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Mysteries

10 Discoveries Unexplained by Science: Mysterious Fossils, Humming, and More

What’s causing the eerie noise detected deep under the Atlantic ocean? And who invented the mysterious computer discovered in an ancient Roman shipwreck? We don’t know, and neither do the scientists. Explore the ten most mysterious discoveries that have been baffling us for decades.

10. The Taos Hum

In Taos, N.M., 2 percent of the population report hearing an unexplained humming noise. Scientists have been unable to find the source since it was reported in the 1990s.

 

9. Cone-Shaped Monument in the Sea of Galilee

A strange, cone-shaped underwater monument was revealed by sonar in 2013. Weighing 60,000 tons, it may have been built more than 6,000 years ago and submerged by rising waters.

It has only been explored via sonar scanning and dredging. At least one artifact brought up by dredging has been dated to 7,500 B.C.
Dani Nadel, an archaeologist at the University of Haifa who is working with a team to study the discovery, told Fox News last May: “It’s very enigmatic, it’s very interesting, but the bottom line is we don’t know when it’s from, we don’t know what it’s connected to, we don’t know its function,” he said. “We only know it is there, it is huge, and it is unusual.”

It could cost hundreds of thousands of dollars to excavate the site, according to Fox News.

 

8. Antikythera Mechanism


Antikythera Mechanism (Wikimedia Commons)

A clockwork computer from 150 B.C. calculates the movements of the planets. Discovered in 1901, it continues to baffle researchers. It is unknown who invented this wondrously advanced mechanism. It is of Greek design, though it was found in a Roman shipwreck.

 

7. Paleodictyon Nodosum

A mysterious creature in the Atlantic creates perfectly hexagonal burrows. Scientists are searching for the creature. Its burrows have been found, but it has not been observed.


Images of burrows amd a cast of a burrow (bottom right) said to have been made by the creature Paleodictyon Nodosum, a creature scientists have never actually seen. (Wikimedia Commons)

 

6. Godzillus Fossil

Known as the Sea Beast of Cincinnati, this 7-foot fossil was uncovered in 2012. Scientists aren’t even sure whether it’s a plant or an animal. The fossil is 450 million years old, from a time when Cincinnati was under water.

 

5. The Upsweep

A sound coming from under the Pacific ocean has mystified scientists since 1991. A New Scientist article states: “Earth’s oceans are full of noise: boats, whales, submarines and earth tremors all add to the aquatic cacophony … yet there’s still a handful of sounds that continue to baffle researchers. They are generally very low-frequency and must be speeded up to be audible. Some last just a few minutes, while others go on continuously for years at a time. Nobody knows for sure what causes these sounds, but suspicion has fallen on volcanoes, icebergs and even huge, undiscovered beasts.”

 

4. The Placebo Effect


(Thinkstock)

Placebo drugs have been shown to relieve pain and reduce symptoms of Parkinson’s. How our body heals simply through mind power is unknown.

 

3. Dark Flow

A force pushes a patch of matter through the universe at breakneck speeds. Unexplained by known gravitational forces, the source may lie outside the observable universe.

 

2. Kepler 78b


This illustration compares Earth with Kepler-78b. (David A. Aguilar, CfA, via NASA)

A similar size and density to Earth, this lava-covered planet orbits its star every 8.5 hours. The heat should make it impossible for a planet to form so close to its star.

 

1. The Naga Fireballs

Unexplained fireballs appear from the Mekong River in Thailand every October. Some speculate the fireballs may be somehow produced by natural gases from the river bottom, though the theory has not been proven. Legend says river serpents breathe out the fire to call Buddha to return to Earth.

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Mysteries

Flying humanoids flooded the USA sky

Something very strange was filmed in March 2020 by three US residents from different places. The object resembled a dark humanoid figure and did not look like an athlete with a jetpack. The phenomenon of flying humanoids is one of the most unusual associated with ufology. It is a rare case when people see in the sky something that looks like a humanoid figure with arms and legs. Sometimes this figure moves on some strange mechanism, sometimes it levitates vertically and motionlessly.

Skeptics believe that eyewitnesses in all these cases just watched the flying balloons in the form of cartoon characters or some kind of makeshift aircraft. However, some cases cannot be described with these options. This is when the figures did not just soar in the air, but changed their shape, moved their arms and legs or moved through the air in a way that cannot be attributed to the movement of the wind.

And even today, when there is an abundance of drones everywhere, cases of observation of flying humanoids cannot be blamed on them, because drones have a certain shape and so far no company produces drones in the form of a human figure. In March 2020, two videos with flying humanoids from Arizona were sent to the American ufological site MUFON at once. The first movie was shot March 22 over the city of Phoenix, Arizona.

According to its author, his wife was the first to notice something unusual in the sky and mistook the object for a large bumblebee. But when the author of the video looked at the object with binoculars, he saw something incomprehensible, similar to the figure of a man with wings. When he began to capture the object on video, it changed its shape several times in a few minutes. At one point, it became like an “angel”, then it took the form of a stocky “big guy”.

The second video, also sent to the MUFON, was also filmed on March 22 and also in the Phoenix area. Apparently the same flying object is occupied on it as in the first video, just from a different point and by another eyewitness. And finally, the third video, which was shot in early March in Plymouth, Massachusetts, was not sent to the MUFON, but was immediately posted on social networks. The guys were on the football field when they saw in the sky something black and similar in shape to a skinny man.

What kind of objects are depicted in these three videos, so far no one has managed to determine. There were versions that these were “rocketmen” – extreme sportsmen equipped with rocket packs.

These “humanoids” though, are not particularly similar to “rocketmen”, and “rocketmen” as a rule are not involved in simply hanging in the air in a certain point.

In addition, very rarely they climb to such a great height, and only certain models of knapsacks, which are not yet available to ordinary customers, are capable of this.

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Mysteries

What is hidden under the glaciers of Antarctica?

Under the ice of the fifth largest continent of the Earth, for example, more than 400 lakes have been discovered, but scientists have reached only four of them. It is noteworthy that Russian scientists were the first to get to the lakes near Antarctica – in 2012, samples of water from Lake Vostok were obtained.

They found three bacteria that are specific to this reservoir. Now microbiologists and genetics do not lose hope of discovering other life forms in the under-ice Antarctic lake that were previously unknown to science. Like, for example, WPS-2 and AD3 bacteria – they live in soil with other organisms and do not need either solar or geothermal energy. With a very scarce supply of nutrients, they literally switched to an “air diet”, which was a baffling discovery for scientists.

But the ice finds in Antarctica are not limited only to lakes. Not so long ago, scientists discovered under the Thwaites glacier a giant cavity with an area of ​​about 40 square kilometers and a height of about 300 meters, which was formed when about 14 billion tons of ice melted.

For professionals, this is an alarming signal for several reasons. Firstly, most of this ice has melted over the past three years. Secondly, such cavities significantly reduce the strength of icebergs. And this is fraught with the acceleration of their destruction and rising sea levels.

However, not all cavities under the ice are formed due to melting ice. Researchers have also found craters, which, on the contrary, are filled with water, creating new ice lakes. Their distinguishing feature is only that they are not isolated from the oceans, and therefore can hardly be the habitat of previously unknown forms of life and, from the point of view of discoveries, are not so interesting for researchers.

In addition to lakes and cavities, there are active volcanoes in Antarctica (a total of 91 volcanoes were found on the continent) – for example, Mount Erebus on Ross Island, which, due to its volcanic activity, has created a fairly developed network of underwater caves. In these “recesses” melted in ice by volcanic steam, scientists discovered several DNA sequences that did not correspond to any known organisms.

This means that in these caves species of plants or animals still unknown to science, may exist. Moreover, researchers are very optimistic and do not exclude the possibility of finding even unique ecosystems, and not just individual organisms.

Another mystery that the continent threw to scientists is the bizzare ice tremors that shake Antarctica every night. However, the secret was not kept for long. Having studied the unusual phenomenon, the researchers came to the conclusion that the ice surface is capable of creating small earthquakes, or rather, even ice quakes. The shocks recorded by seismographs allowed scientists to determine how the melting of the ice and the surface movements caused by it manifest themselves in this way.

It must be said that the above discoveries are only a small part of what scientists have learned about Antarctica in recent years. And one can only guess how many more secrets this mysterious continent keeps under its ice.

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Mysteries

The mysterious phenomenon that accompanies fertilization has been recorded

The origin of life is accompanied by vortices that begin to “rage” in the egg. The phenomenon, which was observed by American scientists from Northwestern University, fascinates, awakens religious thoughts, and even looks mystical. They observed flashes of light that accompanied the fusion of the egg and sperm. Just the same “spark of life.”

“In a whirlwind of events” – this seemingly exclusively allegorical expression found a direct biological meaning. Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), led by Nikta Fakhri, have recorded the mysterious wave processes that accompany the fertilization of an egg – that is, conception. Specifically, vortices were discovered and even photographed, which cascades propagation along its surface. The phenomenon was reported by the ScienceAlert portal, citing a scientific publication in the Nature journal.

Fakhri and his colleagues investigated a mysterious phenomenon, when observing under a microscope the fertilization of eggs of starfish, whose proteins were tinted with luminous substances. They made it possible to visualize the vortices that passed through the cell membranes within a few minutes after fertilization.

Waves that travel through the egg

Scientists understood the essence of the process, but did not fully understand its meaning. It was only assumed that vortices are turbulence waves, scientifically expressed, somehow direct cell division in a certain way. They send billions of proteins to specific addresses – places in which certain organs are formed.

“Without these wave-creating proteins, there would be no cell division,” the scientist says.

Researchers believe that they discovered a certain fundamental natural phenomenon that is characteristic of living and non-living matter, micro and macrocosm. For some reason everything swirls in vortices – from galaxies to cyclones and hurricanes in the atmosphere of the Earth and other planets. From the electric fields in the heart and brain to, as it turned out, the proteins in the egg.

Another natural wonder: a fertilized egg begins to glow

The phenomenon, which was observed by American scientists from Northwestern University, fascinates, arouses religious thoughts, and even looks mystical. They observed flashes of light that accompanied the fusion of the egg and sperm. Just the same “spark of life.”

Many scientists can’t believe that the process of the birth of a new life has a divine beginning and sparks are something sent from above. And the most surprising: the more intense the glow, the better the result of fertilization, that is, the transformation of an egg into a full and healthy embryo.

According to them, the intrauterine light has, and by no means a mystical explanation ..

At least the experimenters figured out its nature. And they claim that the spark is created by zinc atoms that the fertilized egg produce. They are waves following one after another with short breaks.

The egg into which the sperm is introduced begins to glow.
The egg into which the sperm is introduced begins to glow

Scientists saw the glow of an egg in a microscope.
The glow of an egg under a microscope

Light in the egg also flashes in waves.
Light in the egg also flashes in waves.

The human body emits rays in the visible range

Amazing experiments were conducted at the University of Kyoto (Kyoto University) and the Institute of Technology, Tohoku (Tohoku Institute of Technology). Researchers put topless people in a completely dark room – for about 20 minutes. At this time, the volunteers were filmed by a high-sensitivity camera, capable of capturing even individual photons. Filming was repeated every three hours from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m.

The processing of the obtained images showed: the human body glows in the visible range. That is, emits photons. This radiance is very ghostly and weak – a thousand times less intense than the human eye can catch. But it is real.

Moreover, the researchers found that the strength of the human glow varies with the time of the day.

Most clearly people emit light at 4 pm, – Hitoshi Okamura said, one of the experimenters from Kyoto University. – Then the intensity drops, but still remains higher than the morning.

The face, eyes and the region in the area of ​​the thyroid gland shine most strongly. Each square centimeter emits about three thousand photons.

Photos of the glow are very similar to the pictures that are obtained when a person is filmed in the invisible infrared – thermal – range. But the researchers emphasize:

There is nothing in common in each case. Different colors – from blue to red – different intensities of the glow of the visible range. Blue ones correspond to a smaller one, red ones correspond to a larger one. They show the number of photons emitted from a square centimeter of the body and not how these places are heated.

People glow in the dark like ghosts.
People glow in the dark like ghosts

There is no exact understanding of the processes that cause the body to glow. According to one hypothesis, it is provoked by chemical – oxidative – reactions in which the so-called free radicals are involved. But it is possible that the nature of “living” radiation is much more complex and not so primitive. It may somehow connected with the brain, since the rays mainly come from the head.

Some people, even though the intensity of the glow is very weak, are still able to perceive it. For example, psychics. It is also possible that some people become sources of very powerful photon radiation. 

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