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Ancient Assyrian Tablets Seem to Contain References to a Massive Solar Storm

Scientists report that they may have found the earliest written record of a solar storm in ancient Assyrian tablets.

Recent analyses have found evidence of an extreme solar storm that left energetic particles in tree rings and ice cores across the world sometime around 660 BCE. With this in mind, a research team in Japan and the United Kingdom wondered if they’d be able to find evidence of this storm in ancient astrological records—and they may have found something in Assyrian tablets.

Back in the 19th century, archaeologists uncovered thousands of tablets dating back to the Assyrian empire in Mesopotamia, which documented treaties, stories, including the now-famous epic of Gilgamesh, and astrological reports. These reports included observations of the planets, phenomena like comets and meteorites, and of course, predictions of omens. The researchers (today’s researchers) scanned through a collection of these astrological reports in search of auroral-type events, which they define as “reddish luminous phenomena in the sky” and are caused by the Sun’s particles interacting with the atmosphere. Many of the reports weren’t dated, but the researchers could at least produce date ranges based on the astrologer who wrote the report.

They found three reports that seemed to mention auroral phenomena: one reporting a “red glow,” another a “red cloud,” and a third reporting that “red cover[ed] the sky,” according to the paper published in The Astrophysical Journal Letters. The records correlate with date ranges of 679 BCE to 655 BCE, 677 BCE to 666 BCE, and 679 BCE to 670 BCE, respectively. Assyria might seem too far south to view the aurora, being at approximately the same latitude as North Carolina, but past research shows that the North magnetic pole was much closer to the Middle East in the 7th century BCE (and especially strong solar storms can cause the aurora to move south).

These records seem to correspond to tree ring data and ice core data showing quick increases in radioactive elements associated with solar activity during this time. Obviously they’re just correlations—but perhaps these tablets are the earliest-yet records of intense auroral activity.

The ice core and tree ring data suggest that the 660 BCE storm would have been quite powerful. A blast of particles following a solar flare could have even punched a hole in the ozone layer. It’s one of the strongest candidate solar proton events on record, alongside similar-looking events from 775 CE and a weaker event around 993 CE.

Scientists hope to better understand and eventually be able to predict these storms, since they’d wreak havoc on our electrical infrastructure. And if you’re an ancient Assyrian, surely a red cloud would be a bad, bad omen.

Source gizmodo.com

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Ancient

Archaeological finds associated with the Jewish king Herod

In the vicinity of Hebron is an amazing man-made hill, more than once becoming a place that has kept a large number of historical mysteries. It is as if the unique remains of the royal palace and the ruins of the Byzantine monastery, sunk into the top of the hill, have attracted hundreds of archaeologists for many years with their mystery. These monuments are the embodiment of the amazing fantasy of King Herod the Great, to whom the famous evangelist Matthew attributed terrible atrocities.

Archaeological finds

King Herod was a truly architectural genius who created fantastic buildings. Such buildings 2 thousand years ago were not built either in Rome or its environs. Even modern architects are unlikely to create something like this. And it’s not strange that Herod’s grave was in the mound built by him. Rather, even in a volcano whose crater was built up by its summer palace. To find the mysterious tomb of this king took a lot of time and effort.

The senate hall exploded with applause when Ehud Nazer, the luminaries of the archaeological school of Israel announced his find. The search for the tomb of Judah began in 1972, but there was no grave at the foot of the hill and on top of it. Such a welcome archaeological find was discovered behind a recess in the wall. From there, archaeologists recovered the wreckage of an ancient sarcophagus made of fairly valuable red stone.

Archaeological finds

The sarcophagus itself, like the premises of the mausoleum, were destroyed, probably by those who wanted to settle accounts with the king even after his death. Judging by the fragments of fragments and chips, the building collapsed intentionally, and with great enthusiasm. Thirty-six years of the reign of King Herod were marked by bloody executions and murders. Modern historians have not come to a common solution to the question, for which it was the cruel king who killed innocent people.

He killed Antipath’s own son, more than forty members of the Sanhedrin, as well as his wife Miriam. Before his death, the king went mad and, decaying alive, on the day of his death, issued a decree to kill hundreds of members of famous Jewish families, so that there would be a cry in every house. They hated this king with such force that even the secret mausoleum built by him during his life failed to save his remains.

Archaeological finds

Another find made was associated with the name of Herod. In 2007, archaeologists discovered in the vicinity of Jerusalem an ancient quarry created during the reign of Herod the Great. It was possible to establish the date of the quarry thanks to the ancient fragments of ceramic dishes and coins found here. Such an accidental find allowed scientists to find out where all the same material was extracted for the construction of the Second Temple.

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Some Intriguing Archaeological Findings

There has always been something tempting in archaeology. It’s like watching Sherlock Holmes solve another riddle. The clues are there, underground, they just have to be found and identified correctly

Moreover, archeology has often been accused of “diverting attention” from the work of historians. But, this is not surprising. For example, the discovery of the remains of the body of Richard III in a parking lot in Leicester (Leicester) in 2014, removed many years of academic research.

In this article, we will not address discoveries related to “uncomfortable artifacts”, but we will list some of the strangest scientifically validated archeological discoveries.

Lloyds Bank coprolite

This coprolite ( fossilized human excrement ) was called Lloyds Bank because it was found at the site where a branch of that bank was built in 1972 in the British city of York.

The coprolite was dated to the Viking Age. It’s hard not to feel sorry for the man or woman whose body it came out of. It is huge – 20 cm long and 5 cm wide. It is one of the largest human coprolites discovered in history.

In addition, the wretch suffered from worms, parasitic worms that live in the large intestine. Hundreds of eggs were found in the stool.

However, the study of coprolite gives scientists a unique opportunity to study what the Vikings used to eat when they sailed to conquer England. It turned out that they ate a lot of cereals, in the form of bread and cereals. Currently, this coprolite is stored at the Jorvik Viking Center in York.

Oak bark shield

In 2015, archaeologists working in the British province Leicestershire ( Leicestershire ), find something unique for Europe – a shield from the bark of the Iron Age. The shield was made in the years around 395-255 BC. This turns upside down all the ideas for shields at the time.

Archaeological finds

Prior to this discovery, such shields were thought to be too unreliable and used for training, but not in real battles. But the same shield was worn and survived about 10 years of active use.

When archaeologists try to use the same technology to recreate such a shield from modern crust, it turns out that it is so durable that it can even withstand arrows. At the same time, it was much lighter than a metal shield or traditional wooden.

Buddha in ancient Sweden

Now we all know that the Vikings have not gotten anywhere, even to a future America, including Ireland, Russia, Baghdad and Egypt. However, the findings on the Swedish island of Helgo are very surprising for archaeologists.

In ancient times, Helgo was a large Viking trading village where goods were traded around the world. Somehow, they reached a Buddha statue, as well as an elegant decoration from an Irish church and a spoon from North Africa.

With the decoration and the spoon, everything is clear, but how did the Buddha statue got there? Have the Vikings sailed to India? This figure was Indian, from Kashmir ( Kashmir ).

According to scientists, the statuette was obtained as a result of an exchange with traders from the territory of Russia or the Middle East. Another version takes into account that some Vikings could be hired in other countries and could even visit Constantinople. Maybe they got that statue somewhere out there.

Ancient Egyptian tobacco and cocaine

One of the strangest discoveries of the last 30 years is happening in Munich ( Munich ), Germany, in 1992, when Dr. Svetlana Balabanov explores an Egyptian mummy from Bavaria and conducts a chemical analysis in it’s contained substances.

To her surprise, she finds traces of nicotine (tobacco) and cocaine in the mummy. In ancient Egyptian times, both substances could only be found in America.

Many versions have been suggested about how these substances got into Ancient Egypt and how they ended up in the body of this mummy. Some scientists say that in those years, cocaine-related plants grew in Europe and may have ended up in Egypt.

Other researchers have suggested the ancient Egyptians could have sailed their ships to the Indians of ancient America. For example, they take the maritime voyage of the Egyptian Queen Hatshepsut to the mysterious country of Punt, whose whereabouts have never been established.

There is the fact that the Egyptians had excellent seaports and very large ships. They had a 21-meter-long ship that could carry 200 people.

The Govan Stones

The Govan Stones are one of the most unusual artifacts of ancient Britain. It is believed that they were created in the era of the kingdom of Strathclyde ( Strathclyde ), around 870 AD In the 19th century, when dug from the earth are gathered together, there are 46 of them, but now there are only 31. Others were accidentally destroyed in 1973.

The stones are carved like sarcophagi or coffins found in Cumbria ( Cumbria ), Scotland and Yorkshire ( Yorkshire ). The stones are elaborately decorated with various patterns and images of animals. Each stone weighs half a ton.

Archaeological finds

They are supposed to be used at funerals of nobles and approached by the king. Although where the bodies themselves are, it is not indicated anywhere.

Roman rock inscriptions in Scotland

In the early 200’s AD, the Romans worked stones in a stone quarry in Cumbria, which were used to build the Hadrian’s Wall. In the intervals between labor, they rested, and some of them made messages on the stones.

These inscriptions were first discovered in the early 16th century. They were then reported twice more – in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. At the same time, no inscriptions were given, and by the twentieth century, when scientists began examining them, the inscriptions were badly affected by erosion.

Archaeological finds

In the 1980s, the approaches to the wall where the inscriptions were located collapsed. Now, to see them, it is necessary to decent 9 meters down. Fortunately, in one of the recent dives, archaeologists have made three-dimensional models of these records, which makes it possible to study them.

According to the translations, the Romans simply wrote their names and positions. There was also a caricature of a man, probably their boss, and a penis image.

Orkney Temple

Before the arrival of the Picts ( Pikten ) of the Orkney Islands ( Orkney Islands ), in the northeast of Scotland, they were sparsely populated. Earlier in the Iron Age, there was one of the most developed settlements in Britain and Scotland. The remains found there are still controversial and lively discussions are taking place.

The whole place is officially called Ness of Brodgar, which is a cluster of stone buildings. The largest and most mysterious structure is codenamed “Structure 10”. It was 27 meters long and 20 meters wide. By Iron Age standards, this is a gigantic structure, compared to other structures that were typically 5 meters thick.

Archaeological finds

The records show that the building was built around 3300 BC. This means that this “temple” is more than 5 thousand years old.

Another mystery is that despite the thick walls, the interior of the building was only 6 meters. What was inside, no one knows, maybe some relic. Fragments have been found, which are probably remnants of furniture, but these are just assumptions.

Reconstruction

Another striking detail is the local roofs made of various stone slabs, arranged in rectangles. However, it is difficult to say what the whole complex is. It has been identified by scholars as a temple, but it has not yet been proven that it was a religious site.

The tomb of Philip I Arab in Bulgaria

There are many ancient mounds in the landscape of modern Bulgaria, which look like small neat hills. They are often excavated by treasure hunters (black diggers) who search for rare artifacts and gold treasures. Each year, $ 1 billion worth of artifacts are sold on the black market in Bulgaria.

Because of this, archaeologists are beginning to actively excavate in 2018, discovering the country’s largest mound, Maltepe. Inside, they find something much more valuable than gold – a great burial place since Roman times.

It is now believed that the mausoleum of the Roman emperor Philip I Arab ( Marcus Julius Philippus ), who lived in the 3rd century AD, is also discovered in Bulgaria. Unfortunately, the black diggers also found it. Archaeologists have found their tunnel.

Prof. Kostadin Kisyov leads the Meltepe excavations

Inside the tunnel, coins were found from the time of Suleiman I, i. the tunnel was dug in the 16th century. At the same time, the entire tomb was not searched and archaeologists discovered many coins and pottery. The remains of the emperor himself have not yet been discovered.

The “glue” of the Neanderthals

For a long time it was thought that the Neanderthals ( Homo neanderthalensis ) are a pretty stupid human species and cannot be compared to the Homo sapiens . But recent studies have proven more than once that this is not the case. Including the relatively new discovery that came out in the media in June 2019.

Archaeologists have discovered that Neanderthals used a special “glue” in the manufacture of tools. The substance is made of pine resin and beeswax. The mixture was kept at high temperature, then placed on a wooden or bone handle before fixing a stone on it.

The oldest houses in England

In archeology, during the excavation of the remains of homes, the concept of “national border” appeared. It means the age of the oldest ordinary people’s house. While castles and the various structures of temples have been sustainable for millennia, the homes of ordinary people are usually made of less durable material. These homes rarely survived to be seen in the modern day.

In England, the ‘people’s frontier’ is usually valued at the end of the 17th century. It was believed that the houses built earlier had simply not survived because they had been demolished long ago.

However, a 2013 survey shows that this is a misconception. The houses in Wales and the west of England were built between 1260 and 1550, at least 100 years earlier.

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Ban Continues on Blowing King Tut’s Cursed War-Causing Trumpet

March around the city once with all the armed men. Do this for six days.
Have seven priests carry trumpets of rams’ horns in front of the ark. On the seventh day, march around the city seven times, with the priests blowing the trumpets.
When you hear them sound a long blast on the trumpets, have all the people give a loud shout; then the wall of the city will collapse and the people will go up, every man straight in.
— Book of Joshua

The trumpets of Jericho may be the most famous deadly horns, but others deserve some notoriety as well. The Jericho Trumpets the Nazis attached to their Stuka dive bombers shrieked a sound that terrified their enemies, but those horns also cursed their pilots by adding a 15 miles-per-hour drag that left the planes open to anti-aircraft guns and enemy aircraft.

Another set of horns-with-a-curse are the so-called Tutankhamun’s trumpets – the oldest operational trumpets in the world that also have a link to World War II. After they were blown for the first time in 3,000 years on a 1939 worldwide BBC broadcast, WWII broke out. Not learning from this experience, persons with access to the Tutankhamen’s Trumpets blew them again – in 1967 just prior to the Arab-Israeli war of 1967 and in 1991 before the – you guessed it – first Gulf War.One of these trumpets is now on display at a Tutankhamun exhibit in London’s Saatchi Gallery. Is it being protected by armed guards … guards with no lips?

“The reason we are here, we are celebrating almost 100 years since the time of the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun. It is the first time Egypt allowed this number of artefacts to leave the country … This is the last traveling exhibition of Tutankhamun.”

If this is the last time one of Tut’s trumpets will ever leave Egypt, the temptation to hear its sound is certainly going to be high. Exhibition curator Tariq El Awadi is accompanying it, along with over 150 items from statues to a funerary bed (pictures can be seen here), as “Tutankhamun: Treasures of the Golden Pharaoh,” makes its third stop on a 10-city tour before heading to Australia, Japan, Canada and South Korea. El Awadi assures the fearful that the silver trumpet on display is too fragile to be demonstrated. The other, made of bronze, was stolen from the Cairo museum during a riot in 2011 and mysteriously returned a few months later and is not part of the traveling collection.

“They won’t get cursed at all because we are here just to show the magic and the beauty of Tutankhamun and pronounce his name. Just to say the name of the king you are making the king live because it was very important for the ancient Egyptians to have their names always remembered.”

However, if one wants to hear a recording of that 1939 blast, the BBC preserved it and rebroadcast it in 2011 (it can be heard here with a photo). According to the report, the silver trumpet was played for the first time in 3,000 years by James Tappern of Prince Albert’s Own 11th Royal Hussars regiment at the Cairo museum. During rehearsals, the horn shattered and damaged the player’s finger and Alfred Lewis, a member of Howard Carter’s excavation of Tutankhamun’s tomb in 1922 who had restored the horn, had to be hospitalized upon learning the news.

The silver trumpet was quickly repaired but the curse remained. Five minutes before the live broadcast, power went out in the museum, only to be restored moments before the show. While it was deemed by experts to be too fragile to ever be played again, it’s claimed by many that a staff member at the Egyptian Museum blew into it a week before the Arab-Israeli war and another tried to play it before the 1991 Gulf War. Coincidences or curse?

“The English website then revealed that the sound of Tutankhamun’s trumpet could be heard through the audio guide of Tutankhamun located in London’s exhibition. They added that Dr. Tariq al-Awadi told all visitors that they were on a safe visit to enjoy and witness the charm and beauty of the Golden King.”

You can hear the sound of Tut’s silver trumpet – if you dare — at the BBC site or at the exhibit itself.

Source: Mysterious Universe

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