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A Description of the Lost Land of Atlantis & The Reason For Its Downfall – According To Plato

Advanced ancient civilizations are a big topic of interest among researchers, historians, archaeologists, and scientists. Every single year we are gifted with a mysterious find that has us questioning the origins of the human race and imagining the cultures which roamed the our planet before us. We have found much evidence to suggest that there may have been civilizations in existence before us which were intellectually, and even technologically superior. That being said, this theory is still thought to be quite fantastical; despite all of the evidence which has been brought to light in recent years to support this notion, it is still largely ignored by the mainstream. If you are interested in looking at some of this evidence, a great place to start is with author Graham Hancock, in his book titled The Magicians of The Gods.

Atlantis

If you start talking about the lost, ancient city of Atlantis, most people will probably think that you’re living in ‘la la’ land. Many people are unaware that this city has been seriously studied for hundreds of years. For example, we can see that it was a subject of significant importance for researchers at the Smithsonian Institution, as emphasized by their Annual Report of the Board of Regents of The Smithsonian Institution for the year ending June 30th, 1915.

In the report, author M. Pierre Termeir, a member of the Academy of Sciences and Director of Service of the Geologic Chart of France, gives a lecture regarding the Atlantean civilization.  He makes a compelling case for further study of this lost city:

After a long period of disdainful indifference, observe how in the last few years science is returning to the study of Atlantis. How many naturalists, geologists, zoologists, or botanists are asking one another today whether Plato has not transmitted to us, with slight amplification, a page from the actual history of mankind. No affirmation is yet permissible; but it seems more and more evident that a vast region, continental  or made up of great islands, has collapsed west of the Pillars of Hercules, otherwise called the Straight of Gibraltar, and that its collapse occurred in the not far distant past. In any event, the question of Atlantis is placed anew before men of science; and since I do not believe that it can ever be solved without the aid of oceanography, I have thought it natural to discuss it here, in this temple of maritime science, and to call to such a problem, long scorned but now being revived, the attention of oceanographers, as well as the attention of those who, though immersed in the tumult of cities, lend an ear to the distant murmur of the sea.

You can read this full report here, starting on page 219.

In his lecture, M. Termeir goes on to present zoologic, geographic, and geologic data to support the existence of the lost Atlantean civilization.Not only that, archaeological discoveries on the ocean floor have also raised some questions…

Plato’s Description of Atlantis

Plato, the ancient Greek philosopher, provides a description of Atlantis in his dialogue Critias, which was never completed. The following is a summary of his depiction, these are a few of many points I am taking from Manly P. HallsThe Secret Teachings of All Ages

  • Atlantis was inhabited by ‘earth-born’ and ‘primitive’ human beings. One of them was wooed by the god Poseidon, who interbred with the human beings, and they eventually bore five children. This interbreeding between gods and humans is a common theme in many historical texts found throughout the world.
  • The land was divided into concentric zones of land and water. Two zones of land and three zones of water surrounded the central island, which had warm springs of water and cold springs of water.
  • Atlantis became an established country, with a wise government and an industry that sprung them to advanced technological heights — beyond even what we have reached today.
  • Atlantis had limitless resources, wild animals, and precious metals, and was heavily populated.
  • Atlantis was full of large and beautiful palaces, temples, docks, and a network of various bridges and canals that united different sections of the kingdom.
  • White, black and red stones were used in the construction of public buildings. “They circumscribed each of the land zones with a wall, the outer wall being covered with brass, the middle with tin, and the inner, which encompassed the citadel, with orichalch. The citadel, on the central island, contained the palaces, temples, and other public buildings. In its center, surrounded by a wall of gold, was a sanctuary dedicated to Cleito and Poseidon.” (source)
  • Atlantis had a number of gardens, full of hot and cold springs. There were countless temples, public baths, and exercise facilities for both man and animal.
  • “The part of Atlantis facing the sea was described as lofty and precipitous, but about the central city was a plain sheltered by mountains renowned for their size, number, and beauty. The plain yielded two crops each year, in the winter being watered by rains and in the summer by immense irrigation canals, which were also used for transportation. The plain was divided into sections and in time of war each section supplied its quota of fighting men and chariots.” (source)
  • Atlantis was massive, ruled by multiple kings who all had control over their land. Their relationships with the other kings were governed by an original code of ethics that was engraved by the first ten kings. “The chief laws of the Atlantean kings were that they should not take up arms against each other and that they should come to the assistance of any of their number who was attacked.” (source)

The Downfall of Atlantis

These are the essential points Plato makes about Atlantis. He described it as a great and powerful empire, almost magical, and said that this was the same empire which attacked the Hellenic states. He attributes the power and glory they tasted after this venture to their eventual demise, writing that the love for these ego-driven desires that soon developed among Atlantean kings “lured” them from “the pathway of wisdom and virtue.” 

“Filled with false ambition, the rulers of Atlantis determined to conquer the gods into his holy habitation and addressed them. Here Plato’s narrative comes to an abrupt end, for the Critias was never finished.” (source)

Plato also tackles the subject of Atlantis in his Timaeus, writing of a story told by Solon — who himself is said to have heard the story in Egypt, passed on to him by a priest via hieroglyphic inscriptions in a temple in Sais — in which a violent cataclysm sank the continent. Thus, the  Island of Atlantis completely disappeared. (source)

“A technologically sophisticated but morally bankrupt evil empire – Atlantis – attempts world domination by force. The only thing standing it its way is a relatively small group of spiritually pure, morally principled and incorruptible people – the ancient Athenians. Overcoming overwhelming odds . . . the Athenians are able to defeat their far more powerful adversary simply through the force of their spirit. Sound familiar? Plato’s Atlantean dialogues are essentially an ancient greek version of ‘Star Wars.’ ” – Ken Feder, professor of archaeology, taken from his book “Frauds, Myths and Mysteries: Science and Pseudoscience in Archaeology.”

The Egyptian connection is also interesting to bring up here because Crantor, another ancient Greek philosopher, asserted that the Egyptian priests declared the story of Atlantis to be written upon pillars which were still preserved circa 300 B.C.

Manly P. Hall has noted that, before this cataclysm, a portion of the population left and did not succumb to the egoistic tendencies which apparently led to the downfall of Atlantis. Was the philosophic, religious, and scientific knowledge of Atlantis passed on? There are many similarities between the reported teachings of Atlantis and those of other cultures, such as the Mayas of Central America.

According to Manly P. Hall, from the Atlanteans, “the world received not only the heritage of arts and crafts, philosophies, and sciences, ethics and religions, but also the heritage of hate, strife, and perversion. The Atlanteans instigated the first war; and it has been said that all subsequent wars were fought in a fruitless effort to justify the first one and right the wrong which it caused.” (source)

Before Atlantis sank, its spiritually illuminated Initiates, who realized that their land was doomed because it had departed from the Path of Light, withdrew from the ill fated continent. Carrying with them the sacred and secret doctrine, these Atlanteans established themselves in Egypt, where they became its first divine rulers. Nearly all the great cosmologic myths forming the foundation of the various sacred books of the world are based upon the Atlantean Mystery Rituals.” (source)

One of the most interesting parts of this story, to me, is the fact that this place is often remembered as a place of glory, light, and abundance, which it was. But they were not immune to the dangers of avarice, either, as H.P. Blavatsky makes clear: “Under the evil insinuations of their demon, Thevatat, the Atlantis race became a nation of wicked magicians. In consequence of this, war was declared, the story of which would be too long to narrate; its substance may be found in the disfigured allegories of the race of Cain, the giants, and that of Noah and his righteous family. The conflict came to an end by the submersion of the Atlantis, which finds its imitation in the stories of the Babylonian and Mosaic flood.” (source)

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Ancient

A giant pyramid was discovered in the Ural mountains

Ural tourists from the club of expeditions “Wild North” found a huge pyramid in the Subpolar Urals, which is several times larger than the Egyptian pyramid of Cheops. An unusual mountain was discovered when they were preparing for the helicopter casting of one of the groups and studied satellite images of the Polar Urals.

The height of the pyramid is almost 800 meters, the length of the faces is about a kilometer. In this case, the faces are located exactly on the cardinal points. The pyramid is located on the territory of the Peoples-Itinsky Ridge in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Ugra. – We were preparing a route and came across a pyramid. She stands on an arc from a meteorite impact crater. According to satellite data, the mountain with its forms exactly repeats the famous Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt.

Only its size is twice as large, ”says Evgeny Svitov, head of the Wild North Expedition Club. – The height of the pyramid is 774 meters, the length of each of its faces is almost a kilometer. The edges are located clearly on the cardinal points, as if on a level.

“These are God-forgotten places, the fishermen bypass them, they say there are not very many fish,” said Yevgeny Svitov from the Wild North expedition club. – It is amazing that the pyramid faces clearly on the cardinal points. The sacred shaman river flows there. According to Eugene Svitov, nature could not do this – to create such a clear relief with angles of 90 degrees. “My version: this is a construction of ancient civilizations,” the traveler believes. – Most likely, it consists of granite, quartzite, there is no vegetation there, it starts a little lower.

“People did not live there, these territories were used precisely as ritual places,” said Vladimir Anishchenko, a scientist and member of the Russian Geographical Society. Archaeologists note that the Ural ridge was sacred, people came to perform rituals there, it was a territory of the forces of nature.

The pyramid is located almost on the ridge, the territory is very peculiar, it has its own anomalies. We were there with expeditions. Unexplained anomalies are encountered there. For example, there is a platform at the confluence of rivers where there are no mosquitoes, although there should be clouds. 

You can get to the pyramid either by walking 400 kilometers along the ridge on foot, or by helicopter. The object has already attracted interest from the Russian Geographical Society. In the summer, an expedition will be sent to study the pyramid.

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Helicopter, tank, submarine: what is actually depicted on the walls of the temple in Abydos

The study of the temple complex in the ancient Egyptian city of Abydos began in the 19th century. There were a lot of hieroglyphs, they were on columns and on beams, guessed under a layer of dirt and soot. But then it was just hieroglyphs. The twentieth century had to come, so that scientists could see that the ancient Egyptians on the walls of the temple depicted a tank, a helicopter and a submarine.

The ancient Egyptian Abydos is located near Luxor – it has a long and extremely interesting history. The temple complex was built on the left bank of the Nile and is dedicated to Osiris, the god who taught mankind gardening and agriculture. Egyptian myths tell how the god Seth killed Osiris, his brother, and since then, he, depicted as a mummy, rules the underworld, the world of the dead. True, archaeologists are sure that the cult of Osiris came to a long-living city and, probably, one of the most populated by this time. It is also believed that before the appearance of the cult of Osiris, Abdos was the religious center of civilization.

Memorial Temple of Seti I in Abydos

Around the XIII century. BC, the construction of the temple complex dedicated to Osiris begins – it was the reign of Set I. It was a pharaoh, famous for many victories and conquests. It is not surprising that the temples of Abydos began to praise the pharaoh, commander, reformer, and warrior.

Mummy of Seti I

After the death of Seti I in 1279 BC power in the country passes to Ramses II. It was in many ways a unique ruler – he builds a lot, develops the country, fights. And he lived for more than 80 years, having ruled at least 60, which was a lot for those times. When it was built a lot, and it was during it that the temple complex of Abydos grew. Now there were palaces, temples of the necropolis.

Ramses II

The 19th century for the exploration of Egypt was incredibly fruitful. In Abydos in 1818 inscriptions were found that were extremely important for the country\’s chronology: the table of Abydos and the list of kings – these were relief columns of hieroglyphs with a list of the country\’s pharaohs who lived before Ramses II. On the walls of the temple were also found numerous \”technological\” drawings, but then they were simply fixed.

Abydos list and table of Abydos

And until the end of the twentieth century, these drawings did not interest anyone. Until 1997, when the photos of ufologist Ruth McKinley-Hover appeared on the Internet. She claimed that on a beam in the Osiris temple … images of a helicopter, a submarine and an airplane were found. She argued that this was undoubted evidence of paleocontact meetings of ancient Egyptian and alien civilization. And then again they remembered not only about this beam with its strange icons, but also about other \”technological\” drawings that were previously interpreted only as fantasies of artists.


The same symbols

Of course, the first reaction was to accuse the scientist of falsification. But numerous photos of the indicated place confirmed – yes, these hieroglyphs have probably existed since the time of Seti I or Ramses II and indeed represent a record, probably encrypted.

“Technological” drawings in the temples of Abydos

Explanations of the appearance of hieroglyphs of this form were varied. Official science immediately indicated that there is an imposition of hieroglyphs made earlier and later, for example, at the time of the Network first, and then, at the time of Ramses. Part of the plaster on which the reliefs are made, collapsed and in this way it turned out that we can see today.

Black marks are the icons that were supposedly stuffed into the relief during the time of Ramses II

Of course, such an explanation did not suit everyone. The times of Ancient Egypt, of course, are studied well, but far from as well as they should. And the basis for the study, in general, does not suit everyone – after all, the decoding of the hieroglyphs, the beginning of which was laid by Jean-Francois Champollion, is not satisfactory for all scientists. And if we recall that there were accusations that Champollion was knocking down texts that “did not fit” into his scheme, then it was completely doubtful. In addition, in other churches of the same Abydos there are many reliefs that confound scientists.

Necropolis of Abydos

In addition to the mysterious inscription, Abydos does not tire of discovering more and more mysteries. One of them is located in the same temple of Seti I. This is a certain room, which is now called “room K”. Access here is possible only from above, from the roof of the temple, through the hole. The “room” itself is two-story, has neither doors nor windows and, which is especially surprising for Egyptian architecture, is deprived of any images and inscriptions at all.

Location of Camera K

Osirion is also causing no less questions – a construction much more ancient, built of megaliths. It was built Abydos. And it itself, probably, was built long before the advent of ancient Egyptian civilization, and possibly refers to the culture on the remains of which Ancient Egypt flourished.

Near Osirion were discovered the remains of an extremely ancient city – it existed much earlier than the Egyptian pharaohs, and, especially, the cult of Osiris. And in it was everything that was needed for a real crowded center – buildings, tombs, workshops. Ancient utensils and tools were found.

Osirion

Be that as it may, the reliefs, inscriptions and temples found to date require a more thorough and, importantly, objective study. Perhaps the look of amateur historians will help scientists unravel ancient secrets. After all, Champollion was an amateur …

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Ancient Egyptian pyramids discovered in Alaska

Photo: Ken Hill / National Park Service

Archaeologists and climatologists who jointly explored a rocky tundra plateau in the west of the Brooks Range in Alaska, discovered hundreds of remains of houses and stone pyramids, which are about 11 thousand years old.

A study report appeared in Anchorage Daily News. Its author is Ned Rosell, a research fellow at the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska at Fairbanks. A large-scale study began in 2011, when the National Park Service built a meteorological station on Howard Pass. Such facilities are designed to operate autonomously in remote places throughout Alaska. The station is powered by solar panels, and sends the received data via space satellites.

This information helped archaeologists to choose the most suitable time for the expedition and explore the vast space between the Colville and Noack rivers. They visited there and found out that even in the most extreme weather conditions in Alaska in ancient times there were large settlements.

At Howard Pass, hundreds of remnants of dwellings were discovered, including circular “foundations” on which igloo domed houses were installed, as well as pits for storing food, raw materials and waste from the production of stone tools. In addition, pyramidal piles of stones were found. These structures are far from being as monumental as the pyramids of Egypt, but they are approximately twice as old as the African ones. Scientists believe that the ancient pyramids in Alaska served as traps into which people drove caribou – reindeer.

“Locals took advantage of caribou, fish, berries, waterfowl and, probably, bison in the earliest period,” said archaeologist Jeff Rasich of the National Park Service. “Howard Pass is a tundra gate several kilometers wide through which herds of caribou still migrate seasonally from the Western Arctic.”

Despite the extremely difficult climatic conditions, this area, according to scientists, has always been rich in food. The natives called Howard Pass the word “Akutuq” (Akutuq). This was the name of their favorite treat, which they prepared from whipped animal fats, sugar and berries. The snow patterns drawn by the wind on Howard Pass reminded them of this delicacy.

As for the weather, the climatic anti-record was recorded in these places on February 21, 2013. On that day, the air temperature dropped to around minus 43 degrees Celsius, and the wind blew at a speed of about 87 km / h.

And this was not an isolated event. Conditions close to those described were recorded in 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017. In the wind, the temperature was even lower. Scientists believe that the Eskimos waited in their homes for severe frosts, and then went to the pass in search of icy carcasses that fell from the cold caribou.

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