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Conspiracy Theories

After 7 Years of Deceptions About Assange, the US Readies for Its First Media Rendition

  • The Facts:A document published by Wikileaks clearly implies that the United States had a “secret” base on the Moon that was destroyed by Russia. It’s one of many interesting documents that suggest strange things are and have been happening on the Moon.
  • Reflect On:Is our world really as it’s been presented? There are millions of pages of documents that are classified by multiple countries every single year, how is it possible to really determine what’s going on behind the scenes? Why does secrecy rule?

The Assange arrest is scandalous in several respects, and one of them is the effort of governments, and it’s not just the US government… The efforts to silence a journalist who was producing materials that people in power didn’t want the rascal multitude to know about… That’s basically what happened. Wikileaks was producing things that people ought to know about those in power, people in power don’t like that. So therefore we have to silence it. – Noam Chomsky (source)

*Note from author: I recently published an article that goes into detail about what Julian Assange’s arrest tells us about our world.

The idea that something strange may be happening on the Moon is not far fetched at all. In fact, given all of the information that’s now available within the public domain on the subject, it’s hard to see how it’s not a fact. We’ll get to some of that information later in this article; but first, let’s draw our attention to a strange Wikileaks document titled, “Report That UR Destroyed Secret Moon Base.”

Unfortunately, the document is not an electronic document, therefore access to its full contents is not available online. For anybody truly interested in reading the entire thing, a Freedom of Information Act Request (FOIA) may be in order.

Without speculating here, we can conclude that this is what it says it is, a report regarding possible space wars that are taking place in the classified world. The document title alone not only exposes the reality of these alleged wars, but the possibility of a “Secret Moon Base” belonging to the United States that apparently was in operation until it was destroyed by “UR.” (Soviet Union)

You can view it in the Wikileaks archive here.

So, what other information exists, besides this document, showing that something strange is and has been happening on the Moon? There’s a lot of information, so it’s hard to know where to begin.

First of all, the idea of bases on the Moon have been an open discussion within the government for a long time, although the information isn’t easy to find, but it’s definitely out there. A document from the government’s own publishing office is a great example. It clearly shows one of the goals of the United States government is to build a base on the Moon, and this is as far back as 1966. (source)

A portion of the document reads, with reference to presidents Kennedy and Johnson in a statement by HON. George P. Miller:

I also believe that we can and will achieve the goal set by Presidents Kennedy and Johnson: a manned landing on the moon before 1970. My own confidence in our rapidly advancing science and technology is such that I can visualize many more dramatic achievements ahead, although I will fix no timetable for them. 1. The exploration of the lunar surface, and possibly the establishment of one or more permanent bases there.

Furthermore, decades old documents have been declassified discussing this topic, showing just how serious and far possible advancements with these intentions have gone.

Take a look at the screen shot below, taken from the CIA electronic reading room in the form of a memorandum that was addressed to the CIA director regarding “Military Thought (Top Secret)” by Lieutenant General Korenevskiy.

The document above really goes into detail regarding the importance of weaponizing space. This brings to mind another document from Wikileaks, in the form of an email that was sent to politician John Podesta from Dr. Edgar Mitchell, Apollo 14 astronaut, and Dr. Carol Rosin. It reads as follows:

Dear John, Because the War in Space race is heating up, I felt you should be aware of several factors as you and I schedule our Skype talk. Remember, our nonviolent ETI from the contiguous universe are helping us bring zero point energy to Earth. They will not tolerate any forms of military violence on Earth or in space. The following information in italics was shared with me by my colleague Carol Rosin, who worked closely for several years with Wernher von Braun before his death. Carol and I have worked on the Treaty on the Prevention of the Placement of Weapons in Outer Space, attached for your convenience.

A declassified report by the Air Force Nuclear Weapons Center from June 1959 shows just how seriously they considered a plan called Project A119. In general, they wanted to investigate the capability of weapons in space as well as gain further insight into the space environment and the detonation of nuclear devices within it.

Interesting to say the least, but it’s important to recognize the intentions behind the letter, and that is the recognition that humans have brought and will continue to bring their destructive ways into space by weaponizing it or attempting to weaponize it.

With all of this documentation, it’s also interesting to look into witness testimonies from credible sources.

In the 1950s, Colonel Ross Dedrickson was responsible for maintaining the inventory of the nuclear weapon stockpile for the AEC, and for accompanying security teams testing the security of the weapons, among many other duties. When it comes to weaponizing space, which is clearly outlined within multiple documents linked above, this is what he had to say:

“I also learned about incidents involving nuclear weapons, and among these incidents were a couple of nuclear weapons sent into space that were destroyed by the extraterrestrials… At the very end of the 70s and the early 80s, we attempted to put a nuclear weapon on the Moon and explode it for scientific measurements and other things, which was not acceptable to the extraterrestrials. They destroyed the weapon before it got to the Moon.” (source)

Dedrickson is one of hundreds of whistleblowers with verified, credible and impressive backgrounds to speak up about an extraterrestrial presence. In that same interview, he went on to state that:

A spacecraft went to the rescue of Apollo 13, and they accompanied Apollo 13 on their voyage around the Moon back to Earth. And on two occasions they thought they might have to transfer the crew to their spacecraft, but they saw them safely back to Earth.

This may explain why several astronauts have also been quite outspoken about an extraterrestrial presence, like Edgar Mitchell, Brian O’Leary, Story Musgrave, Gordon Cooper and many others.

Another document from 1965 regarding the CIA keeping tabs on Soviet space plans reads as follows:

Keep in mind, this was more than 50 years ago.

Below is an interesting quote from Carl Sagan:

It is not out of the question that artifacts of these visits still exist, or even that some kind of base is maintained (possibly automatically) within the solar system to provide continuity for successive expeditions. Because of weathering and the possibility of detection and interference by the inhabitants of the Earth, it would be preferable not to erect such a base on the Earth’s surface. The Moon seems one reasonable alternative. Forthcoming high resolution photographic reconnaissance of the Moon from space vehicles – particularly of the back side – might bear these possibilities in mind. (source)

George Leonard’s 1976 book, Somebody Else is on the Moon, and Fred Steckling’s 1981 book, We Discovered Alien Bases on The Moon, also come to mind when discussing this subject.

Members of the Society For Planetary SETI Research (SPSR) recently published a paper in the Journal of Space Exploration about certain features on the far side of the Moon that appear in the crater Paracelsus C. Titled “Image Analysis of Unusual Structures on the Far Side of the Moon in the Crater Paracelsus C,” it argues that these features might be artificial in origin.

The study makes a great point when it comes to the extraterrestrial hypothesis:

A decidedly conservative mainstream scientific establishment often rejects anomalies based on subject matter alone, i.e., there cannot be alien artifacts on the moon because there are no alien artifacts on the moon (or other planets). Such a view is an example of circular reasoning, based on the belief that extraterrestrials do not exist, or if they do exist that they could not have traveled to our solar system.

The truth is, “there is abundant evidence that we are being contacted, that civilizations have been visiting us for a very long time.” – Dr. Brian O’Leary, former NASA astronaut and Princeton Physics Professor (source)

When it comes to the Moon, man-made bases may not be the only ones there.

As far as our own bases are concerned, Karl Wolfe, who was a precision electronics photograph technician at Langley Air Force Base, became well-known when he provided his testimony at National Press Club in Washington, D.C. as part of Dr. Steven Greer’s disclosure project.(source)

Wolfe’s testimony revealed that he was taken into a dark room where images from NASA’s Lunar Orbiter were being developed and stitched together into composite images called “mosaics.”

“They were doing 35 mm strips of film at the time which were then assembled into 18 ½ x 11 mosaics. Those strips were from successive passes around the Moon and they would build up a photograph ,” Wolfe said.(source)

“We walked over to one side of the lab and he said, ‘By the way, we’ve discovered a base on the backside of the moon.’”

Dr. John Brandenburg, the Deputy Manager of the Clementine Mission to the Moon, which was part of a joint space project between the Ballistic Missile Defence Organization (BMDO) and NASA, has also made some fascinating revelations. The mission discovered water at the Moon’s poles in 1994 (Source: page 16 of 18)(source)(source). But, according to Dr. Brandenburg, the Clementine Mission had an ulterior agenda:

“The Clementine Mission was a photo reconnaissance mission basically to check out if someone was building bases on the Moon that we didn’t know about. Were they expanding them?… Of all the pictures I’ve seen from the Moon that show possible structures, the most impressive is a picture of a miles-wide recto-linear structure. This looked unmistakably artificial, and it shouldn’t be there. As somebody in the space defence community, I look on any such structure on the Moon with great concern because it isn’t ours, there’s no way we could have built such a thing. It means someone else is up there.” (Quote from the documentary, “Aliens on the Moon.”)

Related Articles

There are other strange facts about our Moon that’ve been pointed out by some very credible sources. I go into more detail regarding the actual structure of the Moon and what it is as well as the evidence suggesting it could be artificially made in the article linked below:

Multiple Scientists Publish Papers Suggesting The Moon Is Hollow & Artificially Made

Welcome To The World of Secrecy

A Michigan State University economist teamed up with multiple researchers, including Catherine Austin Fitts, former assistant secretary of Housing and Urban Development. They found trillions of unaccounted for dollars missing from housing & D.O.D and going towards black budget programs. You can read more about that here.

We are talking about Special Access Programs (SAP). We have unacknowledged and waived SAPs. These programs do not exist publicly, but they do indeed exist. They are better known as ‘deep black programs.’ A 1997 US Senate report described them as “so sensitive that they are exempt from standard reporting requirements to the Congress.” (source)

I am mentioning this stuff because, whatever is happening with regards to the Moon, you can bet that it’s being funded by trillions of dollars from within these deep black budget programs. These are our tax dollars hard at work.

We don’t really hear about black budget programs, or about people who have actually looked into them.  However, the topic was discussed in 2010 by Washington Post journalists Dana Priest and William Arkin. Their investigation lasted approximately two years and concluded that America’s classified world has:

Become so large, so unwieldy and so secretive that no one knows how much money it costs, how many people it employs, how many programs exist within it or exactly how many agencies do the same work. (source)

CE founder Joe Martino recently went deep into this subject on an episode of CETV, it will be airing soon!

The Takeaway

Our world is not how it’s been presented. Many subjects once and that still are deemed as a “conspiracy” are clearly not a conspiracy. Strange things happening on the moon and UFOs, for example, are one of several great examples.

It’s OK to explore these things, but it’s vital that we examine good sources and present good sources when we do so.

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Conspiracy Theories

CIA Simulated UFO Abductions in Latin America as Part of Psychological Warfare Experiments

Throughout history, the field of ufology and research related to the extraterrestrial life hypothesis has always been filled with misinformation. Those who are deeply immersed in ufology are very well aware of this, since there is a lot of information that “outsiders” from the special services and government organizations infiltrated this area in order to deceive researchers and people interested in this topic for one simple reason – to prevent them from getting closer to the truth.

Along with all the disinformation campaigns that seem to exist to this day, there has long been an “official campaign of ridicule and silence” (Roscoe Hellenketer, former CIA director) associated with this topic. This is why all readers interested in such questions need to be extra vigilant and stick to facts, data and evidence, and not “swallow” any wild nonsense that cannot be verified.

In this context, the figure of Dr. Jacques Vallee, who holds a master’s degree in astrophysics and a PhD in computer science, deserves special attention. In his book Forbidden Science 4, he explains how he got hold of documents showing that forced UFO abductions were carried out by the CIA as part of a series of “scientific” experiments involving psychological warfare.

The topic of UFO first attracted his attention as an astronomer during the years of his life in Paris. Subsequently, he became an active participant in the Blue Book project by J. Allen Heinek and himself wrote several books on the UFO mystery. He is currently a venture capitalist based in San Francisco. Vallee is one of many who have described and documented astounding evidence of how carefully crafted hoaxes in the media have misled UFO researchers, distracting them from the phenomenon itself and from what really happened.

In one of his most recent books, Forbidden Science 4, he shares the results of a private investigation of the unexplained phenomena of the last decade of the 20th century, during which he traveled around the world doing his job as a high-tech investor. The book is a kind of diary, which documents his impressions and meetings with people that took place in the study of this phenomenon.

In an entry dated Thursday, March 26, 1992, Vallee writes: “I obtained a document confirming that the CIA simulated UFO abduction in Latin America, namely Brazil and Argentina, as part of psychological warfare experiments. In an earlier episode, he mentions one of his many conversations with Ron Blackburn.

For example, an April 16, 1990 entry reads: “At lunch with Colonel Blackburn (BBC) at the Gatehouse restaurant in Palo Alto, he revealed that the Secret Onion group was formed back in 1985 at a secret think tank based in the Skunk Works, a division of Lockheed. Colonel John Alexander brought him a list of people in the inner circle. They divided the world into layers according to the degree of trust and ability.

Interestingly, Colonel John Alexander writes about Blackburn in his book UFOs, Myths, Conspiracies and Reality: “Among the people I met was Dr. Ron Blackburn, who was then at the Skunk Works in Burbank.

It was he who first asked me if I had ever heard of the infamous Area 51. In the early eighties, this object was still not widely known even among the military, let alone the general public, although it functioned for a long time … among the spheres representing a common interest for Blackburn and me were UFOs. We discussed many options related to who could lead research in this area.

We both came to the conclusion that there is some organization, perhaps in the US Air Force, that is at the helm. But we both recognized that whoever led the effort, there must be inter-agency coordination. We were well aware of all the most common rumors. In particular, we assumed that the Roswell UFO story was authentic, unlike the others.

In an entry dated May 4, 1990, Vallee writes about Blackburn:

“I am convinced the government is working on UFOs,” he told me. What is the likelihood that some bystanders will be fooled by the special effects designed for psychological warfare? – I objected. What do you think of incidents like those at Bentwaters in the UK or Cergy-Pontoise in France? “They’re pretty good,” he admitted. “Suppose you shine an infrared laser into people’s eyes for a week. This will not do them much harm, but it can cause a hallucinatory state. Experiments have been carried out where microwave beams were sent through someone’s brain in order to capture the induced energy pattern. Thus, you can influence people, even make them hear certain sounds. Holograms were also used in the experiments.”

This is just one of the many examples and evidence that many researchers point to when making assumptions about staged kidnappings that occurred for unknown reasons, and this continues to this day.

However, this is not surprising when you consider the methods of mass consciousness control developed by the CIA under programs like MK ultra and their desire to manipulate public opinion on a variety of topics. In addition, the remnants of surprise will dissipate if you look into the world of black budgets, which is much more developed than the open world when it comes to the development of modern technology.

Dr. David Jacobs, a former university professor, is one of many experts who have hypnotized people who claimed to be victims of alien abduction. Thousands of people, he said, have told the same story. They talked about forced fertilization and also about “hybrid babies” and the like. Could it be that many of the abduction experiments are simply deeply classified black projects run by secret organizations working for governments? We now know that this is quite possible. Are they all like that?

There are stories that have been circulating for many years without any intelligible evidence. For example, the idea that President Eisenhower made a deal with some extraterrestrial groups, that they can abduct a certain number of people for experiments in exchange for technology. Given that the violent abductions may have been military operations, the fact of this alleged meeting raises serious doubts.

Vallee writes in his book:

“This can explain the fact that there are a number of people who claim to have had experience with alien beings, but this experience was not associated with abductions, but rather simply with contact. Remember, the key point is that we are talking about human-alien contact, not abduction, which is often quite aggressive and intimidating to people.

I’ve been working in this field for over ten years now, and the more I learn, the more I have to consider alternative versions. I wrote this article after being informed that many kidnapping cases could be military operations, but I did not mention it. I have come across material from many researchers who interviewed abductees, and judging from their experience, there is also some kind of military component, or the feeling that the military personnel looks like “aliens”.

Vallee’s book also mentions a figure like Richard Doty, a retired Air Force Special Investigation Officer (AFSIO), whose job it was to spread disinformation about UFOs. This, in principle, is not a big secret, and Doty openly admitted that he penetrated the circles of ufological activists together with his colleagues in order to feed exotic lovers and journalists with lies and half-truths so that they never get to the real truth.

Reliable information about cases of eye contact, rescuing victims of plane crashes and contacts with “aliens” exists and can be studied. However, it is clear that there is also a mass of misinformation and ridiculous statements, as well as charlatans spreading lies and fake stories in order to make money, or perhaps agents like Doty who divert attention from the truth.

Despite all of the above, the fact remains.

“There is a serious likelihood that we are visited, and for many years, some beings from outer space, representatives of other civilizations. This should be the subject of rigorous scientific research, and not “rubbed out” by tabloid newspapers “- said Lord Admiral Hill-Norton, former Chief of Defense Staff, 5-star admiral of the Royal Navy, chairman of the NATO Military Committee.

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Conspiracy Theories

New declassified Pentagon UFO data: 75th anniversary of MK Ultra brainwashing project

Most people are aware of a brainwashing operation funded by the US CIA and British MI6 called Project MK Ultra, which was launched in 1953. However, few people realize the connection between the MK Ultra and the global UFO craze that gained momentum during the Cold War.

Although UFO research has been funded by the governments of the United States and Great Britain since 1947, it was initially conducted separately, under the Project Sign (1947) and Project Grudge (1949) programs.

Only in 1950, in both countries, were established official departments, funded by taxpayers, to carry out scientific research on topics related, in one way or another, to unidentified flying objects.

This research took the form of Project Blue Book (1952), which in turn was modeled after the 1950 British “Flying Saucer Working Group” led by Sir Henry Tizard, Chief Research Officer of the Department of Defense and Chairman of the Defense Research Committee of the British Parliament. …

In her book The Shock Doctrine, journalist Naomi Klein writes that Tizard played a leading role in the creation and financing of the MK Ultra project during a high-level meeting in Montreal. A Wikipedia article on Tizard reads:

“One of the most controversial meetings he had to attend as chairman of the national defense research committee took place, as it turned out many years later, when a number of CIA documents were declassified, on June 1, 1951 in the Ritz-Carlton in Montreal. It was attended by Tizard, Omond Solandt (Chairman of the Canadian Department of Defense Research and Development) and representatives of the CIA, and the main topic was the technology of manipulating public consciousness, or, more simply, brainwashing. “

It was this meeting in the Ritz-Carlton that laid the foundation for the MK Ultra project, which was developed not only for research in the field of brainwashing, but also in “related” fields of science: for example, within the framework of one of the directions, the drug LSD was created, and the other group dealt with the issue of cleaning the human mind to a state of blank slate with the obvious intention of then reconstructing consciousness from scratch.

As Naomi Klein eloquently shows in her book, the US and British authorities had intentions to use these discoveries on a national scale, that is, to arrange “shock therapy” for entire nations. It is about destroying cultures and purifying the historical memory of nations, depriving them of traditions, in order to further reconstruct public consciousness under the rule of post-national state formations with the ideology of post-truth, fit into a single liberal world order.

Although the MK Ultra program was funded and operated primarily by Americans, the operation has always been led by the Tavistock Clinic, a London-based mental health foundation.

It is quite possible to imagine that the very fact of the allocation of government funds for the research of flying saucers was enough to “legitimize” the existence of these saucers and their inhabitants, that is, aliens, in the mass consciousness of Europeans and Americans during the Cold War.

The military-industrial complex and the world of secret patents, secret weapons, secret research and development, which developed during this period at such closed facilities as Area-51 (a remote division of Edwards Air Force Base) in Nevada, made frequent cases of observation of unexplained celestial phenomena. civilians and even military pilots (not burdened with a nondisclosure agreement) are almost commonplace.

In her book, Uncensored Zone 51, published in 2012, journalist Annie Jacobson provided numerous details of the Cold War aerospace technology experiments and nuclear bomb tests that took place at Zone 51.

This is largely reminiscent of an earlier project in applied sociology with HG Wells’s War of the Worlds radio show in 1938, when millions of people were panicked following SBS’s “special alert” of an alien invasion. It made it possible to understand many of the laws of mass psychology, on which many specialists in the field of communicative manipulations had high hopes at that time.

In an interview with NPR, Jacobson stated, “The UFO craze began in the summer of 1947. A few months later, G2, which at the time was an Army Reconnaissance Corps, spent an enormous amount of time and money searching for two former aerospace designers from the Third Reich, Walter and Reimar Horten, who allegedly created a disk-shaped flying machine. US intelligence agents were sent out across Europe in search of the Horten brothers to find out if this information was true.”

During World War II, the Horten brothers collaborated with the Austrian scientist Viktor Schauberger, whose innovative projects in vacuum explosion-based flight technologies used the energy of water currents and electromagnetic waves to create aircraft capable of traveling at supersonic speeds.

While much of his research was confiscated and classified by the victorious countries after World War II, Schauberger was promised government sponsorship in America, and this prompted the inventor to cross the ocean, where the Canadian Avro Arrow program needed his projects for supersonic aircraft to deliver nuclear missiles.

When he finally realized that his work would be used exclusively for military purposes, Schauberger refused to cooperate, and within a few months all of his patents were effectively stolen. The researcher returned to Austria, where he suffered a severe mental breakdown, fell into depression and died in 1958. It was no secret to anyone that the post-1971 global world order, championed by Sir Henry Kissinger, David and Lawrence Rockefellers, and other Malthusians throughout the twentieth century, was initially aimed at a general, controlled collapse.

It was generally accepted that after the massive shock therapy that this collapse would allow on a global scale, it would be possible to destroy the Abrahamic traditions that ruled Western society for two millennia. and then, using the methods of applied sociology, to shape a new society. The greatly diminished humanity of this New World was to live like happy sheep under the rule of a hereditary elite class and under the supervision of their technocratic managers.

The only problem faced by the “social engineers” is the emergence of new genuine statesmen who do not want to sacrifice their peoples and their traditions, bringing them to the altar of a global cult. Such defenders of the best traditions of mankind have created a multipolar alliance and are pursuing a policy of long-term economic growth and scientific and technological progress, brilliantly embodied in the New Silk Road initiative, including its new Arctic direction.

China and Russia sign a bilateral pact on the joint development of the resources of the Moon and the “Artemis Agreement” initiated by NASA, providing for the further development of cooperation in the development of the resources of the Moon, and then Mars.

These agreements aim to usher humanity into an era of unrestricted growth, for which hope was lost as a result of the LSD-induced mass psychosis of 1968 in the form of the “live for today” paradigm, and can now finally be reborn.

Programs designed to focus humanity’s attention on real objective threats, such as the collision of the Earth with asteroids and new ice ages caused by a decrease in solar activity, are seriously discussed by the leaders of Russia, China and the United States.

There are billions of suns and possibly billions of galaxies in the universe. There is a possibility that life exists on many planets orbiting stars, and our universe is still forming. There is no reason to exclude the possibility of the existence of intelligent life on some planets.

The best way to find out is not to sit at home and watch the world economy collapse as a result of controlled disintegration, but to fight to revive the course of development of human civilization as an open system.

This course begins with a joint space program to expand the boundaries of human culture and economy, to include the Moon and Mars, and then other planets and cosmic bodies, followed by flights into deep space. If in fact other civilizations exist, it may be our duty to raise the torch left by John F. Kennedy and find them.

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Conspiracy Theories

Moon myths: A scientific approach on Lunar conspiracy

The moon is always turned to us on one side. The reverse side was only seen in 1959 – with the help of photo-television cameras of the interplanetary vehicle “Luna-3”. There is also a third side of the moon – secret, fictional. It cannot be seen with the eyes, but it is discussed much more often and more aggressively than the two observed.

Hollow moon

After in 1610 Galileo Galilei looked at the moon through his telescope and saw there mountain ranges, canyons and other objects characteristic of earth’s geography, European science unanimously decided: our natural satellite is a smaller copy of the Earth. Astronomers continued to think so for more than two centuries, but the advent of stronger telescopes convinced scientists: although the Moon looks like Earth, it does not have a dense atmosphere, and the notorious “seas” are just regions covered with darker rocks.

However, the hope of finding “aliens” on the Moon still persisted, because no one could know what was going on in its depths or on the invisible reverse side. One of the more original theories was that nature on the moon lives in cycles. When a two-week lunar day begins, the frozen air melts, evaporates, creating an atmosphere, and lunar creatures crawl out of crevices and cracks to bask in the sun.

This hypothesis, for example, was played on by H.G. Wells in his famous novel The First Men on the Moon (1901).

Among the Selenites (illustrations for the novel by H.G. Wells "The First Men on the Moon")
Among the Selenites (illustrations for the novel by H.G. Wells “The First Men on the Moon”)

According to another version, the reverse side of the Moon under the tidal influence of the Earth should be concave, with a large number of depressions, due to which the remnants of the atmosphere can be preserved there. And this version is also reflected in the literature – in the trilogy of Jerzy uławski, consisting of the novels “On the Silver Planet” (1903), “Winner” (1910) and “Old Earth” (1911).

The longer people watched the moon, the clearer it became that life was not there. Although it was still written in the 1920s that there may be vegetation in the hot vents of volcanoes, this was already perceived as fantasy: according to the scientific community, nothing more complex than single-celled microorganisms could arise on the Moon. The Soviet interplanetary vehicle “Luna-3”, which photographed the reverse side of the Moon on October 7, 1959, put a fat point on this issue. Earthlings saw in the photo the same dead surface, covered with dust.

However, gloom did not last long among the dreamers. The theory of the hollow moon soon became very popular. Since the 19th century, it has been believed that the Moon formed from protoplanetary matter together with the Earth or broke away from it later. Thus, the density of the night star must be close to the density of our planet. However, the apparent size of the Moon and its estimated mass indicated that the satellite’s density was much lower – about 60% of the Earth’s. In 1962, Dr. Gordon MacDonald of NASA stated that there is only one explanation for the abnormally low density: the moon is hollow! He was supported by Dr. Harold Urey, Nobel laureate in chemistry.

Science fiction writers and ufologists seized on the idea. They began to write that life was supposed to develop inside the Moon, that there was a Selenite civilization and so on in the same spirit. The most famous work of that time, in which the theory of the hollow moon was popularized, is the fantastic story of Nikolai Nosov “Dunno on the Moon” (1964-1965).

Moon myths, image # 3
A hypothetical cavity inside the Moon and a "dip" on the lunar surface, captured by the American LRO interplanetary vehicle
A hypothetical cavity inside the Moon and a “dip” on the lunar surface, captured by the American LRO interplanetary vehicle

But perhaps the most extravagant hypothesis was proposed by journalist Mikhail Khvastunov (Vasiliev) and engineer Alexander Shcherbakov in the article “The moon is an artificial satellite!”, Published on January 10, 1968 in the newspaper “Komsomolskaya Pravda”. In it, they claim that the Moon is a colossal starship that came from the depths of space, and this explains all the oddities. 

The thickness of the metal walls of the spacecraft reaches several tens of kilometers, from above they are covered with a special heat-shielding coating, and the lunar seas boxes are protection restored after a collision with massive meteoroids. The authors of the article also calculated the age of the ship – 40 billion years, that is, much older than our Universe! Say, the builders of the Moon could also be the creators of our entire world, in fact, gods! May be, aliens still rest in the inner cavity of the moon? Or maybe they do not rest, but interfere in the affairs of our civilization? ..

The theory collapsed under the pressure of facts. First, astrophysicists showed on models that the existence of a hollow moon is impossible – gravitational forces will simply destroy a sphere of this size if it is composed of materials known to us. And the automatic seismographs installed by the astronauts of the American Apollo program confirmed that there are no significant cavities inside the Moon, but there is a small core – its insignificant mass explains the noticeable discrepancy in average density.

It would seem that everything is clear. But then the lovers of conspiracy fantasies proposed another theory: who can confirm that the Americans were on the moon at all?

Lunar conspiracy

The first claims that the flights of American astronauts to the moon were staged were made back in the days when NASA sent one expedition after another there. But then they did not arouse interest.

In total, in the period from 1968 to 1972, nine expeditions took place – six with a landing on the surface and three without landing. Then the American government froze, and a little later and finally closed the Apollo program: the main task – to get ahead of the Russians – was achieved, and each new space flight was very expensive for taxpayers.

It is often forgotten that there was more than one flight: during the Apollo program, twelve Americans visited the moon (and yes, this photo, of course, is a montage)
It is often forgotten that there was more than one flight: during the Apollo program, twelve Americans visited the moon (and yes, this photo, of course, is a montage)

Despite the fact that over the years of the Apollo program and after its completion, hundreds of thousands of different documents, scientific articles, popular books, documentaries, interviews and memoirs of astronauts have been published, there were people who questioned this vast array of evidence. 

In 1976, the American writer Bill Kaysing published the book ‘We Never Went to the Moon’, in which he argued that all the flights of the Apollo astronauts were falsified, and those of the scientists and astronauts who spoke out against the global deception were eliminated. The reasons for this act are unclear, but there is a version that Kaysing just wanted to improve his financial situation. However, we will not violate the presumption of innocence (we will return to it later!) And we will assume that the writer was sincere in his suspicions.

The main claims of Bill Kaysing were as follows: the technology did not allow sending a man to the moon; there are no stars in the photographs taken there; the photographic film used by the astronauts had to melt when exposed to sunlight; there are many optical anomalies in the photos themselves; a waving flag is visible on the film, which cannot be in a vacuum; after landing, a crater should have formed, which is not observed.

The approximate location of the places where the astronauts landed
The approximate location of the places where the astronauts landed

Other conspiracy theorists began to join the theory of the lunar conspiracy, among whom there were enough technical specialists, so it began to acquire a halo of credibility. 

Today it looks something like this: the American government initially knew that it would not be able to cope with the daunting task of sending pilots to the moon until the end of the decade, as bequeathed by President John F. Kennedy, therefore, in parallel with the usual preparations, it launched a project to create a fake, in which the special services took part , agencies, corporations, astronauts, flight managers and a whole army of engineers. The main role went to the great director Stanley Kubrick, who shot historical footage of the moon landing in Hollywood pavilions.

The theory of the lunar conspiracy to this day remains on hearing, because time passes and the direct participants in the events are becoming less and less, and those who want to “expose” more and more. At some point, NASA simply ceased to enter into a discussion with conspiracy theorists, publish refutations, and so on, because material evidence of the reality of the flight, including the lunar soil brought by astronauts (which any competent specialist can order for research) and the archive of documents posted for free access, more than enough. 

For example, anyone who knows even the slightest bit of the history of astronautics will easily answer why the film in the astronauts’ cameras did not melt. Exactly for the same reason why the film did not melt in the Soviet interplanetary spacecraft “Luna-3”: a special thermal protection was provided for it.

Lunar microbes

Apollo 11 crew greets President from quarantine van
Apollo 11 crew greets President from quarantine van

Long before Apollo launched to the Moon, the scientific community was firmly convinced that lunar conditions were unsuitable for the emergence and development of even the simplest forms of life. Nevertheless, NASA experts insisted on the use of special measures that would prevent the possible penetration of lunar microorganisms to Earth.

For this purpose, the Lunar Receiving Laboratory was built on the territory of the Manned Space Flight Center in Houston. It contains three zones: the crew zone, designed for isolated living for three weeks; a zone for lunar soil samples with vacuum chambers, where the samples were stored and analyzed; administrative area with laboratories, offices and conference rooms. The first two zones were separated from the outside world by a “biological barrier”.

Immediately after landing in the Pacific Ocean, astronauts transferred from the ship’s command module to an inflatable boat, put on biological protection suits, and then transferred to an airtight van in which they were taken to Houston. Despite these tricks, in the entire history of the Apollo program, not a single lunar microbe has been caught.

Germans on the moon

During World War II, the engineers of the Third Reich managed to generate several projects that at that time were considered fiction: heavy ballistic missiles, self-guided cruise bombs, rocket fighters, electronic computers, a uranium reactor for submarines, flying disc-shaped vehicles. The specialists of the anti-Hitler coalition troops, who worked with captured documents and prototypes after the war, were shocked by the scale of these projects.

It seemed that the “gloomy German genius” had indeed made a breakthrough into the future. Therefore, almost immediately after the war, rumors spread: if the Nazis had such a unique technique, then, perhaps, some of the leaders of the Third Reich managed to escape from burning Berlin on rockets or disc-shaped vehicles, hid in a secret place and are now preparing a monstrous armada to inflict “retaliation.”?

Moon myths, image # 8

The first to use this idea in a literary text was the American science fiction writer Robert Heinlein, who published in 1947 the novel “The Galileo Rocket Ship”. The plot of the novel accidentally gave rise to another conspiracy theory: the Nazis used their advanced technologies to get to the moon, earthly governments know about this, but they carefully hide everything so as not to provoke another world war. Subsequently, the theory became popular, played up in comics, science fiction novels and ufological books. But the most original and absurd reading of this idea was shown by the Finnish director Timo Vuorensola in the film “Iron Sky” (2012).

Could something like this actually happen? Of course no. Despite certain successes, Hitler’s engineers were unable to go beyond the known technologies: neither ballistic missiles, nor disc-shaped aircraft, nor rocket aircraft developed speeds sufficient to enter the Earth’s orbit, let alone the Moon.

Russian Moon

In the 1990s, documents related to the Soviet lunar program were finally declassified. The names of the projects became known, technical descriptions of launch vehicles and spacecraft appeared, memoirs of the developers of lunar technology began to be published. Of course, all this abundance of information did not go unnoticed by conspiracy theorists. A version appeared that far from the whole truth about the space projects of the USSR was revealed, that in reality the Soviet cosmonauts tried twice to land on the moon and failed twice.

According to the version of this myth, the first attempt was made by none other than Yuri Gagarin, who went to the moon on the 7K-L1 ship (“Zond-4”). On March 2, 1968, he took off from the Baikonur cosmodrome, circled the moon, but something went wrong, and the ship exploded. The Soviet authorities classified the death of the first cosmonaut, and twenty days later, on March 22, they faked his death in a banal plane crash.

Moon myths, image # 9

In this story, lies are mixed with truth – Yuri Gagarin did indeed take part in the launch of Zond-4, but as a member of the flight control group. Immediately after the launch, he went with a group of officers to Evpatoria, where the Center for Long-Range Space Communications was located, to monitor the work of an unmanned spacecraft, whose task was to fly around the moon and return to Earth at a second space speed. 

The ship really lost control and was destroyed upon entering the atmosphere. Yuri Gagarin remained in Evpatoria for some time and on March 9 he celebrated his birthday there with his friends-cosmonauts and residents of the city.

The second attempt to fly to the Moon was allegedly made by Soviet cosmonauts in November 1968, trying to outrun the launch of the American Apollo-8 expedition on the 7K-L1 spacecraft (“Zond-6”). The ship successfully flew around a natural satellite, but on its return the descent vehicle crashed. 

Therefore, the authorities allegedly concealed the fact of the presence of the astronauts on board and the fact of their terrible death. Such a launch took place in reality and went exactly as the conspiracy theorists describe. Only there were no cosmonauts on board – the Zond spacecraft had not yet been adapted for human flight.

The film "First on the Moon" gave impetus to the birth of a new patriotic legend
The film “First on the Moon” gave impetus to the birth of a new patriotic legend

The main problem with the conspiracy theory is that the cases described have nothing to do with the hypothetical landing of astronauts on the moon. It requires a completely different ship, as well as a huge rocket “N-1”, which, despite four launches, was never able to put a payload into orbit. If there is no corresponding rocket, there is no flight to the Moon. 

Which, however, does not prevent fantasizing on this topic, as did the creators of the film “Apollo 18” (2011), in which the mythical “military” expedition of American astronauts and the remains of a Soviet cosmonaut, who are still reached the moon, after which he died in a battle with local aggressive life forms.

And the creators of the pseudo-documentary film “First on the Moon” (2005) showed a fantastic story that in 1938 in the Soviet Union all conditions were created for launching a spacecraft to the Moon. The film was shot in the spirit of an investigation report: the viewer is shown documents, newsreels, secret recordings, eyewitness accounts. 

On the whole, one gets the impression of a colossal scientific and technical breakthrough that provided a dramatic flight and a successful landing of a Soviet officer on the moon. It’s a pity that this is just a fantasy …

Anomalies and aliens on the moon

If you think that the supporters of the hollow moon have abandoned the development of their theory, then you are wrong. On the contrary, she received new “facts” in her confirmation. Conspiracy theorists asked the question: why, in fact, the United States so suddenly interrupted flights to the moon, and the USSR not only did not try to “catch up and overtake”, but also classified its lunar projects for decades? And they instantly came up with the answer: because the Moon is already occupied – by a civilization that is much more powerful than the earthly one.

The prerequisites for the emergence of such a theory appeared long ago. Astronomers from the time of Galileo noticed strange flares on the lunar surface, but mistook them for volcanic eruptions. When observations became fairly regular, there was a need to register “short-term lunar phenomena” (or LTP – from Lunar Transient Phenomena). 

Since 1957 they have been entered into a special catalog, dividing them into several types: changing the appearance and clarity of the image of relief details; change in brightness and sudden flashes; changing the color of the lunar object; the appearance or disappearance of dark spots; lengthening of the lunar horns; anomalous phenomena during the covering of stars by the Moon; non-stationary phenomena during lunar eclipses; moving objects.

Short-lived lunar phenomenon: a mysterious glow on the surface of the moon
Short-lived lunar phenomenon: a mysterious glow on the surface of the moon

Here are just a few of the registered LTPs. In May 1964, American astronomers observed a white spot over the Sea of ​​Tranquility for an hour, moving at a speed of about 32 km / h. It is curious that it gradually decreased in size. A little later, in June, the same observers recorded a slick moving at a speed of about 80 km / h.

On a moonlit night in 1966, an English astronomer, examining the bottom of a lunar crater, noticed strange stripes that turned from black to green-brown, then diverged in radii, changed shape, grew and reached their maximum size by lunar noon. By the moonlit evening, they shrank, faded and finally disappeared altogether.

In September 1967, Canadian astronomers recorded in the Sea of ​​Tranquility a dark body with a purple tint along the edges, moving from west to east for ten seconds. The body disappeared near the terminator (the line dividing the illuminated and shadow sides of the celestial body), and thirteen minutes later, a yellow light flashed for a split second near the crater located in the area where the spot was moving. And so on and so forth…

Short-lived lunar event: a strange object above the lunar surface
Short-lived lunar event: a strange object above the lunar surface

For some LTPs it is not difficult to find a natural explanation: the release of gases from the crack, the consequences of tectonic activity, the fall of a meteoroid. However, the vast majority remains a mystery. However, the conspiracy theorists already have detailed versions of what happened.

In 2007, scientific consultants Richard Hoagland and Mike Bara published the voluminous book Dark Mission. The Secret History of NASA “, which collected a huge number of” facts “(including LTP), which allegedly testify to the presence on the moon of a powerful space civilization. They said that NASA itself invented the lunar conspiracy theory to “avert their eyes” from more important and sensational information. 

According to the authors of the book, even during the Apollo flights, the American government came into contact with the Selenites and is now receiving ready-made technologies from them to achieve total superiority over other powers. Therefore, NASA in every possible way prevents the collection of true information about the solar system, so that our knowledge is distorted by falsifiers.

And here we have to admit: it is impossible to refute the theory of Richard Hoagland and Mike Bar, because it is based not on vague suspicions, like all the previous ones, but on the belief in the truth of a deliberately fantastic assumption. And faith, as you know, is not refuted by scientific arguments.

Short-lived lunar event: a luminous object at the edge of the lunar disk
Short-lived lunar event: a luminous object at the edge of the lunar disk

The “big moon effect” is well known. It manifests itself in the fact that when the Moon is low above the horizon, it looks much larger in size than in the position near the zenith. In fact, the apparent size of the moon does not change – this is an illusion that our brain generates.

Conspiracy theories can be considered by some the same illusion. Upon close examination, they turn out to be a figment of the imagination, operating with imaginary phenomena and incredible events. All of them, without exception, are a kind of fantasy. On the other hand, who can determine with scientific accuracy even the boundaries between what is real and what is not. No more, but no less, nobody. Its down to you, readers.

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