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Underworld

A brief history of “improving” people and the human breed

On January 18, 1940, in the castle of Grafeneck in southern Germany, the Nazis began to kill people with mental disorders, hereditary and incurable diseases, and disabled people for the sake of “cleansing”, “improving” the German people and out of “mercy”. The crimes of the Nazis are considered the height of the atrocities, but the ideas that motivated them appeared long before the Third Reich – and did not disappear after its fall.

Since time immemorial, people have noticed that children are more or less like parents. And if so, this pattern can be used. Even Plato in the dialogue “State” proposed, as we would say now, a demographic program that governs who can have children with whom. In his opinion, worthy men should have several partners. At the beginning of the XVII century, the Spanish doctor Luis Mercado wrote a treatise “On hereditary diseases,” where he advised to look for a spouse who is as different as possible from you: then the father’s seed compensates for the flaws of the mother’s seed, and vice versa. But almost another 300 years passed before people became obsessed with heredity.

In the mid-19th century, Charles Darwin declared that life was subject to natural selection. Organisms have different traits – some traits help to survive and continue the genus, therefore they persist, while others disappear. Darwin had a younger cousin, Francis Galton, and this idea struck him.

As Carl Zimmer writes in his book, She has her Mother Laughs, Galton tried his best to graduate from Cambridge University with honors. He hired tutors, went to retake and even asked the teacher to postpone the final exam for a year, but he did not succeed. Then Galton realized that, unlike his friends, he was mediocrity. And those, as it seemed to him, inherited their talents and intelligence from their parents. Therefore, outstanding people can – and must! – breed using artificial selection.

In 1883, Galton invented the catchy word “eugenics” for his teaching, which is composed of two Greek roots: “good” and “genus.” True, this did not help to gain popularity in his homeland, the UK. But eugenic ideas took root in the United States.

Kallikak Family History

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in America, many thought that the country’s future was at stake because of the spread of dementia. Among those who tried to find the reason was Henry Goddard, a psychologist and teacher, who worked in a special school. Goddard believed that intelligence is inherited, like growth or eye color, and that a nation is simply degenerating. To check the guess, he began to study the pedigrees of the students and soon found confirmation.

Goddard’s assistant collected information about fifty of the relatives of one student and found out that two branches of descendants came from his distant ancestor. Allegedly, during the War of Independence, he slept with a weak-minded girl, and when he returned from the front, he married a decent woman. Both had children. Among the offspring of the first were idiots and criminals, and from the second became doctors and lawyers. Based on the results of this study, Goddard published the book The Kallikak Family, which made him famous.

Even before the release of The Kallikak Family, some US states passed laws to force the sterilization of criminals and the demented. The doctor, William McKim, Zimmer writes, generally suggested “silent, painless killing.” Having gained popularity, Goddard began to lobby for such laws in the future. The authorities also, on his advice, began to check the intelligence of immigrants and soldiers. The results were depressing: it seemed that blacks and visitors from southern and eastern Europe were almost completely moronic. In 1924, Congress passed a law restricting entry into the country.

In fact, Goddard’s assistant messed up a lot of things. There was no common ancestor, and in the “bad” branch there were plenty of completely normal people, literate and with work. Deviations in development, which nevertheless occurred among the relatives of that student of the special school, could often be explained by poor nutrition and other companions of poverty. As for intelligence tests, many of the questions did not require sharpness of mind, but specific knowledge. Finally, we still do not fully understand what intelligence is, and even more so how to measure it.

Since the 1920s, eugenics has been increasingly criticized in the United States, and in the 1930s it was no longer considered a science. But not in Germany.

Gene cultivators

In Germany, the Kallikak Family first appeared back in 1914. As Karl Zimmer points out in his book, Adolf Hitler read it ten years later while he was in prison. Hitler came to power in January 1933, and already in July a law was passed in Germany to prevent the birth of offsprings with hereditary diseases. Among other things, the list included schizophrenia, hereditary blindness and deafness, Huntington’s chorea, cleft lip.

The law allowed to sterilize sick people so that they did not produce the same offspring. The decision was made by a judge and two doctors. Dementia was detected using tests similar to those used in America. After a year and a half, another new law obliged the Germans to provide health certificates before marriage.

In the book The Nazi Doctors, Robert Jay Lifton writes that doctors in the Third Reich explained their mission in such a way: they must ensure that people realize their full racial potential, not just treat patients, but cultivate genes, maintain blood purity and preach the laws of nature .

Killing was considered the most merciful therapy for the incurable and insane, so sterilization was only the first step. Then the Nazis began to kill “defective” children in hospitals, then – adults. Basically, they dealt with patients in psychiatric hospitals, some of which were converted to centers for euthanasia.

One such hospital was located in the castle Grafenek. Converted, it was opened from January to December 1940, after which the program had to be curtailed due to the indignation of the Germans. But the killings did not stop. On the contrary, the Nazis destroyed more and more people: the sick, criminals, homosexuals, Jews, Gypsies and other non-Aryans – they simply did it secretly and mainly in the occupied territories.

The extermination of people was stopped only by Soviet and Allied forces at the end of World War II. But they did not defeat eugenic ideas.

Edited children

“Undoubtedly, we must remember the Holocaust and not allow history to repeat itself. But we feel that we have a moral duty to promote“ good births ”, that is, to set literally eugenic goals. Indeed, if parents are encouraged to provide their children with the best conditions (good nutrition, education, treatment, an atmosphere of love in the house, etc.), why not encourage them to have good genes in their children? ” – Sarah Goering writes in an article on eugenics for the Stanford Encyclopedia on Philosophy.

Eugenists and Nazis talked about genes, but did not know what it was. No one knew. In the 1940s, scientists only assumed that hereditary information was recorded in DNA, but its structure and the transmission of characters from parents to offsprings were a mystery. In heredity, much remains unclear. Nevertheless, the purpose of many genes and the malfunctions that DNA breaks cause are already known. There are tools that allow you to change genes. They are far from perfect, but this does not stop scientists.

At the end of 2018, biologist He Jiankui announced the birth of twins with a corrected gene, which determines whether HIV infection will occur. Other scientists generally did not approve of the experiment (suffice it to say that both girls did not have the correct gene edited inaccurately and not in all cells), and later a Chinese court sentenced him to three years in prison.

In the summer of 2019, Russian Denis Rebrikov was going to do the same, only with the gene, because of which the child is born deaf. Allegedly, he even persuaded one pair, but when the hype arose, they refused. In addition to such an experiment, you still need to get permission from the Ministry of Health, and after the story with He Jiankui, it will not be easy to do.

Inevitable eugenics

Nevertheless, technology already allows us to control or at least decipher the hereditary information, and in the future will become more accurate and cheaper. Therefore, experts in bioethics talk about a new eugenics – liberal. It is called so because it concerns the well-being of individuals, and not of society and the state as a whole. It is based on the personal freedom of choice of parents in accordance with their values ​​and ideas about a better life. That is, the laws do not indicate what is good and what is bad, and do not oblige the couple to do anything at all.

At first glance, there is nothing wrong with such eugenics, but difficult questions arise. Here are some of them.

Parents are obliged to change the genes of the child for the sake of it’s future, or just can do it, or can they leave everything as it is?

Is it possible to change the genes of an embryo if it is, in principle, impossible to obtain his consent?

What is permissible: to prevent disease or also improve symptoms? Where is the line between healing and improvement? Is everything that seems to be an improvement really such? For example, are the smartest people the happiest?

Let the state not dictate what is good and what is bad, but in culture, there are still persistent prejudices. If parents are allowed to choose, will they ask for a tall white heterosexual boy, because he will have more chances to succeed in life? In other words, accessible genome editing can reinforce racism, sexism, homophobia and other prejudices.

Gene technology is more complicated and more expensive than polio vaccination, so for a long time it will be available only to the elite. Suddenly, social and economic inequality will take root in human biology?

Will we not change so much over time that we cease to be human?

Most of these questions seem speculative. In the end, while only two children with edited DNA were born, and even then no one saw them, and before the mass use of such technologies there are decades, if not centuries. But it is worth considering how many children were not born due to the fact that a genetic test revealed pathology during pregnancy. In the case of some abnormalities, for example, the absence of one of the two sex chromosomes that causes Shereshevsky-Turner syndrome, future parents almost always choose an abortion.

It is difficult to say which solution is correct in such a situation. Karl Zimmer in his book talks about several lawsuits about the “unauthorized birth” from children who believe that their parents showed negligence, ignoring the test results and allowing the pregnancy to continue. But can people with severe pathologies, whose parents did not begin to check the fetus, take legal action? This is no longer a speculative question.

Antenatal diagnostics and genetic engineering expand the choice, but at the same time make it impossible not to choose at all. Everyone is forced to decide what is “good birth” and what is not — we all inevitably become eugenists.

TASS

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Underworld

New Malthusianism and the dynasties of misanthropes

Many media outlets related to the coronavirus epidemic and the role of Bill Gates in the distribution of vaccines linked his activities with Malthusianism, an ideology aimed at reducing the world’s population. Although there is often a conspiracy thesis in the allegations, there are obvious facts that are easy to find in open sources.

However, the issue is more complex, and the problem is not only in the work of certain influence groups, whose members are well-known politicians of world scale.

It is enough to familiarize yourself with the secret NSA memorandum NSSM200, which was prepared by Henry Kissinger and adopted on December 10, 1974. The White House declassified it in 1989. It was entitled “The Consequences of World Population Growth for US Security and Interests Abroad.”

It was noted there that it is necessary to adjust the population growth of the Earth to 6 billion by the middle of the 21st century and to control the marginal growth at a level of no more than 8 billion.

Specific countries were identified that were “guilty” of overpopulation – India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nigeria, Mexico, Indonesia, Brazil, the Philippines, Thailand, Egypt, Turkey, Ethiopia and Colombia. It was also noted that the US should use agencies such as the United Nations Population Fund, which worked to reduce the population of 80 countries, more often. It was proposed to launch family planning programs, as well as reduce the ability of the population to fertility through educational programs, so that parents have an incentive to not have children. 

In other words, to brainwash at the level of individual countries and regions. At the same time, paragraph 37 argued that there is a different point of view on population issues, which considers that the situation is much more serious and urgent measures are required to avoid a demographic catastrophe.

In terms of population reduction, such funds as the Pathfinder Fund, the International Planned Parenthood Foundation, and the Population Council were already listed, and in addition to current programs, various experiments were planned to help reduce US costs.

Bill Gates Jr. and Bill Gates Sr. are affiliated with hundreds of foundations and research organizations, and influence political decisions in many states.

This may turn out to be news to many, but Bill Gates’ father was the head of the Planned Parenthood, as Bill Gates himself said in a television interview. Information on this is available in open sources. After Donald Trump came to the presidency, this organization ceased to receive funds from the US state budget, but subsidies from private funds continue to flow.

By the way, in addition to vaccines, Gates was seen in other experimental programs related to biotechnology, in particular, Zika virus, which is believed to be a risk, especially for pregnant women.

Zika virus is transmitted through mosquitoes Aedes aegypti. These mosquitoes are notable for being the genetic engineering product of a British biotech company called Oxitec. Aedes aegypti, according to test results, is struggling with the spread of dengue, yellow fever, chikungunya, Zika virus.

Oxford Insect Technologies and the British biotech company have developed genetically modified mosquitoes with the money from the Bill Gates Foundation. The first open trials of transgenic mosquitoes of the Aedes aegypti species took place in the Caribbean, on Grand Cayman Island in the fall of 2009. Then they multiplied, mutated and, as expected, became carriers of Zika virus. In this case, artificial intervention to organize the epidemic is obvious.

If we talk about a coherent international policy, then the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) deal with issues of birth and population at the UN. In fact, they are leading the strategy of a new Malthusianism – that is, birth control in the world through sterilization of women and abortion.

It is interesting that within the UN there are the same traditions associated with the practice of abortion and sterilization that are passed down from generation to generation.

For example, in 2001, Alexander Zanger, Chairman of the International Family Planning Council, was appointed UNFPA Goodwill Ambassador. As a representative and champion of birth control, Zanger in 1995 was named “one of the 100 most influential people on the planet at all times.” Meanwhile, Alexander Zanger is the grandson of sexual educator and feminist Margaret Zanger, who founded the American Birth Control League in 1921, and then the National Committee for the Legalization of Birth Control in 1929.

Alexander Zanger continues the work of his grandmother and is the chairman of the International Planned Parenthood Council.

Margaret Zanger owned the idea of ​​the widespread use of contraception and the practice of clinical abortion with state support. In addition, she was engaged in smuggling diaphragms in the United States and published obscene materials in the press, which repeatedly violated the federal laws of this country.

In 1923, Sanger founded the Clinical Research Bureau, using a loophole in law. The bureau became the first legal birth control clinic in the United States and was fully staffed by female doctors and social workers. The clinic received funding from the Rockefeller family (another lover of global control) who anonymously supported the Zanger case for ten years.

Margaret Zanger was ideologically anarchist and racist, believing that both birth control and eugenics propaganda “lead a race along the path of destroying the inferior.” 1 Her proposals included strict immigration policies, the free use of birth control methods, every right on family planning for free-minded and compulsory segregation or sterilization for the mentally retarded.

In 1926, Sanger delivered a lecture on birth control for the Ku Klux Clan women’s unit in Silver Lake, New Jersey, and later collaborated with similar racist groups in the United States.

However, her radical ideas concerned not only representatives of other peoples or persons with disabilities. In her book, Woman and the New Race, she wrote that “the most compassionate thing a large family can do for their baby is to kill him.” 4 In another book, “The Axis of Civilization,” she claimed that people in poor areas “who are of their animal nature breed like rabbits and could soon cross the borders of their regions or territories, and then infect the best elements of society with diseases and lower genes ”should be subject to natural selection.

Although she is revered in the United States as one of the founders of the women’s rights movement, a number of researchers rightly compared her ideas to the methods practiced in Nazi Germany.

From 1952 to 1959, Zanger was president of the International Federation of Family Planning (IFPS).

It should be noted that Zanger’s ideas are popular not only in the USA, but also in many other countries. Her supporters include family planners as well as healthcare workers. 

IPPF is headquartered in London, UK, and the organization was established in 1952.

The policy and strategy of the previously mentioned IFES suggests that “the basic human rights to reproductive freedom (the choice to refuse to have a baby through abortion, sterilization, contraception) should be accepted by everyone regardless of age, sexual orientation, financial status or location” (PPFG Bulletin, September 1992). IFES advocates same-sex marriage, supporting the development of freedom of sexual minorities, and introducing abortion drugs and contraception as a medicine.

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Underworld

Why the storm on Area 51 did not take place and what happened to those who still decided to try

Area 51. Photo: AP / John Locher

In Lincoln County (USA, Nevada, 140 kilometers from Las Vegas), near the towns of Heiko and Rachel (their total population is only 173 people) is one of the most secret places on Earth – the so-called “Area 51”. Until 2013, this area was classified, no data could even be found on the Internet. In fact, the US military base is located there, where, according to many journalists, the study of alien life forms is being conducted.

At the end of 2019, more than 2 million Americans planned to launch an “storm on Area 51” to finally understand what the U.S. military had been hiding for so long. How did it all end?

How did it all start?

There are no detailed data on Area 51 in the public domain. According to analysts, previously there was a military base where experimental tests were carried out using aircraft. Repeatedly in these parts, eyewitnesses noticed unidentified flying objects. And so it was until 2013, when satellite images of the base did not appear in the public domain (they were subsequently deleted, but some of the images were preserved).

It was then that the base became “open”, it was retrained into a training one. But many Americans do not believe this and claim that the main complex of “Area 51” is located underground. And the military base itself is just a cover from prying eyes.

These images appeared in the public domain. US authorities blamed the intelligence of the warring countries

You know that: it was in the area of ​​Area 51 that the top-secret SR-91 Aurora invisible aircraft was tested. According to eyewitnesses, visually it did not look like a familiar plane or a helicopter. It is possible that it was during the tests that they perceived it as a UFO, but the authorities did not provide any official comments on this subject. Since testing the SR-91 Aurora, the base has regularly increased in size.

Matty Roberts is an ordinary American who once jokingly posted a Facebook post to a humorous group, calling for an “Area 51 storm” to finally get evidence of aliens. This appeal, unexpectedly for everyone, was supported by more than 2 million Americans. And the date of the event was set on September 20, 2019. By the way, both Matty and the administration of the group where the post was originally posted, subsequently disowned this undertaking (and even deleted the post).

Subsequently, a new group was created dedicated to the storming of the closed territory, where it was already seriously proposed to “free the aliens.” Information about the event took on a viral distribution, which was even a concern for US Air Force leaders.

Preparing for the storm and the reaction of the authorities

“Preparation” for the storming began on September 16th. At the same time, Heiko and Rachel became a refuge for all those who planned to visit Site 51. Almost a week earlier, the desert villages turned into a kind of center for the “alien festival”. Already on September 17, more than 70 people came there as tourists.

The published plan for the storm on Area 51. This is a comic scheme, but it was repeatedly shown on TV

Authorities were worried about the intention to conduct a “storm”, arguing that the military had the right to use weapons against those who attempted to enter the restricted area under the Air Force’s security. And a week before September 20, an additional perimeter with barbed wire and additional spotlights appeared around the base. The entire military base was transferred to enhanced security.

As early as September 17, some eyewitnesses attempted to break into the fence of Area 51. Govert Sweep and Tees Granzier were caught by the US military for trying to dig under the perimeter of the guarded facility. As a result, they were sent to court with the confiscation of all available equipment (worth about 10 thousand dollars).

Starting on September 18, the so-called “meme festival” began in Heiko. About 2 thousand people visited him. For the most part, they just listened to music, drank alcohol, danced. The media claimed that none of those present was preparing for a real storm on Area 51, and everything that happened was more like a huge open-air disco.

Storm Area 51

On September 20, at 16:45 local time, a storming was planned. About 80 people came close to the gates of Site 51. They were not aggressive, mainly took pictures against the backdrop of a military facility or talked with officers standing at the checkpoint.

This event could not go without radical activists

All this was more like festivities. They even brought a huge flying saucer mockup, not to mention hundreds of “alien” inflatable dolls.

Eyewitnesses say that all this was prepared by those who planned to carry out the “storm”. But the participants claim that many of the decorations were installed by the military themselves. Allegedly, in this way they tried to translate the whole event as a joke, to weaken the aggressive mood of the “attack aircraft”. Who is right – now it’s not possible to find out.

But as a result of the storming was recognized as one that did not take place. Of the majority of those present, no one came close to the checkpoint, since a fine of $ 1,000 was imposed for this with confiscation of property. The military did not use weapons, but they did not even allow anyone to approach the checkpoint. It is not known exactly how many military personnel were in Area 51 at that moment, but obviously ten times more than the “attack aircraft”.

But several incidents nevertheless happened (according to the news bulletins):

  • One of the women present tried to climb under a barbed wire fence. In addition to the many scratches she received, she was subsequently fined 1 thousand dollars.
  • One of the men urinated on a barbed wire fence. He was also handed over to the local sheriff to draw up an offense report.
  • To all the rest, the military were as loyal as possible. Theoretically, almost everyone could have been arrested for being in a public place while intoxicated. But the officers preferred simply to “talk” with the “stormtroopers”, without using either force or weapons.

What happened to those who decided to storm?

The most “affected” by the Govert Sweep event. According to a court decision, he was arrested for 10 days, adding to the penalty of a fine of 2 thousand dollars (for attempting to illegally enter a closed facility and for parking in the wrong place for this). Everyone else who tried to get into the base received fines of up to $ 1,000. There were no injuries after September 20, 2019. In total, the storming, which was originally considered a joke, was supported by more than 2 million Americans. The event has become so widespread that in 2020 the “festival” is planned to be held again. Heiko and Rachel hope so: villages can soon turn into a popular tourist destination

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Underworld

The Nuremberg Code and the ethics against the upcoming forceful vaccinochipization

Vaccination / chipization is moving by leaps and bounds and people around the world are already starting to think about how to avoid this miraculous manipulation. Of course, no one knows the laws, but in different countries the laws are also different, however, there is a universal law. It is called the Nuremberg Code.

The Nuremberg Code is an international document regulating the principles of conducting medical experiments and procedures on people. The Code was developed and adopted after the Nuremberg trial of doctors in 1947, as a result of which many, many citizens were sent to the gallows, in particular for the forcible administration of different vaccines to people. The code has only ten points and it reads:

1. The absolutely necessary condition for conducting an experiment on a person is the voluntary consent of the latter.

2. The experiment should bring positive results to the society, unattainable by other methods or research methods; it should not be random, essentially non-binding in nature.

3. The experiment should be based on data obtained in laboratory studies on animals, knowledge of the history of the development of this disease or other studied problems. Its holding should be organized in such a way that the expected results justify the fact of its holding.

4. When conducting an experiment, it is necessary to avoid all unnecessary physical and mental suffering and damage.

5.None of the experiments should be carried out if there is reason to assume the possibility of death or a disabling injury to the subject; an exception, perhaps, may be cases when research physicians act as subjects in carrying out their experiments.

6. The degree of risk associated with the experiment should never exceed the humanitarian importance of the problem that the experiment is aimed at

7. The experiment should be preceded by appropriate training, and its implementation should be provided with the equipment necessary to protect the subject from the slightest possibility of injury, disability or death.

8. The experiment should be carried out only by persons with scientific qualifications. At all stages of the experiment, those who conduct it or are engaged in it require maximum attention and professionalism.

9. During the experiment, the subject should be able to stop him if, in his opinion, his physical or mental state makes it impossible to continue the experiment.

10. During the experiment, the researcher responsible for carrying out the experiment should be prepared to terminate it at any stage if professional considerations, conscientiousness and caution in the judgments required of it, give reason to believe that the continuation of the experiment may lead to injury, disability or death test subject.

As American lawyers write, the key points are 1 and 6 – that is, the person involved in the vaccination must be capable to give consent; a person should be able to exercise freedom of choice, without the intervention of any element of force, deception, coercion, direct or hidden; the person must possess sufficient knowledge and understanding of the elements of the subject in question. The next universal legal document is called Article 6 of the 2005 UNESCO statement on bioethics and human rights. It is written there:

Article 6, section 1. Any preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic medical interventions should be carried out only with the prior, free and informed consent of the person concerned on the basis of adequate information. If necessary, consent must be expressed and can be revoked by the person concerned at any time and for any reason.

Article 6, section 3: In no case shall the collective agreement of the community or the consent of the community leader or other authority be a substitute for the informed consent of individuals.

Thus, any orders of a particular Parliament or a celebrated supreme leader on compulsory vaccination will violate Article 6 of the UNESCO statement on human rights and bioethics. Along the way, they violate the Nuremberg Code, in particular Article 1 and Article 6. It is still unknown how the authorities of different countries will try to circumvent these fundamental ethical documents.

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