Connect with us

Ancient

‘World’s oldest port’ found in Egypt – complete with scrolls revealing everyday life for Ancient Egyptians

By  Amanda Williams

Archaeologists have stumbled upon what is thought to be the world’s oldest port.

The harbour, discovered on the Red Sea coast, is believed to date back 4,500 years, to the days of the Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops) in the Fourth Dynasty.

Teams believe it was once of one of the most important commercial  ports of ancient Egypt, and would have been used for the export copper and other minerals  from the Sinai Peninsula.

The world's oldest port is believed to have been found at Wadi el-Jarf area, south Suez, Egypt, alongside hieroglyphic papyri

The world’s oldest port is believed to have been found at Wadi el-Jarf area, south Suez, Egypt, alongside hieroglyphic papyri

They includes details of the arrangements for getting bread and beer to the workers heading out from the port. One tells of an official named Merrer, who was involved in building the Great Pyramid of Giza

They includes details of the arrangements for getting bread and beer to the workers heading out from the port. One tells of an official named Merrer, who was involved in building the Great Pyramid of Giza

Alongside it were pieces of ancient papyri, which include fascinating details about the daily lives of ancient Egyptians.

Egyptian authorities said the  archaeologists found a variety of docks, as well as a collection of  carved stone anchors, NBC reports.

Part of the port at Wadi el-Jarf. Egyptian authorities said the archaeologists found a variety of docks, as well as a collection of carved stone anchors

Part of the port at Wadi el-Jarf.  Egyptian authorities said the archaeologists found a variety of docks, as well as a collection of carved stone anchors

Egyptian authorities said the archaeologists found a variety of docks, as well as a collection of carved stone anchors

Egyptian authorities said the archaeologists found a variety of docks, as well as a collection of carved stone anchors

The harbor is thought to be 1,000 years older than any other port structure in the world

The harbor is thought to be 1,000 years older than any other port structure in the world

The harbour, which was built on the  Red Sea shore in the Wadi al-Jarf area, 112 miles south of Suez, was  discovered by a team  from the French Institute for Archaeological  Studies.

It is thought to be 1,000 years older than any other port structure in the world.

Pieces of worked wood, oar, tenons, pieces of wooden boxes, ropes found at Wadi el-Jarf

Pieces of worked wood, oar, tenons, pieces of wooden boxes, ropes found at Wadi el-Jarf

The harbor, discovered on the Red Sea coast, is believed to date back 4,500 years, to the days of the Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops) in the Fourth Dynasty

The harbor, discovered on the Red Sea coast, is believed to date back 4,500 years, to the days of the Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops) in the Fourth Dynasty

The team also discovered a collection of 40 papyri offering a fascinating  insight into the daily lives of ancient Egyptians during the 27th year  of Pharoah Khufu’s reign. Khufu died around 2566 B.C.

SIR WALTER RALEIGH’S MISSING EL DORADO SHIP FOUND ON SEA BED

A shipwreck discovered off the Isles of Scilly is thought to be a legendary vessel belonging to Sir Walter Raleigh – which sank as he searched for the ‘Lost City Of Gold’.

The stricken 50ft boat called Flying Joan set sail in 1617 from Plymouth in Devon towards the West Indies.

It was part of a fleet led by Raleigh looking for the mythical riches of El Dorado – but was scuttled by a huge storm and sank without a trace.

The 120 tonne ship has languished on the ocean floor for nearly 400 years. But divers now say they have found it off the coast of the Scilly Isles.

It includes details of the arrangements for getting bread and beer to the workers heading out from the port.

Egypt’s antiquities minister, Mohamed Ibrahim, said they were are the oldest papyri ever found in Egypt.

He said one ancient papyrus tells of the activities of an official named Merrer, who was involved in building the Great Pyramid of Giza, the tomb of Khufu.

‘He mainly reported about his many trips to the Turah limestone quarry to fetch block for the building of the pyramid.

‘Although we will not learn anything new about the construction of the Cheops monument, this diary provides for the first time an insight on this matter.’

Ancient

40,000-Year-Old Bracelet Made With Advanced Technology — the Evidence

Dating back to the Denisovan species of early humans, scientists have confirmed that a bracelet found in Siberia is 40,000 years old. This makes it the oldest piece of jewelry ever discovered.

The bracelet is discovered in a site called the Denisova Cave in the Altai region of Siberia in 2008 and after detailed analysis Russian experts now accept that the bracelet’s age as correct.

Scientists conclude it was made by our prehistoric human ancestors, the Denisovans, an extinct species of humans genetically distinct from Neanderthals and modern humans, and shows them to have been far more advanced than ever realized.

But what made the discovery especially striking was that the manufacturing technology is more common to a much later period, such as the Neolithic era. Indeed, it is not clear yet how the Denisovans could have made the bracelet.

Writing in the Novosibirsk magazine, Science First Hand, Dr Derevyanko said:

“There were found two fragments of the bracelet of a width of 2.7cm and a thickness of 0.9 cm. The estimated diameter of the find was 7cm. Near one of the cracks was a drilled hole with a diameter of about 0.8 cm.”

“Studying them, scientists found out that the speed of rotation of the drill was rather high, fluctuations minimal, and that was there was applied drilling with an implement – technology that is common for more recent times”, Dr. Derevyanko told the Siberiantimes.

Image: Bracelet is made of Chlorite – Inside are traces of drilling.
Image credit: Anatoly Derevyanko and Mikhail Shunkov, Anastasia Abdulmanova.

It is known that the Denisovans migrated out of Africa and having branched away from other humanoid ancestors some 1 million years ago.

Genetic studies confirm that skeletal remains of Denisovans, that dated back as early as 600,000 years ago were quite different to both Neanderthals and modern man and the studies confirm that they did coexist not only with modern humans and the Neanderthals, prior to become extinct, but as DNA evidence suggests, the Denisovans also must have interbred with an as yet unknown and undiscovered species of humans beings… or maybe an Extraterrestrial species?

By ufosightingshotspot

Continue Reading

Ancient

300,000 year old nanostructures found in the Ural mountains

Found in the Ural Mountains in Russia, these objects have caused quite a buzz since their discovery. A lot of websites went on and posted articles about these mysterious objects that were discovered in 1991 near the banks of Russia’s Kozhim, Narada, and Balbanyu rivers. The tiny structures are believed to have been the product of an extremely ancient civilization that was capable of developing nanotechnology about 300,000 years ago. The age of these mysterious nanostrctures have placed them in the list of “out of place artifacts” given the fact that researchers estimate them to be around 300,000 years old.

The objects were discovered during a geological research mission whose purpose was the extraction of gold in the Ural mountains in Russia, and while gold was the number one thing to look for, researchers weer amazed to find something apparently much more valuable. The pieces discovered are coils, spirals and shafts among the list of unidentified components that were unearthed during the geological missions in the area.

The Russian Academy of sciences performed several tests on these mysterious objects and the results were quite interesting. Researchers found out that the largest pieces that were unearthed were made almost entirely out of copper and the smaller ones from tungsten and molybdenum.

The Russian Academy of Science has a structure of 11 specialized scientific divisions, three territorial divisions also referred to as branches, and it consists of 14 regional scientific centers. The Academy has numerous councils, committees and commissions, organized for different purposes and studies.

A lot of people who read about these artifacts have discredited their discovery and meaning stating that there is no research facility from the RAS and that the research performed was dubious but they are mistaken as the Ural Division of the RAS was established in 1932, with Aleksandr Fersman as its founding chairman. Research centers are in Yekaterinburg, Perm, Cheliabinsk, Izhevsk, Orenburg, Ufa and Syktyvkar.

The materials were submitted to a more extensive research a couple of years after their discovery to find out more about the mysterious objects and their composition and according to the Russian Academy of Science and their department for Geology; the metals have not originated in nature on their own, meaning that they are components that have a artificial technological origin, in other words they were manufactured.

According to the information available, these nanostructures were found at a depth between 10 and 40 feet, research also shows that they range in date from 20,00 to over 300,000 years. But who made them and for what purpose? are they the result of a now extinct ancient civilization? Or are they the result of something beyond our planet? These are the questions that have been asked when it comes to the origin of these ancient nanostructures.

Even though research has been made in Russia, some argue that given the skeptical opinion worldwide about this findings, it would have been interesting to see what other researchers in other countries have to say about these nanostructures and even though the materials were studied in Helsinki, St. Petersburg and Moscow there have been no documents made available concerning the nanostructures, their origins and purpose.

According to Dr. E.W. Matveyeva, of the Section for Geology, Prospecting Techniques, and Economics of Precious Metal Alluvial Deposits; The layer which contains the spiral-shaped objects is characterised as gravel and detritus deposits of No. 3 stratum, which in our view, show inner-sedimentary erosion of polygenetic accumulative layers (i.e. layers composed of material of various origins). From their orientation these layers can be dated to 100,000 years and correspond to the lying parts (i.e. the lower regions) of the Mikulinsk horizon of the upper Pleistocene.

Particular attention should be paid to the final conclusion reached by the Moscow institute. Report No. 18/485 states that the age of the deposits and the results of the tests give a very low probability to the assumption that the origin of these unusual, thread-shaped tungsten crystals is of a technogenic cosmic nature, due to the rocket take-off route from the Plesetsk space-station over the polar part of the Ural region.

Debate over these object will continue due to the “mysterious” nature of these objects and while there is a possibility that these nanostrcutres could have originated from n ancient civilization that lived on Earth hundreds of thousands of years ago, other possibilities cannot be excluded.

( via ancient-code.com )

Continue Reading

Ancient

The Dispilio Wood Tablet – One of the Oldest Written Texts in History

by John Black, Ancient Origins

According to conventional archaeology, writing wasn’t invented until 3000 to 4000 BC in Sumeria.  However, an artefact was found over a decade ago which contradicts this belief – and perhaps this is the reason why few people know about the discovery.

The Dispilio tablet was discovered by a professor of prehistoric archaeology, George Xourmouziadis, in 1993 in a Neolithic lake settlement in Northern Greece near the city of Kastoria. A group of people used to occupy the settlement 7,000 to 8,000 years ago.

The Dispilio tablet was one of many artefacts that were found in the area, however the importance of the table lies in the fact that it has an unknown written text on it that goes back further than 5,000 BC.

The wooden tablet was dated using the C12 method to have been made in 5260 BC, making it significantly older than the writing system used by the Sumerians.

The text on the tablet includes a type of engraved writing which probably consists of a form of writing that pre-existed Linear B writing used by the Mycenaean Greeks. As well as the tablet, many other ceramic pieces were found that also have the same type of writing on them.

Professor Xourmouziadis has suggested that this type of writing, which has not yet been deciphered, could be any form of communication including symbols representing the counting of possessions.

More artefacts were discovered that show the economic and agricultural activities of the settlement, proof of animal breeding and their diet preferences as well as tools and pottery, figurines and other personal ornaments.

Decoding the writing is going to be difficult if not impossible, unless a new Rosetta stone is found. Unfortunately, by the moment the tablet was removed out of its original environment, contact with oxygen started the deterioration process and it is now under preservation.

It is impressive to think that the wooden tablet had remained at the bottom of the lake for 7,500 years.

While this artefact predates the Sumerian writing system, I am sure in the future more will be found in other areas of the world that will go even further back in time, until the true history of humanity will be unravelled and completely change what we know about our history.

The Danube civilization is rarely mentioned, yet it is probably the oldest in Europe.

Continue Reading

Trending