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23 Ancient Mind Blowing Locations

Khouang plateau, Xieng Khouang, Lao PDR, are thousands of megalithic jars. These stone jars appear in clusters, ranging from a single or a few to several hundred jars at lower foothills surrounding the central plain and upland valleys.

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The Xieng Khouang Plateau is located at the northern end of the Annamese Cordillera, the principal mountain range of Indochina. Initial research of the Plain of Jars in the early 1930s claimed that the stone jars are associated with prehistoric burial practices. Excavation by Lao and Japanese archaeologists in the intervening years has supported this interpretation with the discovery of human remains, burial goods and ceramics around the stone jars.

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The Plain of Jars is dated to the Iron Age (500 BCE to 500 CE) and is one of the most fascinating and important sites for studying Southeast Asian prehistory. The Plain of Jars has the potential to shed light on the relationship between increasingly complex societies and megalithic structures and provide insight into social organisation of Iron Age Southeast Asia’s communities. To visit the jar sites one would typically stay in Phonsavan.

 

Kaunos Tombs
Kaunos Tombs in Dalyan, Turkey: Six rock tombs on the Dalyan river (4th – 2nd century BC).

23 Ancient Mind Blowing Locations

The facades of the rock tombs resemble the fronts of Hellenistic temples with two Ionian pillars, a triangular pediment, an architrave with toothed friezes, and acroterions shaped like palm leaves. turkeyvision.com

Derinkuyu

Underground caves of Derinkuyu, Cappadocia. Derinkuyu Underground City is an ancient multi-level underground city of the Median Empire in the Derinkuyu district in Nevşehir Province, Turkey. With its five floors extending to a depth of approximately 60 m, it was large enough to shelter approximately 20,000 people together with their livestock and food stores.
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An ancient city below the surface of the earth carved out by the ancients of Turkey. It is the largest excavated underground city in Turkey and is one of several underground complexes found across Cappadocia.
fineartamerica.com

Tiya
Tiya is among the most important of the roughly 160 archaeological sites discovered so far in the Soddo region, south of Addis Ababa. The site contains 36 monuments, including 32 carved stelae covered with symbols, most of which are difficult to decipher.

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They are the remains of an ancient Ethiopian culture 32 of which are engraved with enigmatic symbols, notably swords,” marking a large, prehistoric burial complex.
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A German ethnographic expedition had visited the site in April 1935, and had found at one hour’s journey to the south of the caravan camp the stone monoliths with sword symbol, which had been seen earlier by Neuville and Père Azaïs. The archeological site was designated a World Heritage Site in 1980. greatbuildings.com

Megalithic Temples of Malta.
These free-standing structures were all used as religious temples, and are the oldest of their kind in the world, constructed between 3500-2500BC.
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jetsetta.com

Ellora
Rock temples in hard basalt, Ellora, India, 7th-10th C. Ellora (Marathi: वेरूळ Vērūḷ) also known as Ellooru, is an archaeological site, 29 km (18 mi) North-West of the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra built by the Rashtrakuta dynasty. Well known for its monumental caves, Ellora is a World Heritage Site.

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Ellora represents the epitome of Indian rock-cut architecture.

Vardzia
The cave city of Vardzia, Mt Erusheli, near Aspindza, southern Georgia (late 12th century). When the medieval kingdom of Georgia was resisting the Mongol hordes, Queen Tamar ordered the construction of this underground sanctuary in 1185 AD.

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This underground fortress extended 13 levels and contained 6000 apartments, a throne room and a large church with an external bell tower.

Choquequirao
Choquequirao Referred to as Machu Picchu’s sister city because of its striking similarity to the more famous site, it may in fact be the larger of the two. In addition to its fascinating ruins around a central plaza, it offers the most breathtaking views of any Inca site.

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The two-day walk to what was probably the estate of an Inca emperor is gaining popularity as an alternative to the Inca Trail, but to reach the ruins one must walk up and down the steep sides of a valley almost a mile deep. images.nationalgeographic.com
Petra
Petra is considered the most famous and gorgeous site in Jordan.
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It is the legacy of the Nabataeans, an industrious Arab people who settled in southern Jordan more than 2000 years ago. atlastours.net
Arsameia

An interesting relief at the ruins of Arsameia, the capital of the kingdom of Commagene in 1st century BC.

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King Mithradates I Kallinikos of Commagene (100–70 BC) dressed as the Zoroastrian Magi (left) shakes hands with the Greek god Hercules. kavehfarrokh.com

Taq-e Bostan
Taq-e Bostan or Taq-i-Bustan (Persian: طاق بستان‎) is a series of large rock relief from the era of Sassanid Empire of Persia, the Iranian dynasty which ruled western Asia from 226 to 650 AD.

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This example of Sassanid art is located 5 km from the city center of Kermanshah in western Iran. It is located in the heart of the Zagros mountains, where it has endured almost 1,700 years of wind and rain. by richard0428

Cappadocian cave homes
3500 years of Cappadocian cave homes: These unique underground havens once were used by early Christians to hide from Roman armies, yet they remain occupied to this day

3500 years of Cappadocian cave homes: These unique underground havens once were used by early Christians to hide from Roman armies, yet they remain occupied to this day - 100 square miles with 200+ underground villages and tunnel towns complete with hidden passages, secret rooms and ancient temples, with each new civilization building on the work of the last.
100 square miles with 200+ underground villages and tunnel towns complete with hidden passages, secret rooms and ancient temples, with each new civilization building on the work of the last. by calzean
Qasr Farid Tomb

Qasr Farid Tomb, Carved from Single Large Outcrop of Rock, Madain Salah, Al Madinah, Saudi Arabia

Qasr Farid Tomb, Carved from Single Large Outcrop of Rock, Madain Salah, Al Madinah, Saudi Arabia

allposters.com

Gateway to the Great Stupa
The ‘Great Stupa’ at Sanchi was originally commissioned by the emperor Ashoka the Great in the third century BCE. Its nucleus was a simple hemispherical brick structure built over the relics of the Buddha.

Gateway to the Great Stupa The ‘Great Stupa’ at Sanchi was originally commissioned by the emperor Ashoka the Great in the third century BCE. Its nucleus was a simple hemispherical brick structure built over the relics of the Buddha. It was crowned by the chatra, a parasol-like structure symbolising high rank, which was intended to honour and shelter the relics
It was crowned by the chatra, a parasol-like structure symbolising high rank, which was intended to honour and shelter the relics theancientworld.tumblr.com
Avenue of the Dead

The Avenue of the Dead at Teotihuacan, an enormous archaeological site in the Basin of Mexico, just 30 miles (48 km) northeast of Mexico City, containing some of the largest pyramidal structures built in the pre-Columbian Americas.

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The name means “where man met the gods.”

El Fuerte de Samaipata
El Fuerte de Samaipata is a unique archaeological site in the mountains of central Bolivia. It features a stone hill carved with a wide variety of animal and geometric figures.

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It has been designated a World Heritage the-world-heritage-sites.com

Nemrut Türkiye
Nemrut Türkiye in southeastern Turkey, notable for the summit where a number of large statues are erected around what is assumed to be a royal tomb from the 1st century BC.

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hurriyet.com.tr

Chan Chan, Trujillo, Peru
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Chan Chan is the largest Pre-Columbian City in South America.

Lake Titicaca

The ruins of an ancient temple under Lake Titicaca, the world’s highest lake. Dating back 1,000 to 1,500 years ago, the ruins are pre-Incan. The Incas, who built Machu Picchu, believed they originated from the lake.
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They regarded the lake as the birthplace of their civilisation, and in their myth, the Children of The Sun emerged out of the waters. crystalinks.com

Mohenjo-daro
Mohenjo-daro was once a major city, occupied by people belonging to the first civilisation in the Indian subcontinent. Mohenjo-daro, along with the other major city of Harappa and a host of other sites in Pakistan and northern India, represent an entire Early Bronze Age civilization on a par with those of contemporary Egypt and Mesopotamia.

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world-archaeology.com

Palmyra
In the heart of Syrian Desert it is hidden Palmyra, often described as the bride of the desert. Its magnificent remains tell of a heroic history during the reign of Queen Zenobia.
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The Oasis, as it is sometimes called, is located near a hot-water spring called Afqa, which makes it an ideal halt for caravans moving between Iraq and Al-Sham (present day Syria, Lebanon, Holy Land and Jordan), trading in silk from China to the Mediterranean oddee.com

Montezuma Castle

Montezuma Castle, ancient Sinagua cliff dwelling near Sedona, Arizona

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Angkor Thom

The gate of Angkor Thom, Siem Reap, Cambodia
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slabbb-blockkk-hilarious.tumblr.com

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Ancient

The Hopi legend of the ‘flying shields’

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‘Hopituh Shi-nu-mu’ is the name that one of the Native American tribes is called and means “peaceful people.” The history of the ancient Hopi goes back thousands of years and makes them one of the oldest cultures in the world.

Unlike other mythologies of different cultures which speak of gods that descended from the heavens, in the ancient legends of the Hopi, a different story is told, speaking of mighty gods who reside in the center of the Earth.
But who were they? In a similar way, nearly all pre-Columbian cultures just like the Hopi believe that one day, not too far away, the gods who have shaped human culture will come back to Earth.

They have always lived according to the teachings that were given to them by Masauwu, the Master of the Fourth World, where ethical concepts are deeply rooted in their culture.

Einstein with Hopi, early 20th Century.

Einstein with Hopi, early 20th Century

However, contrary to many other mythologies that are widespread around thew globe, the Hopi believe that their gods do not live in the infinite spaces of the cosmos, but live in the heart of the Earth, conveying the idea of a hollow earth existing right below our feet.

The Hopi speak of “Flying Shields” that flew over the sky. They were run by deities and attacked cities in ancient times.

This legend of the Hopi of the “Flying Shields” has been narrated since the ancient times of America. In the remote past they observed a strange futuristic technology, with a type of circular aircraft that moved through the sky and were driven by beings called Kachina.

Hopi masks

Left: Hopi ceramic. Right: Hopi illustration about a female deity. Credit: Anagoria / Wikimedia commons / Internet Archive Book / Flickr..

The Hopi are a Native American tribe descendants of the so-called Old Town that lived in the southwestern United States. Its history is very old, more than 3,000 years old.

The Hopi, the Flying Shields and their deities

Left: Hopi ceramic. Right: Hopi illustration about a female deity. Credit: Anagoria / Wikimedia commons / Internet Archive Book / Flickr..

According to the mythology of the Hopi, at the beginning of time, Taoiwa, the Creator, created Sotuknang, his nephew, giving him the task of creating nine universes or worlds: one for Taiowa, one for him and the other seven for the overabundance of life. In a cyclical conception of time, in a similar way to Aztec mythology, these worlds would continue cyclically.

The mythology tells that story that the first three worlds, Tokpela, Tokpa, and Kuskurza have already been inhabited and subsequently destroyed due to corruption and wickedness of men. The Hopi speak that the end of each cycle is marked by the return of the gods, and announced by the appearance of the Blue Kachina Star the sign of the ‘Day of Purification,” in which the old world is destroyed, and a new one begins.

Each time one of the worlds is destroyed, the Hopi, the faithful are saved and taken by the gods to the underground cities to escape the destruction of the planet.

In each cyclic destruction, and always according to the mythology of the Hopi, the ‘ant-men’ are crucial for human survival.

Hopi Ant-Men

The so-called ‘First World’ (Tokpela) was apparently destroyed by the fire of global proportions, perhaps a kind of massive volcanism, or the impact of an asteroid or even a large coronal mass ejection from the Sun of catastrophic proportions.

The ‘Second World’ (Tokpa), however, was destroyed by the cold. Most likely due to a pole shift that caused a massive ice age that destroyed life on the planet.

Interestingly, in the course of these two global cataclysms, the members of the Hopi tribe were guided during the day by a cloud of strange shape and a moving star overnight, leading to the presence of the so-called ‘Ant-Man’ which the Hopi call Anu Sinom.

This creature escorted the Hopi to underground caves where they found shelter and sustenance.

Interestingly, in the ancient Sumerian language, Anum or Anu was the god of the gods. He is the creator of creation.

In the Hopi legend, the mysterious creature that resembled a humanoid-ant is described as a generous and hardworking creature, willing to provide food to the Hopi, and to teach them methods of food preservation so they could survive.

As you can see, like many cultures around the globe, the ancient Hopi believed in the existence of subterranean chambers, cities which are eerily similar to other theories of the Hollow Earth. The Ancient Hopi also mention the mysterious ant-men gods who helped the ancient Hopi progress through time. However, the ancient Hopi also speak of the patuwvotas or ancient ‘flying shields.’

The tribe claim that we now live in the Fourth World after the previous three were destroyed by fire and ice

According to Frank Waters, author of Mystic Mexico: The advent of the Sixth World of Consciousness (1975) it is in the ‘third world’ where the ancient Hopi introduce the concept of the Patuwvotas, or “flying shields’.

In Frank Waters’s writings on Hopi mythology, the Blue Star Kachina or Saquasohuh, is a kachina or spirit, that will signify the coming of the beginning of the new world by appearing in the form of a blue star.

In the third cycle, it is said that humanity built a very advanced civilization, and developed the concept of “flying shields,” a sort of vehicle that can quickly travel to different places in the world and devastate entire cities on Earth. The Third World was destroyed by Sotuknang, the nephew of the Creator, with a great flood.

Also, in this case, there is a clear parallel with the Sumerian tradition in which we talk about the great flood that destroyed all previous civilization on the planet. This story is told in the Epic of Gilgamesh, a text which was then taken to biblical tradition in the history of the Flood and Noah’s Ark.

Sotuknang appeared to them and showed them as the last of the Third World sank into the ocean

According to the traditions of the Hopi, the survivors of the flood are scattered in different parts of the world, under the guidance of Masauwu, the Spirit of Death and the Master of the Fourth World. A fascinating petroglyph of the Hopi is that where Masauwu is represented piloting a wingless boat that has the shape of a dome. The similarity between the “flying shields” and what we today consider as airplanes or flying saucers, is mind boggling.

It seems evident that the flying shields or ‘ships without wings’ are something ancient cultures around the globe witnessed in the distant past. The ancient Hopi used the term to refer to something that was capable of flying through the skies and transporting people.

The Hopi described their deities as intraterrestrials , which ascended from within the Earth. They called them Ant People, and their imagery reminds a lot of the gray aliens of today.

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Hopi alien look like petroglyphs

This American tribe exposes the existence of a series of time cycles in the world. In the third cycle it is when they report the presence of the “Flying Shields” ( patuwvotas ) . It is the Third World called Kuskurza , in Hopi language.

That Third World was very advanced , even with what appears to be futuristic technology and ancient astronauts. The Flying Shields were an armament that floated in the sky, capable of attacking cities from long distances and moving in an extremely fast way .

Hopi Petroglyph . Courtesy: Jedi Simon.

Those who handled the shields were spirits called Kachina , so-called mediators between gods and humans. The flying objects emitted an overwhelming sound : “a thunderous sound (and) a sibilant noise like that of the wind passing through a narrow place …” .

There is an amazing similarity between these artifacts and the flying saucers described by ufology or any other type of stealth military aircraft. That is why this American mythology is part of the folklore of ancient astronauts.

A flood and the destruction of the Third World

The Third World was a period of prosperity and advanced ancient technology , but it came to an end from a deluge generated by the gods.

Credit: tombud / Pixabay.

According to the series Native American Wisdom , “Hopi, following the path of peace” , the god Sotuknang told the beginning of the Fourth World :

Look, I have razed even the traces of its Emergence; The steps I left for you. At the bottom of the seas are all the proud cities, the flying patuwvotas (shields) and the worldly treasures corrupted by evil, and those who found no time to sing the praises of the Creator from the top of their hills. But the day will come, if you keep the memory and the meaning of your Emergence, when these steps will emerge again to prove the truth that you expose ».

During the flood, the red city of Palatkwapi was destroyed . Tiwahongva and his sister Tawiayisnima had been abandoned, and, while camping, they heard a roar. It was Sotuknang, who descended from the sky boarding his paatuwvota (Flying Shield).

Kachina traditional statue. Courtesy: History Disclosure.

God wore a suit that shone like ice and had a twinkling face. The brothers ascended the shield with the god , flying high above the heights. Finally, Sotuknang left them in the village where their parents had settled after the flood.

This legend of the Hopi amazes by the appearance of deities or even ancient astronauts who used a futuristic ancient technology. This tribe thinks that, even today, the Kachina still travel the Earth in Flying Shields! .

References: Ancient-Origins / HistoryDisclosure

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Ancient

Is Djoser’s pyramid the first pyramid in Egypt?

The pyramid of Pharaoh Djoser is located in Sahara and today is the oldest pyramid on the entire planet. Its value is difficult to exaggerate; it is a vivid example of how people studied architectural craft. The pyramid, as his tomb, was ordered to be built by the pharaoh Djoser, and the high priest of the temple of worship of the sun god Ra – Imhotep took up this difficult task. It was he who developed the drawings, which represented a tomb in a new form, like none of the pharaohs had before.

It is also interesting that Imhotep himself later became more popular among the Egyptians than his ruler, and the people of Egypt elevated the saints to him: Imhotep was called the god of construction and medicine. Be that as it may, the fact that this pyramid has survived to this day is already a great miracle. Initially, there was a small town around it, in which there was also a temple for the worship of the Pharaoh, two large apartment buildings, a special hall that led to the tomb with columns and ordinary farmhouses for cattle and camels. Only the pyramid has survived to this day. Its size is 62 meters in height and an area of ​​125 by 115 meters. It was the Djoser pyramid that was taken as the basis for the construction of all the other Egyptian pyramids and even the construction of the great Sphinx.

This design was completely innovative for its time. Inside the pyramid itself there were 11 full premises, which, apparently, were intended for all members of the pharaoh’s family. On the walls of the rooms were drawings that reflected the external arrangement of the city, from which it became known about the rest of the premises. The pharaoh himself was buried at a depth of 27 meters under the pyramid, in a special capsule. After everyone recognized Djoser’s pyramid, where it is located and by whom it was created, bad rumors circulated around Egypt.

The thing is that during his life, Pharaoh Djoser, in addition to his main tomb, gave the task to Imhotep to build a second burial ground, only more modest and inconspicuous. Perhaps the first was to avert eyes, since the ruler knew how often such places were robbed and the rest of the dead was disturbed. Whatever it was, when it was precisely Djoser who our contemporaries tried to find in his grave after the discovery of this treasury, they did not find anything there. Among the numerous internal corridors, only one mummified arm was found. Who it belongs to is still unknown. Until now, no one has found the body of the pharaoh, nor the remains or the burial place of his priest and the first architect in the history of mankind.

The main builder, or as he was called in Egypt “the one who looks at the Supreme God”, was later elevated to the rank of the same deities. And all due to the fact that during his life, Imhotep was a bit of a shadow and the right hand of his pharaoh. It is worth being frank, Djoser during his rule did not distinguish himself by anything special and went down in history only thanks to his tomb, as well as to the man to whom he once gave the order to build it. An interesting fact is that when excavating this miracle, it was revealed that various mystical rituals were often performed in the temple, which, in general, was logical enough for that time. The ibis birds, which were the symbol of Sahara, were found here in the form of mummies. Imhotep thought for a long time how to please his master and decided that his soul after burial should have a way to heaven, in the form of convenient steps. That is why the second name of this tomb is “stepped”.

Today, archaeologists can only guess about the approximate age of this building. Quite common figures tell us that all the above action took place around 2600 BC. Why was such a huge and expensive complex of buildings chosen, given that all the rulers before Djoser were not compared to this? And all simply because in this way the ordinary people were frightened, who continually loved to rebel and argue about a way of life. Therefore, Vladyka wanted to show all his strength, power, and most importantly, his belonging to the world of Gods and higher beings. Also important is the fact that the pyramid was conceived as a place for diverting eyes before the true burials of both the pharaohs and all their wealth. Yes, the wives, children and close relatives of the head of state were buried here, but without pomp and so many honors as the main ruler. That is why many of the robbers who encroached on Joser’s retirement found nothing but mummified corpses. Many were simply afraid to go in there, not to mention stealing something because of the legend that Imhotep was a priest and a witcher, and built such a non-standard structure with the calculation of magic and witchcraft: everyone who violates the peace of his pharaoh will lose his peace life and get stuck in these stone walls forever. Be that as it may, but all these tricks worked wonderfully, as evidenced by the well-preserved stone step beauty, which is still well preserved. to steal something because of the legend that Imhotep was a priest and a witcher, and built such a non-standard structure with the calculation of magic and witchcraft: everyone who violates the peace of his pharaoh will lose peace during his life and will be stuck in these stone walls forever. Be that as it may, but all these tricks worked wonderfully, as evidenced by the well-preserved stone step beauty, which is still well preserved. in order to steal something because of the legend that Imhotep was a priest and a witcher, and built such a non-standard structure with the calculation of magic and witchcraft: everyone who violates the peace of his pharaoh will lose peace during his life and will be stuck in these stone walls forever. Whatever it was, but all these tricks worked wonderfully, as evidenced by the well-preserved stone step beauty, which is still well preserved.

The stepped pyramid of Djoser is the burial place of one of the Egyptian pharaohs and his entire family. This is the very first construction of the tomb in the form of a pyramid and the ancestor of this method is Djoser himself and his priest Imhotep. By the way, the latter, with time, also became (or even more) popular than its ruler. At the entrance to the pyramid itself there is a stone at the foot, which testifies to all the dignities and ranks of the world’s first architect. During the reign of Djoser, Imhotep became the keeper of the upper seal, the divider of land and harvest, the main priest of the god Ra, the adviser and the right hand of the ruler. After his death in Egypt, they created a temple to worship his spirit and a school for teaching all his wisdom. On the walls of the pyramid inside, amazing frescoes are preserved that tell the story of the reign of the pharaoh, all the members of his dynasty and his deeds. For example, it was from such wall inscriptions that it became known that Joser connected Upper and Lower Egypt and came up with a way for his soul to move to heaven after death. That is how the architect and builder Imhotep embodied his request. Subsequently, the followers built all the other tombs in the manner and likeness of the first.

Pharaoh Djoser’s pyramid – a brilliant idea or an accident?

The first idea, according to scientists, was to build a rectangular cube, which would have inside the halls and labyrinths, through which the soul would rise to heaven. But it was the first architect who had the idea to incline all the walls to a single center, in order to simplify the task of the pharaoh’s spirit. The first dimensions of the building were grandiose – more than 60 meters in height and an area of ​​125 × 115 meters. Over time and the impact of a huge number of natural factors – the area of ​​the pyramid has significantly decreased, but the base still survived to this day. The height is less than 1 meter, the area is 121×109. Yes, and it is not so important. We could not find what was left if the high priest was not so adventurous: he was the first in the history of mankind who came up with the use of not typical raw materials and bricks from it, but heavy stone blocks. One can only guess? how did the Egyptians pile these boulders one upon another? Whatever it was, but this building can safely be reckoned one of the very first, architectural, man-made wonders of the world. It is also worth noting that the place for construction was chosen excellent: the view from the pyramid complex opens to Memphis and the entire site is heated under the sun of the colorful plateau.

Djoser’s step pyramid in Sahara, its myths and riddles

The Djoser Pyramid, the photo of which can easily be found on the net, like other attractions in Egypt, has a lot of mysteries. The most important incomprehensible fact is the mystery of the disappearance of the body of the pharaoh himself. According to the structure of the pyramid, the capsule with the mummy was supposed to be under the center of the structure at a depth of about 30 meters. But the place for the capsule was empty during the opening of the treasury. In addition, numerous strange objects for sacrificial rites were found on the territory of the complex and on the ruins of other structures near a tomb. And everything was mystical: the location of the temple for worship of Pharaoh, as God, and the intricate corridors that the conservative Imhotep simply could not plan. The history of Sahara as a region also tells that at the location of the tomb once stood the temple of worship of the god Pta – the main god of Memphis. Given the reverent attitude of the Egyptians to their religion, and even more so to their shrines, it is strange where and why the temple disappeared, and whether Djoser himself was involved in this.

Another important fact is the beginning of a seven-year drought in Egypt, which was accompanied by the start of the tomb structure. Many also consider this a very strange and illogical coincidence.

Around this tomb goes an incredible number of legends and mysterious stories. And all of them arise because it is difficult for a person today to explain how, without special equipment and professional knowledge, did ancient people manage to create such a perfect architectural structure? Some myths say that as a priest of the sun god Ra – Imhotep entered into a conspiracy with dark forces and sold the soul of his ruler for the sake of unique knowledge in construction. Other legends testify that Djoser, realizing that he would die anyway, gave all his treasures to the gods to help build such a unique resting place. It is interesting that some scholars do not reject this version at all, because in no museum in the world, or in any private collection, wealth from this pharaoh was discovered, which simply had to be in the tomb. And inside 11 halls only one mummified hand was found, and whose it is, is still not clear. So think after that what is true and what is fiction. And the pyramid will still rise above the burnt Egyptian Sahara for many centuries, still also exciting the minds and curiosity of our descendants.

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Ancient

A perfectly preserved 18,000 year old puppy was found in the Siberian permafrost

These amazingly preserved remains of a young wolf or dog, not yet quite clear, have been discovered in the permafrost in Siberia. 

The remains were found by Swedish researchers during a joint Russian-Swedish expedition in the summer of 2018.

It has been called “Dogor” which means “friend” in the Yakut language spoken in the area. The place of the discovery is located near the Indigirka River in Siberia, northeast of Yakutsk.

A wolf or a dog?

Although it has been determined that the puppy is male and is approximately 18,000 years old, the preliminary genome sequence could not determine whether it is a wolf, a dog or perhaps a common ancestor of the two, protoperros.

The animal has been studied at the Swedish Center for Palaeogenetics (CPG).

Love Dalén, professor of evolutionary genetics at the GPC, told The Siberian Times:

The GPC has the largest DNA bank in Europe of all canines worldwide, but in this case they could not identify it from the first attempt

Sergey Fedorov, of the Institute of Applied Ecology of the North at North-Eastern Federal University, said in a statement:

This is intriguing, what if it is a dog? We are eager to get more test results.

The official scientific version suggests that the first dogs appeared no earlier than 10-15 thousand years ago.

The photos below are taken by Sergey Fedorov (siberiantimes.com).

At the same time, DNA analysis by the Swedish Center for Palaeogenetics did not help scientists confirm that it was a dog. Scientists have carefully sequenced the genome of the animal but have not yet achieved accurate results. Now, the Swedes are preparing to conduct a more in-depth genome study.

Possible ancient domestication

Humans began to settle in this northern part of Russia about 32,500 years ago. In addition, previous research has suggested that humans domesticated wolf dogs about 10,000 to 40,000 years ago.

The researchers suggest that Dogor could, in theory, fit anywhere within this range as a loyal domestic dog, a voracious wild wolf or anything in between.

Thanks to permafrost, the preservation conditions of this specimen were practically perfect. Temperatures below zero preserved organic matter and prevented the bacterial and fungal growth that would break down the body, but not cold enough to damage tissues.

Even scientists believe it is possible to obtain viable DNA fragments that can be used to sequence the genome of the organism in question.

But this case is not the only one, some months ago the head of a 40,000-year-old Ice Age wolf was found, still covered in fur and fur, found north of Yakutia.

Previously, researchers have found dozens of woolly mammoths in the permafrost of Siberia.

Although there is still a long way to go, scientists have even thought about harnessing the DNA of mammoths preserved with permafrost and using it to resurrect the species from extinction. What surprises will we encounter in the coming years?

Source: Siberian Times / IFL Science

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