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Amazing stories about the great floods in the history of mankind

If you think that there was only one great flood in the history of mankind, you are greatly mistaken. There are at least 200 different myths and legends about how water washed away everything in its path.

Surprisingly, in most stories, the cause of the flood is divine intervention. That is, different Gods have repeatedly tried to exterminate all evil and left only a handful of good people who were supposed to revive life on Earth.

1. The legend of Trentren Vilu and Caikai Vilu

This legend came from the mountains from the south of Chile. According to it, there were once two giant snakes – Trentren Vilu and Caikai Vilu. The god of water and the god of earth constantly fought each other. But in the end, after Caikai Vilu flooded most of the Earth, Trentren Vilu defeated it. Of course, there were some losses. But now, off the coast of Chile is a huge number of islands.

2. Unu-Pachacuti

According to the Inca myth, the god Viracocha created a race of giants, but then he was forced to kill all people, because they became unpredictable and uncontrollable.

3. The myth of Deucalion

Deucalion was the son of Prometheus. When Zeus decided to destroy humanity for greed, anger, disobedience, Deucalion begged him to have mercy. But God was determined. Then Deucalion, on the advice of his father, built an ark in which he could feel safe during the attack of the water element. As a result, most of humanity was destroyed. Only Deucalion, his wife, and those who managed to get to the mountains before the flood managed to survive.

4. The Bloody Flood of Väinämöinen

This hero of Finnish mythology was the first to build a boat. After the devil hit him with an axe, the world was buried in the blood of Väinämöinen, and the hero on his own ship went to the lands of Pohjela, where a new page in the history of mankind began.

5. The legend of Tauhaki

In mythology, the Maori Tauhaki caused a flood to destroy his envious and greedy half-brothers. He warned all civilians about the danger and sent them to Mount Hikurangi.

6. Bochica

According to one South American legend, a man named Bochica arrived in Colombia and taught people to take care of themselves on their own, without relying on the will of the gods. He spent a lot of time on help, and his wife did not like it at all. Guyhaka began to pray to the god of water that he would flood the earth and kill all of her rivals. God Chibchacun heard her prayers, but Bochica, climbing the rainbow, with the help of a golden scepter, managed to cope with the elements. Having directed water to safe channels, he managed to save some people, but many still died.

7. Maya Flood

According to Mayan mythology, Huracan, who was subject to winds and storms, caused a flood to punish people who angered the gods. After the flood, seven people were engaged in the restoration of life on Earth – three men and four women.

8. History of the Cameroon Flood

According to legend, the girl was grinding flour at the moment when a goat approached her. The animal wanted to profit. The girl first drove her away, but when the goat returned, she allowed her to eat as much as she wanted. For the kindness shown, the animal warned the girl about the impending flood, and she and her brother managed to escape.

9. The Temum Flood

The Teman people have a legend about how their ancestors died due to the fact that they angered the gods. Only one pair managed to survive, who managed to climb a tree in time.

10. The Niskvalli Flood

In one myth of the Indians, the Puget Sound tells how the population grew so much that people, having eaten all the animals and fish, began to destroy each other. Then a flood was sent to them. Only one pair survived, and they created a new race.

11. The Sumerian Flood

The Sumerians had a chance to survive several floods. One happened due to the fact that the noise created by people did not allow the gods to sleep. Only God Enki took pity on humanity. He warned Zizudra, who managed to build a ship and transported some people to a safe place on it.

12. The flood in the epic of Gilgamesh

Another Sumerian story. Gilgamesh sought the secret of eternal life and met Utnapishtim – a man who recognized this secret. As it turned out, God Enil awarded him immortality because he, having learned of the impending flood, built a boat, loaded his family on it, all his wealth, seeds and set sail. When the flood ceased, he descended on Mount Nisir, where he began to create a new civilization.

13. Noah’s flood

This is the most famous story. People became so evil that God decided to destroy civilization with water. But Noah was instructed to build an ark and assemble his family on it and a pair of each type of animal. The ship sailed for a very long time until an omen appeared in the sky – a rainbow signified the end of the flood.

14. The myth of the Eskimo flood

According to legend, water flooded the whole earth. People ran on rafts and huddled together to warm themselves. Salvation was the wizard An-ozhuy. He threw his bow into the water and ordered the wind to subside. After the abyss swallowed his earrings, the flood stopped.

15. Vainabuzh and the Great Flood

When the world plunged into the darkness of evil, the Creator decided to cleanse the earth with a flood. One of the surviving men was called Vainabuzh. He built a raft for himself and animals and swam, waiting for the end of the flood. But the flood did not stop, then he sent the animals in search of the earth. When Vainabuzh was holding a handful of dirt in his hands, he laid it on the back of a tortoise, which increased in size and became a new world.

16. Bergelmir

In ancient Norse mythology, the sons of Borr killed Imir. There was so much blood that it flooded the world, and the whole race of giants perished. Only Bergelmir and his relatives managed to escape and give life to the new history of the Etuns.

17. Great Yu

With the help of magic mud, a turtle and a dragon, Yu managed to redirect the waters of the Great Flood to canals, lakes and tunnels. So he saved the Chinese empire from destruction.

18. The story of the Korean flood

According to the old Korean myth, a fairy was born to a fairy and a laurel tree. The fairy went to heaven when the boy was small. During the flood, the laurel tree told his son to recover to wander the water. The boy managed to save another boy and grandmother with two granddaughters. All other people died from the flood, but these two couples managed to revive life on earth.

19. Burmese flood

During a great flood, a man named Popou Nan-chown and his sister Changko managed to escape on a boat. They took nine roosters and nine needles with them. Every day after the rain stopped, people threw overboard a cock and a needle to check if the water was sleeping. Only on the last, ninth day, the rooster began to sing and you could hear the needle hit the rock. Then the couple came down to earth.

20. Nüwa

This goddess from Chinese mythology saved the world during the flood by collecting colorful stones, melting them and covering holes in heaven through which water poured on the earth. After this, Nüwa chopped off the legs of a huge turtle and placed a firmament on them.

Nyuiva – creator of human beings

Nuiva is the creator of human beings. Illustration: S. M. Jan / The Epoch Times

In China, there is an ancient legend, which states that all human beings, including the Chinese, were created by Nuiva. The first people created by Nuiva from the mud were the same as puppets – toys without life, thoughts and movements. Nuiva was dissatisfied with this, and decided to breathe her magic breath into these puppets and give them a soul. Thus, they became living human beings.

But these people lacked wisdom, as well as the ability to survive in harsh conditions. They did not know how to control their emotions and had no idea what was happening in their environment. They had no logic or worldview, and they were very vulnerable. When the first people became extinct, Nuiva had to make another group of people. This extra work was very tiring and took a lot of time.

Nuiva has given human beings wisdom. The goddess created musical instruments for them, taught music, songs and dances. And then people became able to express their feelings through singing and dancing. Since then, they have been able to control themselves and enrich their lives.

To continue the human race, Nuiva created a concept such as the relationship of the sexes, so that man and woman live together and give birth to children, who would be the next generation of people.

Gradually, people came to understand how to behave and live in harmony with themselves and nature. Human history, culture, and other aspects of life began to develop and gradually spread. Gradually, their primitive life became more versatile, and people moved on to a more civilized way of life.

In the West, they speak of a similar story: God created Adam and Eve – the progenitors of mankind. Based on eastern and western myths, we can talk about a common idea: people were created by God.

21. Hopi Flood

The Hopi tribe has a myth about a spider woman who weaved a giant web so that people could escape from the flood on it.

22. Manu and Matsya

A fish sailed to Manu and asked him to save it. He placed it in a jug, in which the fish soon started grow bigger. Then Manu carried it into the river, but it continued to grow. Only when it was in the ocean did the fish discover itself as Vishnu. God warned Manu about the flood and ordered him to build an ark on which all kinds of plants and animals would be saved.

23. Flood in Saanich

Local residents were sure that if you follow all the rules of the Creator, you can receive a blessing. But once, people disobeyed the teachings, for which they were punished by the flood.

24. Vali flood

A monster called Afanc sent a great flood to the earth. Only one couple survived who survived on the ship.

25. Kenesh and the Comox people

The Comox people have a story about an old man who warned of a flood, coming in dreams. Collectively, people built a canoe and prepared to escape. The rain began right on time – as the old man predicted. Water was arriving. Suddenly, like a huge white whale, a glacier appeared. Soon after, the flood ceased.

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Ancient

Figures of mysterious creatures found in 10,000-year-old graves in Jordan

Photo: Kharaysin archaeological team / Antiquity Publications Ltd

When excavating in Jordan, an international team from the Kharaysin archaeological team research project discovered dozens of strange Neolithic figures who were in burials about 10 thousand years old.

An article about this discovery is published in Antiquity magazine. Figurines are found which date from the middle of the ninth millennium BC. This era is known as the Early Neolithic. At that time, iconography was just beginning to spread in the Middle East. New research will help to understand how it developed.

The burials mentioned above are located on the archaeological site of Haraisin in the Zarka River Valley. A group of archaeologists from Spain, France and the UK worked there. It was led by Dr. Juan José Ibáñez.

“We were digging burial grounds, a cemetery,” Ibáñez said. “We know very well the tools that were made in that period.”

Discovered artifacts look like flint tools of ancient people. However, most of these items were found in burials, which is not typical of flint tools. Scientists have suggested that artifacts were sacred. That is, they were deliberately laid in the graves along with the deceased during funeral rituals.

The artifacts were carefully analyzed. As a result, the researchers saw them as “human forms.” The upper pair of recesses is a narrowing to indicate the neck, and the lower one to indicate the waist. A similar “violin-shaped contour” was previously observed in two figures of the same period, found in Haraisin and made of fired clay. This indicates that artifacts are Neolithic figurines. Who exactly did they represent?

“When one of the team members first suggested that artifacts are figurines depicting people, we were skeptical,” says Ibáñez. However, the team has since been convinced that these are images of people, although rude. “They made two notches on one side, one probably representing the neck and the other representing the thigh.”

There is a version that these were primitive images of deities. In subsequent periods of time, the practice of making anthropomorphic figures of deities became widespread. For example, in Europe during the excavations, “Venus” figures were found more than once, whose age was estimated at thousands of years.

Perhaps the statuettes found in Jordan were the result of the first attempts to create divine sculptures. By the way, all the Neolithic figurines found by this mission have various shapes and sizes.

In their article, the authors write that artifacts could be cult objects, including “vehicles of magic,” which were used in rituals. But they pay attention to the fact that some of the finds were made not in the graves, but in ordinary pits.

It is possible that these figurines were for some reason thrown away. For example, they could be thrown out after the rite is completed. Or they were simply rejected. There is one more explanation – the figures could be used as children’s toys or as visual exhibits when teaching rituals.

The discovery also proves that “psychological and social shifts” occurred in people upon transition to a sedentary lifestyle and farming. In particular, they probably had ideas about the afterlife.

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Ancient

Who are the Guanches? How isolation did not save civilization

For many years, the origin of the Canaries of the Guanches remained a mystery. A mystical suggestion was made that they could be descendants of the legendary Atlanteans.

Who are the Guanches?

The subtropical climate of the Canary Islands, the southernmost region of Spain, attracts crowds of holidaymakers. Last year, the Canaries were visited by 15 million tourists. In the V century BC e. the Roman writer Pliny the Elder wrote about deserted islands with the ruins of large structures. However, not all seven islands were empty. Archaeological finds indicate that from about the middle of the first millennium BC, the Phoenicians and Punians arrived here. The Carthaginians periodically explored the Canary Islands. And only after the 4th century AD e. the guanches, who knew nothing about shipbuilding and navigation, were completely isolated.

Long before the arrival of the first Spanish settlers in the 1470s, another civilization flourished in the Canary Islands. The islanders called themselves Guanches, Guachinec or Guachinet, which translated means “man of Tenerife.” The written evidence of the Guanches dated 1150 reached the King of Sicily Roger II in a book written by Arabian geographer Muhammad al-Idrisi, “Entertainment of the Exhausted in Traveling by Region”.

Fair-haired and blue-eyed, they were strikingly different from the native inhabitants of North Africa , to which the expanse of the Atlantic Ocean stretched. The natives were taller than the Castilians of that time (tall men (165 – 171 cm) and women whose average height reached 160 cm). Even the shade of their skin was lighter than that of the then Spaniards.

The language, despite some similarities with the Berber-Libyan languages, also differed from them. It was even more surprising that the Guanches could talk to each other, only moving their lips or issuing a whistle that they understood and answered from long distances.

The mystery of the origin of the guanches

The origin of the Guanches has long been an object of discussion between archaeologists and historians. According to some assumptions, they were descendants of the Celts or the Vikings. The most daring suggested that they could be descendants of the mythical inhabitants of the sunken Atlantis. Hypotheses were expressed about the similarity of Aborigines with Cro-Magnons.

A study of the DNA of the ancient mummies preserved on the islands in 2019 showed that the Guanches are most likely Berbers from North Africa, who arrived there around 100 AD. e. or even earlier.

The question of how the Guanches reached the archipelago remains open. According to one theory, the people of Tenerife crossed the ocean in small boats and landed on the islands of Lanzarote and Fuerteventura. The number of potential settlers also remains a subject of scientific debate, but studies show that 14 pairs would be enough to populate the archipelago.

Guanche culture

As archaeological finds show, the Guanches were organized into a tribal society under the leadership of leaders. They were engaged in agriculture, hunting and gathering, their diet included:

  • milk;
  • goat meat;
  • pork
  • fruits.

Mostly they threw on goatskirts woven from the leaves of cattail, goat skins. They lived in natural caves or simple stone houses with a low ceiling .

The guanches adapted their caves and grottoes for use as storages and temples. Some of these structures have survived to the present day and point to the advanced astronomical knowledge of this people. Holes in the walls of the caves let sunlight into certain places at different times of the year, marking the dates of the solstice and equinox.

One of the most noteworthy of these structures is the Risco Caído . This is a settlement consisting of 21 caves, which were hollowed out in volcanic tuff about a hundred meters above the Barraco Hondo River on the island of Gran Canaria. It is believed that this place was used as a storehouse for grain, a temple and an astronomical observatory. Sunlight and moonlight penetrate the cave holes, which illuminate the symbolic paintings on the walls. In 2019, Risco Caído became the first UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Canary Islands.

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Ancient

Traces of the great shocks of the past – nuclear ruins and star wars of antiquity

Scientists often say that modern civilization is threatened with death as a result of a global war using weapons of mass destruction. What is curious, ancient epics and archaeological finds sometimes testify in favor of the fact that something similar has already happened on our planet.

Glass fields

The land of ancient Egypt is full of mysteries. And they are associated not only with the pyramids and burials in the Valley of the Kings. One of these mysteries is associated with huge fields of fossil green glass, spread over hundreds of square kilometers in the Libyan desert, near the Saad Plateau in the border area of ​​Libya, Egypt and Sudan, where the dunes of the Great Sandy Sea stretch.

Some pieces of this glass of natural origin weigh up to 26 kilograms, but most are much smaller and resemble fragments of a giant green bottle.

For the first time this natural glass in the form of small glass pebbles was found in the Libyan Desert as far back as 1816, but became widely known after Patrick Clayton, an employee of the Egyptian Geological Herald, saw the glass fields themselves.

200 kilometers away from these deposits. numerous pieces of the same glass were found, along with spearheads made of it, axes and other tools that were in use among the ancient inhabitants of the area. Some of the products are about 100 thousand years old.

Ancient Egyptians knew about these deposits. Not only they knew, but also used for their own purposes, for example, for the production of jewelry. So, the scarab beetle, one of the elements of the famous necklace of the pharaoh Tutankhamun, discovered by Howard Carter during excavations in the Valley of the Kings, is skillfully carved from volcanic glass. Where did it come from in the desert?

It is well known that the transformation of sand into glass occurs as a result of heat treatment. The temperature is required high, the sand melts at 1700 ° C, so that matches and brushwood can not do here. What heat source will be required to turn hundreds of tons of sand into glass?

There are several theories about this. According to one, for example, the whole cause of fulgurites is sand, sintered from a lightning strike, whose electric charge is enough to melt it.

However, it is completely incomprehensible how the dunes of the Libyan Desert pulled so many lightning bolts. According to another theory, the originator of the formation of deposits of glass is a meteorite that exploded over the desert in time immemorial.

Many scientists agree that the reason for the appearance of glass in the desert was the invasion of a hundred-meter asteroid into the atmosphere, rushing at a speed of 20 kilometers per hour. This would perhaps be an impeccable explanation, if not for one “but”: on the surface of the Great Sand Sea there is neither an impact crater, nor its traces.

Meanwhile, back in the 1940s, after testing a nuclear bomb in the state of New Mexico in the United States, desert sands also turned into molten green glass. Is it possible to conclude on this basis that the glazed sands of the Libyan desert appeared under similar circumstances, only over 100 thousand years ago, as a result of a nuclear bombardment, after which the Sahara desert occupied most of North Africa?

Mohenjo Daro – Radioactive Ruins

In 1922, the Indian archaeologist R. Banardji discovered the ruins of an ancient city in the Indus Valley. Excavations showed that it was flawlessly planned and equipped with plumbing and sewage systems that are superior to those used in India and Pakistan today.

The ancient city received the name Mohenjo-Daro. Among its ruins were found scattered fused pieces of clay, which at one time under the influence of high temperature turned into black glass. An analysis of the samples, carried out at the University of Rome and then at the laboratory of the National Council for Research of Italy, showed that the fusion occurred at 1500 ° C.

Such an ancient temperature could have been obtained in the furnace of a metallurgical workshop, but not in a vast open area. Moreover, archaeologists drew attention to one gloomy feature of the ancient city.

After carefully examining the ruins, they came to the conclusion that the degree of destruction of buildings and structures decreases as they move away from the city center or, rather, the epicenter of the explosion, which completely swept away individual quarters.

The skeletons found among the ruins suggested that death found people suddenly. Finally, the bones, as it turned out over the years, were radioactive.

The mysterious and ominous picture found an explanation only after the Americans during the Second World War launched nuclear attacks on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The same eerie pictures of destruction were observed there. So did Mohenjo Daro die in a nuclear strike?

Witness of the Mahabharata

The Sanskrit texts of the ancient Indian epic Mahabharata, consisting of 18 books and numbering over 200,000 verses, which is seven times more than Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey, contain information about religion, worldview, customs, history of ancient India, as well as legends about her gods and heroes.

A significant part of the epic is devoted to the description of hostilities involving gods, demigods, and people. Researchers believe that these events relate to the semi-legendary history of the invasion of Hindustan from the north by the Aryan tribes, pushing the indigenous inhabitants – Dravids – into the southern part of the peninsula.

However, among the episodes of ancient battles that were common for those times, there are also detailed scenes in which it is easy to recognize the use of … artillery, rockets, combat aircraft, locators, smoke screens, poisonous gases and even nuclear weapons.

For example, in Dronaparva, one of the books of Mahabharata, the battle is described, during which explosions of shells, like huge fireballs, cause storms and storms, incapacitate entire armies.

As a result of these explosions, many enemy warriors, together with weapons, fighting elephants and horses, fly up in the air and are carried away by a powerful whirlwind, like dry leaves from trees.

This text also describes the process of the emergence of a mushroom cloud characteristic of a nuclear explosion. It is compared to the opening of a giant umbrella. After these explosions, the food became poisoned, and the surviving people fell ill.

Symptoms of the disease exactly corresponded to the main signs of radiation sickness – people had bouts of vomiting, hair and nails fell out, and then death occurred.

In Indian epics, ancient planes are also described in detail – flying vimaana cars. In the book of Samarangan Sutradharan, various types of vimanas are compared among themselves, the advantages and disadvantages of each variety are mentioned, flight characteristics, landing methods are given.

Particular attention is paid to the characteristics of structural materials such as wood, light metals and their alloys. Also referred to are materials used to create a driving force. Strange as it may seem, mercury is among the latter.

Star Wars Antiquity

A.V. Koltypin in his work “The Earth’s Disappeared Dwellers” draws attention to the fact that in the Mahabharata, Bha-gavata-purana, Vishnu-purana and other ancient Indian texts space travel on airplanes is repeatedly described by gods, demons, heroes and various mythical creatures.

“Chitraketu, the lord of the Vidyadharas (demigod class, good air spirits. – Ed.), Went on a journey through the vast expanses of the universe … on his dazzlingly shining aerial ship …”, “Rushing through space, Maharaja Dhurva saw all the planets one after another. I saw the solar system on the way of the demigods in the chariots of the heavens … “,” So Maharaja Dhurva passed the seven planetary systems of the great sages known as sapta-rishi … “,” A descendant of the Kuru dynasty, King Vasu could travel outside the Earth in the upper regions of our Universe , and therefore, in those distant times, he became famous under the name of Upari-chara, “Wandering through the higher worlds.”

One of the episodes of Mahabharata tells how the great warrior Arjuna, after the battle with the underwater inhabitants of the nivatakavachs, returned to heaven on his flying amphibian chariot and discovered a city flying in space:

“On the way back, I saw another huge and amazing city that could move where whatever. He shone like fire or the sun. ” In this flying city called Hiranyapur, there were Danavan demons (daityas). Arjuna was ordered to smash them. Noticing the approach of his aircraft, the dans began to fly out of the city in their celestial chariots – well, exactly the “Star Wars” by George Lucas! Then Arjuna “a powerful avalanche of weapons … blocked this formidable stream. He awed them, plowing the battlefield with a chariot, and … the Danavas smashed each other.”

Subjected to a powerful attack from Arjuna, the Danavians lifted their flying city into the air. Then Arjuna “with a powerful shower of arrows … blocked the daitians and tried to stop their movement.

The gift of the daityas was directed wherever they wanted, this heavenly, floating in the air, marvelously sparkling city, moving at will: it either went underground, then rose again, then quickly moved to the side, then plunged into the water. ” Ultimately, Arjuna hit the heavenly city with iron arrows, so similar to modern kinetic ammunition. And when the 60 thousand surviving demons rushed to Arjuna in their flying chariots, he incinerated them with a weapon called Raudra, obviously a kind of nuclear weapon.

So, the findings of archaeologists and ancient epics really testify to the fact that a long time ago on our planet and even in outer space unbelievable wars raged with the use of the most advanced weapons. And it is very likely that such events happened repeatedly.

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