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Mysteries

250 Year-Old Code Cracked, Found a Secret Society Inside

For more than 200 years, this book concealed the arcane rituals of an ancient order. But cracking the code only deepened the mystery.
The master wears an amulet with a blue eye in the center. Before him, a candidate kneels in the candlelit room, surrounded by microscopes and surgical implements. The year is roughly 1746. The initiation has begun.
The master places a piece of paper in front of the candidate and orders him to put on a pair of eyeglasses. “Read,” the master commands. The candidate squints, but it’s an impossible task. The page is blank.
The candidate is told not to panic; there is hope for his vision to improve. The master wipes the candidate’s eyes with a cloth and orders preparation for the surgery to commence. He selects a pair of tweezers from the table. The other members in attendance raise their candles.
The master starts plucking hairs from the candidate’s eyebrow. This is a ritualistic procedure; no flesh is cut. But these are “symbolic actions out of which none are without meaning,” the master assures the candidate. The candidate places his hand on the master’s amulet. Try reading again, the master says, replacing the first page with another. This page is filled with handwritten text. Congratulations, brother, the members say. Now you can see.
For more than 260 years, the contents of that page—and the details of this ritual—remained a secret. They were hidden in a coded manuscript, one of thousands produced by secret societies in the 18th and 19th centuries. At the peak of their power, these clandestine organizations, most notably the Freemasons, had hundreds of thousands of adherents, from colonial New York to imperial St. Petersburg. Dismissed today as fodder for conspiracy theorists and History Channel specials, they once served an important purpose: Their lodges were safe houses where freethinkers could explore everything from the laws of physics to the rights of man to the nature of God, all hidden from the oppressive, authoritarian eyes of church and state. But largely because they were so secretive, little is known about most of these organizations. Membership in all but the biggest died out over a century ago, and many of their encrypted texts have remained uncracked, dismissed by historians as impenetrable novelties.
It was actually an accident that brought to light the symbolic “sight-restoring” ritual. The decoding effort started as a sort of game between two friends that eventually engulfed a team of experts in disciplines ranging from machine translation to intellectual history. Its significance goes far beyond the contents of a single cipher. Hidden within coded manuscripts like these is a secret history of how esoteric, often radical notions of science, politics, and religion spread underground. At least that’s what experts believe. The only way to know for sure is to break the codes.
In this case, as it happens, the cracking began in a restaurant in Germany.
For years, Christiane Schaefer and Wolfgang Hock would meet regularly at an Italian bistro in Berlin. He would order pizza, and she would get the penne all’arrabbiata. The two philologists—experts in ancient writings—would talk for hours about dead languages and obscure manuscripts.
It was the fall of 1998, and Schaefer was about to leave Berlin to take a job in the linguistics department at Uppsala University, north of Stockholm. Hock announced that he had a going-away present for Schaefer.
She was a little surprised—a parting gift seemed an oddly personal gesture for such a reserved colleague. Still more surprising was the present itself: a large brown paper envelope marked with the words top secret and a series of strange symbols.
Schaefer opened it. Inside was a note that read, “Something for those long Swedish winter nights.” It was paper-clipped to 100 or so photocopied pages filled with a handwritten script that made no sense to her whatsoever:
Arrows, shapes, and runes. Mathematical symbols and Roman letters, alternately accented and unadorned. Clearly it was some kind of cipher. Schaefer pelted Hock with questions about the manuscript’s contents. Hock deflected her with laughter, mentioning only that the original text might be Albanian. Other than that, Hock said, she’d have to find her own answers.
A few days later, on the train to Uppsala, Schaefer turned to her present again. The cipher’s complexity was overwhelming: symbols for Saturn and Venus, Greek letters like pi and gamma, oversize ovals and pentagrams. Only two phrases were left unencoded: “Philipp 1866,” written at the start of the manuscript, and “Copiales 3″ at the end. Philipp was traditionally how Germans spelled the name. Copiales looked like a variation of the Latin word for “to copy.” Schaefer had no idea what to make of these clues.
She tried a few times to catalog the symbols, in hopes of figuring out how often each one appeared. This kind of frequency analysis is one of the most basic techniques for deciphering a coded alphabet. But after 40 or 50 symbols, she’d lose track. After a few months, Schaefer put the cipher on a shelf.
Thirteen years later, in January 2011, Schaefer attended an Uppsala conference on computational linguistics. Ordinarily talks like this gave her a headache. She preferred musty books to new technologies and didn’t even have an Internet connection at home. But this lecture was different. The featured speaker was Kevin Knight, a University of Southern California specialist in machine translation—the use of algorithms to automatically translate one language into another. With his stylish rectangular glasses, mop of prematurely white hair, and wiry surfer’s build, he didn’t look like a typical quant. Knight spoke in a near whisper yet with intensity and passion. His projects were endearingly quirky too. He built an algorithm that would translate Dante’s Inferno based on the user’s choice of meter and rhyme scheme. Soon he hoped to cook up software that could understand the meaning of poems and even generate verses of its own.
Knight was part of an extremely small group of machine-translation researchers who treated foreign languages like ciphers—as if Russian, for example, were just a series of cryptological symbols representing English words. In code-breaking, he explained, the central job is to figure out the set of rules for turning the cipher’s text into plain words: which letters should be swapped, when to turn a phrase on its head, when to ignore a word altogether. Establishing that type of rule set, or “key,” is the main goal of machine translators too. Except that the key for translating Russian into English is far more complex. Words have multiple meanings, depending on context. Grammar varies widely from language to language. And there are billions of possible word combinations.
But there are ways to make all of this more manageable. We know the rules and statistics of English: which words go together, which sounds the language employs, and which pairs of letters appear most often. (Q is usually followed by a u, for example, and “quiet” is rarely followed by “bulldozer.”) There are only so many translation schemes that will work with these grammatical parameters. That narrows the number of possible keys from billions to merely millions.
The next step is to take a whole lot of educated guesses about what the key might be. Knight uses what’s called an expectation-maximization algorithm to do that. Instead of relying on a predefined dictionary, it runs through every possible English translation of those Russian words, no matter how ridiculous; it’ll interpret
as “yes,” “horse,” “to break dance,” and “quiet!” Then, for each one of those possible interpretations, the algorithm invents a key for transforming an entire document into English—what would the text look like if  meant “break dancing”? The algorithm’s first few thousand attempts are always way, way off. But with every pass, it figures out a few words. And those isolated answers inch the algorithm closer and closer to the correct key. Eventually the computer finds the most statistically likely set of translation rules, the one that properly interprets
as “yes” and  as “quiet.” The algorithm can also help break codes, Knight told the Uppsala conference—generally, the longer the cipher, the better they perform. So he casually told the audience, “If you’ve got a long coded text to share, let me know.”
Funny, Schaefer said to Knight at a reception afterward. I have just the thing.
A blindfold that allows the wearer to see, worn by members of the society who wrote the “Copiale” cipher.
A copy of the cipher arrived at Knight’s office a few weeks later. Despite his comments at the conference, Knight was hesitant to start the project; alleged ciphers often turned out to be hoaxes. But Schaefer’s note stapled to the coded pages was hard to resist. “Here comes the ‘top-secret’ manuscript!!” she wrote. “It seems more suitable for long dark Swedish winter nights than for sunny California days—but then you’ve got your hardworking and patient machines!”
Unfortunately for Knight, there was a lot of human grunt work to do first. For the next two weeks, he went through the cipher, developing a scheme to transcribe the coded script into easy-to-type, machine-readable text. He found 88 symbols and gave them each a unique code:
became “lip,”  became “o..,”  became “zs.” By early March he had entered the first 16 pages of the cipher into his computer. Next Knight turned to his expectation-maximization algorithm. He asked the program what the manuscript’s symbols had in common. It generated clusters of letters that behaved alike—appearing in similar contexts. For example, letters with circumflexes (
) were usually preceded by  or . There were at least 10 identifiable character clusters that repeated throughout the document. The only way groups of letters would look and act largely the same was if this was a genuine cipher—one he could break. “This is not a hoax; this is not random. I can solve this one,” he told himself. A particular cluster caught his eye: the cipher’s unaccented Roman letters used by English, Spanish, and other European languages. Knight did a separate frequency analysis to see which of those letters appeared most often. The results were typical for a Western language. It suggested that this document might be the most basic of ciphers, in which one letter is swapped for another—a kid’s decoder ring, basically. Maybe, Knight thought, the real code was in the Roman alphabet, and all the funny astronomical signs and accented letters were there just to throw the reader off the scent.
Of course, a substitution cipher was only simple if you knew what language it was in. The German Philipp, the Latin copiales, and Hock’s allusion to Albanian all hinted at different tongues.
Knight asked his algorithm to guess the manuscript’s original language. Five times, it compared the entire cryptotext to 80 languages. The results were slow in coming—the algorithm is so computationally intense that each language comparison took five hours. Finally the computer gave the slightest preference for German. Given the spelling of Philipp, that seemed as good an assumption as any. Knight didn’t speak a word of German, but he didn’t need to. As long as he could learn some basic rules about the language—which letters appeared in what frequency—the machine would do the rest.
Eventually we turned to the last items in the Oculist trove: nine copies of a four-page document written in a mixture of old German, Latin, and the Copiale’s coded script. The message was more or less identical in every set. “Die Algebra,” it said at the top of page one, a primer on the “old way of calculating.” Rows of cipher letters lay beneath. The document seemed to add them up as if they were numbers. The third page mentioned the Jewish Cabala—the mystical system in which meaning is derived from the numerical value of letters.
It would appear that the Copiale symbols don’t represent just words and letters, they stand for numbers too. But if they do, Knight, Megyesi, and Schaefer haven’t been able to tease out the meaning. The Oculist master apparently understood these coded documents in a way that today’s interpreters do not. Despite years’ worth of attacks on their cipher, the Oculists’ secrets have not been pried loose, at least not fully. What they saw in their initiation chambers may never again be seen.

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Mysteries

New Evidence: Secret Past of Antarctica and Buried City Is True After All

The mysteries surrounding the Antarctic are many, answers are few, but theories abound which connect Operations Paperclip and High-Jump, to secret hidden facilities and ancient technologies, human experimentation and discovered hidden entrances, in a region that may hold the true secrets to mankind’s past and present, and which could determine our future.

antarctica_6

While the mainstream news recently reported on further explorations in the Antarctica which they claim “holds the key” to mankind’s future”, what they do not do is connect the many dots which build a picture that appears to blur the lines between conspiracy and reality.

GERMAN NAZIS ANTARCTICA CONNECTION

There are claims that as early as the 1930’s the German Nazis built self-sufficient underground research factories in the Antarctic, with some believing those “bases” were already built, found by the Nazis, who then utilized the ancient technologies to experiment with UFOs and other scientific experiments using advanced tech that mankind simply wasn’t capable of creating at the time.

More can be seen on that in the documentary below, but first it is imperative to know about Operation Paperclip, where 1,500 German scientists, technicians, and engineers from Nazi Germany and other foreign countries were brought to the United States for employment in the aftermath of World War II and integrated into the US military. Many of who it is believed by some, continued their work with those ancient technologies for the US government.

Below the documentary we will explore Operation High-Jump and it’s connection to those secret facilities, Admiral Richard B. Byrd’s explorations and secret diary, and the Hollow Earth theory.

OPERATION HIGH-JUMP – Via Steve Quayle’s “High-Jump – Mysteries of the Antarctic portion of his website:

In 1947 Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal sent a naval task force to Antarctic including Admiral Nimitz, Admiral Krusen and Admiral Byrd, called “Operation Highjump”. It was touted to be an expedition to find “coal deposits” and other valuable resources, but in actuality they were trying to find the underground base of the nazis (aryans) in Neuschwabenlandt. The nazis had done a very detailed study of Antarctic and were alleged to have built an underground base there.

In this regard however, the aryans have had an underground habitation in Antarctic for more than a million years.

The task force of OVER 40 SHIPS, included the flagship “Mount Olympus”, the aircraft carrier “Philipine Sea”, the seaplane tender “Pine Sea”, the submarine “Senate”, the destroyer “Bronson”, the ice breaker “Northwind”, and other tanker and supply ships. An armed contingent of 1400 sailors, and three dog sled teams were also on board.

Other resources – Wiki and http://www.thule.org/highjump.html

ADMIRAL RICHARD E. BYRD AND HOLLOW EARTH

Before delving into what is claimed to be the secret diary of Admiral Byrd, it is noteworthy that this was not some crackpot but was a medal of honor recipient which is the highest honor for heroism given by the United States.

In a log entry titled “Flight Log: Base Camp Artic – 2/19/1947 (Full entry found here) the following portion was made at 1130 HOURS – 1145 HOURS:

1130 HOURS– Countryside below is more level and normal (if I may use that word). Ahead we spot what seems to be a city! This is impossible! Aircraft seems light and oddly buoyant. The controls refuse to respond! My GOD! Off our port and star board wings are a strange type of aircraft. They are closing rapidly alongside! They are disc-shaped and have a radiant quality to them. They are close enough now to see the markings on them. It is a type of Swastika!!! This is fantastic. Where are we! What has happened. I tug at the controls again. They will not respond! We are caught in an invisible vice grip of some type!

1135 HOURS– Our radio crackles and a voice comes through in English with what perhaps is a slight Nordic or Germanic accent! The message is: “Welcome, Admiral, to our domain. We shall land you in exactly seven minutes! Relax, Admiral, you are in good hands.” I note the engines of our plane have stopped running! The aircraft is under some strange control and is now turning itself. The controls are useless.

1140 HOURS– Another radio message received. We begin the landing process now, and in moments the plane shudders slightly, and begins a descent as though caught in some great unseen elevator! The downward motion is negligible, and we touch down with only a slight jolt!

1145 HOURS– I am making a hasty last entry in the flight log. Several men are approaching on foot toward our aircraft. They are tall with blond hair. In the distance is a large shimmering city pulsating with rainbow hues of color. I do not know what is going to happen now, but I see no signs of weapons on those approaching. I hear now a voice ordering me by name to open the cargo door. I comply. END LOG

Admiral Byrd’s description of what he experienced between 1145 HOURS and when the official flight log started again at 220 HOURS is described in his diary entry as defying “the imagination and would seem all but madness if it had not happened,” as he goes on to explain his visit to “the domain of the Arianni, the Inner World of the Earth.”

Read the entire entry here.

Below are a number of videos, including Admiral Byrd’s Hollow Earth video interview and Hollow Earth – The Biggest Cover Up- Full Documentary.

Before watching them it is also noteworthy to mention the reports of a discovery made in 2013, using Google Earth, which purports to show and previously undiscovered hidden entrance to a secret underground base in the Antarctica.

antarctic-base

After clicking through to all of the links provided above and watching the videos, interviews and documentaries, it is easy to understand why the Antarctica is perhaps the largest missing piece of history and how it could affect everything we have been taught about history and determine our very future should the hidden secrets of the Antarctica ever truly be revealed.

We will end with what is purported to be Admiral Byrd’s final entry into his diary, dated 30/12/56, which states the following:

These last few years elapsed since 1947 have not been kind…I now make my final entry in this singular diary. In closing, I must state that I have faithfully kept this matter secret as directed all these years. It has been completely against my values of moral right. Now, I seem to sense the long night coming on and this secret will not die with me, but as all truth shall, it will triumph and so it shall.

This can be the only hope for mankind. I have seen the truth and it has quickened my spirit and has set me free! I have done my duty toward the monstrous military industrial complex. Now, the long night begins to approach, but there shall be no end. Just as the long night of the Arctic ends, the brilliant sunshine of Truth shall come again….and those who are of darkness shall fall in it’s Light. FOR I HAVE SEEN THAT LAND BEYOND THE POLE, THAT CENTER OF THE GREAT UNKNOWN.

ADMIRAL RICHARD E. BYRD
United States Navy

Byrd died on March 11, 1957, he was 68 years old.

Source

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Mysteries

Brazil’s Mysterious Past

By Leonard Farra

Brazil, the largest country in South America, borders all South American countries, other than Chile and Ecuador, and it’s the largest Portuguese speaking country in the world.

Map of Brazil

It has a huge tropical forest in its Amazon Basin which is home to a diverse wildlife population. When the Europeans arrived in Central America, and Peru, they encountered advanced civilisations but in Brazil they only saw native people living close to nature. Over recent years, however, researchers have found that this huge country had a fascinating past.

Amazon_forest

The Amazon jungle is very dense but, in cleared areas, on the border with northern Bolivia, there are traces of a lost civilisation. Only part of it has so far been uncovered but its population has been estimated at 60,000. In this region there were structures formed by a network of trenches, about 36ft wide and several feet deep, lined by low banks. Some were surrounded by low mounds that contained ceramics and stone tools. More than two hundred geometric structures have so far been discovered and some date back 1700 years. The geometric shapes are in the form of huge circles and squares. In the upper Xingu region of southern Brazil, a community, of thousands of people, previously lived in large villages, in an organised grid-like pattern, linked by a network of roads. The villages were enclosed within huge ditches and there were bridges and moats in wetland areas.

According to Professor Homet :

‘ there is a whole chain of burial urns which reaches from the Mediterranean via Brazil and Argentina, these ceramic coffins are often decorated with human faces and are therefore called portrait burial urns’.

Homet concludes that:

‘When one considers the chain of places where they are found and which connects the continents we are obliged to that this custom could only have been spread by a single civilisation’. (1)

On the coastal island of Santa Caterina, in the Brazilian province of the same name, there are rock drawings consisting of double ring concentric circles, wavy lines, and diamond shapes all of which appeared in Stone Age art on the other side of the Atlantic.

stonehenge (1)

 

There were stone circles in many parts of the world with the highest concentration in the British Isles. Some have been found in North America, Peru, and on Easter Island. Many early sites were aligned to the solstices when religious rituals appear to have been enacted. Stonehenge, England’s 5,000 year old famous circle, for example is aligned to the summer and winter solstices. On a hilltop, in the Brazilian state of Amapa, there’s a stone circle, made up of 127 rough stones, which is aligned to the winter solstice. It’s believed to be at least 2,000 years old.

brazilian_stonehenge

Brazilian archaeologists have found a well-defined ancient stone structure on a hill top in the Amazon. Specifically, this amazing discovery is located in the state of Amapá in the northern reaches of the Brazilian Amazon. Could primitive Indians living in the jungles of the Amazon have constructed this site?   Source >>

Dolmens, huge blocks of rock, usually supported by three or more upright stones, have also been found in many parts of the world including in New England in North America.

dolmen for young girls to visit

In the Brazilian state of Rio Grande de Sul, there are dolmens which are similar to those of early Europe.

BRfotoDolmenRioGrandedoSul120m_Dolmens near Rio Grande de Sul, Brazil

TrilithRioGrandeDoSul

Trilith of Río Grande do Sul of Southern Brazil.

Homet, says that the ones that he saw in Brazil are comparable to the thousands in Algeria. (2)

brazilian indians

Various travellers, in Brazil’s jungle area, have reported sightings of red-haired white Indians. Harold T. Wilkins , renowned for his research on South America, reported that in 1929, the American traveller Lawrence Griswold was captured by Shuara Indians who took him up the Rio Juara, When the hunting party arrived at the ruins of an ancient city, where  built by tall, ‘red-haired’, people who were changed into his tribe ‘because of their wicked behaviour before the Flood’. (3) There are also traces of red-haired, white, people in Peru and of others of this description were also living in other parts of the world. Tall, white, red-heads formed part of the pre-Spanish Guanche population in the Canary Islands who claimed to be survivors of the Flood. Various early legends say that people of this description were involved in a violent conflict in the pre-deluge era. This is also suggested in a famous, misinterpreted, allegorical, Ancient Egyptian legend. (4)

The Guarani Indians, in Brazil, Uruguay, and Paraguay, claim that their ancestors came from a distant country and that they crossed an ocean before they arrived in their present lands. There were hundreds of allegorical flood legends around the world, including among Native Americans, and a typical one, which is popular among the native Brazilians, tells of a great flood in which only two brothers and their wives survived. There is evidence to suggest that the Great Flood happened 5,000 years ago when there was climate change, and substantial flooding, in different parts of the world. In that era, several civilisations arose ‘fully developed’ and the indications are that this was the rebirth of civilisation after the destruction of the previous age. Along Brazil’s southern coast, mainly in the state of Catarina, archaeologists have discovered as many as 1,000 square pyramids, built from sea shells, and the earliest ones date back to the critical era around 5,000 years ago. In some of these pyramid mounds there were human burials and amazing grave goods including shell breast plates depicting various animals and birds. Nobody knows who these people were or where they came from.

The Sumerian scribes said that the Annunaki caused the Flood because of the evil behaviour of man. Many Early World legends were based on the story of the Annunaki leaders. Adapted to local culture, this trend has continued in many parts of the world right through to present times (5) including among the Guarani in Brazil. Did the Guarani adopt it from an earlier people and could it be that this widespread legend, stone circles, dolmens, and the red-haired white race on both sides of the Atlantic, are evidence of early contact between the Old and New Worlds as many alternative scholars believe?

2015 by Leonard Farra

References:

  1. Marcel.F. Homet : ‘Sons of the Sun. (p162)
  2. Do (p12 )
  3. Harold.T.Wilkins, Mysteries of South America.(p44)
  4. Leonard Farra, The Pleiades Legacy (The Old World) (p92)
  5. Leonard Farra, The Pleiades Legacy (The Old World) and The Pleiades legacy (The New World)

About the author

Leonard Farra – is the author of the books The Pleiades Legacy and The Pleiades Legacy (The Stone Age) – The Return of the Gods and The Pleiades Legacy ( The New World). All his books can be purchased Online from Blurb.Com. His E-books can be viewed on Apple Ipad, Iphone and Ipad touch.

Leonard Farra has researched the Ancient Astronaut theory for 35 years and written four books on the subject.

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Mysteries

Mysterious ‘X-Files’ sounds heard miles above the Earth

Andrew Griffin

‘Alien’ sounds have been captured at the edge of space.

The hisses and whistles heard in the recordings were captured 22 miles above Earth, by a student last year. The recording equipment was sent up by a graduate student as part of a Nasa project to record sound from the edges of the atmosphere.

The microphones picked up “infrasound” — frequencies so low that they can’t be heard by human ears. But speeding up the recordings means that the sounds can be heard.

 

The recordings were taken from a helium balloon in August last year. The microphones dangled over New Mexico and Arizona and were one of 10 sent out by Nasa as part of the High Altitude Student Platform.

That helped get the first infrasound recordings ever taken at such altitudes, according to Daniel Bowman, the University of North Carolina student who captured the sounds.

Bowman described the sounds as “like the X-Files”, and scientists aren’t sure where they came from.

Current guesses include sound from a wind farm, the ocean, wind or vibrations from cables on the balloon, according to Live Science. The scientists will be sending more devices up as part of the 2015 run of the project, and hope that they can learn more then.

“I was surprised by the sheer complexity of the signal,” Bowman told Live Science. “I expected to see a few little stripes.”

Bowman hopes that the recordings will be able to revive interest in infrasound recordings, which haven’t been made in the stratosphere for 50 years. Some scientists have proposed sending similar equipment to the moon and Mars, where it might be able to pick up information about weather and the environment.

Source

 

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