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3800-Year-Old Teen Skeleton Found Buried With Fortune-Telling Game

The Ouija board was invented in 1890 and was probably played by teens at parties from day one. However, that teen fascination with fortune-telling games has been around for thousands of years. Need proof? A skeleton dating back 3,800 years was unearthed recently in Russia and the teen was buried with the animal bone pieces of an ancient fortune-telling game that’s still played in Mongolia today. Did the teen see this coming?

“(The game) was probably the most popular among the kids in the Bronze age.”

Georgy Stukalov, a scientific researcher for the Astrakhan History museum, says the game was discovered next to the remains of a teen (it’s unknown if it was male or female) buried in a fetal position in the Bogomolnye Peski necropolis. This multi-layered burial site is located near the village of Nikolskoye near the Caspian Sea. The remains and the game were buried below layers which recently revealed the 2,000-year-old skeleton and elongated skull of a man who appeared to be laughing. Was he playing the game too?

“And this game – shagai – came to us through the centuries. Even 50 to 60 years ago our granddads and grannies used to play this game.”

Possible positions of shagai bones – Camel, Horse, Sheep, Goat (Wilkipedia)

Stukalov explains that the fortune-telling game is called “Shagai,” a name that refers to the astragalus, which is the lower part of the ankle bone (sometimes called the ‘hock’) of a sheep or goat. The four sides of the bone are uniquely shaped — the convex sides are called ‘horse; and ‘sheep’ and are the lucky sides, while the concave faces are ‘goat’ and ‘camel’ and considered unlucky. More than one of the bones are thrown at a time and the up-facing surfaces determine the outcome, moves or fortune, depending on which version of Shagai is being played. In the simple fortune-telling game, rolling four bones and having one of each animal showing is the best (luckiest) roll. Not much is known of the Bronze Age Srubnaya culture which inhabited the area between the 18th and 12th centuries BCE other than it survived on livestock breeding – which explains the plentiful supply of game pieces.

If it sounds vaguely familiar, Shagai is thought to have been a predecessor to many throwing games and is played in other parts of the world under the name Knucklebones or Jacks. The knobby shape of the bones may have inspired the 3D asterisks that are modern jacks. In Mongolia where the game is still played with the real thing, the bones are considered to be good luck charms and often given as gifts.

Was the person in the grave playing Shagai for fun or for fortune? Being a teen, it was probably both.

Source: Mysterious Universe

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Ancient

Archaeologists have found a network of hidden tunnels that run across Europe

A large-scale system of ancient tunnels, which archaeologists have been able to discover, covers almost the whole of Europe and stretches from Scotland to the Mediterranean

Archaeologists have discovered a developed network of ancient hidden tunnels, many of which extend throughout Europe. Individual passages that go deep into the bowels of the earth turned out to be so long that they stretch for kilometers.

It is reported that the age of some of the tunnels found by scientists reaches five thousand years. Initially, researchers believed that such passages were used for siege or as secret manholes from the enemy. But later tunnels were discovered, the length of which is comparable to a full-fledged pedestrian subway. They turned out to be so wide that a horse with a cart could fit in them freely.

It is noteworthy that only those of the tunnels that were found first turned out to be ancient. Moreover, many of them were created before the founding of the Roman Empire. Who and why created these passages is not clear. Most likely, it will be possible to solve this mystery only if material is found in the moves that will determine the DNA of the builders. Scientists hope that these remains are most likely awaiting discovery somewhere under a layer of stone.

Scientists add that the discovered tunnels are not mentioned in historical chronicles, which is very strange, since their scale is truly huge. The study of ancient underground passages continues.

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Ancient

An ancient image of seven planetary deities found in Sudan

Photo: Dr Magdalena Laptas / PCMA

Polish archaeologists working in Sudan discovered the remains of a medieval church with frescoes preserved inside, which depict seven planetary deities.

According to Nauka w Polsce, the remains of the temple were discovered in a place called Banganarti. The frescoes depict apparently archangels. However, the images are made in accordance with ancient pre-Christian traditions, namely in accordance with the symbolism leading its history from Mesopotamia.

“This church has an unusual layout,” says archaeologist Magdalena Laptas. “In the eastern part, it is decorated with frescoes with seven planetary deities. It is unique not only for the Nile Valley, but also for Christian architecture in general.”

The ancient author probably wanted to depict the seven archangels. The biblical plot associated with the archangel Raphael is traced in the image. For example, the Book of Tobit describes how Raphael took the form of an ordinary youth and helped along the righteous Tobiah. Only at the end of the journey did he admit: “I am Raphael, one of the seven angels who offer the prayers of the saints and ascend before the majesty of the Lord.”

However, the ancient master portrayed the Christian archangels in the form of seven planetary deities, who were revered by the Sumerians from ancient Akkad and Babylon. As gods, they worshiped seven planets visible to the naked eye – Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, the Sun and the Moon. The last two celestial bodies, as we understand now, the Sumerians mistakenly attributed to the number of planets.

The seven planetary deities in Mesopotamia were the main gods of the pantheon. Temples were dedicated to them, ceremonies were held in their honor. It was then that the belief arose that the position of the planets in the sky at the time of the birth of the child determines his future fate. Then the common expression appeared: “he was born under a happy star.”

The exact age of the frescoes in the found church has not yet been established. Some evidence suggests that images appeared in the 14th century. According to scientists, the temple could operate throughout the existence of the city of Banganarti. It was an important Christian center on the territory of Nubia from the VI to XIV centuries. The powerful kingdom of Makuria was located there, which for a long time rebuffed the invasion of the Arabs.

The tradition associated with the seven deities has existed for many millennia; it has been transmitted from civilization to civilization. For example, knowledge of seven planets entered Egypt after the conquests of Alexander the Great. Greek astronomers in Alexandria gave the seven planets the names of their gods, and after the conquest of Egypt by Rome, the planets were named after the seven Roman gods.

“Archangels were also considered to be the guardians of people from birth to death, after which they became their guides in the afterlife,” says Dr. Laptas. “Thanks to their wings, they could soar freely in the sky. The similarity of archangels to planetary deities is evident even in their ability to control elements, as described in the “Apocalypse” of St. John. The sound of the trumpet of each of the seven archangels caused cataclysms. “

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Ancient

Hel Scandinavian goddess of death

It is clear that Scandinavian mythology from Marvel is significantly different from reality. Despite the fact that Hel is the goddess of the underworld, she was never considered evil in its purest form. This is a more complex character.

Who is Hel?

Hel is the goddess of death. In fact, she was a giantess, the daughter of Loki and Angrboda (giantess).

This made Hel the sister of the monsters Fenrir, a powerful Norwegian wolf, and Jormungandra, the Serpent of Midgard.

The Azir gods were afraid of these three children because of their monstrous origin and prophecies about the chaos that they would arrange at the time of the onset of Ragnarok.

To solve this problem, Odin sent each of the children to the place where they could do the least harm. In the case of Hel, he sent her to Niflheim, one of the Norwegian lands of the dead.

As the goddess of the grave world, she was responsible for taking souls who were there.

The goddess of death is described in the sources as half black and half flesh-colored. Some scholars interpret the description as a half-living being and half-dead. It is said that Hel had a dejected and frightening look.

Her name means “hidden” in Old Norse, probably referring to the fact that the underworld was hidden from the kingdom of the living.

Helheim: The Underworld

Hel ruled the kingdom of Niflheim, also often called Helheim in connection with the goddess of the underworld.

This was the place where the Norwegian dead appeared, who did not die on the battlefield. Warriors who died in battle were brought either to Valhalla, to Odin’s hall, or to Volkwangr, to Frigg’s hall.

All the rest of the dead will be in Helheim. Thus, unlike the Christian concept of hell, this was not a place of torment for the wicked and cruel.

Hel and Ragnarok

According to the prophecy, Loki will break his own chains (he was imprisoned for his role in the death of Balder) and set off on a ship made of toenails and nails of the dead to Asgard. On board will be accompanied by his daughter Hel and the army of dishonorable dead. Her final fate in the battle is not recorded.

Does Hel’s participation in the last battle against the gods represent a bloodthirsty character who decided to bring death to the Scandinavian world in order to take control of everyone?

Or is she a woman participating in the battle to avenge the way the gods treated her and her family, driving them into the corners of the universe out of fear and prejudice?

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