Planet Earth

California wildfires create giant “volcanic” clouds

California is now burning like hell and fires are creating huge pyrocumulus clouds as a result of intense heating of the air from the surface. 

The heat from the fires spreads so much that it creates its own pyrocumulus cloud systems, each up to 9 km high. These clouds make fire fighting very difficult. 

The intense heat causes convection, which causes the air mass to rise very high, causing apocalyptic clouds.

Common clouds form when the sun heats up the earth’s surface, causing water to evaporate and rise into the atmosphere, where it cools and condenses into a cloud.

This is a relatively slow process compared to the formation of a pyrocumulus cloud, when the intense heat of a huge forest fire burns moisture from vegetation. Then this moisture accumulates on the smoke particles and quickly condenses, rising up. 

Pyrocumulus clouds are more commonly seen over volcanic eruptions, which produce a lot of steam. If you’ve ever seen an ominous cloud creating dry lightning over a volcano, then this is a pyrocumulus cloud. They are black or dark brown due to volcanic ash, and those from wildfires are usually dark gray due to smoke and ash.

The rate at which pyrocumulus clouds form and change, combined with the heat from the fire, can lead to rapid and severe temperature fluctuations in the atmosphere, causing unpredictable and high winds.

They can exacerbate the intensity of forest fires and cause them to move or otherwise behave in unpredictable ways. And all this can endanger the lives of firefighters and people. 

However, if the fire is large enough, the cloud can continue to grow and turn into a cumulonimbus cloud, which can cause powerful thunderstorm activity, and lightning in turn can trigger another fire. 

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