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3 Legendary Heroes Who May Or May Not Have Existed

From Britain’s most beloved outlaw to the founder of all Turkic peoples, find out more about three historical figures whose existence remains up for debate.

1 – King Arthur. Knight Of Camelot

We’ve all heard stories about King Arthur of Camelot, who according to medieval legend led British forces (including his trusted Knights of the Round Table) in battle against Saxon invaders in the early sixth century. But was King Arthur actually a real person, or simply a hero of Celtic mythology? Though debate has gone on for centuries, historians have been unable to confirm that Arthur really existed. He doesn’t appear in the only surviving contemporary source about the Saxon invasion, in which the Celtic monk Gildas wrote of a real-life battle at Mons Badonicus (Badon Hills) around 500 A.D. Several hundred years later, Arthur appears for the first time in the writings of a Welsh historian named Nennius, who gave a list of 12 battles the warrior king supposedly fought. All drawn from Welsh poetry, the battles took place in so many different times and places that it would have been impossible for one man to have participated in all of them.

3 Legendary Heroes Who May Or May Not Have Existed

The Death of King Arthur. James Archer (artist) (1823 – 1904)

Welsh origin

Later Welsh writers drew on Nennius’ work, and Arthur’s fame spread beyond Wales and the Celtic world, particularly after the Norman conquest of 1066 connected England to northern France. In the popular 12th-century book “History of the Kings of Britain,” Geoffrey of Monmouth wrote the first life story of Arthur, describing his magic sword Caliburn (later known as Excalibur), his trusted knight Lancelot, Queen Guinevere and the wizard Merlin. An irresistible blend of myth and fact, the book was supposedly based on a lost Celtic manuscript that only Geoffrey was able to examine.

Evidence from the ground

The second key source of information about Arthur is archaeology. Archaeological evidence for contact between Wales, Cornwall and the Saxon World takes many forms – from metalwork manufactured in an Anglo-Saxon style discovered in south-east Wales, to the distribution of early medieval pottery imported from the Continent and the shores of the Mediterranean.

Excavations at Dinas Powys, a princely hillfort near Cardiff occupied between the 5th and 7th-centuries, has informed us about the nature of a high status site in south Wales at this time. This site is contemporary with others like South Cadbury in Somerset and Tintagel in Cornwall (both with their own Arthurian traditions).

Arthur’s court at Caerleon

A large number of sites in Wales have Arthurian associations, though few have proven medieval origin. In the 12th century, Caerleon was thought by Geoffrey of Monmouth to be the location of Arthur’s court, while the hillfort of Dinas Emrys in north Wales is associated with Ambrosius, Vortigern and Merlin.

3 Legendary Heroes Who May Or May Not Have Existed
bronze statue of King Arthur, Cornwall, UK

Arthur’s Stone

Some half dozen Welsh Stone Age megaliths are called ‘Arthur’s Stone’, and his name has also been given to an Iron Age hillfort on the Clwydian Range, Moel Arthur, near Denbigh. According to one tradition, King Arthur and his knights lie sleeping in a cave below Craig y Ddinas, Pontneddfechan, in south Wales.

2 – Ilya Muromets. Mighty Giant Of Russia

3 Legendary Heroes Who May Or May Not Have Existed

Painting by V. Vasnetsov (1914) depicts Ilya Muromets (Image Source)

In numerous folk tales he is described as strong and fearless, he waves his mace to crush trees or else simply uproots them with his bare hands – all this to help his fellow villagers build a road through the forest. He can defeat terrifying monsters: Zmey Gorynych (the three-headed flying serpent) and Solovey Razboinik (Nightingale the Robber). He boldly challenges Idolishe Poganoe (Tainted Beastgod), a knight corrupted by evil forces who threatens the integrity of Kiev Rus (the medieval name for Russia).

Out of the three Russian folk heroes, the so-called bogatyrs (Ilya Muromets, Dobrynia Nikitich and Alyosha Popvich), Ilya is the most famous one, as well as the group’s leader. More stories are associated with his name and, unlike his mythical counterparts, the stories about him have a distinct chronological structure.

The chronicles suggest the famous Russian hero spent 33 years of his life lying on a stove. The original old Russian stove has a sleeping loft on the top which mainly was used as a resting place. The mysterious illness which kept paralysed Ilya’s body for long years was miraculously cured by three religious wanderers.

Declared a saint

After long years of service to Vladimir the Great, the ruler of Kiev Rus, Ilya Muromets decided to leave his military career and dedicated the rest of his life to God and became a monk. Some historical records suggest he spent last years of his life in Kiev-Pecherski Monastery, where he was buried and declared a saint after his death.

3 Legendary Heroes Who May Or May Not Have Existed

Russian saint Ilia Muromets. Russian icon. End of 19th century. Unknown artist (Image Source)

In 1988, the remains that allegedly belong to famous Russian hero were analysed by team of local experts. Their investigation showed that the remains belonged to a man of above average height for that time (177 cm), who suffered from an incurable spine defect and deformities at the extremities. Traces of battle wounds were also discovered, showing that Ilya was probably killed during the siege of Kiev in 1204. How he was cured and how he was able to participate in battles remains a mystery, yet it was obvious from the remains that the life of the factual saint bore many similarities to that of the mythical bogatyr.

3 – Oghuz Khan. Father of Turkic Peoples

There is no definitive source for a history covering this period therefore reports of Oghuz as ancestor of the Turks were handed down by word of mouth. The ‘Oghuz Qaghan Legend’ emerged in Turkestan shortly before the time of Rashid al-Din (1247-1318, historian and physician in Ilkhanate-ruled Iran); it is much more poetic than Rashid al-Din’s dry description, however only a fragment remains.

3 Legendary Heroes Who May Or May Not Have Existed

Statue of Oghuz Khan in Turmenistan, Ashgabat (Image Source)

Oghuz Khan myth

Oghuz was born in Central Asia as the son of Qara (Black) Khan, leader of the Turks. He stopped drinking his mother’s milk after the first time and asked for meat. During the name giving ceremony where the elders are gathered to find the most suitable name for the newborn, he started speaking and said he was choosing his name as Oghuz. After that, he grew up miraculously and only in forty days he became a young adult. At the time of his birth, the lands of the Turks were preyed upon by a dragon named Kıyant. Oghuz armed himself and went to kill the dragon. He set a trap and killed the great dragon with his bronze lance and cut off his head with his iron sword.

He becomes a hero after killing the dragon. He forms a special warrior band from the forty sons of forty Turk beys (clan chiefs) thus gathering the clans together under his rule.

Rashid al-Din locates the origin of the Oghuz in west Turkestan. His description begins with the later Gasnavids (Persianate Muslim dynasty of Turkic mamluk origin)  than reaches back of the myths surrounding the birth and early journeys made by Oghuz in the magic north. In the Legend Oghuz is a grandson of Japhet, one of the sons of Noah. Im the pre-Islamic times he is described as monotheist even in early childhood, and rejects the contemporary paganism. With this conflict his life as a warrior begins until finally he becomes conqueror of the world. According to the legend Oghuz wages war in several countries including India, East Turkestan, China, the Volga area and the ‘Land of Darkness’. Other areas probably corresponds to the recorded conquest of the Oghuz in the 11th century. Thus the Oghuz legend merges with great conquest of the Sedshuk period, including, among others, Georgia (1049), Azerbaijan (1054), Baghdad (1055), Jerusalem (1071) etc.

Like Adam Oghuz died at an age of more than a thousand years.

Oghuz Khan is sometimes considered the mythological founder of all Turkic peoples, and ancestor of the Oghuz subbranch. Oguz had 6 sons and these 6 sons had 4 sons . Totally, 24 grandson which we considered the father of 24 Oghuz tribe including Kayı (Ottomans). Oghuz-Turks conquered Palestine in 1070 AD, Iran was ruled by Seljuks, an Oghuz tribe, Iraq, and Anatolian Peninsula were conquered by Oghuz Turks speaking Oguz-Turkish language (Ottomans).

Magic arrows of Oghuz

The elderly wise advisor of Oghuz saw a dream one day where he saw one bow made of gold and three arrows. The bow was extending all the way from sunrise to sunset . In the morning, he told the dream to Oghuz Khagan, saying “Oghuz Khagan, may you have a long and happy life, may all the things the Sky God showed in the dream become true.” Upon hearing the dream, Oghuz Khagan calls his six sons and sends three of them them to the east and three of them to the west. His elder sons find a golden bow in the east. His younger sons find three silver arrows in the west. Oghuz Khan breaks the golden bow into three pieces and gives each to his three older sons Gün (Sun), Ay (Moon) and Yıldız (Star). He says: “My older sons, take this bow and shoot your arrows to the sky like this bow.” He gives three silver arrows to his three younger sons Gök (Sky), Dağ (Mountain) and Deniz (Sea) and says: “My younger sons, take these silver arrows. A bow shoots arrows and may you be like arrows.” Then, he passes his lands onto his sons, Bozoks (Gray Arrows – elder sons) and Üçoks (Three Arrows – younger sons) at a final banquet. Then he says:

“My sons, I walked a lot on the Earth;

I saw many battles;

I threw so many arrows and spears;

I rode many horses;

I made my enemies cry;

I made my friends smile;

I paid my debt to Tengri;

Now I am passing my land over to you.”

References:

National Museum Wales

History

Russiapedia

History of Ogus‘  Eddie Austerlitz

Featured image: Bogatyrs (1898) by Viktor Vasnetsov

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Fact or fiction

Earth is threatened by asteroid collision a day before US elections

A refrigerator-sized asteroid could hit Earth a day before the US presidential election , which is scheduled for November 3. American astrophysicist Neil DeGrasse Tyson announced this on his Instagram page.

“Asteroid 2018VP1, a refrigerator-sized asteroid in space, is speeding towards us at over 25,000 miles per hour,” he wrote.

At the same time, the scientist assured that there would be no particular harm from such a collision, since the asteroid is relatively small in size. According to Tyson, if “the end of the world comes in 2020, it is not the fault of the universe.”

According to NASA, the probability that an asteroid will enter the Earth’s atmosphere is 0.41 percent. It is expected to flyby at 384 thousand kilometers.

Asteroid 2018 VP1 was discovered on November 3, 2018. It belongs to the “Apollo” group – these are asteroids whose paths cross the earth’s orbit.

No protection from dangerous asteroids

Humanity does not have the technical ability to prevent a large asteroid from falling to Earth. Currently, there are no such opportunities. The only means is to notify the population. However, we cannot predict where on Earth the asteroid will hit. The orbit and angles of entry into the atmosphere are determined with an error. It turns out that one asteroid can have a whole track from possible points of impact, which can stretch for half of the Earth.

The origin of life when an asteroid falls

Japanese scientists studying the origin of life on Earth simulated on an experimental setup the conditions that arise when an asteroid falls into the ocean. It turned out that with such an event complex organic compounds such as amino acids are formed in water.It turned out that the shock produces amino acids such as glycine and alanine, which serve as building blocks for proteins involved in many biological reactions.In the early stages of development on Mars, as on Earth, falls of meteorites and asteroids were common, and the formation of amino acids induced by impacts could well be the first step towards the origin of life, scientists say.

US presidential election

The US presidential election will be held on November 3. The current leader of the country, Donald Trump, is running for a second Republican term. His main rival is Democratic candidate Joe Biden. 

According to the data on the number of views in the past debate, Biden’s speech was watched by 600 thousand more people than Trump.

Most states vote in whole or in part by mail. Earlier, Trump called Biden “the worst presidential candidate in history” and jokingly promised to leave the United States if he loses the election.

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“Ummite Letters” of Aliens. KGB experiment or shocking truth?

Collage LIFE. Photo © Getty Images, © Shutterstock

Once upon a time, Europe was flooded with information from the alleged residents of the planet Ummo, and defectors from the USSR claimed that the KGB even managed to detain and study one of the aliens.

This story began in 1966, as usual, with devilry. Bored students at the University of Madrid organized an esoteric circle in which they practiced table-turning and talking with spirits – a rather strange activity for Catholic Spain.

Once, one of them came up with a “wonderful” idea – to try to call into conversation not the souls of long-dead ancestors and not demons, but aliens. And what was the surprise of young scientists when some “inhabitants of the planet Ummo” from the constellation Virgo responded to the call. Yes, they did not just respond, but began to actively talk with students, telling them about their own planet. They talked so much that one of the students, Fernando Sesma, even published a brochure on this topic.

Had he lived in the Middle Ages, he would have been burned at the stake for communicating with demons, but, unfortunately, the grain fell on fertilized soil. Here and there in the media, there were reports of flying saucers, and the book began to be bought. Sesma was already rubbing his hands in anticipation of profits, but one night, he received a phone call in his apartment.

Contact

Photo of the "Ummo Ship", published June 1, 1967.  Photo © Wikipedia

Photo of the “Ummo Ship”, published June 1, 1967. Photo © Wikipedia

A muffled voice on the phone told the student that a resident of the planet Ummo was talking to him, that aliens had been exploring Earth for 70 years and that the last resident troop was landed on the planet in 1956. In the Alps (in a mountainous region that belonged to France), six agents of the Ummite civilization landed from a space “saucer”: two women and four men. They had to not only study the flora and fauna of the planet, but also study the culture of people.

According to the ummit, the diversity of human relations, nationalities and cultures amazed the aliens so much that they decided to postpone official contact with earthlings for a while in order to get to know them better. Sesma’s interlocutor was outraged by the multiple inaccuracies that were present in the brochure, and demanded that the earthling fix the mistakes.

Already in the morning, Sesma considered the night conversation a good prank, but, to his surprise, a few days later he received in the mail a whole pile of documents describing life on the planet Ummo. Each of the sheets was marked with a special emblem. The documents claimed that planet Ummo revolves around the star of Yumma, its coordinates were given right there, and the civilization and culture of the Ummites were also described. It turned out that the structure of their society resembles the era of victorious communism. Each of the inhabitants of Ummo was a neuron of one huge brain, united by a “common soul”. The Ummites were very similar to earthlings, light-haired, light-eyed, and the average height was two meters.

Smells played an important role in the Ummo civilization, there were their own ideas about God, reminiscent of Kant’s ideas, there were also eschatological ideas about the end of the world. The arts never existed on the Ummo, but the Ummites were good engineers, and all important decisions were made together through some semblance of the Internet.

Men in Black

Photo © Getty Images

Photo © Getty Images

Since then, Sesma began to receive letters from the Ummites with enviable regularity – every second Tuesday of the month. Letters came to him from all over the world: from America, from Australia, from Africa and even from behind the “Iron Curtain” (from the territory of Eastern Europe and from the Soviet Union). A year later, in 1967, information began to be dictated by telephone, and at the beginning of the summer Sesme was told that the Spaniards should wait for guests: on July 1, 1967, an alien ship would land in the suburbs of Madrid.

An agitated Sesma warned the local police about this, but they only laughed at him.  On July 1, a flood of messages from local residents poured into the Madrid police and local newspapers. All of them saw UFOs in the sky over Madrid, and at the site of the announced landing they found several strange cylinders and ten strips of polyvinyl with the inscription “Ummo” in Latin.

Finally, journalists became interested in the aliens. They found that in Madrid alone, 65 people received letters from the Ummites. The contactees were not only in Spain, but also in France and in other European countries. Some have received letters since 1962. Obviously, the letters and information from the Ummites should have given humans a chance to get used to future alien intervention.

A letter in Spanish sent to a certain Enrique Villagras on November 28, 1966.  Noteworthy is the lilac seal with the Ummo symbol (bottom right).  Photo © Wikipedia

A letter in Spanish sent to a certain Enrique Villagras on November 28, 1966. Noteworthy is the lilac seal with the Ummo symbol (bottom right). Photo © Wikipedia

In the Spanish town of Burnet, they even recalled the appearance of strange, very tall, fair-haired people in black suits, who kept themselves apart, and then disappeared somewhere. The result of their appearance was the disappearance of a whole bus with tourists who were never found.

After covering the problem in the media, scientists got involved. The astrophysicist, head of the National Center for Scientific Research of France, Jean-Pierre Petit, was most interested in the question. At first he wanted to expose the invention, but in the process of studying the materials he changed his mind. The data about the science of Ummo were so interesting and difficult to understand that they baffled the scientist, and he began to lean towards the opinion about the authenticity of the documents.

Petyo even wrote once that more than 90% of his discoveries are the result of ideas suggested to him by the Ummites. For example, the scientist proposed to revise the Big Bang theory, since the speed of light is not always the same, and time under certain conditions can flow backwards.

What was it?

Modern researchers of the problem have several versions of the appearance of the Ummite letters. The first version says that the letters are authentic, the Ummites exist. In Russia, they were even associated with a whole series of deaths among ufologists. However, there is still no direct evidence of the existence of the Ummites, and the letters do not carry any fundamentally new information for humanity. Scientists have long scanned the space where the star of Humma should have been, but they did not find anything there.

The second version says that this story is an operation of the special services. For example, the Spanish special services at one time stated that the letters were a provocation by the KGB. Say, in such an intricate way, the Soviet Union wanted to change the political background in Spain, because the country remained practically the only place in Europe in which there was no communist party. Again, there was no evidence, except that the lilac emblem of the Ummites somehow very suspiciously resembled the Cyrillic letter “zh”.

Photo © Shutterstock

Photo © Shutterstock

After the fall of the USSR, there were people who allegedly saw the “blue folder” “leaked” to the West, into which the KGB put all documents related to the study of extraterrestrial intelligence. And supposedly it said not only about the authenticity of the letters, but also about the fact that in the USSR it was possible not only to catch, but also to study one of the Ummites. A former KGB officer P. Klimchenkov who fled to the West told about this to one of the American journalists. The third version was that the Europeans became the target of a prank by a leftist youth group, which thus spread their ideas.

But the most popular was the assumption that the Ummite letters were the fruit of a complex hoax, behind which stood a whole group of scholars who disliked the dictator Franco. In 1992, psychologist Jose Luis Peña admitted this, who said that in such an intricate way he wanted to test the readiness of humanity for contact. He was indeed among those who received the Ummite letters. And in 1966 he even claimed to have seen a spaceship with the emblem of the Ummites. By the time of recognition, the scientist had already suffered a stroke and completely lost his speech.

Wait and see

In the 21st century, Ummites communicate with people through tweets. They report that there are now 240 aliens on Earth, that 432 more Ummo agents will arrive in December 2020, and preparations for contact between civilizations will begin in three years – in 2023. Then a certain hierarch with powers will arrive on Earth.

The Ummites have already had their harmful influence on the earthlings. For example, in Bolivia, a sect has emerged whose followers call themselves the children of the Ummo. Perhaps a group of students engaged in table-turning really looked into the abyss somewhere. And the abyss, as it should be, looked at people in response.

Source: LIFE Magazine

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“In October the world is waiting for something”: a new catastrophe predicted

In social networks, they began to actively discuss the prediction of Jordan Maxwell that in October 2020, humanity will face an unprecedented catastrophe.

This spring, Maxwell revealed that he knew about the coronavirus back in 2019.

“I said it would come 6 months ago,” he said in April.

He explained that he has a best friend, he is an astrologer, but not an ordinary seer, but a genius, the level of Nostradamus. He told him that people would be tested by the stars “a kind of new biological weapon that will hit the world.” Moreover, the apogee of disasters falls on October.

“In October, the world is waiting for something that no one has ever seen before,” Jordan said.

According to him, this month will bring problems to all countries on the planet. Unrest and riots will break out in many places. But in the end, the world will go through a “death experience”.

“In October, the whole world, humanity, all countries will be involved in some kind of major ‘shutdown’ that will cause political and social unrest on a scale that we have never had to face before. It will be a tremendous, incredible disaster. “

Earlier, the soothsayer also noted that people can go crazy and start attacking each other all over the planet.

Maxwell’s prediction is now actively discussed on social networks around the world. Moreover, supporters of various conspiracy theories are actively involved.

“If people start going crazy and attacking each other all over the planet, which he says will happen (we already see this, albeit on a smaller scale, in the USA), then I would say that the trigger is for this ( although there will be many other factors) there will be 5G, “one commentator wrote

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