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10 Incredible Archaeological Finds They Didn’t Tell You About In School

I wanted to be Indiana Jones as a kid. The problem is, archaeology is a lot harder of a degree to obtain than one in English. It’s also way more boring. Admittedly, the life of an archaeologist probably isn’t as exciting as the Nazi-punching adventures of Dr. Jones.

Yet every once in a while, a discovery is made in the field of archaeology that is crazy interesting. The following finds in archaeology may be lesser known than the Ark of the Covenant, but they’re still super cool and also not filled with ancient spirits that will melt your face off.

1. L’Anse aux Meadows: Many believe that it was Columbus who discovered the New World, but this settlement in Newfoundland proves that the Vikings were the first to settle in North America. The site was built 1,000 years ago, and was able to support 30 to 160 Vikings.

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The vikings were into North America before it was cool!

2. Saksaywaman: This complex fortress sits on the outskirts of Cusco, Peru, the former capital of the Incan empire. The rocks are so tightly fit together you can’t even slip a piece of paper between them.

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Also, the Incans managed to build this without mortar. If you know anything about construction (I don’t), this is pretty important to the process.

3. Mohenjo-daro: This town was built in 2600 BCE in present-day Pakistan. It is one of the first examples of city-planning in human history. It has roads and even a draining system similar to a sewer.

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The city was mysteriously abandoned seven centuries after it was founded. It wasn’t rediscovered until 1922. How do you lose a whole city like this?

4. The Gate of the Sun: Located in west Bolivia, this gate is the precisely cut, megalithic stone archway of the Tiwanaku empire. The empire stretched from Peru to parts of Bolivia 1500 years ago. It was the most powerful South American nation before the Incans.

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Scholars believe this might not be the original location of the archway, suggesting a bizarre, Stonehenge-like situation here.

5. Stone Age tunnels: Just a few years ago, archaeologists found a new, underground network of tunnels built by people of the Stone Age. It stretches from Scotland, through Europe, and into Turkey.

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They are calling it a “highway,” but given that most of the tunnels are only 70 cm wide in diameter, it’s more like the playground in a Chuck E Cheese’s.

6. The Longyou Grottoes: Located in Zhejiang, China, these man-made caves date all the way back to 212 BCE. The most interesting part about them are the meticulously made markings that run along the walls and ceiling that are all evenly spaced at a 60 degree axis.

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I feel like people back then were just bored a lot. This would never happen in the age of Netflix.

7. Göbekli Tepe: Situated on a mountaintop in modern Turkey, this ancient structure changed the way archaeologists think about the origins of human society. The structure pre-dates agriculture (circa 9,000-10,000 BCE), confirming that church and worship were the beginnings of civilization.

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Yeah so, take that, Mesopotamian fertile crescent!

8. Stone Spheres of Costa Rica: Not much is truly known about the spheres, except that they were probably made by the Diquis people that lived from 700 to 1530 AD. There is a local myth that they are relics from the lost city of Atlantis.

This thing weighs about 15 tons!

9. Yonaguni Monument: There is still some debate from archaeologists over whether or not the underwater monument off the coast of Japan is man-made or not. It features two twin monoliths that appear to have been placed, in addition to this pictured structure, known as “The Turtle”.

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The arguments of its origins: the flat edges and 90 degree angles would suggest this was man made, but the fact that it’s very much under the ocean water would suggest not.

10. The Unfinished Obelisk: Recently found in Aswan, Egypt, the obelisk was ordered by Hatshepsut in the mid 1500s BC and could have been the largest Egyptian obelisk ever erected–if it were completed.

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It must have been awkward for the Egyptian slavemasters to force their slaves to make most of an obelisk, but then be like, “Psych, nah, we don’t want it anymore.”

As much as I have always wanted to be Indiana Jones, I feel like archaeology is more about dusting dirt with a tiny broom than dodging booby traps. I’m glad there are people out there into that so we can learn all this cool stuff

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Ancient

Ancient ritual site found three times larger than Stonehenge’s Sarsen circle

Stonehenge Credit: Ko / Unsplash Kit

A huge ancient ritual site dating back over 6,800 years has been discovered in Poland. It is believed to have been used by neolithic people for between 200 and 250 years, with new features added every few dozen years, archaeologists have said

The circular structure is 109 meters in diameter, has three times the size of the inner Sarsen Circle in Stonehenge and about the same size as the exterior ditch of the monument.

The structure, which has been called “roundel” due to its circular shape, was first seen in 2017. Since then, archaeologists have been working on the site to understand its importance. Researchers have announced that radiocarbon dating indicates that the site was built before 4,800 BC.

Ancient ritual site found three times larger than Stonehenge's circle
Nowe Objezierze

The roundel is located in the town of Nowe Objezierze, about 80 kilometers east of Berlin, Germany. It consists of a central area surrounded by three gates that lead to the interior. It then has four ditches circling it. Each ditch is larger and deeper than the last, and it appears they were dug at relatively regular intervals, with a new one being added every few dozen years. The ditches were about 4 to 6.5 feet deep.

Other similar circular enclosures dating to between 4,850 B.C. and 4,600 B.C. are found in a fairly limited area of Europe, including around the River Danube. These are generally thought to have had a ritual purpose and served as some sort of astronomical calendar.

Speaking about the new roundel in Poland, the project leader, Lech Czerniak, from the University of Gdańsk, said in a statement:

This is quite sensational, given the fact that it coincides with the dating of structures located on the Danube, considered the oldest. It seems equally important that the four ditches surrounding the central area of the structure probably did not function simultaneously, but every few dozen years, a new ditch with an ever larger diameter was dug.

“The primary focus of the project are questions about the social aspects of the functioning operation of roundels, including what prompted the inhabitants of a given region to make a huge effort in building and maintaining the roundel, where the idea and knowledge necessary to build this object came from, and how often and for how long the object was used

Ancient ritual site found three times larger than Stonehenge's circle

In addition to dating the roundel, archaeologists also excavated the area and found hundreds of bones, ceramics, stone and flint artifacts, shells and dyes. The bones are now being analyzed by experts and the team hopes to get more information about the communities that used the structure for worship. It is believed that, like the other circular enclosures, the Roundel was used as a “ritual calendar.”

Czerniak said:

It is worth realizing that many so-called pre-literate communities celebrated the most important holidays once in a few, or even a dozen or so years, but very intensely

This is undoubtedly a great find that will help you understand much more of the history surrounding this site.

Source: Newsweek

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Ancient

Egypt hints at ‘mummified lion’ discovery

Image Credit: CC BY-SA 3.0 Daniel Mayer

The Pyramid of Djoser complex at Saqqara. 

Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered the mummy of a very large animal, most likely a lion or lioness.

The Ministry of Antiquities reported on Monday that the mummy, which is much larger than most, was unearthed in Saqqara – a vast ancient burial ground south of Cairo that once served as the necropolis for the ancient Egyptian capital of Memphis.

It is home to numerous structures including the world-famous Step Pyramid of Djoser.

According to the ministry, it is still not completely clear that the mummy is that of a lion however all should be revealed when radar scans are undertaken over the next few days.

A press conference is expected next week with the full details of the discovery.

While cat mummies were very common in ancient Egypt, lion mummies were much rarer. The people of the time worshipped domestic cats as the living incarnation of the half-feline, half-woman Goddess Bastet, so it is likely that lions and other large cat species would have been especially revered.

The first example of a lion mummy – which was preserved as a skeleton – was found back in 2004.

It turned out to be one of the largest lions known to science.

Source: Washington Post

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Ancient

“14 million years” old vehicle tracks discovered(Video)

Even if we have not found their tracks, there is an indeterminate number of civilizations scattered throughout the galaxy and the universe, and it would be feasible that, in the vicinity of our Earth there are some.

These civilizations could be in different phases of scientific, technological and social progress. Some just beginning their process, and others that have a breakthrough so spectacular that they have become travelers of the cosmos.

This is a controversial claim, since human civilization is only intended by conventional archaeologists to extend several thousand years, not millions of years. Not to mention the idea of ​​a prehistoric civilization advanced enough to have space vehicles.

There are petrified wheel tracks found in several places, including parts of Turkey and Spain, and were supposedly left by heavy all-terrain vehicles dating back 12 to 14 million years ago.

The wheel tracks cross the faults formed in the middle and late Miocene period (approximately 12 to 14 million years ago), suggesting that they are older than those failures, Koltypin said on his website.

At that time, the soil would have been moist and soft, like a malleable clay. Large vehicles sank into the mud as they passed over it. Tire grooves at various depths suggest that the area eventually dried up.

Koltypin said the vehicles still drove over while drying, and did not sink so deeply.

The vehicles were similar in length to modern cars, but the tires were about 9 inches (23 centimeters) wide.

He said that the geological and archaeological works that contain information about these grooves are few and far between. Such references generally say that the tracks were left by cars pulled by donkeys or camels.

“I will never accept it,” he wrote of these explanations. “I myself will always remember … many other inhabitants of our planet wiped from our history.”

Koltypin argues that the tracks could not have been left by lightweight trucks or chariots, since the vehicles would have been much heavier to leave these deep impressions.

He has conducted many field studies in several places and extensively reviewed published studies on local geology. He hypothesizes that a road network extended over much of the Mediterranean more than 12 million years ago.

These complete roads would have been used by people who built underground cities like that in Cappadocia, Turkey, which, according to him, are also much older than those of conventional archeology.

Petrified wheel grooves have been found in Malta, Italy, Kazakhstan, France and even in North America, Koltypin said.

One of the main clusters is located in Sofca, Turkey, with tracks covering an area of ​​approximately 45 by 10 miles (75 by 15 kilometers). Another is in Cappadocia, Turkey, where there are several pockets, one of which is 25 miles by 15 miles.

Conventional archaeologists attribute many of the clues to various civilizations in different periods of time. But Koltypin said it is not right to attribute identical roads, ruts and underground complexes to different eras and cultures.

Instead, he attributes them to a unique and widespread civilization in a distant era. Multiple tumultuous natural events, such as tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, floods and tectonic disturbances that have left large fractures in Earth, have removed much of the remains of this advanced prehistoric civilization, he said.

The surrounding underground cities, irrigation systems, wells and more, also show signs of being millions of years old, he said.

But, “without significant additional studies by large groups of archaeologists, geologists and folklore experts, it is impossible to answer the question… What do you think?

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